Abstract

Two identical long-period fiber gratings (LPFGs) are difficult to produce in practice, notably for CO2-laser or arc-discharge induced LPFGs. So it is meaningful to study the spectrum evolution of cascaded LPFGs with some deviation, named “mismatching” LPFGs. Theory and experiment demonstrate that the upper envelope of the fringe pattern is intrinsically curved but less dramatically than the lower envelope. Bending the grating pair to introduce proper cladding-mode loss can improve the contrast of the fringe pattern at a desired wavelength, which indicates that cascaded mismatching LPFGs can be used as high-quality comb filters or fiber sensors.

©2012 Optical Society of America

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