Abstract

We exposed H2-loaded optical fibers to cw UV light and simultaneously measured the intensity of the blue luminescence from the fiber core. The UV-induced blue luminescence experiences a non monotonous evolution and thus cannot be correlated to the refractive index changes. However, a quasi-linear relationship has been found between the increase of the blue luminescence and the refractive index changes in the range 5 10-4 < Δnmean (or Δnmod) < 2.5 10-3. Using this property, we analyze a fiber Bragg grating by focusing a UV beam probe onto the fiber core and we record the UV-induced blue luminescence at the end of the fiber. By scanning the UV beam along the fiber, we measure thus the axial profile of the refractive index changes with a spatial resolution of 1 μm.

©2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
    [Crossref]
  2. Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, and F. Ouellette , “Correlation between uv-induced refractive index and photoluminescence in Ge-doped fibre,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 25 (1992)
    [Crossref]
  3. M. Poirier, S. Thibault, J. Lauzon, and F. Quellette, “Dynamic and orientational behavior of UV-induced luminescence bleaching in Ge-doped silica optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 18, 870 (1993)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. H. Patrick, S. L. Gilbert, and A. Lidgard, “Decrease of Fluorescence in Optical Fiber During Exposure to Pulsed or Continuous-Wave Ultraviolet Light,” Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994)
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Martin, G. Atkins, F. Ouellette, M. Têtu, J. Deslauriers, and M.A. Duguay , “Direct correlation between UV-excited photoluminescence and refractive index change in photosensitive Ge-doped and hydrogenated optical fiber,” BGPP Technical Digest Series 22 Portland USA, paper PMA2 (1995)
  6. H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, A. Boukenter, and Y Ourdane , BGPP 2001 Technical Digest, Stresa, Italy, paper BThC26 (2001)
  7. T. Komukai and M. Nakazawa, “Fabrication of high-quality long-fiber Bragg grating by monitoring 3.1-eV radiation (400 nm) from GeO defects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 11 (1996)
    [Crossref]
  8. H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, and A. Boukenter, Ourdanen “UV influence on H2-loaded germanosilicate optical fibres defect transformation mechanism through the blue luminescence,” POWAG 2002, Saint-Petersburg, Russia 17-21 June (2002)
  9. V. Mizrahi and R. M. Atkins, “Constant fluorescence during phase grating formation and defectband bleaching in optical fibres under 5.1 eV laser exposure,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1992)
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Lauzon, M. G. Sceats, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, Tech. Dig. OFC, paper WK14, 137 (1994)
  11. H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, “Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992)
    [Crossref]
  12. J. Canning, M. Janos, and M. G. Sceats, “Rayleigh longitudinal profiling of optical resonances within waveguide grating structures using sidescattered light,” Opt. Lett. 21, 609 (1996)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. K. Takada, I. Yokohama, K. Chida, and J. Noda, “New measurement system for fault location in optical waveguide devices based on an interferometric technique,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1603 (1987)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. P. Lambelet, P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, Ch. Zimmer, and H. H. Gilgen, “Bragg Grating Characterization by Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 565 (1993)
    [Crossref]
  15. P. A. Krug, R. Stolte, and R. Ulrich, “Measurement of index modulation along an optical fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1767 (1995)
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. F. El-Diasty, A. Heaney, and T. Erdogan, “Analysis of Fiber Bragg Gratings by a Side-Diffraction Interference Technique,” Appl. Opt. 40, 890 (2001)
    [Crossref]
  17. G. Meltz and W.W. Morey, “Bragg grating formation and germanosilicate fiber photosensitivity,” SPIE, Inter. Workshop on Photoinduced Self-Org. effects in Opt. Fib. 516, 185 (1991)
  18. H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, K. S. Baulcomb, K.C. Byron, S. M. Ojha, and S. Clements, “Fabrication and characterisation of long, narrowband fibre gratings by phase mask scanning,” Electon. Lett. 30 (16), 1341 (1994)
    [Crossref]
  19. L. Pacou, M. Lancry, P. Niay, M. Douay, I. Riant, B. Poumellec, and D. Dragoe, “Dynamics of the UV blue luminescence intensity: observation of the local mean photoinduced refractive index in Bragg grating,” BGPP conference Monterey/USA, paper TuD3, 229 (2003)
  20. L. Paccou, P. Niay, L. Bigot, M. Douay, and I. Riant, “Nano-positioning of a Bragg grating inscription setup for the concatenation of multiple gratings using the diffraction by the grating experienced by the ultraviolet inscription beam,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering 43, iss. 2, 143 (2005)
    [Crossref]
  21. B. Leconte, University of Lille, France, P.H.D. thesis n°2379, available on request (1998)

