Abstract

In this research we evaluated the supramolecular organizations and the optical anisotropical properties of the de-epithelialized human amniotic membrane and rabbit limbal stroma, before and after explant culture. Birefringence, monochromatic light spectral absorption and linear dichroism of the main extracellular matrix biopolymers, that is, the fibrillar collagens and proteoglycans, were investigated by polarized light microscopy combined with image analysis. Our results demonstrated that the culture procedure–induced stimuli altered the supra-organizational characteristics (in terms of collagens/proteoglycans spatial orientation and ordered-aggregational state) of the amniotic and limbal extracellular matrix, which led to changes in optical anisotropical properties.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2015 (6)

S. Chen, M. J. Mienaltowski, and D. E. Birk, “Regulation of corneal stroma extracellular matrix assembly,” Exp. Eye Res. 133(1), 69–80 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. K. Weidenhamer, D. L. Moore, F. L. Lobo, N. T. Klair, and R. T. Tranquillo, “Influence of culture conditions and extracellular matrix alignment on human mesenchymal stem cells invasion into decellularized engineered tissues,” J. Tissue Eng. Regen. Med. 9(5), 605–618 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Mattia and S. Otto, “Supramolecular systems chemistry,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 111–119 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, Y. Zhang, D. Jing, Y. Shen, G. Tang, S. Huang, and Z. Zhao, “Mechanobiology of mesenchymal stem cells: Perspective into mechanical induction of MSC fate,” Acta Biomater. 20(20), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Lv, L. Li, Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, M. Sun, T. Xu, L. Tian, M. Lu, M. Ren, Y. Liu, and Y. Li, “Union is strength: matrix elasticity and microenvironmental factors codetermine stem cell differentiation fate,” Cell Tissue Res. 361(3), 657–668 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. J. Jan, J. L. Grimm, H. Tran, K. L. Lathrop, G. Wollstein, R. A. Bilonick, H. Ishikawa, L. Kagemann, J. S. Schuman, and I. A. Sigal, “Polarization microscopy for characterizing fiber orientation of ocular tissues,” Biomed. Opt. Express 6(12), 4705–4718 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

R. Lattouf, R. Younes, D. Lutomski, N. Naaman, G. Godeau, K. Senni, and S. Changotade, “Picrosirius red staining: a useful tool to appraise collagen networks in normal and pathological tissues,” J. Histochem. Cytochem. 62(10), 751–758 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Gattazzo, A. Urciuolo, and P. Bonaldo, “Extracellular matrix: a dynamic microenvironment for stem cell niche,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1840(8), 2506–2519 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. García and A. J. García, “Cellular mechanotransduction: sensing rigidity,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 539–540 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Pellegrini and M. De Luca, “Eyes on the prize: limbal stem cells and corneal restoration,” Cell Stem Cell 15(2), 121–122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

J. Ovadia and Q. Nie, “Stem cell niche structure as an inherent cause of undulating epithelial morphologies,” Biophys. J. 104(1), 237–246 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Jacques, “Optical properties of biological tissues: a review,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58(11), R37–R61 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Ribeiro, E. H. dos Anjos, M. L. S. Mello, and B. de Campos Vidal, “Skin collagen fiber molecular order: a pattern of distributional fiber orientation as assessed by optical anisotropy and image analysis,” PLoS One 8(1), e54724 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. R. Loureiro, P. C. Cristovam, C. M. Martins, J. L. Covre, J. A. Sobrinho, J. R. Ricardo, R. M. Hazarbassanov, A. L. Höfling-Lima, R. Belfort, M. Nishi, and J. Á. Gomes, “Comparison of culture media for ex vivo cultivation of limbal epithelial progenitor cells,” Mol. Vis. 19(1), 69–77 (2013).
[PubMed]

D. F. Silva, A. S. Gomes, B. de Campos Vidal, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Birefringence and second harmonic generation on tendon collagen following red linearly polarized laser irradiation,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 41(4), 752–762 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (6)

Q. Tseng, E. Duchemin-Pelletier, A. Deshiere, M. Balland, H. Guillou, O. Filhol, and M. Théry, “Spatial organization of the extracellular matrix regulates cell-cell junction positioning,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(5), 1506–1511 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Aparecida de Aro, B. C. Vidal, and E. R. Pimentel, “Biochemical and anisotropical properties of tendons,” Micron 43(2-3), 205–214 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. E. Rendal-Vázquez, A. San-Luis-Verdes, M. T. Yebra-Pimentel-Vilar, I. López-Rodríguez, N. Domenech-García, C. Andión-Núñez, and F. Blanco-García, “Culture of limbal stem cells on human amniotic membrane,” Cell Tissue Bank. 13(3), 513–519 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Rifes and S. Thorsteinsdóttir, “Extracellular matrix assembly and 3D organization during paraxial mesoderm development in the chick embryo,” Dev. Biol. 368(2), 370–381 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Schiller and D. Huster, “New methods to study the composition and structure of the extracellular matrix in natural and bioengineered tissues,” Biomatter 2(3), 115–131 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Mei, S. Gonzalez, and S. X. Deng, “Extracellular matrix is an important component of limbal stem cell niche,” J. Funct. Biomater. 3(4), 879–894 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

O. Baylis, F. Figueiredo, C. Henein, M. Lako, and S. Ahmad, “13 years of cultured limbal epithelial cell therapy: a review of the outcomes,” J. Cell. Biochem. 112(4), 993–1002 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

M. J. Webber, J. A. Kessler, and S. I. Stupp, “Emerging peptide nanomedicine to regenerate tissues and organs,” J. Intern. Med. 267(1), 71–88 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal, “Form birefringence as applied to biopolymer and inorganic material supraorganization,” Biotech. Histochem. 85(6), 365–378 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal and M. L. S. Mello, “Optical anisotropy of collagen fibers of rat calcaneal tendons: An approach to spatially resolved supramolecular organization,” Acta Histochem. 112(1), 53–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

B. C. Vidal and M. L. S. Mello, “Structural organization of collagen fibers in chordae tendineae as assessed by optical anisotropic properties and Fast Fourier transform,” J. Struct. Biol. 167(2), 166–175 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

