Abstract

We design a standing semiconductor-dielectric core–shell nanocone array (CSNCA) that can not only concentrate the incident light into the structure, but also confine most of the concentrated light to the semiconductor (indium phosphide) core region, which remarkably enhances the light absorption of the more material-saving semiconductor core. We find guided resonance features along the radial and FP-resonant features along the axial direction by analyzing the electric field patterns at the absorption spectrum peaks. The CSNCA can support multiple higher-order HE modes, in comparison to the bare nanocone array (BNCA). Results based on detailed balance analysis demonstrate that the core–shell design gives rise to higher short-circuit current and open-circuit voltage, and thus higher power conversion efficiency. Detailed research is focused on the 1 µm high CSNCAs, and a remarkable power conversion efficiency enhancement (42.2%) is gained compared with the BNCAs.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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