Abstract

The directional polarimetric camera (DPC) is a polarization sensor with ultra-wide-angle and low-distortion imaging characteristics. Geometric calibration is usually the first essential step before remote sensing satellites are launched. In this paper, a geometric calibration method based on a two-dimensional turntable and a rotation matrix with high precision, simple operation, and wide application range is proposed for the directional polarimetric camera. Instead of precisely adjusting the position of the sensor on the turntable, the method effectively eliminates the errors caused by the mechanical axis of the turntable and the optical axis of the sensor not being adjusted to the same direction through the rotation transformation of the coordinate system. The geometric calibration experiments of the directional polarimetric camera were carried out with the method of Chen et al. [Optik 121, 486 (2010) [CrossRef]  ] and the proposed method. The experimental results showed the calibration residual of the proposed method was less than 0.1 pixel while Chen’s method was 0.3 pixel. The mean reprojection error and root mean square error of the proposed method were reduced to 0.06352 pixel and 0.06961 pixel, respectively. The geometric calibration parameters obtained by the proposed method were used for geometric correction of the in-orbit images of the DPC, and the results also prove the effectiveness and superiority of the proposed method.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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