L. Li, N. Sharma, U. Chippada, X. Jiang, R. Schloss, M. L. Yarmush, and N. A. Langrana, “Functional modulation of ES-derived hepatocyte lineage cells via substrate compliance alteration,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 36(5), 865–876 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, H. He, C. L. Kuo, and S. C. Tseng, “The fate of limbal epithelial progenitor cells during explant culture on intact amniotic membrane,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 48(2), 605–613 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Aldrovani, A. M. A. Guaraldo, and B. C. Vidal, “Optical anisotropies in corneal stroma collagen fibers from diabetic spontaneous mice,” Vision Res. 47(26), 3229–3237 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. C. Palmer, Y. S. Velichko, M. O. de la Cruz, and S. I. Stupp, “Supramolecular self-assembly codes for functional structures,” Philos. Trans. A Math Phys. Eng. Sci. 365(1855), 1417–1433 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, Y. T. Chen, and S. C. Tseng, “Niche regulation of corneal epithelial stem cells at the limbus,” Cell Res. 17(1), 26–36 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

D. F. da Silva, B. C. Vidal, D. M. Zezell, T. M. Zorn, S. C. Núñez, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Collagen birefringence in skin repair in response to red polarized-laser therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Dallas, Q. Chen, and P. Sivakumar, “Dynamics of assembly and reorganization of extracellular matrix proteins,” Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. 75(1), 1–24 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (6)

M. M. Giraud Guille, G. Mosser, C. Helary, and D. Eglin, “Bone matrix like assemblies of collagen: from liquid crystals to gels and biomimetic materials,” Micron 36(7-8), 602–608 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal and P. L. O. Volpe, “Differential scanning calorimetry and optical properties of collagen-dichroic azo ponceau SS complexes,” Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 22(3), 149–150 (2005).

T. Kawakita, E. M. Espana, H. He, W. Li, C. Y. Liu, and S. C. Tseng, “Intrastromal Invasion by Limbal Epithelial Cells Is Mediated by Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Activated by Air Exposure,” Am. J. Pathol. 167(2), 381–393 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. N. Savenkov, O. I. Sydoruk, and R. S. Muttiah, “Conditions for polarization elements to be dichroic and birefringent,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(7), 1447–1452 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal and M. L. S. Mello, “Supramolecular order following binding of the dichroic birefringent sulfonic dye Ponceau SS to collagen fibers,” Biopolymers 78(3), 121–128 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Cooper, S. Kinoshita, M. German, N. Koizumi, T. Nakamura, and N. J. Fullwood, “An investigation into the composition of amniotic membrane used for ocular surface reconstruction,” Cornea 24(6), 722–729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

C. S. Chen, J. Tan, and J. Tien, “Mechanotransduction at cell-matrix and cell-cell contacts,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 6(1), 275–302 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Louis-Dorr, K. Naoun, P. Allé, A. M. Benoit, and A. Raspiller, “Linear dichroism of the cornea,” Appl. Opt. 43(7), 1515–1521 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Boote, S. Dennis, and K. Meek, “Spatial mapping of collagen fibril organisation in primate cornea-an X-ray diffraction investigation,” J. Struct. Biol. 146(3), 359–367 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (5)

J. W. Jaronski and H. T. Kasprzak, “Linear birefringence measurements of the in vitro human cornea,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 23(4), 361–369 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Giraud-Guille, L. Besseau, and R. Martin, “Liquid crystalline assemblies of collagen in bone and in vitro systems,” J. Biomech. 36(10), 1571–1579 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal, “Image analysis of tendon helical superstructure using interference and polarized light microscopy,” Micron 34(8), 423–432 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. M. Michelacci, “Collagens and proteoglycans of the corneal extracellular matrix,” Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 36(8), 1037–1046 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Redaelli, S. Vesentini, M. Soncini, P. Vena, S. Mantero, and F. M. Montevecchi, “Possible role of decorin glycosaminoglycans in fibril to fibril force transfer in relative mature tendons--a computational study from molecular to microstructural level,” J. Biomech. 36(10), 1555–1569 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

2001 (1)

K. M. Meek and N. J. Fullwood, “Corneal and scleral collagens--a microscopist’s perspective,” Micron 32(3), 261–272 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

R. V. Iozzo, “Matrix proteoglycans: from molecular design to cellular function,” Annu. Rev. Biochem. 67(1), 609–652 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (2)

L. Gomes, M. A. Esquisatto, P. Belline, and E. R. Pimentel, “Is there a relationship between the state of aggregation of small proteoglycans and the biomechanical properties of tissues?” Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 29(9), 1243–1246 (1996).
[PubMed]

K. Burridge and M. Chrzanowska-Wodnicka, “Focal adhesions, contractility, and signaling,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 12(1), 463–519 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (2)

P. Whittaker, D. R. Boughner, and R. A. Kloner, “Analysis of healing after myocardial infarction using polarized light microscopy,” Am. J. Pathol. 134(4), 879–893 (1989).
[PubMed]

R. Vilarta and B. C. Vidal, “Anisotropic and biomechanical properties of tendons modified by exercise and denervation: aggregation and macromolecular order in collagen bundles,” Matrix 9(1), 55–61 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

S. Roth and I. Freund, “Second harmonic-generation and orientational order in connective tissue: a mosaic model for fibril orientational ordering in rat tailtendon,” J. Appl. Cryst. 15(1), 72–78 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

S. Roth and I. Freund, “Optical second-harmonic scattering in rat-tail tendon,” Biopolymers 20(6), 1271–1290 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1973 (2)

M. L. S. Mello and B. C. Vidal, “Anisotropic properties of toluidine blue-stained collagen,” Ann. Histochim. 18(2), 103–122 (1973).
[PubMed]

M. Silbermann and J. Frommer, “Dynamic changes in acid mucopolysaccharides during mineralization of the mandibular condylar cartilage,” Histochemie 36(2), 185–192 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

J. Y. Cassim, P. S. Tobias, and E. W. Taylor, “Birefringence of muscle proteins and the problem of structural birefringence,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 168(3), 463–471 (1968).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1965 (1)

B. C. Vidal, “The part played by the mucopolysaccharides in the form birefringence of collagen,” Protoplasma 59(3-4), 472–479 (1965).
[Crossref]

1963 (1)

B. C. Vidal, “Pleochroism in tendon and its bearing to acid mucopolysaccharides,” Protoplasma 56(4), 529–536 (1963).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, S.

O. Baylis, F. Figueiredo, C. Henein, M. Lako, and S. Ahmad, “13 years of cultured limbal epithelial cell therapy: a review of the outcomes,” J. Cell. Biochem. 112(4), 993–1002 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aldrovani, M.

M. Aldrovani, A. M. A. Guaraldo, and B. C. Vidal, “Optical anisotropies in corneal stroma collagen fibers from diabetic spontaneous mice,” Vision Res. 47(26), 3229–3237 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Allé, P.

Andión-Núñez, C.