2005 (1)

L. Paccou, P. Niay, L. Bigot, M. Douay, and I. Riant, “Nano-positioning of a Bragg grating inscription setup for the concatenation of multiple gratings using the diffraction by the grating experienced by the ultraviolet inscription beam,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering 43, iss. 2, 143 (2005)
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

B. Leconte, University of Lille, France, P.H.D. thesis n°2379, available on request (1998)

1997 (1)

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

T. Komukai and M. Nakazawa, “Fabrication of high-quality long-fiber Bragg grating by monitoring 3.1-eV radiation (400 nm) from GeO defects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 11 (1996)
[Crossref]

J. Canning, M. Janos, and M. G. Sceats, “Rayleigh longitudinal profiling of optical resonances within waveguide grating structures using sidescattered light,” Opt. Lett. 21, 609 (1996)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, K. S. Baulcomb, K.C. Byron, S. M. Ojha, and S. Clements, “Fabrication and characterisation of long, narrowband fibre gratings by phase mask scanning,” Electon. Lett. 30 (16), 1341 (1994)
[Crossref]

H. Patrick, S. L. Gilbert, and A. Lidgard, “Decrease of Fluorescence in Optical Fiber During Exposure to Pulsed or Continuous-Wave Ultraviolet Light,” Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994)
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

M. Poirier, S. Thibault, J. Lauzon, and F. Quellette, “Dynamic and orientational behavior of UV-induced luminescence bleaching in Ge-doped silica optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 18, 870 (1993)
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Lambelet, P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, Ch. Zimmer, and H. H. Gilgen, “Bragg Grating Characterization by Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 565 (1993)
[Crossref]

1992 (3)

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, and F. Ouellette , “Correlation between uv-induced refractive index and photoluminescence in Ge-doped fibre,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 25 (1992)
[Crossref]

V. Mizrahi and R. M. Atkins, “Constant fluorescence during phase grating formation and defectband bleaching in optical fibres under 5.1 eV laser exposure,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1992)
[Crossref]

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, “Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992)
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

G. Meltz and W.W. Morey, “Bragg grating formation and germanosilicate fiber photosensitivity,” SPIE, Inter. Workshop on Photoinduced Self-Org. effects in Opt. Fib. 516, 185 (1991)

1987 (1)

Abe, Y.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, “Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992)
[Crossref]

Atkins, G.

J. Martin, G. Atkins, F. Ouellette, M. Têtu, J. Deslauriers, and M.A. Duguay , “Direct correlation between UV-excited photoluminescence and refractive index change in photosensitive Ge-doped and hydrogenated optical fiber,” BGPP Technical Digest Series 22 Portland USA, paper PMA2 (1995)

Atkins, R. M.

V. Mizrahi and R. M. Atkins, “Constant fluorescence during phase grating formation and defectband bleaching in optical fibres under 5.1 eV laser exposure,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1992)
[Crossref]

Baker, S. R.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, K. S. Baulcomb, K.C. Byron, S. M. Ojha, and S. Clements, “Fabrication and characterisation of long, narrowband fibre gratings by phase mask scanning,” Electon. Lett. 30 (16), 1341 (1994)
[Crossref]

Baulcomb, K. S.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, K. S. Baulcomb, K.C. Byron, S. M. Ojha, and S. Clements, “Fabrication and characterisation of long, narrowband fibre gratings by phase mask scanning,” Electon. Lett. 30 (16), 1341 (1994)
[Crossref]

Bayon, J. F.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

Bernage, P.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

Bigot, L.

L. Paccou, P. Niay, L. Bigot, M. Douay, and I. Riant, “Nano-positioning of a Bragg grating inscription setup for the concatenation of multiple gratings using the diffraction by the grating experienced by the ultraviolet inscription beam,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering 43, iss. 2, 143 (2005)
[Crossref]

Boukenter, A.

