Abstract

This paper proposes a simple and practical reflective birefringent fiber interferometer sensor that consists of a polarization beam splitter, a polarization-maintaining transmission fiber, and a sensor unit comprising two segments of birefringent fibers and a thin-film reflector. This sensor could be used for dual parameter sensing. Experiments with different temperatures and lateral loads applied to the sensor unit demonstrated temperature and load sensitivity of 0.0010nm/°C and 0.298 nm/N, respectively. Further study showed that temperature-insensitive lateral load measurement can be achieved by using equal length of birefringent fibers and performing differential wavelength measurement. The sensor is robust against environmental disturbance on the transmission fiber, making it potentially attractive for practical field applications.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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