Abstract

In this paper, an aberration correction method for an extended target is proposed to solve the problem of the lenslet-based plenoptic camera not imaging clearly under the influence of aberrations. We propose a light field manipulation method to improve performance of the light field imaging system. The principle of this method is that the sub-aperture images extracted from the raw light field image are offset when the light field imaging system is affected by aberrations, and the symmetrical arrangement of the sub-aperture image array is destroyed. By repairing the symmetrical arrangement of the sub-aperture image array, the influence of phase aberrations on the imaging system can be eliminated, and the resolution of the plenoptic camera can be improved. We use an image correlation algorithm to process the sub-aperture images of the plenoptic camera, calculate and compensate each sub-aperture image’s displacement caused by aberrations, and restore the symmetrical arrangement of the sub-aperture image array; then, a corrected high-resolution refocused image can be generated. In particular, this method uses only the raw light field information obtained by the plenoptic camera in a single exposure, without adding other hardware devices. Furthermore, it takes the extended target itself as the reference image, so the ideal position need not be calibrated in advance. Also, the parallax information of the sub-aperture images is retained, and the method is simple and easy to use. Numerical simulation and experimental results show that the technology proposed in this paper can work well for high-resolution imaging of a plenoptic camera with phase aberrations. This method can be potentially applied to analyze lens aberration, media-induced image distortion such as water turbulence in underwater imaging, and atmospheric turbulence in remote imaging. It may have important application prospects in the fields of astronomical object detection, remote sensing, etc.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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