H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, A. Boukenter, and Y Ourdane , BGPP 2001 Technical Digest, Stresa, Italy, paper BThC26 (2001)

H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, and A. Boukenter, Ourdanen “UV influence on H2-loaded germanosilicate optical fibres defect transformation mechanism through the blue luminescence,” POWAG 2002, Saint-Petersburg, Russia 17-21 June (2002)

Byron, K.C.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, K. S. Baulcomb, K.C. Byron, S. M. Ojha, and S. Clements, “Fabrication and characterisation of long, narrowband fibre gratings by phase mask scanning,” Electon. Lett. 30 (16), 1341 (1994)
[Crossref]

Canning, J.

Chida, K.

Clements, S.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, K. S. Baulcomb, K.C. Byron, S. M. Ojha, and S. Clements, “Fabrication and characterisation of long, narrowband fibre gratings by phase mask scanning,” Electon. Lett. 30 (16), 1341 (1994)
[Crossref]

Cordier, P.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

Delevaque, E.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

Deslauriers, J.

J. Martin, G. Atkins, F. Ouellette, M. Têtu, J. Deslauriers, and M.A. Duguay , “Direct correlation between UV-excited photoluminescence and refractive index change in photosensitive Ge-doped and hydrogenated optical fiber,” BGPP Technical Digest Series 22 Portland USA, paper PMA2 (1995)

Dong, L.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

Douay, M.

L. Paccou, P. Niay, L. Bigot, M. Douay, and I. Riant, “Nano-positioning of a Bragg grating inscription setup for the concatenation of multiple gratings using the diffraction by the grating experienced by the ultraviolet inscription beam,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering 43, iss. 2, 143 (2005)
[Crossref]

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

L. Pacou, M. Lancry, P. Niay, M. Douay, I. Riant, B. Poumellec, and D. Dragoe, “Dynamics of the UV blue luminescence intensity: observation of the local mean photoinduced refractive index in Bragg grating,” BGPP conference Monterey/USA, paper TuD3, 229 (2003)

Dragoe, D.

L. Pacou, M. Lancry, P. Niay, M. Douay, I. Riant, B. Poumellec, and D. Dragoe, “Dynamics of the UV blue luminescence intensity: observation of the local mean photoinduced refractive index in Bragg grating,” BGPP conference Monterey/USA, paper TuD3, 229 (2003)

Duguay, M.A.

J. Martin, G. Atkins, F. Ouellette, M. Têtu, J. Deslauriers, and M.A. Duguay , “Direct correlation between UV-excited photoluminescence and refractive index change in photosensitive Ge-doped and hydrogenated optical fiber,” BGPP Technical Digest Series 22 Portland USA, paper PMA2 (1995)

Duval, Y.

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, and F. Ouellette , “Correlation between uv-induced refractive index and photoluminescence in Ge-doped fibre,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 25 (1992)
[Crossref]

El-Diasty, F.

Erdogan, T.

Fleming, S.

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, and F. Ouellette , “Correlation between uv-induced refractive index and photoluminescence in Ge-doped fibre,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 25 (1992)
[Crossref]

Fonjallaz, P. Y.

P. Lambelet, P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, Ch. Zimmer, and H. H. Gilgen, “Bragg Grating Characterization by Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 565 (1993)
[Crossref]

Gilbert, S. L.

H. Patrick, S. L. Gilbert, and A. Lidgard, “Decrease of Fluorescence in Optical Fiber During Exposure to Pulsed or Continuous-Wave Ultraviolet Light,” Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994)
[Crossref]

Gilgen, H. H.

P. Lambelet, P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, Ch. Zimmer, and H. H. Gilgen, “Bragg Grating Characterization by Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 565 (1993)
[Crossref]

Goutaland, F.

H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, A. Boukenter, and Y Ourdane , BGPP 2001 Technical Digest, Stresa, Italy, paper BThC26 (2001)

H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, and A. Boukenter, Ourdanen “UV influence on H2-loaded germanosilicate optical fibres defect transformation mechanism through the blue luminescence,” POWAG 2002, Saint-Petersburg, Russia 17-21 June (2002)

Heaney, A.

Hosono, H.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, “Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992)
[Crossref]

Janos, M.

Kashyap, R.

