Abstract

We present the structuring of different graded-index materials in the form of one-dimensional (1D) photonic crystals (PCs) for highly efficient light trapping and controlling photonic devices in terms of tuned and controlled photonic bandgap (PBG) performance. We consider hyperbolic, exponential, and linear refractive index variation in the graded-index layer. We systematically study the influence of structural and grading parameters on the bandgap performance for two different graded photonic crystal (GPC) structures formed by stacking different graded-index layers. Compared with conventional PCs, the GPC bandgaps can be changed and tuned by the refractive index profile of the graded-index layer. We show that the number of bandgaps increases with the graded-index layer thickness and the bandgap frequencies can be tuned by the grading profiles. We observe the sequential increment in bandwidth for the complete PBGs in the GPC structures with linear, exponential, and hyperbolic graded-index materials. We also study the influence of the stacking pattern and grading profiles on the bandgap, phase shift, group velocity, delay time, and field distribution. The proposed GPC configurations facilitate the design of reflectors, multi-channel filters, detectors, and other photonic devices. The study may also provide the basis of understanding of the influence of graded-index materials on the PBG characteristics in the GPCs.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Tunable and omnidirectional photonic bandgap properties of one-dimensional photonic crystals fabricated by holography

Guo Ping Wang, Yongxiang Yi, and Weihua Lin
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21(3) 554-561 (2004)

Analysis of one-dimensional high-index guiding photonic bandgap waveguides

Jie Li and Kin Seng Chiang
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(11) 2007-2015 (2009)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (14)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription