Abstract

We present a multichannel continuous-wave (CW) fiber cavity ringdown (FCRD) gas sensing method based on frequency-shifted interferometry (FSI). This scheme detects gas concentration by measuring the intensity decay rates of continuous light from different ringdown cavities in the spatial domain, unlike conventional FCRD techniques, which measure the decay rates of pulse light in the time domain. This method shares one CW light source, one slow detector, and one slow data collector. In order to illustrate the theory, acetylene gas concentration measurement in a two-channel FSI-FCRD system was experimentally conducted in the range of 0%–1%. A linear relation was established between concentration and absorption loss, which is proportional to the intensity decay rate, and the measurement resolutions of 3.871%/dB and 3.658%/dB were achieved, respectively. The results reveal that the proposed system has the advantages of low cost, high sensitivity, high precision, and good stability in multichannel gas detection.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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