M. E. Rendal-Vázquez, A. San-Luis-Verdes, M. T. Yebra-Pimentel-Vilar, I. López-Rodríguez, N. Domenech-García, C. Andión-Núñez, and F. Blanco-García, “Culture of limbal stem cells on human amniotic membrane,” Cell Tissue Bank. 13(3), 513–519 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aparecida de Aro, A.

A. Aparecida de Aro, B. C. Vidal, and E. R. Pimentel, “Biochemical and anisotropical properties of tendons,” Micron 43(2-3), 205–214 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balland, M.

Q. Tseng, E. Duchemin-Pelletier, A. Deshiere, M. Balland, H. Guillou, O. Filhol, and M. Théry, “Spatial organization of the extracellular matrix regulates cell-cell junction positioning,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(5), 1506–1511 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baylis, O.

O. Baylis, F. Figueiredo, C. Henein, M. Lako, and S. Ahmad, “13 years of cultured limbal epithelial cell therapy: a review of the outcomes,” J. Cell. Biochem. 112(4), 993–1002 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Belfort, R.

R. R. Loureiro, P. C. Cristovam, C. M. Martins, J. L. Covre, J. A. Sobrinho, J. R. Ricardo, R. M. Hazarbassanov, A. L. Höfling-Lima, R. Belfort, M. Nishi, and J. Á. Gomes, “Comparison of culture media for ex vivo cultivation of limbal epithelial progenitor cells,” Mol. Vis. 19(1), 69–77 (2013).
[PubMed]

Belline, P.

L. Gomes, M. A. Esquisatto, P. Belline, and E. R. Pimentel, “Is there a relationship between the state of aggregation of small proteoglycans and the biomechanical properties of tissues?” Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 29(9), 1243–1246 (1996).
[PubMed]

Benoit, A. M.

Besseau, L.

M. M. Giraud-Guille, L. Besseau, and R. Martin, “Liquid crystalline assemblies of collagen in bone and in vitro systems,” J. Biomech. 36(10), 1571–1579 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bilonick, R. A.

Birk, D. E.

S. Chen, M. J. Mienaltowski, and D. E. Birk, “Regulation of corneal stroma extracellular matrix assembly,” Exp. Eye Res. 133(1), 69–80 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blanco-García, F.

M. E. Rendal-Vázquez, A. San-Luis-Verdes, M. T. Yebra-Pimentel-Vilar, I. López-Rodríguez, N. Domenech-García, C. Andión-Núñez, and F. Blanco-García, “Culture of limbal stem cells on human amniotic membrane,” Cell Tissue Bank. 13(3), 513–519 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaldo, P.

F. Gattazzo, A. Urciuolo, and P. Bonaldo, “Extracellular matrix: a dynamic microenvironment for stem cell niche,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1840(8), 2506–2519 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boote, C.

C. Boote, S. Dennis, and K. Meek, “Spatial mapping of collagen fibril organisation in primate cornea-an X-ray diffraction investigation,” J. Struct. Biol. 146(3), 359–367 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boughner, D. R.

P. Whittaker, D. R. Boughner, and R. A. Kloner, “Analysis of healing after myocardial infarction using polarized light microscopy,” Am. J. Pathol. 134(4), 879–893 (1989).
[PubMed]

Bueno, J. M.

Burridge, K.

K. Burridge and M. Chrzanowska-Wodnicka, “Focal adhesions, contractility, and signaling,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 12(1), 463–519 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cassim, J. Y.

J. Y. Cassim, P. S. Tobias, and E. W. Taylor, “Birefringence of muscle proteins and the problem of structural birefringence,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 168(3), 463–471 (1968).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Changotade, S.

R. Lattouf, R. Younes, D. Lutomski, N. Naaman, G. Godeau, K. Senni, and S. Changotade, “Picrosirius red staining: a useful tool to appraise collagen networks in normal and pathological tissues,” J. Histochem. Cytochem. 62(10), 751–758 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C. S.

C. S. Chen, J. Tan, and J. Tien, “Mechanotransduction at cell-matrix and cell-cell contacts,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 6(1), 275–302 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Q.

S. L. Dallas, Q. Chen, and P. Sivakumar, “Dynamics of assembly and reorganization of extracellular matrix proteins,” Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. 75(1), 1–24 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

S. Chen, M. J. Mienaltowski, and D. E. Birk, “Regulation of corneal stroma extracellular matrix assembly,” Exp. Eye Res. 133(1), 69–80 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. T.

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, Y. T. Chen, and S. C. Tseng, “Niche regulation of corneal epithelial stem cells at the limbus,” Cell Res. 17(1), 26–36 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

H. Lv, L. Li, Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, M. Sun, T. Xu, L. Tian, M. Lu, M. Ren, Y. Liu, and Y. Li, “Union is strength: matrix elasticity and microenvironmental factors codetermine stem cell differentiation fate,” Cell Tissue Res. 361(3), 657–668 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chippada, U.

L. Li, N. Sharma, U. Chippada, X. Jiang, R. Schloss, M. L. Yarmush, and N. A. Langrana, “Functional modulation of ES-derived hepatocyte lineage cells via substrate compliance alteration,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 36(5), 865–876 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chrzanowska-Wodnicka, M.

K. Burridge and M. Chrzanowska-Wodnicka, “Focal adhesions, contractility, and signaling,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 12(1), 463–519 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cooper, L. J.

L. J. Cooper, S. Kinoshita, M. German, N. Koizumi, T. Nakamura, and N. J. Fullwood, “An investigation into the composition of amniotic membrane used for ocular surface reconstruction,” Cornea 24(6), 722–729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Covre, J. L.

R. R. Loureiro, P. C. Cristovam, C. M. Martins, J. L. Covre, J. A. Sobrinho, J. R. Ricardo, R. M. Hazarbassanov, A. L. Höfling-Lima, R. Belfort, M. Nishi, and J. Á. Gomes, “Comparison of culture media for ex vivo cultivation of limbal epithelial progenitor cells,” Mol. Vis. 19(1), 69–77 (2013).
[PubMed]

Cristovam, P. C.

R. R. Loureiro, P. C. Cristovam, C. M. Martins, J. L. Covre, J. A. Sobrinho, J. R. Ricardo, R. M. Hazarbassanov, A. L. Höfling-Lima, R. Belfort, M. Nishi, and J. Á. Gomes, “Comparison of culture media for ex vivo cultivation of limbal epithelial progenitor cells,” Mol. Vis. 19(1), 69–77 (2013).
[PubMed]

da Silva, D. F.

D. F. da Silva, B. C. Vidal, D. M. Zezell, T. M. Zorn, S. C. Núñez, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Collagen birefringence in skin repair in response to red polarized-laser therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dallas, S. L.

