The aim of this research was to investigate the feasibility of Fourier transform near infrared spectroscopy combined with chemometric analysis to develop a rapid method for identification of different resin types which had been deemed similar by a preliminary visual examination. Principal component analysis was applied on spectral data to classify two types of epoxy resin samples and three types of phenolic resin samples. In this case, a total of two hundred and fifteen samples were used for the evaluation and validation of two types of epoxy resin samples (SY1342 and SY1346) and three types of phenolic resin samples (Y3567, Y2705 and Y2137). All were correctly differentiated by their respective models. Moreover, in the external validation, the prediction rate of samples correctly classified was also 100%. Such classifications are very important for the detection of adulterated samples and for quality control. Near infrared spectroscopy was shown to be a very reliable, accurate and useful tool to classify resin samples in a fast, clean and inexpensive way compared to classical analysis, and it will enable copper clad laminate manufacturers to detect and take early corrective actions that will ultimately save time and money while establishing a uniform quality.
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