Abstract

We propose a diverse vestigial-sideband-filtering feed forward equalizer and decision feedback equalizer (DVSB-FFE-DFE), which is capable of compensating residual chromatic dispersion (CD) as well as mitigating fiber nonlinearity in on-off keying (OOK) systems. In DVSB-FFE-DFE, the upper and the lower VSB filtered signals are jointly equalized with FFE followed by DFE. Simulation results show that in a 42.7 Gbit/s nonreturn-to-zero OOK system, DVSB-FFE-DFE can effectively mitigate the required optical signal-to-noise ratio penalty induced by residual CD and fiber nonlinearity.

©2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. H. Winters and R. D. Gitlin, “Electrical signal processing techniques in long-haul fiber-optic systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1439–1453 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. H. Winters and M. A. Santoro, “Experimental equalization of polarization dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 591–593 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. Bülow, D. Schlump, J. Weber, B. Wedding, and R. Heidemann, “Electronic equalization of fiber PMD-induced distortion at 10 Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,  Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper WI1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-WI1.
  4. L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.
  7. J. Prat, A. Napoli, J. M. Gené, M. Omella, P. Poggiolini, and V. Curri, “Square root strategy: a novel method to linearize an optical communication system with electronic equalizers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), Glasgow, U.K., Paper We4.P.106.
  8. N. Alić, G. Papen, R. Saperstein, L. Milstein, and Y. Fainman, “Signal Statistics and Maximum Likelihood Sequence Estimation in Intensity Modulated Fiber Optic Links Containing a Single Optical Pre-amplifier,” Opt. Express 13, 4568–4579 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-12-4568.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Painchaud, and M. Guy, “Experimental study of MLSE receivers in the presence of narrowband and vestigial sideband optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1224–1226 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. B. W. Hakki, “Polarization mode dispersion compensation by phase diversity detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 121–123 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, and C. R. Menyuk, “A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14, 465–467 (2002). M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, and P. Anslow “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuG2, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-TuG2
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Y. Chen, and A. S. Xu, “Chromatic dispersion compensation of OOK signals with MLSE utilizing diverse VSB Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1893–1895 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. C. Xia and W. Rosenkranz, “Nonlinear Electrical Equalization for Different Modulation Formats With Optical Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 996–1001 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-25-4-996.
    [Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Y. Chen, and A. S. Xu, “Chromatic dispersion compensation of OOK signals with MLSE utilizing diverse VSB Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1893–1895 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Painchaud, and M. Guy, “Experimental study of MLSE receivers in the presence of narrowband and vestigial sideband optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1224–1226 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Xia and W. Rosenkranz, “Nonlinear Electrical Equalization for Different Modulation Formats With Optical Filtering,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 996–1001 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=JLT-25-4-996.
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

1999 (1)

L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

H. Bülow, D. Schlump, J. Weber, B. Wedding, and R. Heidemann, “Electronic equalization of fiber PMD-induced distortion at 10 Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,  Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper WI1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-WI1.

1997 (1)

B. W. Hakki, “Polarization mode dispersion compensation by phase diversity detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 121–123 (1997).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

J. H. Winters and R. D. Gitlin, “Electrical signal processing techniques in long-haul fiber-optic systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1439–1453 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. H. Winters and M. A. Santoro, “Experimental equalization of polarization dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 591–593 (1990).
[Crossref]

Adali, T.

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, and C. R. Menyuk, “A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14, 465–467 (2002). M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, and P. Anslow “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuG2, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-TuG2
[Crossref]

Alic, N.

Anslow, P.

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, and C. R. Menyuk, “A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14, 465–467 (2002). M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, and P. Anslow “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuG2, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-TuG2
[Crossref]

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
[Crossref]

Ballentin, R.

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
[Crossref]

Baumert, W.

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
[Crossref]

Benz, W.

L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
[Crossref]

Buchali, F.

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
[Crossref]

Bülow, H.

H. Bülow, D. Schlump, J. Weber, B. Wedding, and R. Heidemann, “Electronic equalization of fiber PMD-induced distortion at 10 Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,  Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper WI1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-WI1.

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
[Crossref]

Cavallari, M.

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, and C. R. Menyuk, “A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14, 465–467 (2002). M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, and P. Anslow “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuG2, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-TuG2
[Crossref]

Chandrasekhar, S.

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Painchaud, and M. Guy, “Experimental study of MLSE receivers in the presence of narrowband and vestigial sideband optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1224–1226 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. Y.

M. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Y. Chen, and A. S. Xu, “Chromatic dispersion compensation of OOK signals with MLSE utilizing diverse VSB Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1893–1895 (2008).
[Crossref]

Curri, V.

J. Prat, A. Napoli, J. M. Gené, M. Omella, P. Poggiolini, and V. Curri, “Square root strategy: a novel method to linearize an optical communication system with electronic equalizers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), Glasgow, U.K., Paper We4.P.106.

Dorschky, C.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Elbers, J. P.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Essiambre, R.-J.

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Painchaud, and M. Guy, “Experimental study of MLSE receivers in the presence of narrowband and vestigial sideband optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1224–1226 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fainman, Y.

Färbert, A.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Fludger, C.

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
[Crossref]

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, and C. R. Menyuk, “A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14, 465–467 (2002). M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, and P. Anslow “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuG2, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-TuG2
[Crossref]

Gené, J. M.

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Painchaud, and M. Guy, “Experimental study of MLSE receivers in the presence of narrowband and vestigial sideband optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1224–1226 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Prat, A. Napoli, J. M. Gené, M. Omella, P. Poggiolini, and V. Curri, “Square root strategy: a novel method to linearize an optical communication system with electronic equalizers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), Glasgow, U.K., Paper We4.P.106.

Gitlin, R. D.

J. H. Winters and R. D. Gitlin, “Electrical signal processing techniques in long-haul fiber-optic systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1439–1453 (1990).
[Crossref]

Glingener, C.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Griesser, H.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Guy, M.

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Painchaud, and M. Guy, “Experimental study of MLSE receivers in the presence of narrowband and vestigial sideband optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1224–1226 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hakki, B. W.

B. W. Hakki, “Polarization mode dispersion compensation by phase diversity detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 121–123 (1997).
[Crossref]

Heidemann, R.

H. Bülow, D. Schlump, J. Weber, B. Wedding, and R. Heidemann, “Electronic equalization of fiber PMD-induced distortion at 10 Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,  Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper WI1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-WI1.

Jakobus, T.

L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kupfer, T.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Lang, M.

L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
[Crossref]

Langenbach, S.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Li, M.

M. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Y. Chen, and A. S. Xu, “Chromatic dispersion compensation of OOK signals with MLSE utilizing diverse VSB Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1893–1895 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lima, A. O.

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, and C. R. Menyuk, “A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14, 465–467 (2002). M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, and P. Anslow “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuG2, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-TuG2
[Crossref]

Lima, I. T.

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, and C. R. Menyuk, “A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14, 465–467 (2002). M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, and P. Anslow “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuG2, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-TuG2
[Crossref]

Menyuk, C. R.

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, and C. R. Menyuk, “A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14, 465–467 (2002). M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, and P. Anslow “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuG2, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-TuG2
[Crossref]

Milstein, L.

Möller, L.

L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
[Crossref]

Napoli, A.

J. Prat, A. Napoli, J. M. Gené, M. Omella, P. Poggiolini, and V. Curri, “Square root strategy: a novel method to linearize an optical communication system with electronic equalizers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), Glasgow, U.K., Paper We4.P.106.

Omella, M.

J. Prat, A. Napoli, J. M. Gené, M. Omella, P. Poggiolini, and V. Curri, “Square root strategy: a novel method to linearize an optical communication system with electronic equalizers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), Glasgow, U.K., Paper We4.P.106.

Painchaud, Y.

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Painchaud, and M. Guy, “Experimental study of MLSE receivers in the presence of narrowband and vestigial sideband optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1224–1226 (2007).
[Crossref]

Papen, G.

Poggiolini, P.

J. Prat, A. Napoli, J. M. Gené, M. Omella, P. Poggiolini, and V. Curri, “Square root strategy: a novel method to linearize an optical communication system with electronic equalizers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), Glasgow, U.K., Paper We4.P.106.

Prat, J.

J. Prat, A. Napoli, J. M. Gené, M. Omella, P. Poggiolini, and V. Curri, “Square root strategy: a novel method to linearize an optical communication system with electronic equalizers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), Glasgow, U.K., Paper We4.P.106.

Rosenkranz, W.

Santoro, M. A.

J. H. Winters and M. A. Santoro, “Experimental equalization of polarization dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 591–593 (1990).
[Crossref]

Saperstein, R.

Schlechtweg, M.

L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schlump, D.

H. Bülow, D. Schlump, J. Weber, B. Wedding, and R. Heidemann, “Electronic equalization of fiber PMD-induced distortion at 10 Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,  Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper WI1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-WI1.

