Abstract

Previous research from our lab has established that red-green–balanced yellow targets become greenish-brown as surround luminance increases, while red-green–balanced brown targets become reddish-yellow as surround luminance decreases. To help assess the generality and underlying processes of this contrast-dependent red-green hue shift, we investigated red-green hue shifts for target stimuli that appeared achromatic or blue as well as yellow/brown. Results confirmed that the red-green hue shift was largest for yellow/brown targets and was progressively reduced for achromatic and blue targets as target excitation of S cones increased. The magnitude of the hue shift could be predicted by the S/(L+M) excitation of the target when bright white surrounds are used. The hue shift also requires that the target and surround are presented to the same eye, consistent with processing in monocular pathways. Increased S-cone excitation by the surround was associated with red-green hue shifts for all targets equally. Thus, S-cone signals from bright white surrounds might play a role in the contrast-dependent red-green hue shift, but the source of the variation of the magnitude of the hue shift with variations in target S-cone excitation when presented on those surrounds is unknown.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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