Abstract

Thermal properties of a lowly Nd3+-doped disordered Nd:CNGG crystal have been symmetrically investigated. At room temperature, the specific heat, thermal diffusion coefficient and density were determined to be 0.595 J/g.K, 1.223 mm2/s and 4.718 g/cm3, corresponding the thermal conductivity of 3.43 W/m.K. By measuring the thermal lens at different pump power, the thermal-optical coefficient was calculated to be 9.2×10-6K-1 for the first time to our knowledge. All the thermal properties recovered that this material can be used in the moderate and even high pump power.

©2009 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Growth, thermal properties and laser operation of Nd:Ca3La2(BO3)4: A new disordered laser crystal

Zhongben Pan, Hengjiang Cong, Haohai Yu, Li Tian, Hao Yuan, Huaqiang Cai, Huaijin Zhang, Hui Huang, Jiyang Wang, Qing Wang, Zhiyi Wei, and Zhiguo Zhang
Opt. Express 21(5) 6091-6100 (2013)

Growth and characterization of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 series laser crystals

Yonggui Yu, Jiyang Wang, Huaijin Zhang, Haohai Yu, Zhengping Wang, Minhua Jiang, Hairui Xia, and R. I. Boughton
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(6) 995-1001 (2008)

Thermal and laser characteristics of Nd doped La0.11Y0.89VO4 crystal

Honghao Xu, Haohai Yu, Zhengping Wang, Shuo Han, Yicheng Wang, Zhongben Pan, Yuanyuan Zhang, Shangqian Sun, Jiyang Wang, and Huaijin Zhang
Opt. Express 20(15) 16524-16531 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions—effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20, 197–209 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  3. H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, J. D. Fan, X. T. Tao, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of a new disordered crystal: Yb-doped CNGG,” Opt. Express 15, 9464–9469 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. Lupei, V. Lupei, L. Gheorghe, L. Rogobete, E. Osiac, and A. Petraru, “The nature of nonequivalent Nd3+ centers in CNGG and CLNGG,” Opt. Mater. 16, 403–411 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb,Ga)5O12:Nd3+-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17, 201–203 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. Naito, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, T. Okuyama, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, S. Nakai, T. Fukuda, and M. l. Timoshechkin, “Efficient laser-diode-pumped neodymium-doped calcium-niobium-gallium-garnet laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 7387–7390(1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S. K. Sharma, and T. P. S. Nathan, “1.6W of TEM00 cw output at 1.06 μm from Nd:CNGG laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 173–180 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. F. Chen, “Design criteria for concentration optimization in scaling diode end-pumped laser to high powers: influence of thermal fracture,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 35, 234–239 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34, 151–153 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  12. F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  13. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, (Science Press, Beijing, 2002; in Chinese), p. 42.
  14. W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  15. C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the thermal conductivity of glasses,” Phys. Rev. 75, 972–974 (1949).
    [Crossref]
  16. H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  17. Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
    [Crossref]

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, J. D. Fan, X. T. Tao, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of a new disordered crystal: Yb-doped CNGG,” Opt. Express 15, 9464–9469 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S. K. Sharma, and T. P. S. Nathan, “1.6W of TEM00 cw output at 1.06 μm from Nd:CNGG laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 173–180 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions—effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20, 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Lupei, V. Lupei, L. Gheorghe, L. Rogobete, E. Osiac, and A. Petraru, “The nature of nonequivalent Nd3+ centers in CNGG and CLNGG,” Opt. Mater. 16, 403–411 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

Y. F. Chen, “Design criteria for concentration optimization in scaling diode end-pumped laser to high powers: influence of thermal fracture,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 35, 234–239 (1999).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1988 (1)

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

1949 (1)

C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the thermal conductivity of glasses,” Phys. Rev. 75, 972–974 (1949).
[Crossref]

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Basiev, T. T.

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, “Design criteria for concentration optimization in scaling diode end-pumped laser to high powers: influence of thermal fracture,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 35, 234–239 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X. F.

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chow, Y. T.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cornacchia, F.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Dell’Acqua, S.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ding, X.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[Crossref]

Es’kov, N. A.