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, and F. Ouellette , “Correlation between uv-induced refractive index and photoluminescence in Ge-doped fibre,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 25 (1992)
[Crossref]

Kawazoe, H.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, “Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992)
[Crossref]

Kinser, D. L.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, “Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992)
[Crossref]

Komukai, T.

T. Komukai and M. Nakazawa, “Fabrication of high-quality long-fiber Bragg grating by monitoring 3.1-eV radiation (400 nm) from GeO defects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 11 (1996)
[Crossref]

Krug, P. A.

Kuswanto, H.

H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, and A. Boukenter, Ourdanen “UV influence on H2-loaded germanosilicate optical fibres defect transformation mechanism through the blue luminescence,” POWAG 2002, Saint-Petersburg, Russia 17-21 June (2002)

H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, A. Boukenter, and Y Ourdane , BGPP 2001 Technical Digest, Stresa, Italy, paper BThC26 (2001)

Lambelet, P.

P. Lambelet, P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, Ch. Zimmer, and H. H. Gilgen, “Bragg Grating Characterization by Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 565 (1993)
[Crossref]

Lancry, M.

L. Pacou, M. Lancry, P. Niay, M. Douay, I. Riant, B. Poumellec, and D. Dragoe, “Dynamics of the UV blue luminescence intensity: observation of the local mean photoinduced refractive index in Bragg grating,” BGPP conference Monterey/USA, paper TuD3, 229 (2003)

Lauzon, J.

Leconte, B.

B. Leconte, University of Lille, France, P.H.D. thesis n°2379, available on request (1998)

Lidgard, A.

H. Patrick, S. L. Gilbert, and A. Lidgard, “Decrease of Fluorescence in Optical Fiber During Exposure to Pulsed or Continuous-Wave Ultraviolet Light,” Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994)
[Crossref]

Limberger, H. G.

P. Lambelet, P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, Ch. Zimmer, and H. H. Gilgen, “Bragg Grating Characterization by Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 565 (1993)
[Crossref]

Martin, J.

J. Martin, G. Atkins, F. Ouellette, M. Têtu, J. Deslauriers, and M.A. Duguay , “Direct correlation between UV-excited photoluminescence and refractive index change in photosensitive Ge-doped and hydrogenated optical fiber,” BGPP Technical Digest Series 22 Portland USA, paper PMA2 (1995)

Meltz, G.

G. Meltz and W.W. Morey, “Bragg grating formation and germanosilicate fiber photosensitivity,” SPIE, Inter. Workshop on Photoinduced Self-Org. effects in Opt. Fib. 516, 185 (1991)

Mizrahi, V.

V. Mizrahi and R. M. Atkins, “Constant fluorescence during phase grating formation and defectband bleaching in optical fibres under 5.1 eV laser exposure,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1992)
[Crossref]

Morey, W.W.

G. Meltz and W.W. Morey, “Bragg grating formation and germanosilicate fiber photosensitivity,” SPIE, Inter. Workshop on Photoinduced Self-Org. effects in Opt. Fib. 516, 185 (1991)

Muta, K.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, “Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992)
[Crossref]

Nakazawa, M.

T. Komukai and M. Nakazawa, “Fabrication of high-quality long-fiber Bragg grating by monitoring 3.1-eV radiation (400 nm) from GeO defects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 11 (1996)
[Crossref]

Niay, P.

L. Paccou, P. Niay, L. Bigot, M. Douay, and I. Riant, “Nano-positioning of a Bragg grating inscription setup for the concatenation of multiple gratings using the diffraction by the grating experienced by the ultraviolet inscription beam,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering 43, iss. 2, 143 (2005)
[Crossref]

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

L. Pacou, M. Lancry, P. Niay, M. Douay, I. Riant, B. Poumellec, and D. Dragoe, “Dynamics of the UV blue luminescence intensity: observation of the local mean photoinduced refractive index in Bragg grating,” BGPP conference Monterey/USA, paper TuD3, 229 (2003)

Noda, J.

Ojha, S. M.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, K. S. Baulcomb, K.C. Byron, S. M. Ojha, and S. Clements, “Fabrication and characterisation of long, narrowband fibre gratings by phase mask scanning,” Electon. Lett. 30 (16), 1341 (1994)
[Crossref]

Ouellette, F.

