Abstract

Photographic film is studied quantitatively as the input mechanism for coherent optical data recording and processing systems. The two important film characteristics are the amplitude transmission vs exposure (TAE) curve and the film noise power spectral density. Both functions are measured as a function of the type of film, the type of developer, developer time and temperature, and the exposing and readout light wavelengths. A detailed analysis of a coherent optical spatial frequency analyzer reveals that the optimum do bias point for 649-F film is an amplitude transmission of about 70%. This operating point yields minimum harmonic and intermodulation distortion, whereas the 50% amplitude transmission bias point recommended by holographers yields maximum diffraction efficiency. It is also shown that the effective ac gain or contrast of the film is nearly independent of the development conditions for a given film. Finally, the linear dynamic range of one particular coherent optical spatial frequency analyzer is shown to be about 40–50 dB.

© 1972 Optical Society of America

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