Abstract

In this paper, a D-shaped photonic crystal fiber is designed to achieve a single-polarization filter that has a broadband filtering property. The D-shaped structure is a triangular array of air holes, forming a micro-opening on the side-polished surface and plating a gold layer thereon. The investigation of the polarization filter is based on the finite element method; its principle is surface plasmon resonance. The single-polarization filter in the y direction is realized by adjusting parameters such as the apertures of the fiber, the thickness of the gold layer, and the polishing depth. The confinement loss of the core mode in y polarization reaches to a high value of 376.31 dB/cm at 1.55 μm, and that of the x polarization is 0.17 dB/cm; the former is 2225.35 times the latter. When the fiber length L is 1 mm, the crosstalk reaches a peak value of 326.7 dB at 1.55 μm, and the bandwidth of crosstalk higher than 20 dB is 480 nm. In addition, the external gold coating operation is more conducive to application in the manufacturing process. This filter will be an effective application of the optical communication window near 1.55 μm.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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