Abstract

A careful analysis of the basic mechanisms of the Verneuil process led to a methodical study of the many parameters associated with it. Among these, the feed rate, retraction rate, and flame characteristics were found to be most important. A photoelectric cell as the sensor for a servo system with two outputs was used to sense the plane of crystallization and control its position. A completely automated Verneuil apparatus, incorporating this and other control systems, suitable for the study of growth under well-defined, rigidly controlled, and dependably reproducible conditions was designed and constructed.

© 1966 Optical Society of America

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