Abstract

The paper introduces a silica-on-silicon monolithic integrated cyclic arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) with Mach–Zehnder interference (MZI) filters and arrayed vertical reflecting mirrors in silicon to realize effective and stable optical transmission between waveguides and photodiodes. The cyclic AWG acts as both multiplexer over the L-band for upstream traffic and demultiplexer over the C-band for downstream traffic. The integrated chip, including AWG, MZI filters, and arrayed reflecting mirrors, has been made successfully with a 6.0 dB insertion loss, which is less than the discrete devices. At the same time, the arrayed reflecting mirrors are more stable than separate reflectors.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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