Abstract

An inverse T-shape structure, consisting of a bus waveguide coupled with two perpendicular rectangular cavities, has been investigated numerically and theoretically. The position of the transparency window can be manipulated by adjusting the lateral displacement between the two perpendicular cavities. The effects of changing different structural parameters on the transmission features are investigated in detail. The results indicate that the length of two cavities play important roles in optimizing optical response. Finally, two simple applications based on the inverse T-shape structure are briefly discussed. The findings demonstrate that the first- and second-order modes can be separated without interference, and the sensitivity of the inverse T-shape is as high as 1750 nm per refractive index unit (RIU); the corresponding figure of merit (FOM) reaches up to 77.1  RIU1, which is higher than in previous reports. The plasmonic configuration possesses the advantages of easy fabrication, compactness, and higher sensitivity as well as higher FOM, which will greatly benefit the compact plasmonic filter and high-sensitivity nanosensor in highly integrated optical devices.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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