Abstract

We confirm the feasibility of 100-Tbit/s-class trans-oceanic SDM transmission. Using seven-core fiber spans with seven-core full C-band EDFAs, 7 × 264-channel quasi-Nyquist-WDM 60-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK signals are transmitted over 6,370 km.

©2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19x100x172-Gbit/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305Tb/s,” OFC2012, PDP5C.1 (2012).
  2. H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” ECOC2012, Th.3.C.1 (2012).
  3. D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M.-J. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Nan Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” Frontiers in Optics, Paper FW6C (2012).
  4. B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, K. Abedin, P. W. Wisk, D. W. Peckham, and P. Dziedzic, “Space-, wavelength-, polarization-division multiplexed transmission of 56-Tb/s over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” OFC2011, PDPB7 (2011).
  5. S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, P. J. Winzer, Y. Pan, E. C. Burrows, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “WDM/SDM transmission of 10 x 128-Gb/s PDM-QPSK over 2688-km 7-core fiber with a per-fiber net aggregate spectral-efficiency distance product of 40,320 km⋅b/s/Hz,” ECOC2011, Th.13.C.4 (2011).
  6. H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, E. L. T. de Gabory, T. Ito, W. R. Peng, K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, Y. Kawaguchi, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, Y. Mimura, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “First demonstration of MC-EDFA-repeatered SDM transmission of 40 x 128-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK signals per core over 6,160-km 7-core MCF,” ECOC2012, Th.3.C.3 (2012).
  7. J.-X. Cai, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, H. Zhang, D. G. Foursa, O. V. Sinkin, W. W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, and N. S. Bergano, “20 Tbit/s capacity transmission over 6,860 km,” OFC2011, PDPB4 (2011).
  8. M. Mazurczyk, D. G. Foursa, H. G. Batshon, H. Zhang, C. R. Davidson, J.-X. Cai, A. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs and N. S. Bergano, “30 Tb/s transmission over 6,630 km using 16QAM signals at 6.1 bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” ECOC2012, Th.3.C.2 (2012).
  9. D. Qian, M.-F. Huang, S. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y.-K. Huang, F. Yaman, I. B. Djordjevic, and E. Mateo, “30Tb/s C- and L-bands bidirectional transmission over 10,181km with 121km span length,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14244–14250 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” OFC 2011, OTuN2 (2011).
  12. Y. Mori, C. Zhang, and K. Kikuchi, “Novel FIR-filter configuration tolerant to fast phase fluctuations in digital coherent receivers for higher-order QAM signals,” OFC2012, OTh4C.4 (2012).
  13. K. Watanabe, T. Saito, K. Imamura, and M. Shiino, “Development of fiber bundle type fan-out for multicore fiber,” OECC2012, 5C1–2 (2012).

2013 (1)

1981 (1)

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

Djordjevic, I. B.

Huang, M.-F.

Huang, Y.-K.

Izutsu, M.

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

Mateo, E.

Qian, D.

Shikama, S.

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

Sueta, T.

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

Yaman, F.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, Y.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Izutsu, S. Shikama, and T. Sueta, “Integrated optical SSB modulator/frequency shifter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(11), 2225–2227 (1981).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (11)

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” OFC 2011, OTuN2 (2011).

Y. Mori, C. Zhang, and K. Kikuchi, “Novel FIR-filter configuration tolerant to fast phase fluctuations in digital coherent receivers for higher-order QAM signals,” OFC2012, OTh4C.4 (2012).

K. Watanabe, T. Saito, K. Imamura, and M. Shiino, “Development of fiber bundle type fan-out for multicore fiber,” OECC2012, 5C1–2 (2012).

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19x100x172-Gbit/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305Tb/s,” OFC2012, PDP5C.1 (2012).

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, and T. Morioka, “1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency,” ECOC2012, Th.3.C.1 (2012).

D. Qian, E. Ip, M.-F. Huang, M.-J. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y.-K. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Nan Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” Frontiers in Optics, Paper FW6C (2012).

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, F. V. Dimarcello, K. Abedin, P. W. Wisk, D. W. Peckham, and P. Dziedzic, “Space-, wavelength-, polarization-division multiplexed transmission of 56-Tb/s over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” OFC2011, PDPB7 (2011).

S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, P. J. Winzer, Y. Pan, E. C. Burrows, B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “WDM/SDM transmission of 10 x 128-Gb/s PDM-QPSK over 2688-km 7-core fiber with a per-fiber net aggregate spectral-efficiency distance product of 40,320 km⋅b/s/Hz,” ECOC2011, Th.13.C.4 (2011).

H. Takahashi, T. Tsuritani, E. L. T. de Gabory, T. Ito, W. R. Peng, K. Igarashi, K. Takeshima, Y. Kawaguchi, I. Morita, Y. Tsuchida, Y. Mimura, K. Maeda, T. Saito, K. Watanabe, K. Imamura, R. Sugizaki, and M. Suzuki, “First demonstration of MC-EDFA-repeatered SDM transmission of 40 x 128-Gbit/s PDM-QPSK signals per core over 6,160-km 7-core MCF,” ECOC2012, Th.3.C.3 (2012).

J.-X. Cai, Y. Cai, C. R. Davidson, A. Lucero, H. Zhang, D. G. Foursa, O. V. Sinkin, W. W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, and N. S. Bergano, “20 Tbit/s capacity transmission over 6,860 km,” OFC2011, PDPB4 (2011).

M. Mazurczyk, D. G. Foursa, H. G. Batshon, H. Zhang, C. R. Davidson, J.-X. Cai, A. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs and N. S. Bergano, “30 Tb/s transmission over 6,630 km using 16QAM signals at 6.1 bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency,” ECOC2012, Th.3.C.2 (2012).

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup. IQM: optical IQ modulator, AWG: arbitrary waveform generator, PME: polarization-multiplexing emulator, SW: optical switch, GFF: gain-flattening filter, ECL: external-cavity laser, OBPF: optical band-pass filter, and BPD: balanced photo-diode.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Schematic configuration of the fabricated MCF with FI/FO devices. (b) Cross section of the MCF.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Measured loss of each core of the MCF as a function of the wavelength.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic configuration of the fabricated seven-core EDFA.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured gain and noise figure (NF) of the MC-EDFA as a function of the wavelength.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Sample spectra of the PDM-QPSK signals with and without adjacent WDM channels.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured back-to-back performance of the PDM-QPSK signals. Open circles: the single-channel case, Dots: the WDM case. Inset: recovered constellation at the OSNR of 16.2 dB.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Calculated launched power required for an OSNR of 11 dB and 12 dB as a function of transmission distance.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Measured Q factor and OSNR as a function of transmission distance for a channel of 193.175 THz.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Optical spectra of the 264 WDM signals before and after 6,370-km transmission.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Measured Q factors for all 264 WDM channels for each of the seven cores of the MCF. Inset: typical recovered constellation of PM-QPSK signals.

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