Schulien, C.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Stojanovic, N.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Thiede, A.

L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
[Crossref]

Weber, J.

H. Bülow, D. Schlump, J. Weber, B. Wedding, and R. Heidemann, “Electronic equalization of fiber PMD-induced distortion at 10 Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,  Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper WI1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-WI1.

Wedding, B.

H. Bülow, D. Schlump, J. Weber, B. Wedding, and R. Heidemann, “Electronic equalization of fiber PMD-induced distortion at 10 Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,  Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper WI1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-WI1.

Wehren, T.

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
[Crossref]

Wernz, H.

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

Whiteaway, J.

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
[Crossref]

Winters, J. H.

J. H. Winters and R. D. Gitlin, “Electrical signal processing techniques in long-haul fiber-optic systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1439–1453 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. H. Winters and M. A. Santoro, “Experimental equalization of polarization dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 591–593 (1990).
[Crossref]

Winzer, P. J.

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Painchaud, and M. Guy, “Experimental study of MLSE receivers in the presence of narrowband and vestigial sideband optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1224–1226 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xia, C.

Xu, A. S.

M. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Y. Chen, and A. S. Xu, “Chromatic dispersion compensation of OOK signals with MLSE utilizing diverse VSB Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1893–1895 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

M. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Y. Chen, and A. S. Xu, “Chromatic dispersion compensation of OOK signals with MLSE utilizing diverse VSB Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1893–1895 (2008).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Möller, A. Thiede, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Benz, M. Lang, T. Jakobus, and M. Schlechtweg, “ISI mitigation using decision feedback loop demonstrated with PMD distorted 10 Gbit/s signals,” Electron. Lett. 35, 2092–2093 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. H. Winters and M. A. Santoro, “Experimental equalization of polarization dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 591–593 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. M. Gené, P. J. Winzer, R.-J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, Y. Painchaud, and M. Guy, “Experimental study of MLSE receivers in the presence of narrowband and vestigial sideband optical filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1224–1226 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. W. Hakki, “Polarization mode dispersion compensation by phase diversity detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 121–123 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Li, F. Zhang, Z. Y. Chen, and A. S. Xu, “Chromatic dispersion compensation of OOK signals with MLSE utilizing diverse VSB Filtering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1893–1895 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

J. H. Winters and R. D. Gitlin, “Electrical signal processing techniques in long-haul fiber-optic systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 38, 1439–1453 (1990).
[Crossref]

in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (1)

H. Bülow, D. Schlump, J. Weber, B. Wedding, and R. Heidemann, “Electronic equalization of fiber PMD-induced distortion at 10 Gbit/s,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference,  Vol. 2 of 1998 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 1998), paper WI1, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-1998-WI1.

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (4)

H. Bülow, F. Buchali, W. Baumert, R. Ballentin, and T. Wehren, “PMD mitigation at 10 Gbit/s using linear and nonlinear integrated electronic equaliser circuits,” Electron. Lett.36, 163–164 (2000). C. Fludger, J. Whiteaway, and P. Anslow “Electronic equalisation for low cost 10 Gbit/s directly modulated systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper WM7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-WM7.
[Crossref]

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, and C. Glingener, “Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2004), Stockholm, Sweden, Postdeadline, Th4.1.5.

J. Prat, A. Napoli, J. M. Gené, M. Omella, P. Poggiolini, and V. Curri, “Square root strategy: a novel method to linearize an optical communication system with electronic equalizers,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2005), Glasgow, U.K., Paper We4.P.106.

A. O. Lima, I. T. Lima, T. Adali, and C. R. Menyuk, “A novel polarization diversity receiver for PMD mitigation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14, 465–467 (2002). M. Cavallari, C. Fludger, and P. Anslow “Electronic signal processing for differential phase modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuG2, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2004-TuG2
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. DVSB-FFE-DFE configuration.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Required OSNR with DVSB-FFE(5)-DFE(1) at 10-3 BER as functions of bandwidths and detunings of the OBPFs for the optical signal having (a) accumulated 200-ps/nm residual CD without fiber nonlinearity; (b) transmitted through ten completely compensated spans with 3-dBm launch power. R is the bit rate of the signal.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Required OSNR at 10-3 BER as a function of residual CD with different receivers
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Required OSNR at 10-3 BER as a function of (a) launch power with different receivers and (b) residual CD and launch power with DVSB-FFE(5)-DFE(1).

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