Abstract

This paper presents a theoretical analysis and an experimental verification of a direct method for a refractive index of air measurement combining low-coherence interferometry and laser interferometry. The method is based on monitoring optical path changes in a measuring arm of the Michelson interferometer caused by the different optical environment in a double-spaced glass cell. This article presents a set of experimental results in comparison with the results obtained by a couple of reference techniques and proves the ability of the designed method to measure the refractive index of air with accuracy in the order of 108.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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