Abstract

In this paper we explore the TeO2-Bi2O3-BaO glass family with varied TeO2 concentration for Raman gain applications, and we report, for the first time, the peak Raman gain coefficients of glasses within this glass family extrapolated from non-resonant absolute Raman cross-section measurements at 785 nm. Estimated Raman gain coefficients show peak values of up to 40 times higher than silica for the main TeO2 bands. Other optical properties, including index dispersion from the visible to the long wave Infrared (LWIR) are also summarized in this paper.

©2009 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Rivero, R. Stegeman, M. Couzi, D. Talaga, T. Cardinal, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Pelfyett., “Resolved discrepancies between visible spontaneous Raman cross-section and direct near-infrared Raman gain measurements in TeO2-based glasses,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4759–4769 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Pope, A. Schulte, T. Cardinal, P. Thomas, and J.-C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, “Raman gain measurements of thallium-tellurium oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1144–1149 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. J. Hill and A. Jha, “Development of novel ternary tellurite glasses for high temperature fiber optic mid-IR chemical sensing,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13-15), 1372–1376 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. V. G. Plotnichenko, V. O. Sokolov, V. V. Koltashev, E. M. Dianov, I. A. Grishin, and M. F. Churbanov, “Raman band intensities of tellurite glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(10), 1156–1158 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Mori, H. Masuda, K. Shikano, and M. Shimizu, “Ultra-Wide-Band Tellurite-Based Fiber Raman Amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(5), 1300–1306 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28(13), 1126–1128 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl Groups in Erbium Doped Germanotellurite Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1-3), 48–54 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  12. N. Özer, “Optical and electrochemical characteristics of sol-gel deposited tungsten oxide films: a comparison,” Thin Solid Films 304(1-2), 310–314 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Desirena, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, G. Ramos-Ortiz, E. de la Rosa, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of alkali metal oxides R2O (R = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) and network intermediate MO (M = Zn, Mg, Ba and Pb) in tellurite glasses,” Opt. Mater.In Press.
  14. H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. Haldeman, and J. Massera, “Tellurite-based glasses for MIR applications,” NSF-sponsored Clemson-UCF International REU (IREU) workshop Final Report. Orlando (2007).
  16. Y. Yan, A. Jans Faber, and H. De Waal, “Luminescence quenching by OH groups in highly Er-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181(3), 283–290 (1995).
    [Crossref]

2008 (1)

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

C. J. Hill and A. Jha, “Development of novel ternary tellurite glasses for high temperature fiber optic mid-IR chemical sensing,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13-15), 1372–1376 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

2001 (1)

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl Groups in Erbium Doped Germanotellurite Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1-3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

N. Özer, “Optical and electrochemical characteristics of sol-gel deposited tungsten oxide films: a comparison,” Thin Solid Films 304(1-2), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

Y. Yan, A. Jans Faber, and H. De Waal, “Luminescence quenching by OH groups in highly Er-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181(3), 283–290 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Cardinal, T.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Pope, A. Schulte, T. Cardinal, P. Thomas, and J.-C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, “Raman gain measurements of thallium-tellurium oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1144–1149 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, R. Stegeman, M. Couzi, D. Talaga, T. Cardinal, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Pelfyett., “Resolved discrepancies between visible spontaneous Raman cross-section and direct near-infrared Raman gain measurements in TeO2-based glasses,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4759–4769 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28(13), 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Champarnaud-Mesjard, J.-C.

Churbanov, M. F.

Couzi, M.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Rivero, R. Stegeman, M. Couzi, D. Talaga, T. Cardinal, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Pelfyett., “Resolved discrepancies between visible spontaneous Raman cross-section and direct near-infrared Raman gain measurements in TeO2-based glasses,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4759–4769 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

de la Rosa, E.

H. Desirena, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, G. Ramos-Ortiz, E. de la Rosa, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of alkali metal oxides R2O (R = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) and network intermediate MO (M = Zn, Mg, Ba and Pb) in tellurite glasses,” Opt. Mater.In Press.

De Waal, H.

Y. Yan, A. Jans Faber, and H. De Waal, “Luminescence quenching by OH groups in highly Er-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181(3), 283–290 (1995).
[Crossref]

Delfyett, P.

Desirena, H.

H. Desirena, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, G. Ramos-Ortiz, E. de la Rosa, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of alkali metal oxides R2O (R = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) and network intermediate MO (M = Zn, Mg, Ba and Pb) in tellurite glasses,” Opt. Mater.In Press.