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, and F. Ouellette , “Correlation between uv-induced refractive index and photoluminescence in Ge-doped fibre,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 25 (1992)
[Crossref]

J. Martin, G. Atkins, F. Ouellette, M. Têtu, J. Deslauriers, and M.A. Duguay , “Direct correlation between UV-excited photoluminescence and refractive index change in photosensitive Ge-doped and hydrogenated optical fiber,” BGPP Technical Digest Series 22 Portland USA, paper PMA2 (1995)

J. Lauzon, M. G. Sceats, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, Tech. Dig. OFC, paper WK14, 137 (1994)

Ourdane, Y

H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, A. Boukenter, and Y Ourdane , BGPP 2001 Technical Digest, Stresa, Italy, paper BThC26 (2001)

Paccou, L.

L. Paccou, P. Niay, L. Bigot, M. Douay, and I. Riant, “Nano-positioning of a Bragg grating inscription setup for the concatenation of multiple gratings using the diffraction by the grating experienced by the ultraviolet inscription beam,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering 43, iss. 2, 143 (2005)
[Crossref]

Pacou, L.

L. Pacou, M. Lancry, P. Niay, M. Douay, I. Riant, B. Poumellec, and D. Dragoe, “Dynamics of the UV blue luminescence intensity: observation of the local mean photoinduced refractive index in Bragg grating,” BGPP conference Monterey/USA, paper TuD3, 229 (2003)

Patrick, H.

H. Patrick, S. L. Gilbert, and A. Lidgard, “Decrease of Fluorescence in Optical Fiber During Exposure to Pulsed or Continuous-Wave Ultraviolet Light,” Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994)
[Crossref]

Poignant, H.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

Poirier, M.

Poumellec, B.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

L. Pacou, M. Lancry, P. Niay, M. Douay, I. Riant, B. Poumellec, and D. Dragoe, “Dynamics of the UV blue luminescence intensity: observation of the local mean photoinduced refractive index in Bragg grating,” BGPP conference Monterey/USA, paper TuD3, 229 (2003)

Quellette, F.

Riant, I.

L. Paccou, P. Niay, L. Bigot, M. Douay, and I. Riant, “Nano-positioning of a Bragg grating inscription setup for the concatenation of multiple gratings using the diffraction by the grating experienced by the ultraviolet inscription beam,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering 43, iss. 2, 143 (2005)
[Crossref]

L. Pacou, M. Lancry, P. Niay, M. Douay, I. Riant, B. Poumellec, and D. Dragoe, “Dynamics of the UV blue luminescence intensity: observation of the local mean photoinduced refractive index in Bragg grating,” BGPP conference Monterey/USA, paper TuD3, 229 (2003)

Rourke, H. N.

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, K. S. Baulcomb, K.C. Byron, S. M. Ojha, and S. Clements, “Fabrication and characterisation of long, narrowband fibre gratings by phase mask scanning,” Electon. Lett. 30 (16), 1341 (1994)
[Crossref]

Salathe, R. P.

P. Lambelet, P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, Ch. Zimmer, and H. H. Gilgen, “Bragg Grating Characterization by Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 565 (1993)
[Crossref]

Sceats, M. G.

Stolte, R.

Takada, K.

Taunay, T.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

Têtu, M.

J. Martin, G. Atkins, F. Ouellette, M. Têtu, J. Deslauriers, and M.A. Duguay , “Direct correlation between UV-excited photoluminescence and refractive index change in photosensitive Ge-doped and hydrogenated optical fiber,” BGPP Technical Digest Series 22 Portland USA, paper PMA2 (1995)

Thibault, S.

Ulrich, R.

Weeks, R. A.

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, “Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992)
[Crossref]

Xie, W. X.

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

Yokohama, I.

Zimmer, Ch.

P. Lambelet, P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, Ch. Zimmer, and H. H. Gilgen, “Bragg Grating Characterization by Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 565 (1993)
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Duval, R. Kashyap, S. Fleming, and F. Ouellette , “Correlation between uv-induced refractive index and photoluminescence in Ge-doped fibre,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 25 (1992)
[Crossref]

Electon. Lett. (1)

H. N. Rourke, S. R. Baker, K. S. Baulcomb, K.C. Byron, S. M. Ojha, and S. Clements, “Fabrication and characterisation of long, narrowband fibre gratings by phase mask scanning,” Electon. Lett. 30 (16), 1341 (1994)
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

