Abstract

The scattered and internal fields of an infinite, homogeneous cylinder illuminated by a linearly polarized beam depend on the following parameters: the object size parameter of the cylinder (ka, where k=2πλ, λ is the wavelength of the incident beam in the surrounding medium, and a is the radius of cylinder), the complex relative refractive index of the object, the beam size parameters (kω1 and kω2, where ω1, ω2 are the representative beam dimensions), the angle between the cylinder axis and the Poynting vector of the incident wave, and the angle between the plane of polarization and the plane of incidence. Only when the dimensions of the beam are much greater than the cylinder diameter, and hence the portion of the beam interacting with the cylinder is essentially uniform, can the plane-wave solution be used in computing the scattered and internal fields. Hence a rigorous electromagnetic approach like the generalized Lorenz–Mie theory for spheres is used to study the effect of beam size parameters on the internal fields in an infinite cylinder irradiated by elliptical Gaussian beams. The significant effects of beam size parameters on the internal fields in an infinite cylinder are presented using specific cases of (1) resonance effects in a glass cylinder (ka=45.726, transverse-electric mode 53,3) and (2) a cylindrical microchannel (ka760) irradiated by a 632.8nm laser beam.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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