S. L. Dallas, Q. Chen, and P. Sivakumar, “Dynamics of assembly and reorganization of extracellular matrix proteins,” Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. 75(1), 1–24 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Campos Vidal, B.

J. F. Ribeiro, E. H. dos Anjos, M. L. S. Mello, and B. de Campos Vidal, “Skin collagen fiber molecular order: a pattern of distributional fiber orientation as assessed by optical anisotropy and image analysis,” PLoS One 8(1), e54724 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. Silva, A. S. Gomes, B. de Campos Vidal, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Birefringence and second harmonic generation on tendon collagen following red linearly polarized laser irradiation,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 41(4), 752–762 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de la Cruz, M. O.

L. C. Palmer, Y. S. Velichko, M. O. de la Cruz, and S. I. Stupp, “Supramolecular self-assembly codes for functional structures,” Philos. Trans. A Math Phys. Eng. Sci. 365(1855), 1417–1433 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Luca, M.

G. Pellegrini and M. De Luca, “Eyes on the prize: limbal stem cells and corneal restoration,” Cell Stem Cell 15(2), 121–122 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, S. X.

H. Mei, S. Gonzalez, and S. X. Deng, “Extracellular matrix is an important component of limbal stem cell niche,” J. Funct. Biomater. 3(4), 879–894 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dennis, S.

C. Boote, S. Dennis, and K. Meek, “Spatial mapping of collagen fibril organisation in primate cornea-an X-ray diffraction investigation,” J. Struct. Biol. 146(3), 359–367 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deshiere, A.

Q. Tseng, E. Duchemin-Pelletier, A. Deshiere, M. Balland, H. Guillou, O. Filhol, and M. Théry, “Spatial organization of the extracellular matrix regulates cell-cell junction positioning,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(5), 1506–1511 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Domenech-García, N.

M. E. Rendal-Vázquez, A. San-Luis-Verdes, M. T. Yebra-Pimentel-Vilar, I. López-Rodríguez, N. Domenech-García, C. Andión-Núñez, and F. Blanco-García, “Culture of limbal stem cells on human amniotic membrane,” Cell Tissue Bank. 13(3), 513–519 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

dos Anjos, E. H.

J. F. Ribeiro, E. H. dos Anjos, M. L. S. Mello, and B. de Campos Vidal, “Skin collagen fiber molecular order: a pattern of distributional fiber orientation as assessed by optical anisotropy and image analysis,” PLoS One 8(1), e54724 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duchemin-Pelletier, E.

Q. Tseng, E. Duchemin-Pelletier, A. Deshiere, M. Balland, H. Guillou, O. Filhol, and M. Théry, “Spatial organization of the extracellular matrix regulates cell-cell junction positioning,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(5), 1506–1511 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eglin, D.

M. M. Giraud Guille, G. Mosser, C. Helary, and D. Eglin, “Bone matrix like assemblies of collagen: from liquid crystals to gels and biomimetic materials,” Micron 36(7-8), 602–608 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Espana, E. M.

T. Kawakita, E. M. Espana, H. He, W. Li, C. Y. Liu, and S. C. Tseng, “Intrastromal Invasion by Limbal Epithelial Cells Is Mediated by Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Activated by Air Exposure,” Am. J. Pathol. 167(2), 381–393 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Esquisatto, M. A.

L. Gomes, M. A. Esquisatto, P. Belline, and E. R. Pimentel, “Is there a relationship between the state of aggregation of small proteoglycans and the biomechanical properties of tissues?” Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 29(9), 1243–1246 (1996).
[PubMed]

Figueiredo, F.

O. Baylis, F. Figueiredo, C. Henein, M. Lako, and S. Ahmad, “13 years of cultured limbal epithelial cell therapy: a review of the outcomes,” J. Cell. Biochem. 112(4), 993–1002 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Filhol, O.

Q. Tseng, E. Duchemin-Pelletier, A. Deshiere, M. Balland, H. Guillou, O. Filhol, and M. Théry, “Spatial organization of the extracellular matrix regulates cell-cell junction positioning,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(5), 1506–1511 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freund, I.

S. Roth and I. Freund, “Second harmonic-generation and orientational order in connective tissue: a mosaic model for fibril orientational ordering in rat tailtendon,” J. Appl. Cryst. 15(1), 72–78 (1982).
[Crossref]

S. Roth and I. Freund, “Optical second-harmonic scattering in rat-tail tendon,” Biopolymers 20(6), 1271–1290 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frommer, J.

M. Silbermann and J. Frommer, “Dynamic changes in acid mucopolysaccharides during mineralization of the mandibular condylar cartilage,” Histochemie 36(2), 185–192 (1973).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fullwood, N. J.

L. J. Cooper, S. Kinoshita, M. German, N. Koizumi, T. Nakamura, and N. J. Fullwood, “An investigation into the composition of amniotic membrane used for ocular surface reconstruction,” Cornea 24(6), 722–729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. M. Meek and N. J. Fullwood, “Corneal and scleral collagens--a microscopist’s perspective,” Micron 32(3), 261–272 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García, A. J.

J. R. García and A. J. García, “Cellular mechanotransduction: sensing rigidity,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 539–540 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García, J. R.

J. R. García and A. J. García, “Cellular mechanotransduction: sensing rigidity,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 539–540 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gattazzo, F.

F. Gattazzo, A. Urciuolo, and P. Bonaldo, “Extracellular matrix: a dynamic microenvironment for stem cell niche,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1840(8), 2506–2519 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

German, M.

L. J. Cooper, S. Kinoshita, M. German, N. Koizumi, T. Nakamura, and N. J. Fullwood, “An investigation into the composition of amniotic membrane used for ocular surface reconstruction,” Cornea 24(6), 722–729 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giraud Guille, M. M.

M. M. Giraud Guille, G. Mosser, C. Helary, and D. Eglin, “Bone matrix like assemblies of collagen: from liquid crystals to gels and biomimetic materials,” Micron 36(7-8), 602–608 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giraud-Guille, M. M.

M. M. Giraud-Guille, L. Besseau, and R. Martin, “Liquid crystalline assemblies of collagen in bone and in vitro systems,” J. Biomech. 36(10), 1571–1579 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Godeau, G.

R. Lattouf, R. Younes, D. Lutomski, N. Naaman, G. Godeau, K. Senni, and S. Changotade, “Picrosirius red staining: a useful tool to appraise collagen networks in normal and pathological tissues,” J. Histochem. Cytochem. 62(10), 751–758 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gomes, A. S.

D. F. Silva, A. S. Gomes, B. de Campos Vidal, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Birefringence and second harmonic generation on tendon collagen following red linearly polarized laser irradiation,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 41(4), 752–762 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gomes, J. Á.