Eskov, N. A.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions—effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20, 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

Fan, J. D.

Fukuda, T.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Naito, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, T. Okuyama, M. Yamanaka, M. Nakatsuka, S. Nakai, T. Fukuda, and M. l. Timoshechkin, “Efficient laser-diode-pumped neodymium-doped calcium-niobium-gallium-garnet laser,” Appl. Opt. 32, 7387–7390(1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ge, W.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
[Crossref]

George, J.

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S. K. Sharma, and T. P. S. Nathan, “1.6W of TEM00 cw output at 1.06 μm from Nd:CNGG laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 173–180 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gessen, S. B.

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

Gheorghe, L.

A. Lupei, V. Lupei, L. Gheorghe, L. Rogobete, E. Osiac, and A. Petraru, “The nature of nonequivalent Nd3+ centers in CNGG and CLNGG,” Opt. Mater. 16, 403–411 (2001).
[Crossref]

Guandalini, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Helbig, M.

Hu, X.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hu, X. B.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34, 151–153 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, J. D. Fan, X. T. Tao, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of a new disordered crystal: Yb-doped CNGG,” Opt. Express 15, 9464–9469 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

Karasik, A. Ya.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions—effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20, 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb,Ga)5O12:Nd3+-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17, 201–203 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kittel, C.

C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the thermal conductivity of glasses,” Phys. Rev. 75, 972–974 (1949).
[Crossref]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, (Science Press, Beijing, 2002; in Chinese), p. 42.

Ling, Z. C.

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. H.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, J. D. Fan, X. T. Tao, X. Mateos, V. Petrov, and M. H. Jiang, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of a new disordered crystal: Yb-doped CNGG,” Opt. Express 15, 9464–9469 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lupei, A.

A. Lupei, V. Lupei, L. Gheorghe, L. Rogobete, E. Osiac, and A. Petraru, “The nature of nonequivalent Nd3+ centers in CNGG and CLNGG,” Opt. Mater. 16, 403–411 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lupei, V.

A. Lupei, V. Lupei, L. Gheorghe, L. Rogobete, E. Osiac, and A. Petraru, “The nature of nonequivalent Nd3+ centers in CNGG and CLNGG,” Opt. Mater. 16, 403–411 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mateos, X.

Meng, X.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Meng, X. L.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mukhopadhyay, P. K.

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S. K. Sharma, and T. P. S. Nathan, “1.6W of TEM00 cw output at 1.06 μm from Nd:CNGG laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 173–180 (2003).
[Crossref]

Naito, K.

Nakai, S.

Nakatsuka, M.

Nathan, T. P. S.

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S. K. Sharma, and T. P. S. Nathan, “1.6W of TEM00 cw output at 1.06 μm from Nd:CNGG laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 173–180 (2003).
[Crossref]

Okuyama, T.

Osiac, E.

A. Lupei, V. Lupei, L. Gheorghe, L. Rogobete, E. Osiac, and A. Petraru, “The nature of nonequivalent Nd3+ centers in CNGG and CLNGG,” Opt. Mater. 16, 403–411 (2001).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V. V.

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb,Ga)5O12:Nd3+-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17, 201–203 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

Petraru, A.

A. Lupei, V. Lupei, L. Gheorghe, L. Rogobete, E. Osiac, and A. Petraru, “The nature of nonequivalent Nd3+ centers in CNGG and CLNGG,” Opt. Mater. 16, 403–411 (2001).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

Rabochkina, P. A.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions—effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20, 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ranganathan, K.

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S. K. Sharma, and T. P. S. Nathan, “1.6W of TEM00 cw output at 1.06 μm from Nd:CNGG laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 173–180 (2003).
[Crossref]

Reali, G.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rogobete, L.

A. Lupei, V. Lupei, L. Gheorghe, L. Rogobete, E. Osiac, and A. Petraru, “The nature of nonequivalent Nd3+ centers in CNGG and CLNGG,” Opt. Mater. 16, 403–411 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, T.

