Abstract

In the present work, a spline-based integration technique for the reconstruction of a freeform wavefront from the slope data has been implemented. The slope data of a freeform surface contain noise due to their machining process and that introduces reconstruction error. We have proposed a weighted cubic spline based least square integration method (WCSLI) for the faithful reconstruction of a wavefront from noisy slope data. In the proposed method, the measured slope data are fitted into a piecewise polynomial. The fitted coefficients are determined by using a smoothing cubic spline fitting method. The smoothing parameter locally assigns relative weight to the fitted slope data. The fitted slope data are then integrated using the standard least squares technique to reconstruct the freeform wavefront. Simulation studies show the improved result using the proposed technique as compared to the existing cubic spline-based integration (CSLI) and the Southwell methods. The proposed reconstruction method has been experimentally implemented to a subaperture stitching-based measurement of a freeform wavefront using a scanning Shack–Hartmann sensor. The boundary artifacts are minimal in WCSLI which improves the subaperture stitching accuracy and demonstrates an improved Shack–Hartmann sensor for freeform metrology application.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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