Abstract

The indicatrices of solar radiation reflected from characteristic natural surfaces were measured with a Nimbus Medium Resolution Radiometer (MRIR) 3 m above the ground. Results indicated that areas such as salt and alkali flats had only small deviations from isotropic reflections, while others such as sparsely vegetated areas had substantial deviations. The indicatrices were strongly dependent on the sun angle; thus a daily variation was found for most features. Typical indicatrices, normalized to nadir angle of zero degrees, are presented along with their impacts on measured albedo, which varies with solar angle. Our results can (1) improve surface albedo considerations using space-generated data, and (2) serve as a more realistic lower boundary condition for atmospheric transfer determinations based on space data.

© 1979 Optical Society of America

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