R. R. Loureiro, P. C. Cristovam, C. M. Martins, J. L. Covre, J. A. Sobrinho, J. R. Ricardo, R. M. Hazarbassanov, A. L. Höfling-Lima, R. Belfort, M. Nishi, and J. Á. Gomes, “Comparison of culture media for ex vivo cultivation of limbal epithelial progenitor cells,” Mol. Vis. 19(1), 69–77 (2013).
[PubMed]

Gomes, L.

L. Gomes, M. A. Esquisatto, P. Belline, and E. R. Pimentel, “Is there a relationship between the state of aggregation of small proteoglycans and the biomechanical properties of tissues?” Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 29(9), 1243–1246 (1996).
[PubMed]

Gonzalez, S.

H. Mei, S. Gonzalez, and S. X. Deng, “Extracellular matrix is an important component of limbal stem cell niche,” J. Funct. Biomater. 3(4), 879–894 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grimm, J. L.

Guaraldo, A. M. A.

M. Aldrovani, A. M. A. Guaraldo, and B. C. Vidal, “Optical anisotropies in corneal stroma collagen fibers from diabetic spontaneous mice,” Vision Res. 47(26), 3229–3237 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guillou, H.

Q. Tseng, E. Duchemin-Pelletier, A. Deshiere, M. Balland, H. Guillou, O. Filhol, and M. Théry, “Spatial organization of the extracellular matrix regulates cell-cell junction positioning,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(5), 1506–1511 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

J. Hao, Y. Zhang, D. Jing, Y. Shen, G. Tang, S. Huang, and Z. Zhao, “Mechanobiology of mesenchymal stem cells: Perspective into mechanical induction of MSC fate,” Acta Biomater. 20(20), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hayashida, Y.

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, Y. T. Chen, and S. C. Tseng, “Niche regulation of corneal epithelial stem cells at the limbus,” Cell Res. 17(1), 26–36 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, H. He, C. L. Kuo, and S. C. Tseng, “The fate of limbal epithelial progenitor cells during explant culture on intact amniotic membrane,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 48(2), 605–613 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hazarbassanov, R. M.

R. R. Loureiro, P. C. Cristovam, C. M. Martins, J. L. Covre, J. A. Sobrinho, J. R. Ricardo, R. M. Hazarbassanov, A. L. Höfling-Lima, R. Belfort, M. Nishi, and J. Á. Gomes, “Comparison of culture media for ex vivo cultivation of limbal epithelial progenitor cells,” Mol. Vis. 19(1), 69–77 (2013).
[PubMed]

He, H.

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, H. He, C. L. Kuo, and S. C. Tseng, “The fate of limbal epithelial progenitor cells during explant culture on intact amniotic membrane,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 48(2), 605–613 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kawakita, E. M. Espana, H. He, W. Li, C. Y. Liu, and S. C. Tseng, “Intrastromal Invasion by Limbal Epithelial Cells Is Mediated by Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Activated by Air Exposure,” Am. J. Pathol. 167(2), 381–393 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Helary, C.

M. M. Giraud Guille, G. Mosser, C. Helary, and D. Eglin, “Bone matrix like assemblies of collagen: from liquid crystals to gels and biomimetic materials,” Micron 36(7-8), 602–608 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Henein, C.

O. Baylis, F. Figueiredo, C. Henein, M. Lako, and S. Ahmad, “13 years of cultured limbal epithelial cell therapy: a review of the outcomes,” J. Cell. Biochem. 112(4), 993–1002 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Höfling-Lima, A. L.

R. R. Loureiro, P. C. Cristovam, C. M. Martins, J. L. Covre, J. A. Sobrinho, J. R. Ricardo, R. M. Hazarbassanov, A. L. Höfling-Lima, R. Belfort, M. Nishi, and J. Á. Gomes, “Comparison of culture media for ex vivo cultivation of limbal epithelial progenitor cells,” Mol. Vis. 19(1), 69–77 (2013).
[PubMed]

Huang, S.

J. Hao, Y. Zhang, D. Jing, Y. Shen, G. Tang, S. Huang, and Z. Zhao, “Mechanobiology of mesenchymal stem cells: Perspective into mechanical induction of MSC fate,” Acta Biomater. 20(20), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huster, D.

J. Schiller and D. Huster, “New methods to study the composition and structure of the extracellular matrix in natural and bioengineered tissues,” Biomatter 2(3), 115–131 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iozzo, R. V.

R. V. Iozzo, “Matrix proteoglycans: from molecular design to cellular function,” Annu. Rev. Biochem. 67(1), 609–652 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishikawa, H.

Jacques, S. L.

S. L. Jacques, “Optical properties of biological tissues: a review,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58(11), R37–R61 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jan, N. J.

Jaronski, J. W.

J. W. Jaronski and H. T. Kasprzak, “Linear birefringence measurements of the in vitro human cornea,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 23(4), 361–369 (2003).
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Tseng, S. C.

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, H. He, C. L. Kuo, and S. C. Tseng, “The fate of limbal epithelial progenitor cells during explant culture on intact amniotic membrane,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 48(2), 605–613 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, Y. T. Chen, and S. C. Tseng, “Niche regulation of corneal epithelial stem cells at the limbus,” Cell Res. 17(1), 26–36 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kawakita, E. M. Espana, H. He, W. Li, C. Y. Liu, and S. C. Tseng, “Intrastromal Invasion by Limbal Epithelial Cells Is Mediated by Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Activated by Air Exposure,” Am. J. Pathol. 167(2), 381–393 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Urciuolo, A.

F. Gattazzo, A. Urciuolo, and P. Bonaldo, “Extracellular matrix: a dynamic microenvironment for stem cell niche,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1840(8), 2506–2519 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vargas-Martín, F.

Velichko, Y. S.

L. C. Palmer, Y. S. Velichko, M. O. de la Cruz, and S. I. Stupp, “Supramolecular self-assembly codes for functional structures,” Philos. Trans. A Math Phys. Eng. Sci. 365(1855), 1417–1433 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vena, P.

A. Redaelli, S. Vesentini, M. Soncini, P. Vena, S. Mantero, and F. M. Montevecchi, “Possible role of decorin glycosaminoglycans in fibril to fibril force transfer in relative mature tendons--a computational study from molecular to microstructural level,” J. Biomech. 36(10), 1555–1569 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vesentini, S.

A. Redaelli, S. Vesentini, M. Soncini, P. Vena, S. Mantero, and F. M. Montevecchi, “Possible role of decorin glycosaminoglycans in fibril to fibril force transfer in relative mature tendons--a computational study from molecular to microstructural level,” J. Biomech. 36(10), 1555–1569 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vidal, B. C.

