Abstract

We propose and evaluate numerically the self compression for Yb-doped solid-state laser pulses in a KDP crystal by the combination of the group-velocity dispersion and the self-phase modulation. The self compression is achievable as the group-velocity-dispersion coefficient of KDP crystals is negative around a 1-μm wavelength. Numerical results showed that the laser pulse in the range 50–200 fs can be compressed as short as 12.8 fs. This self-compression method is simple and low cost, which is possible to be applied to an Yb-doped solid-state laser system with a large-scale beam and an ultrahigh intensity in the regime of tens of femotoseconds.

©2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of KDP, LiNbO3 and BBO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 229, 403–412 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Druon and P. Georges, “Pulse-compression down to 20 fs using a photonic crystal fiber seeded by a diode-pumped Yb:SYS laser at 1070 nm,” Opt. Express 12, 3383–3396 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa: “A simulation code for tempo-spatial analysis of three-wave interaction with ultra-short and ultra-high intensity laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6455–6456 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

L. Zheng and D. D. Meyerhofer, “Self- and cross-phase-modulation coefficients in KDP crystals measured by a Z-scan technique,” LLE Review 74, 125–130 (1998).

1997 (2)

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, K. E. Montgomery, M. Richardson, and J. L. Atherton, “Rapid growth of large scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 255–262 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, Ch. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, “Compression of high-energy laser pulses below 5 fs,” Opt. Lett. 22, 522–524 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

C. Y. Chien, G. Korn, J. S. Coe, J. Squier, G. Mourou, and R. S. Craxton, “Highly efficient second-harmonic generation of ultraintense Nd:glass laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 20, 353–355 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Zhang, Y. Kato, K. Yamakawa, H. Daido, and Y. Izawa: “Peak intensity enhancement and pulse compression of a picosecond laser pulse by frequency doubling with a predelay,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 3552–3561 (1995).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics, 4th ed., (Academic Press, New York, 2007).

Akahane, Y.

Aoyama, M.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, Y. Akahane, K. Ogawa, K. Tsuji, A. Sugiyama, T. Harimoto, J. Kawanaka, H. Nishioka, and M. Fujita, “Ultra-broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification using an Yb:LiYF4 chirped-pulse amplification pump laser,” Opt. Express 15, 5018–5023 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa: “A simulation code for tempo-spatial analysis of three-wave interaction with ultra-short and ultra-high intensity laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6455–6456 (2001).
[Crossref]

Atherton, J. L.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, K. E. Montgomery, M. Richardson, and J. L. Atherton, “Rapid growth of large scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 255–262 (1997).
[Crossref]

Balembois, F.

Chien, C. Y.

Coe, J. S.

Corkum, P. B.

Craxton, R. S.

Daido, H.

T. Zhang, Y. Kato, K. Yamakawa, H. Daido, and Y. Izawa: “Peak intensity enhancement and pulse compression of a picosecond laser pulse by frequency doubling with a predelay,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 3552–3561 (1995).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

De Yoreo, J. J.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, K. E. Montgomery, M. Richardson, and J. L. Atherton, “Rapid growth of large scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 255–262 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dehaven, M. R.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, K. E. Montgomery, M. Richardson, and J. L. Atherton, “Rapid growth of large scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 255–262 (1997).
[Crossref]

Diderjean, J.

Dmitriev, V. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. NikogosyanHandbook of nonlinear optical crystals, (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

Druon, F.

Ferencz, K.

Fujita, M.

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of KDP, LiNbO3 and BBO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 229, 403–412 (2004).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

Golner, P.

Gurzadyan, G. G.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. NikogosyanHandbook of nonlinear optical crystals, (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

Harimoto, T.

Izawa, Y.

T. Zhang, Y. Kato, K. Yamakawa, H. Daido, and Y. Izawa: “Peak intensity enhancement and pulse compression of a picosecond laser pulse by frequency doubling with a predelay,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 3552–3561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser crystals: their physics and properties, (Springer-Verlag, 1990).

Kato, Y.

T. Zhang, Y. Kato, K. Yamakawa, H. Daido, and Y. Izawa: “Peak intensity enhancement and pulse compression of a picosecond laser pulse by frequency doubling with a predelay,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 3552–3561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kawanaka, J.

Korn, G.

Krausz, F.

Kulagin, I. A.

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of KDP, LiNbO3 and BBO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 229, 403–412 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Lucas-Leclin, G.

Meyerhofer, D. D.

L. Zheng and D. D. Meyerhofer, “Self- and cross-phase-modulation coefficients in KDP crystals measured by a Z-scan technique,” LLE Review 74, 125–130 (1998).

Montgomery, K. E.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, K. E. Montgomery, M. Richardson, and J. L. Atherton, “Rapid growth of large scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 255–262 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

Nikogosyan, D. N.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. NikogosyanHandbook of nonlinear optical crystals, (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

Nishioka, H.

Nisoli, M.

Ogawa, K.

Petit, J.

Qian, L.

Richardson, M.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, K. E. Montgomery, M. Richardson, and J. L. Atherton, “Rapid growth of large scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 255–262 (1997).
[Crossref]

Roland, C.

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of KDP, LiNbO3 and BBO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 229, 403–412 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sartania, S.

Spielmann, Ch.

Squier, J.

Sugiyama, A.

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

Tsuji, K.

Tugushev, R. I.

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of KDP, LiNbO3 and BBO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 229, 403–412 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K.

Usmanov, T.

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of KDP, LiNbO3 and BBO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 229, 403–412 (2004).
[Crossref]

Viana, B.

Vital, R. L.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, K. E. Montgomery, M. Richardson, and J. L. Atherton, “Rapid growth of large scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 255–262 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wise, F.

Yamakawa, K.

K. Yamakawa, M. Aoyama, Y. Akahane, K. Ogawa, K. Tsuji, A. Sugiyama, T. Harimoto, J. Kawanaka, H. Nishioka, and M. Fujita, “Ultra-broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification using an Yb:LiYF4 chirped-pulse amplification pump laser,” Opt. Express 15, 5018–5023 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kawanaka, K. Yamakawa, H. Nishioka, and K. Ueda, “Improved high-field laser characteristics of a diode-pumped Yb:LiYF4 crystal at low temperature,” Opt. Express 10, 455–460 (2002).
[PubMed]

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa: “A simulation code for tempo-spatial analysis of three-wave interaction with ultra-short and ultra-high intensity laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6455–6456 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Zhang, Y. Kato, K. Yamakawa, H. Daido, and Y. Izawa: “Peak intensity enhancement and pulse compression of a picosecond laser pulse by frequency doubling with a predelay,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 3552–3561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yonemura, M.

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa: “A simulation code for tempo-spatial analysis of three-wave interaction with ultra-short and ultra-high intensity laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6455–6456 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zaitseva, N. P.

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, K. E. Montgomery, M. Richardson, and J. L. Atherton, “Rapid growth of large scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 255–262 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zaouter, Y.

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa: “A simulation code for tempo-spatial analysis of three-wave interaction with ultra-short and ultra-high intensity laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6455–6456 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Zhang, Y. Kato, K. Yamakawa, H. Daido, and Y. Izawa: “Peak intensity enhancement and pulse compression of a picosecond laser pulse by frequency doubling with a predelay,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 3552–3561 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L.

L. Zheng and D. D. Meyerhofer, “Self- and cross-phase-modulation coefficients in KDP crystals measured by a Z-scan technique,” LLE Review 74, 125–130 (1998).

J. Crystal Growth (1)

N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. De Yoreo, M. R. Dehaven, R. L. Vital, K. E. Montgomery, M. Richardson, and J. L. Atherton, “Rapid growth of large scale (40-55 cm) KDP crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 255–262 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. Zhang, Y. Kato, K. Yamakawa, H. Daido, and Y. Izawa: “Peak intensity enhancement and pulse compression of a picosecond laser pulse by frequency doubling with a predelay,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, 3552–3561 (1995).
[Crossref]

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, M. Aoyama, and K. Yamakawa: “A simulation code for tempo-spatial analysis of three-wave interaction with ultra-short and ultra-high intensity laser pulses,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 6455–6456 (2001).
[Crossref]

LLE Review (1)

L. Zheng and D. D. Meyerhofer, “Self- and cross-phase-modulation coefficients in KDP crystals measured by a Z-scan technique,” LLE Review 74, 125–130 (1998).

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. A. Ganeev, I. A. Kulagin, A. I. Ryasnyansky, R. I. Tugushev, and T. Usmanov, “Characterization of nonlinear optical parameters of KDP, LiNbO3 and BBO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 229, 403–412 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics, 4th ed., (Academic Press, New York, 2007).

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. NikogosyanHandbook of nonlinear optical crystals, (Springer-Verlag, 1991).

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser crystals: their physics and properties, (Springer-Verlag, 1990).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. GVD coefficients of KDP for the ordinary and extraordinary polarization directions.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Distribution of (a) pulse shapes and (b) spectra of the laser pulse over a 50-mm-thick KDP. d is the propagating distance in the crystal. The intensity is normalized by the maximum value. The frequency axis is the product of the frequency ω and the pulse duration τ.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Temporal and (b) spectral profiles of the compressed laser pulse at the crystal thickness of 39.5 mm for the input intensity of 50 GW/cm2 and the input pulse duration of 50 fs.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Optimized results for crystal thickness and (b) compressed pulse duration as functions of the input intensity at the input pulse duration of 50 fs.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. (a) Optimized results for crystal thickness and (b) compressed pulse duration as functions of the input pulse duration at the input intensity of 50 GW/cm2.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Spatial distribution (X-Y) of the compressed laser pulse at a thickness of 11.8 mm.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Spatiotemporal distribution (Y-t) of the compressed laser pulse with the same conditions used in Fig. 6.

Equations (3)

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E x y z t = 1 2 A x y t exp [ j ( kz ω 0 t ) ] + c . c . ,
A z + 1 v g A t + j 2 g 2 A t 2 1 6 β 3 A t 3 j 2 k ( 2 A x 2 + 2 A y 2 ) + α 2 A = jk γ 0 [ IA + j ω ( IA ) t T R A I t ] ,
A = A 0 exp { 2 2 G 1 ln 2 [ ( x x 0 ) 2 + ( y y 0 ) 2 ] G / D G 2 ln 2 [ ( t t 0 ) / τ ] 2 } exp [ jb ( t t 0 ) 2 ] ,

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