Abstract

Based on measured values of the spectral bidirectional reflection functions of four vegetated surfaces, the influence of their angular anisotropy on the upward and downward emerging radiance and its polarization is calculated. By means of a realistic model of the atmosphere and with the assumption of completely depolarizing reflection properties of the surfaces, results are obtained in dependence of wavelength and solar zenith angle. The angular anisotropy influences considerably the upward emerging radiance. On the degree of polarization and on the downward emerging radiance the anisotropy has negligible to small influence. Due to the angular anisotropy of the reflection properties the spectral albedo depends strongly on the solar zenith angle. This influences upward and downward radiance as well as its degree of polarization. Therefore, for the interpretation of radiation measurements, those spectral albedo values should be used which correspond to the respective solar zenith angle. This is essential especially at longer wavelengths where vegetated surfaces have high spectral albedos.

© 1978 Optical Society of America

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