A. Aparecida de Aro, B. C. Vidal, and E. R. Pimentel, “Biochemical and anisotropical properties of tendons,” Micron 43(2-3), 205–214 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal, “Form birefringence as applied to biopolymer and inorganic material supraorganization,” Biotech. Histochem. 85(6), 365–378 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal and M. L. S. Mello, “Optical anisotropy of collagen fibers of rat calcaneal tendons: An approach to spatially resolved supramolecular organization,” Acta Histochem. 112(1), 53–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal and M. L. S. Mello, “Structural organization of collagen fibers in chordae tendineae as assessed by optical anisotropic properties and Fast Fourier transform,” J. Struct. Biol. 167(2), 166–175 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Aldrovani, A. M. A. Guaraldo, and B. C. Vidal, “Optical anisotropies in corneal stroma collagen fibers from diabetic spontaneous mice,” Vision Res. 47(26), 3229–3237 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. da Silva, B. C. Vidal, D. M. Zezell, T. M. Zorn, S. C. Núñez, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Collagen birefringence in skin repair in response to red polarized-laser therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal and M. L. S. Mello, “Supramolecular order following binding of the dichroic birefringent sulfonic dye Ponceau SS to collagen fibers,” Biopolymers 78(3), 121–128 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal and P. L. O. Volpe, “Differential scanning calorimetry and optical properties of collagen-dichroic azo ponceau SS complexes,” Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 22(3), 149–150 (2005).

B. C. Vidal, “Image analysis of tendon helical superstructure using interference and polarized light microscopy,” Micron 34(8), 423–432 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Vilarta and B. C. Vidal, “Anisotropic and biomechanical properties of tendons modified by exercise and denervation: aggregation and macromolecular order in collagen bundles,” Matrix 9(1), 55–61 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. S. Mello and B. C. Vidal, “Anisotropic properties of toluidine blue-stained collagen,” Ann. Histochim. 18(2), 103–122 (1973).
[PubMed]

B. C. Vidal, “The part played by the mucopolysaccharides in the form birefringence of collagen,” Protoplasma 59(3-4), 472–479 (1965).
[Crossref]

B. C. Vidal, “Pleochroism in tendon and its bearing to acid mucopolysaccharides,” Protoplasma 56(4), 529–536 (1963).
[Crossref]

Vilarta, R.

R. Vilarta and B. C. Vidal, “Anisotropic and biomechanical properties of tendons modified by exercise and denervation: aggregation and macromolecular order in collagen bundles,” Matrix 9(1), 55–61 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Volpe, P. L. O.

B. C. Vidal and P. L. O. Volpe, “Differential scanning calorimetry and optical properties of collagen-dichroic azo ponceau SS complexes,” Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 22(3), 149–150 (2005).

Webber, M. J.

M. J. Webber, J. A. Kessler, and S. I. Stupp, “Emerging peptide nanomedicine to regenerate tissues and organs,” J. Intern. Med. 267(1), 71–88 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weidenhamer, N. K.

N. K. Weidenhamer, D. L. Moore, F. L. Lobo, N. T. Klair, and R. T. Tranquillo, “Influence of culture conditions and extracellular matrix alignment on human mesenchymal stem cells invasion into decellularized engineered tissues,” J. Tissue Eng. Regen. Med. 9(5), 605–618 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Whittaker, P.

P. Whittaker, D. R. Boughner, and R. A. Kloner, “Analysis of healing after myocardial infarction using polarized light microscopy,” Am. J. Pathol. 134(4), 879–893 (1989).
[PubMed]

Wollstein, G.

Xu, T.

H. Lv, L. Li, Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, M. Sun, T. Xu, L. Tian, M. Lu, M. Ren, Y. Liu, and Y. Li, “Union is strength: matrix elasticity and microenvironmental factors codetermine stem cell differentiation fate,” Cell Tissue Res. 361(3), 657–668 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yarmush, M. L.

L. Li, N. Sharma, U. Chippada, X. Jiang, R. Schloss, M. L. Yarmush, and N. A. Langrana, “Functional modulation of ES-derived hepatocyte lineage cells via substrate compliance alteration,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 36(5), 865–876 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yebra-Pimentel-Vilar, M. T.

M. E. Rendal-Vázquez, A. San-Luis-Verdes, M. T. Yebra-Pimentel-Vilar, I. López-Rodríguez, N. Domenech-García, C. Andión-Núñez, and F. Blanco-García, “Culture of limbal stem cells on human amniotic membrane,” Cell Tissue Bank. 13(3), 513–519 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Younes, R.

R. Lattouf, R. Younes, D. Lutomski, N. Naaman, G. Godeau, K. Senni, and S. Changotade, “Picrosirius red staining: a useful tool to appraise collagen networks in normal and pathological tissues,” J. Histochem. Cytochem. 62(10), 751–758 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zezell, D. M.

D. F. da Silva, B. C. Vidal, D. M. Zezell, T. M. Zorn, S. C. Núñez, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Collagen birefringence in skin repair in response to red polarized-laser therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

H. Lv, L. Li, Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, M. Sun, T. Xu, L. Tian, M. Lu, M. Ren, Y. Liu, and Y. Li, “Union is strength: matrix elasticity and microenvironmental factors codetermine stem cell differentiation fate,” Cell Tissue Res. 361(3), 657–668 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, Y. Zhang, D. Jing, Y. Shen, G. Tang, S. Huang, and Z. Zhao, “Mechanobiology of mesenchymal stem cells: Perspective into mechanical induction of MSC fate,” Acta Biomater. 20(20), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Z.

J. Hao, Y. Zhang, D. Jing, Y. Shen, G. Tang, S. Huang, and Z. Zhao, “Mechanobiology of mesenchymal stem cells: Perspective into mechanical induction of MSC fate,” Acta Biomater. 20(20), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zorn, T. M.

