Abstract

A high-Q silica whispering gallery mode microresonator is an attractive platform on which to demonstrate a broad and phase-locked Raman comb in various wavelength regimes. Raman combs can be used for applications such as compact pulse laser sources, sensors, optical clocks, and coherence tomography. However, the formation dynamics of a Raman comb has not been well exploited. Here we study the dynamics of the Raman comb formation in silica rod microresonators, which have cavity-free spectral ranges in microwave rates. We generated a Raman comb with a smooth spectral envelope and also observed the transition between two Raman combs located at different center wavelengths. The transition behavior was obtained when we changed the pump detuning and the coupling strength between the microresonator and fiber. We also explain these phenomena by using a simple model based on coupled-mode equations.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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