Shao, Z.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shao, Z. S.

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sharma, S. K.

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S. K. Sharma, and T. P. S. Nathan, “1.6W of TEM00 cw output at 1.06 μm from Nd:CNGG laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 173–180 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shi, Z. B.

Shimamura, K.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sobol, A. A.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions—effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20, 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb,Ga)5O12:Nd3+-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17, 201–203 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

Song, F.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tao, X. T.

Timoshechin, M. I.

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

Timoshechkin, M. l.

Toncelli, A.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tonelli, M.

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tzimbal, L. I.

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ushakov, S. N.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions—effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20, 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, N. A. Es’kov, A. Ya. Karasik, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, S. N. Ushakov, and M. Helbig, “Disordered garnets Ca3(Nb,Ga)5O12:Nd3+-prospective crystals for powerful ultrashort-pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 17, 201–203 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

Voronko, Yu. K.

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions—effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20, 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. Q.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, J.Y.

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. P.

Wang, Z.P.

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xia, H. R.

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, M.

Yokotani, A.

Yu, H. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34, 151–153 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y. G.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. B. Shi, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “High-power dual-wavelength laser with disordered Nd:CNGG crystals,” Opt. Lett. 34, 151–153 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, H.J

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Y.

Zhu, L.

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, and G. Zhang, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145–2147 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (2)

Y. F. Chen, “Design criteria for concentration optimization in scaling diode end-pumped laser to high powers: influence of thermal fracture,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 35, 234–239 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Agnesi, S. Dell’Acqua, A. Guandalini, G. Reali, F. Cornacchia, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, K. Shimamura, and T. Fukuda, “Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser performance of Nd3+ in the CNGG crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 304–313 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

W. Ge, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Liu, X. Xu, X. Hu, and M. Jiang, “Thermal and mechanical properties of BaWO4 crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 98, 013542 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H.J Zhang, Z.P. Wang, J.Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

H. Zhang, J. Liu, C. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. Shao, X. Meng, X. Hu, M. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal Nd:GdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 19, 18–27 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Eng. (1)

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, Y. T. Chow, and M. H. Jiang, “Laser properties of different Nd-doped concentration Nd:YVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Laser Eng. 38, 527–536 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

P. K. Mukhopadhyay, K. Ranganathan, J. George, S. K. Sharma, and T. P. S. Nathan, “1.6W of TEM00 cw output at 1.06 μm from Nd:CNGG laser end-pumped by a fiber-coupled diode laser array,” Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 173–180 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (2)

Yu. K. Voronko, A. A. Sobol, A. Ya. Karasik, N. A. Eskov, P. A. Rabochkina, and S. N. Ushakov, “Calcium niobium gallium and calcium lithium niobium gallium garnets doped with rare earth ions—effective laser media,” Opt. Mater. 20, 197–209 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Lupei, V. Lupei, L. Gheorghe, L. Rogobete, E. Osiac, and A. Petraru, “The nature of nonequivalent Nd3+ centers in CNGG and CLNGG,” Opt. Mater. 16, 403–411 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the thermal conductivity of glasses,” Phys. Rev. 75, 972–974 (1949).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Yu. K. Voronko, S. B. Gessen, N. A. Eskov, V. V. Osiko, A. A. Sobol, M. I. Timoshechin, S. N. Ushakov, and L. I. Tzimbal, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of calcium niobium gallium garnet activated with Cr3+ and Nd3+,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 198–201 (1988).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, (Science Press, Beijing, 2002; in Chinese), p. 42.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Specific heat of 0.5at% Nd:CNGG as a function of temperature
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Dependence of thermal expansion of 0.5 at% Nd:CNGG on temperature
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Dependence of density of 0.5 at% Nd:CNGG on temperature
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Thermal diffusion coefficient versus temperature of 0.5 at% Nd:CNGG
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Thermal conductivity versus temperature for 0.5 at% Nd:CNGG.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Thermal focal length at different pump power

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρexp=mρwatermm
dndT=πkωp2Pthf
ρtheory=mzVNA
k=ρcpλ

Metrics