D. F. da Silva, B. C. Vidal, D. M. Zezell, T. M. Zorn, S. C. Núñez, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Collagen birefringence in skin repair in response to red polarized-laser therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acta Biomater. (1)

J. Hao, Y. Zhang, D. Jing, Y. Shen, G. Tang, S. Huang, and Z. Zhao, “Mechanobiology of mesenchymal stem cells: Perspective into mechanical induction of MSC fate,” Acta Biomater. 20(20), 1–9 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acta Histochem. (1)

B. C. Vidal and M. L. S. Mello, “Optical anisotropy of collagen fibers of rat calcaneal tendons: An approach to spatially resolved supramolecular organization,” Acta Histochem. 112(1), 53–61 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Am. J. Pathol. (2)

T. Kawakita, E. M. Espana, H. He, W. Li, C. Y. Liu, and S. C. Tseng, “Intrastromal Invasion by Limbal Epithelial Cells Is Mediated by Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Activated by Air Exposure,” Am. J. Pathol. 167(2), 381–393 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Whittaker, D. R. Boughner, and R. A. Kloner, “Analysis of healing after myocardial infarction using polarized light microscopy,” Am. J. Pathol. 134(4), 879–893 (1989).
[PubMed]

Ann. Biomed. Eng. (2)

L. Li, N. Sharma, U. Chippada, X. Jiang, R. Schloss, M. L. Yarmush, and N. A. Langrana, “Functional modulation of ES-derived hepatocyte lineage cells via substrate compliance alteration,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 36(5), 865–876 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. F. Silva, A. S. Gomes, B. de Campos Vidal, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Birefringence and second harmonic generation on tendon collagen following red linearly polarized laser irradiation,” Ann. Biomed. Eng. 41(4), 752–762 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ann. Histochim. (1)

M. L. S. Mello and B. C. Vidal, “Anisotropic properties of toluidine blue-stained collagen,” Ann. Histochim. 18(2), 103–122 (1973).
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R. V. Iozzo, “Matrix proteoglycans: from molecular design to cellular function,” Annu. Rev. Biochem. 67(1), 609–652 (1998).
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C. S. Chen, J. Tan, and J. Tien, “Mechanotransduction at cell-matrix and cell-cell contacts,” Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 6(1), 275–302 (2004).
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K. Burridge and M. Chrzanowska-Wodnicka, “Focal adhesions, contractility, and signaling,” Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol. 12(1), 463–519 (1996).
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Appl. Opt. (2)

Biochim. Biophys. Acta (2)

F. Gattazzo, A. Urciuolo, and P. Bonaldo, “Extracellular matrix: a dynamic microenvironment for stem cell niche,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1840(8), 2506–2519 (2014).
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J. Y. Cassim, P. S. Tobias, and E. W. Taylor, “Birefringence of muscle proteins and the problem of structural birefringence,” Biochim. Biophys. Acta 168(3), 463–471 (1968).
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Biomatter (1)

J. Schiller and D. Huster, “New methods to study the composition and structure of the extracellular matrix in natural and bioengineered tissues,” Biomatter 2(3), 115–131 (2012).
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Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Biophys. J. (1)

J. Ovadia and Q. Nie, “Stem cell niche structure as an inherent cause of undulating epithelial morphologies,” Biophys. J. 104(1), 237–246 (2013).
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Biopolymers (2)

S. Roth and I. Freund, “Optical second-harmonic scattering in rat-tail tendon,” Biopolymers 20(6), 1271–1290 (1981).
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B. C. Vidal and M. L. S. Mello, “Supramolecular order following binding of the dichroic birefringent sulfonic dye Ponceau SS to collagen fibers,” Biopolymers 78(3), 121–128 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Biotech. Histochem. (1)

B. C. Vidal, “Form birefringence as applied to biopolymer and inorganic material supraorganization,” Biotech. Histochem. 85(6), 365–378 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. (2)

L. Gomes, M. A. Esquisatto, P. Belline, and E. R. Pimentel, “Is there a relationship between the state of aggregation of small proteoglycans and the biomechanical properties of tissues?” Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res. 29(9), 1243–1246 (1996).
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Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. (1)

B. C. Vidal and P. L. O. Volpe, “Differential scanning calorimetry and optical properties of collagen-dichroic azo ponceau SS complexes,” Braz. J. Morphol. Sci. 22(3), 149–150 (2005).

Cell Res. (1)

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, Y. T. Chen, and S. C. Tseng, “Niche regulation of corneal epithelial stem cells at the limbus,” Cell Res. 17(1), 26–36 (2007).
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Cell Stem Cell (1)

G. Pellegrini and M. De Luca, “Eyes on the prize: limbal stem cells and corneal restoration,” Cell Stem Cell 15(2), 121–122 (2014).
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Cell Tissue Bank. (1)

M. E. Rendal-Vázquez, A. San-Luis-Verdes, M. T. Yebra-Pimentel-Vilar, I. López-Rodríguez, N. Domenech-García, C. Andión-Núñez, and F. Blanco-García, “Culture of limbal stem cells on human amniotic membrane,” Cell Tissue Bank. 13(3), 513–519 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cell Tissue Res. (1)

H. Lv, L. Li, Y. Zhang, Z. Chen, M. Sun, T. Xu, L. Tian, M. Lu, M. Ren, Y. Liu, and Y. Li, “Union is strength: matrix elasticity and microenvironmental factors codetermine stem cell differentiation fate,” Cell Tissue Res. 361(3), 657–668 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cornea (1)

L. J. Cooper, S. Kinoshita, M. German, N. Koizumi, T. Nakamura, and N. J. Fullwood, “An investigation into the composition of amniotic membrane used for ocular surface reconstruction,” Cornea 24(6), 722–729 (2005).
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Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. (1)

S. L. Dallas, Q. Chen, and P. Sivakumar, “Dynamics of assembly and reorganization of extracellular matrix proteins,” Curr. Top. Dev. Biol. 75(1), 1–24 (2006).
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Dev. Biol. (1)

P. Rifes and S. Thorsteinsdóttir, “Extracellular matrix assembly and 3D organization during paraxial mesoderm development in the chick embryo,” Dev. Biol. 368(2), 370–381 (2012).
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Exp. Eye Res. (1)

S. Chen, M. J. Mienaltowski, and D. E. Birk, “Regulation of corneal stroma extracellular matrix assembly,” Exp. Eye Res. 133(1), 69–80 (2015).
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Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1)

W. Li, Y. Hayashida, H. He, C. L. Kuo, and S. C. Tseng, “The fate of limbal epithelial progenitor cells during explant culture on intact amniotic membrane,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 48(2), 605–613 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Cryst. (1)

S. Roth and I. Freund, “Second harmonic-generation and orientational order in connective tissue: a mosaic model for fibril orientational ordering in rat tailtendon,” J. Appl. Cryst. 15(1), 72–78 (1982).
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M. M. Giraud-Guille, L. Besseau, and R. Martin, “Liquid crystalline assemblies of collagen in bone and in vitro systems,” J. Biomech. 36(10), 1571–1579 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Redaelli, S. Vesentini, M. Soncini, P. Vena, S. Mantero, and F. M. Montevecchi, “Possible role of decorin glycosaminoglycans in fibril to fibril force transfer in relative mature tendons--a computational study from molecular to microstructural level,” J. Biomech. 36(10), 1555–1569 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