V. Mizrahi and R. M. Atkins, “Constant fluorescence during phase grating formation and defectband bleaching in optical fibres under 5.1 eV laser exposure,” Electron. Lett. 28, 2210 (1992)
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Komukai and M. Nakazawa, “Fabrication of high-quality long-fiber Bragg grating by monitoring 3.1-eV radiation (400 nm) from GeO defects,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 11 (1996)
[Crossref]

P. Lambelet, P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathe, Ch. Zimmer, and H. H. Gilgen, “Bragg Grating Characterization by Optical Low-Coherence Reflectometry,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 565 (1993)
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, and E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibres,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 8 (1997)
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

H. Patrick, S. L. Gilbert, and A. Lidgard, “Decrease of Fluorescence in Optical Fiber During Exposure to Pulsed or Continuous-Wave Ultraviolet Light,” Opt. Mater. 3, 209 (1994)
[Crossref]

Optics and Lasers in Engineering (1)

L. Paccou, P. Niay, L. Bigot, M. Douay, and I. Riant, “Nano-positioning of a Bragg grating inscription setup for the concatenation of multiple gratings using the diffraction by the grating experienced by the ultraviolet inscription beam,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering 43, iss. 2, 143 (2005)
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Hosono, Y. Abe, D. L. Kinser, R. A. Weeks, K. Muta, and H. Kawazoe, “Nature and origin of the 5-eV band in SiO2:GeO2 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 46, 11445 (1992)
[Crossref]

SPIE, Inter. Workshop on Photoinduced Self-Org. effects in Opt. Fib. (1)

G. Meltz and W.W. Morey, “Bragg grating formation and germanosilicate fiber photosensitivity,” SPIE, Inter. Workshop on Photoinduced Self-Org. effects in Opt. Fib. 516, 185 (1991)

Other (6)

L. Pacou, M. Lancry, P. Niay, M. Douay, I. Riant, B. Poumellec, and D. Dragoe, “Dynamics of the UV blue luminescence intensity: observation of the local mean photoinduced refractive index in Bragg grating,” BGPP conference Monterey/USA, paper TuD3, 229 (2003)

J. Lauzon, M. G. Sceats, P. A. Krug, and F. Ouellette, Tech. Dig. OFC, paper WK14, 137 (1994)

J. Martin, G. Atkins, F. Ouellette, M. Têtu, J. Deslauriers, and M.A. Duguay , “Direct correlation between UV-excited photoluminescence and refractive index change in photosensitive Ge-doped and hydrogenated optical fiber,” BGPP Technical Digest Series 22 Portland USA, paper PMA2 (1995)

H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, A. Boukenter, and Y Ourdane , BGPP 2001 Technical Digest, Stresa, Italy, paper BThC26 (2001)

H. Kuswanto, F. Goutaland, and A. Boukenter, Ourdanen “UV influence on H2-loaded germanosilicate optical fibres defect transformation mechanism through the blue luminescence,” POWAG 2002, Saint-Petersburg, Russia 17-21 June (2002)

B. Leconte, University of Lille, France, P.H.D. thesis n°2379, available on request (1998)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental set up used to write Bragg gratings.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Evolution of the fluorescence intensity, Δnmod and Δnmean as a function of the UV-exposure time. The inset corresponds to the evolution of the fluorescence intensity between 0s and 500s with an expansion of the time scale.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Evolution of Δnmod and Δnmean according to the fluorescence intensity. The open circles are for the fluorescence intensity. The open square are for Δnmean while the full squares are for Δnmod.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Experimental set up used to monitor the blue luminescence intensity.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Photo-induced modulation amplitude and intensity of the fluorescence as a function of the z axis of the fiber. The full squares are for the fluorescence intensity while the open ones are for the modulation index amplitude (Δnmod).
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Photo-induced modulation amplitude measured by means of the Krug method as a function of the z axis of the fiber for G1 and G2 gratings. The parameter of the experiment is the contrast of the gratings.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Evolution of the refractive mean index measured by means of the “side blue luminescence reading” as a function of the z axis of the fiber for G1 and G2 gratings. The parameter of the experiment is the contrast of the gratings.

Equations (2)

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Δ n mod = λ B π η ( V ) L arctan h 1 T
Δ n mean = n eff λ B ( t ) λ B ( t = 0 ) λ B ( t ) . η ( V )

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