Abstract

In this paper we describe four experiments concerned with spatial-interval discrimination. The first experiment demonstrates that perturbations in the internal light distribution of two bright bars alter the perceived separation of the bars without influencing the precision of spatial-interval discrimination. Specifically, alterations in the centroid of the luminance distribution of the bars were found to influence their perceived separation systematically. In the second experiment we investigated separation discrimination for (a) a pair of bright lines, (b) a pair of dark lines, and (c) a pair of lines with opposite polarity (a bright–dark pair). For large interline separations, the thresholds for separation discrimination of the three stimuli were equivalent. However, for small separations (<4 arcmin) the thresholds for the opposite-polarity pair were significantly higher than those for either bright or dark lines. The third experiment showed that separation discrimination is also impaired when the direction-of-brightness change of adjacent edges is the same. In the fourth experiment, random luminance perturbations were introduced in the interval between two bright bars separated by 1.5 to 8 arcmin by the addition of a dim line within the interval. The effect of these perturbations was also to alter the perceived separation of the bars with no effect on the precision of spatial-interval discrimination. Increasing the intensity of the perturbating line (to equal that of the outer lines) elevated thresholds for small separations (<4 arcmin) to approximately 6 arcsec but had no effect on the threshold for larger separations. Taken together, these results (1) suggest that large and small separations are processed differently and (2) place strong constraints on models for spatial-interval discrimination.

© 1987 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Binocular summation in vernier acuity

Tom Banton and Dennis M. Levi
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8(4) 673-680 (1991)

Scaled position integration areas: accounting for Weber’s law for separation

Christina A. Burbeck and Scott Hadden
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(1) 5-15 (1993)

Evidence for positional coding in hyperacuity

M. J. Morgan, R. M. Ward, and G. J. Hole
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7(2) 297-304 (1990)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (7)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription