Abstract

Isosbestic plasmonic nanostructures, which feature an invariance of optical absorption and heat generation upon varying the incident light polarization, have broad application in many fields such as nanochemistry, optical nanoantennas, and microbubble formation. In this study, we focus on the isosbestic optical absorption by metallic dimers and systematically investigate the coupling between two interacting particles by using both the superposition T-matrix method and dipole approximation model. We observe that the interparticle coupling effects on particle absorption can be both positive and negative, compared to an isolated particle. Meanwhile, the optical absorption properties of spheres with small size parameters can realize more flexible control through changing the sphere size, interparticle distance, and incident light wavelength. For illuminations with incident light propagating perpendicularly to the line joining the centers of the two spheres, isosbestic conditions will be satisfied as long as the absorption efficiencies for transverse and longitudinal illuminations are equal. For transverse illuminations along the dimer axis, the ratio of absorption efficiency of the two metallic spheres presents the fluctuation change with the interparticle distance. Owing to the strong interparticle coupling effects, it even leads to the absorption efficiency of the far sphere being higher than that of the near sphere. Our results are aimed at expanding our understanding of the interparticle electromagnetic coupling effects on isosbestic light absorption in plasmonic nanoparticle systems.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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