Abstract

We describe an efficient erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to output power variation by means of optical gain clamping. Output power suitable for metro applications and gain flatness over full C-band are demonstrated. We also show that this technology is suitable for transparent WDM ring network. In fact the possible recirculation of amplified spontaneous emission noise or laser power leaking from mirrors will not impact the device performance making robust to transients for next generation reconfigurable WDM ring networks.

©2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Low noise figure all-optical gain-clamped parallel C+L band Erbium-doped fiber amplifier using an interleaver

L. L. Yi, L. Zhan, C. S. Taung, S. Y. Luo, W. S. Hu, Y. K. Su, Y. X. Xia, and Lufeng Leng
Opt. Express 13(12) 4519-4524 (2005)

All-optical gain-clamped EDFA using external saturation signal for burst-mode upstream in TWDM-PONs

Han Hyub Lee, Jong Hyun Lee, and Sang Soo Lee
Opt. Express 22(15) 18186-18194 (2014)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Madamopoulos, D.C. Friedman, I. Tomkos, and A. Boskovic, “Study of the performance of a transparent and reconfigurable metropolitan area network,” J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 937–945 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fibre amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop, “Electron. Lett. 27, 560–561 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  3. G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, J. A. Nagel, and M. A. Ali, “Experimental and theoretical analysis of relaxation-oscillation and spectral hole burning effects in all-optical gain-clamped EDFA’s for WDM networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 527–533 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. K. Ennser, G. della Valle, M. Ibsen, J. Shmulovich, and S. Taccheo, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier for reconfigurable WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1468–1470 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  5. K. Ennser, G. Della Valle, D. Mariani, S. Taccheo, and J. Shmulovich, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to channel transient for reconfigurable high-capacity WDM metro networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005), paper OTuN3.
  6. T. Rogowski, S. Taccheo, J. Shmulovich, and K. Ennser, “Robust and scalable all-optical WDM ring network based on gain clamped waveguide amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Comm. (2005), paper Th 3.1.4.
  7. M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, and J. Pen, “Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093–1095 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  8. W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fibers amplifiers at 1550nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234–250 (1991).
    [Crossref]

2005 (1)

K. Ennser, G. della Valle, M. Ibsen, J. Shmulovich, and S. Taccheo, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier for reconfigurable WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1468–1470 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, and J. Pen, “Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093–1095 (1997).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fibers amplifiers at 1550nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234–250 (1991).
[Crossref]

M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fibre amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop, “Electron. Lett. 27, 560–561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Ali, M. A.

Boskovic, A.

Cai, M.

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, and J. Pen, “Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093–1095 (1997).
[Crossref]

Cui, J.

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, and J. Pen, “Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093–1095 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ennser, K.

K. Ennser, G. della Valle, M. Ibsen, J. Shmulovich, and S. Taccheo, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier for reconfigurable WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1468–1470 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Ennser, G. Della Valle, D. Mariani, S. Taccheo, and J. Shmulovich, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to channel transient for reconfigurable high-capacity WDM metro networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005), paper OTuN3.

T. Rogowski, S. Taccheo, J. Shmulovich, and K. Ennser, “Robust and scalable all-optical WDM ring network based on gain clamped waveguide amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Comm. (2005), paper Th 3.1.4.

Friedman, D.C.

Ibsen, M.

K. Ennser, G. della Valle, M. Ibsen, J. Shmulovich, and S. Taccheo, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier for reconfigurable WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1468–1470 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, and J. Pen, “Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093–1095 (1997).
[Crossref]

Luo, G.

Madamopoulos, N.

Mariani, D.

K. Ennser, G. Della Valle, D. Mariani, S. Taccheo, and J. Shmulovich, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to channel transient for reconfigurable high-capacity WDM metro networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005), paper OTuN3.

Miniscalco, W. J.

W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fibers amplifiers at 1550nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234–250 (1991).
[Crossref]

Nagel, J. A.

Pen, J.

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, and J. Pen, “Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093–1095 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rogowski, T.

T. Rogowski, S. Taccheo, J. Shmulovich, and K. Ennser, “Robust and scalable all-optical WDM ring network based on gain clamped waveguide amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Comm. (2005), paper Th 3.1.4.

Shmulovich, J.

K. Ennser, G. della Valle, M. Ibsen, J. Shmulovich, and S. Taccheo, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier for reconfigurable WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1468–1470 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Ennser, G. Della Valle, D. Mariani, S. Taccheo, and J. Shmulovich, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to channel transient for reconfigurable high-capacity WDM metro networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005), paper OTuN3.

T. Rogowski, S. Taccheo, J. Shmulovich, and K. Ennser, “Robust and scalable all-optical WDM ring network based on gain clamped waveguide amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Comm. (2005), paper Th 3.1.4.

Taccheo, S.

K. Ennser, G. della Valle, M. Ibsen, J. Shmulovich, and S. Taccheo, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier for reconfigurable WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1468–1470 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Ennser, G. Della Valle, D. Mariani, S. Taccheo, and J. Shmulovich, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to channel transient for reconfigurable high-capacity WDM metro networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005), paper OTuN3.

T. Rogowski, S. Taccheo, J. Shmulovich, and K. Ennser, “Robust and scalable all-optical WDM ring network based on gain clamped waveguide amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Comm. (2005), paper Th 3.1.4.

Tang, P.

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, and J. Pen, “Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093–1095 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tomkos, I.

Valle, G. della

K. Ennser, G. della Valle, M. Ibsen, J. Shmulovich, and S. Taccheo, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier for reconfigurable WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1468–1470 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Ennser, G. Della Valle, D. Mariani, S. Taccheo, and J. Shmulovich, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to channel transient for reconfigurable high-capacity WDM metro networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005), paper OTuN3.

Zirngibl, M.

M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fibre amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop, “Electron. Lett. 27, 560–561 (1991).
[Crossref]

Zyskind, J. L.

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Zirngibl, “Gain control in erbium-doped fibre amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop, “Electron. Lett. 27, 560–561 (1991).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Ennser, G. della Valle, M. Ibsen, J. Shmulovich, and S. Taccheo, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier for reconfigurable WDM metro networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1468–1470 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, and J. Pen, “Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093–1095 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Other (2)

K. Ennser, G. Della Valle, D. Mariani, S. Taccheo, and J. Shmulovich, “Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to channel transient for reconfigurable high-capacity WDM metro networks,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005), paper OTuN3.

T. Rogowski, S. Taccheo, J. Shmulovich, and K. Ennser, “Robust and scalable all-optical WDM ring network based on gain clamped waveguide amplifiers,” in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Comm. (2005), paper Th 3.1.4.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental set-up of the optical gain clamped amplifier.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Small signal gain and noise figure of the EDWA
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a). Black-box OGC-OA device gain in different OGC condition (x=1; 1.15 and 1.33). Measurements for EDWA device alone are included for comparison. (b) Corresponding noise figures. The input power is -1.5 dBm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Gain versus input power for different clamping condition of the OGC-OA device.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a). Power excursion of the surviving channel after an add and drop of 15 out of 16 channels. (b) magnification of the drop transient response. Results for open and closed loop are shown.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Optical spectrum for OGC-EDWA in closed loop configuration.

Metrics