Dianov, E. M.

Fargin, E.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Feng, X.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl Groups in Erbium Doped Germanotellurite Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1-3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

Furniss, D.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grishin, I. A.

Guo, Y.

Hanada, T.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl Groups in Erbium Doped Germanotellurite Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1-3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hill, C. J.

C. J. Hill and A. Jha, “Development of novel ternary tellurite glasses for high temperature fiber optic mid-IR chemical sensing,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13-15), 1372–1376 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jankovic, L.

Jans Faber, A.

Y. Yan, A. Jans Faber, and H. De Waal, “Luminescence quenching by OH groups in highly Er-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181(3), 283–290 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jha, A.

C. J. Hill and A. Jha, “Development of novel ternary tellurite glasses for high temperature fiber optic mid-IR chemical sensing,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13-15), 1372–1376 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

Koltashev, V. V.

Lin, H.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lin, L.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
[Crossref]

Masuda, H.

Mochida, N.

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mori, A.

O’Donnell, M. D.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ohtsuka, A.

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Özer, N.

N. Özer, “Optical and electrochemical characteristics of sol-gel deposited tungsten oxide films: a comparison,” Thin Solid Films 304(1-2), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pelfyett, P.

Peyghambarian, N.

H. Desirena, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, G. Ramos-Ortiz, E. de la Rosa, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of alkali metal oxides R2O (R = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) and network intermediate MO (M = Zn, Mg, Ba and Pb) in tellurite glasses,” Opt. Mater.In Press.

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Pope, A.

Pun, E. Y. B.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ramme, M.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ramos-Ortiz, G.

H. Desirena, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, G. Ramos-Ortiz, E. de la Rosa, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of alkali metal oxides R2O (R = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) and network intermediate MO (M = Zn, Mg, Ba and Pb) in tellurite glasses,” Opt. Mater.In Press.

Richardson, K.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Pope, A. Schulte, T. Cardinal, P. Thomas, and J.-C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, “Raman gain measurements of thallium-tellurium oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1144–1149 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, R. Stegeman, M. Couzi, D. Talaga, T. Cardinal, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Pelfyett., “Resolved discrepancies between visible spontaneous Raman cross-section and direct near-infrared Raman gain measurements in TeO2-based glasses,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4759–4769 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28(13), 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rivero, C.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Pope, A. Schulte, T. Cardinal, P. Thomas, and J.-C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, “Raman gain measurements of thallium-tellurium oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1144–1149 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, R. Stegeman, M. Couzi, D. Talaga, T. Cardinal, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Pelfyett., “Resolved discrepancies between visible spontaneous Raman cross-section and direct near-infrared Raman gain measurements in TeO2-based glasses,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4759–4769 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28(13), 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, V.

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sabet, S.

H. Desirena, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, G. Ramos-Ortiz, E. de la Rosa, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of alkali metal oxides R2O (R = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) and network intermediate MO (M = Zn, Mg, Ba and Pb) in tellurite glasses,” Opt. Mater.In Press.

Schulte, A.

Schülzgen, A.

H. Desirena, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, G. Ramos-Ortiz, E. de la Rosa, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of alkali metal oxides R2O (R = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) and network intermediate MO (M = Zn, Mg, Ba and Pb) in tellurite glasses,” Opt. Mater.In Press.

Seddon, A. B.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sekiya, T.

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Shikano, K.

Shimizu, M.

Sokolov, V. O.

Stegeman, G.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Pope, A. Schulte, T. Cardinal, P. Thomas, and J.-C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, “Raman gain measurements of thallium-tellurium oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1144–1149 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, R. Stegeman, M. Couzi, D. Talaga, T. Cardinal, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Pelfyett., “Resolved discrepancies between visible spontaneous Raman cross-section and direct near-infrared Raman gain measurements in TeO2-based glasses,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4759–4769 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28(13), 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stegeman, R.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Pope, A. Schulte, T. Cardinal, P. Thomas, and J.-C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, “Raman gain measurements of thallium-tellurium oxide glasses,” Opt. Express 13(4), 1144–1149 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, R. Stegeman, M. Couzi, D. Talaga, T. Cardinal, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, and P. Pelfyett., “Resolved discrepancies between visible spontaneous Raman cross-section and direct near-infrared Raman gain measurements in TeO2-based glasses,” Opt. Express 13(12), 4759–4769 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Stegeman, L. Jankovic, H. Kim, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, K. Richardson, P. Delfyett, Y. Guo, A. Schulte, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite glasses with peak absolute Raman gain coefficients up to 30 times that of fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 28(13), 1126–1128 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stolen, R.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

Talaga, D.

