Abstract

The classical single-layer waveguide grating structure is often designed as a reflection filter under 0° azimuthal angle conditions. A new method for achieving a transmission filter by modulating incident conditions is proposed rather than adjusting structural parameters. A 90° azimuthal angle ensures single resonance peaks, and large incident angles provide a low-transmittance background. When the proposed single-layer waveguide grating structure is irradiated with an incident light azimuthal angle of 90° and incident angle of 86°, numerical results show that a high transmission peak emerges at 1550 nm with linewidth $\Delta \lambda = 7.2\,\,{\rm nm}$. Moreover, the transmission peak has nearly 100% transmittance. These findings show that modulating the incident conditions is also an effective means apart from optimizing the structural parameters. The classical reflection filter can be reversed into a transmission filter using this method.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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