D. F. da Silva, B. C. Vidal, D. M. Zezell, T. M. Zorn, S. C. Núñez, and M. S. Ribeiro, “Collagen birefringence in skin repair in response to red polarized-laser therapy,” J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2), 024002 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cell. Biochem. (1)

O. Baylis, F. Figueiredo, C. Henein, M. Lako, and S. Ahmad, “13 years of cultured limbal epithelial cell therapy: a review of the outcomes,” J. Cell. Biochem. 112(4), 993–1002 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Funct. Biomater. (1)

H. Mei, S. Gonzalez, and S. X. Deng, “Extracellular matrix is an important component of limbal stem cell niche,” J. Funct. Biomater. 3(4), 879–894 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Histochem. Cytochem. (1)

R. Lattouf, R. Younes, D. Lutomski, N. Naaman, G. Godeau, K. Senni, and S. Changotade, “Picrosirius red staining: a useful tool to appraise collagen networks in normal and pathological tissues,” J. Histochem. Cytochem. 62(10), 751–758 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Intern. Med. (1)

M. J. Webber, J. A. Kessler, and S. I. Stupp, “Emerging peptide nanomedicine to regenerate tissues and organs,” J. Intern. Med. 267(1), 71–88 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Struct. Biol. (2)

B. C. Vidal and M. L. S. Mello, “Structural organization of collagen fibers in chordae tendineae as assessed by optical anisotropic properties and Fast Fourier transform,” J. Struct. Biol. 167(2), 166–175 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Boote, S. Dennis, and K. Meek, “Spatial mapping of collagen fibril organisation in primate cornea-an X-ray diffraction investigation,” J. Struct. Biol. 146(3), 359–367 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Tissue Eng. Regen. Med. (1)

N. K. Weidenhamer, D. L. Moore, F. L. Lobo, N. T. Klair, and R. T. Tranquillo, “Influence of culture conditions and extracellular matrix alignment on human mesenchymal stem cells invasion into decellularized engineered tissues,” J. Tissue Eng. Regen. Med. 9(5), 605–618 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matrix (1)

R. Vilarta and B. C. Vidal, “Anisotropic and biomechanical properties of tendons modified by exercise and denervation: aggregation and macromolecular order in collagen bundles,” Matrix 9(1), 55–61 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Micron (4)

M. M. Giraud Guille, G. Mosser, C. Helary, and D. Eglin, “Bone matrix like assemblies of collagen: from liquid crystals to gels and biomimetic materials,” Micron 36(7-8), 602–608 (2005).
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K. M. Meek and N. J. Fullwood, “Corneal and scleral collagens--a microscopist’s perspective,” Micron 32(3), 261–272 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Vidal, “Image analysis of tendon helical superstructure using interference and polarized light microscopy,” Micron 34(8), 423–432 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Aparecida de Aro, B. C. Vidal, and E. R. Pimentel, “Biochemical and anisotropical properties of tendons,” Micron 43(2-3), 205–214 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mol. Vis. (1)

R. R. Loureiro, P. C. Cristovam, C. M. Martins, J. L. Covre, J. A. Sobrinho, J. R. Ricardo, R. M. Hazarbassanov, A. L. Höfling-Lima, R. Belfort, M. Nishi, and J. Á. Gomes, “Comparison of culture media for ex vivo cultivation of limbal epithelial progenitor cells,” Mol. Vis. 19(1), 69–77 (2013).
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J. R. García and A. J. García, “Cellular mechanotransduction: sensing rigidity,” Nat. Mater. 13(6), 539–540 (2014).
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E. Mattia and S. Otto, “Supramolecular systems chemistry,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(2), 111–119 (2015).
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Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. (1)

J. W. Jaronski and H. T. Kasprzak, “Linear birefringence measurements of the in vitro human cornea,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 23(4), 361–369 (2003).
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Philos. Trans. A Math Phys. Eng. Sci. (1)

L. C. Palmer, Y. S. Velichko, M. O. de la Cruz, and S. I. Stupp, “Supramolecular self-assembly codes for functional structures,” Philos. Trans. A Math Phys. Eng. Sci. 365(1855), 1417–1433 (2007).
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Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

S. L. Jacques, “Optical properties of biological tissues: a review,” Phys. Med. Biol. 58(11), R37–R61 (2013).
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PLoS One (1)

J. F. Ribeiro, E. H. dos Anjos, M. L. S. Mello, and B. de Campos Vidal, “Skin collagen fiber molecular order: a pattern of distributional fiber orientation as assessed by optical anisotropy and image analysis,” PLoS One 8(1), e54724 (2013).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

Q. Tseng, E. Duchemin-Pelletier, A. Deshiere, M. Balland, H. Guillou, O. Filhol, and M. Théry, “Spatial organization of the extracellular matrix regulates cell-cell junction positioning,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109(5), 1506–1511 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Protoplasma (2)

B. C. Vidal, “Pleochroism in tendon and its bearing to acid mucopolysaccharides,” Protoplasma 56(4), 529–536 (1963).
[Crossref]

B. C. Vidal, “The part played by the mucopolysaccharides in the form birefringence of collagen,” Protoplasma 59(3-4), 472–479 (1965).
[Crossref]

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Vision Res. (1)

M. Aldrovani, A. M. A. Guaraldo, and B. C. Vidal, “Optical anisotropies in corneal stroma collagen fibers from diabetic spontaneous mice,” Vision Res. 47(26), 3229–3237 (2007).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic representation of the amniotic and limbal stromal areas examined in the C-2, C-7, and C-15 groups regarding the optical anisotropy parameters that inform on the supramolecular organization of fibrillar collagen and proteoglycans. ✦, examined areas.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Dotplot of epithelial cell migration area over time for rabbit limbal explants cultured on denuded amniotic membranes. Means are indicated by lines.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Spectral absorption curves generated for amniotic (A and B) and limbal (C and D) stromal extracellular matrices after toluidine blue staining. The mean perpendicular absorption (APE) (A and C) and parallel absorption (APA) (B and D) values were plotted against the different photon wavelengths. AU, arbitrary units.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Photographic image of interfence colors observed in one of the research samples.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Video image analysis parameters related to the birefringence brightness intensity (expressed as grey level and derivatives, in pixels) of amniotic and limbal collagen fibers from 7-µm sections stained with Ponceau SS and illuminated with monochromatic polarized light (wavelength from 546 nm)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Proportion (%) of green, yellow, and red collagen fibers detected in the birefringence images stained with Ponceau SS and illuminated with polychromatic polarized light.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Linear dichroism (LD) values calculated at the maximum absorbance points observed in the spectral curves created for the research groups.

Metrics