Tanabe, S.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl Groups in Erbium Doped Germanotellurite Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1-3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

Thomas, P.

Tikhomirov, V. K.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tonokawa, M.

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. Y.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, T. K.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

Y. Yan, A. Jans Faber, and H. De Waal, “Luminescence quenching by OH groups in highly Er-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181(3), 283–290 (1995).
[Crossref]

Yang, D. L.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yu, J. Y.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiberoptic Raman Amplifiers: Glass Characterization, Optical Properties, Raman Gain, Preliminary Fiberization and Fiber Characterization,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 90(5), 1448–1457 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Lumin. (1)

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, L. Lin, D. L. Yang, T. K. Xu, J. Y. Yu, and E. Y. B. Pun, “Spectral parameters and visible fluorescence of Sm3+ in alkali–barium–bismuth–tellurite glass with high refractive index,” J. Lumin. 116(1-2), 139–144 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (5)

T. Sekiya, N. Mochida, A. Ohtsuka, and M. Tonokawa, “Raman spectra of MO1/2-TeO2 (M=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Tl) glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 144, 128–144 (1992).
[Crossref]

Y. Yan, A. Jans Faber, and H. De Waal, “Luminescence quenching by OH groups in highly Er-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 181(3), 283–290 (1995).
[Crossref]

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl Groups in Erbium Doped Germanotellurite Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 281(1-3), 48–54 (2001).
[Crossref]

C. J. Hill and A. Jha, “Development of novel ternary tellurite glasses for high temperature fiber optic mid-IR chemical sensing,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13-15), 1372–1376 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Rivero, K. Richardson, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, T. Cardinal, E. Fargin, M. Couzi, and V. Rodriguez, “Quantifying Raman gain coefficients in tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 345-346, 396–401 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (2)

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, C. Rivero, T. Cardinal, M. Couzi, D. Furniss, and A. B. Seddon, “Raman gain of selected tellurite glasses for IR fibre lasers calculated from spontaneous scattering spectra,” Opt. Mater. 30(6), 946–951 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Desirena, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, G. Ramos-Ortiz, E. de la Rosa, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of alkali metal oxides R2O (R = Li, Na, K, Rb and Cs) and network intermediate MO (M = Zn, Mg, Ba and Pb) in tellurite glasses,” Opt. Mater.In Press.

Thin Solid Films (1)

N. Özer, “Optical and electrochemical characteristics of sol-gel deposited tungsten oxide films: a comparison,” Thin Solid Films 304(1-2), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

A. Haldeman, and J. Massera, “Tellurite-based glasses for MIR applications,” NSF-sponsored Clemson-UCF International REU (IREU) workshop Final Report. Orlando (2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 UV-Vis absorption spectra for glasses in the TeO2-Bi2O3-BaO family.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 FTIR absorption spectra for glasses in the TeO2-Bi2O3-BaO family.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Index of Refraction (solid) and Extinction Coefficient (dashed) values for glasses in the TeO2-Bi2O3-BaO family. The insert figure shows the refractive index values in the region of transparency.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Spontaneous Raman spectra taken at 785 nm (dashed lines) and 532 nm (solid lines), for glasses in the TeO2-Bi2O3-BaO family. The spectra have been corrected for background noise and normalized relative to fused silica.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Predicted Raman gain spectra at 785 nm, for glasses in the TeO2-Bi2O3-BaO family. The spectra are normalized relative to fused silica.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Composition and glass analysis data

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Table 2 Linear refractive index values extracted from data in Fig. 3; calculated Raman gain coefficient values at the 665 cm−1 and 745 cm−1.

Equations (2)

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gRβr,k(ωP1Ωβr)gRβ'r',k'(ωP1Ωβ'r')=(ωP1Ωβ'r')3(ωP1Ωβr)3n(ωP1Ωβr)n'(ωP1)n'(ωP1Ωβ'r')n(ωP1)[1R'(ωP1Ωβ'r')][1R'(ωP1)][1R(ωP1Ωβr)][1R(ωP1)]
×Iβk,r(ωP1Ωβr)Iinc(ωP1)Iinc'(ωP1)Iβ'r',k'(ωP1Ωβ'r')

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