Abstract

A photonic quasi-crystal fiber (PQF) with high birefringence is proposed. A dodecagonal Stampfli quasi-periodic lattice of air holes constitutes the cladding of the PQF. The PQF maintains the properties of high birefringence and single-mode operation regime in a wide wavelength range from 1.2 to 2.0 μm by optimizing the size of the air holes around the core of the PQF. A birefringence with 3.86×102 can be obtained at 1.31 and 1.55 μm optical telecommunication windows. The birefringence is of the order of 102, which is two orders of magnitude larger than that of the conventional polarization-maintaining fibers and hardly affected by the incident wavelength. The proposed PQF also maintains a high nonlinear coefficient and low confinement loss. Our structure and simulation results are expected to provide a valuable reference and basic data to relative fabrication and experiments.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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