Abstract

In this paper, we theoretically and experimentally prove that sub-carriers in double-side band fast orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (DSB-FOFDM) are orthogonal over a symbol interval independent of the signal phase and amplitude. Therefore, the commonly utilized DSB-FOFDM is quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) accommodated; while previously DSB-FOFDM was usually modulated by amplitude shift keying (ASK) or binary phase shift keying (BPSK). In our proof-of-concept experiments, bit error ratio (BER) performance of 10 Gb/s quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) modulated DSB-FOFDM was equivalent to that of 10 Gb/s QPSK modulated OFDM after 500 km standard single mode fiber (SSMF) transmission. 10 Gb/s QPSK modulated DSB-FOFDM largely outperformed the commonly utilized 4-ASK modulated DSB-FOFDM in BER performance. Additionally, BER performance of 10 Gb/s 16-QAM modulated DSB-FOFDM was equivalent to that of 10 Gb/s 16-QAM modulated OFDM after 500 km SSMF transmission.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightw.Technol.,  27(3), 189–204 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  2. W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  15(16), 9936–9947 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. Lenin Mehedy, Masuduzzaman Bakaul, and Ampalavanapillai Nirmalathas, “Frequency interleaving towards spectrally efficient directly detected optical OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” Opt. Exp.,  18(22), 23161–23172 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  4. Chih-Yun Wang, Chia-Chien Wei, Chun-Ting Lin, and Sien Chi, “Direct-detection polarization division multiplexed orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing transmission systems without polarization tracking,” Opt. Lett.,  37(24), 5070–5072 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. Liang B. Du and Arthur J. Lowery, “Pilot-based cross-phase modulation compensation for coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing long-haul optical communications systems,” Opt. Lett.,  36(9), 1647–1649 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. Zhao and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Optical Fast OFDM with Reduced Channel Spacing Equal to Half of the Symbol Rate Per Carrier,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMR1.
  8. S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper PD3.4.
    [Crossref]
  9. C. Lei, H. Chen, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “A high spectral efficiency optical OFDM scheme based on interleaved multiplexing,” Opt. Exp.,  18(25), 26149–26154 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Zhao and A. D. Ellis, “Discrete-Fourier transform based implementation for optical fast OFDM,” Optical Communication (ECOC), 36th European Conference and Exhibition on, Tu.4.A.3, 19–23 Sept.2010.
  11. E. Giacoumidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Tang, “Performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF-based links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWU3, (2011).
  12. Jian Zhao and Andrew Ellis, “Advantage of Optical Fast OFDM Over OFDM in Residual Frequency Offset Compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(24), 2284–2287 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. Yeh and S. Chen, “Efficient channel estimation based on discrete cosine transform,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Acoust. Speech Signal Process, 676C679 (2003).
  14. X. Ouyang, J. Jin, G. Jin, Z. Wang, and Y. Park, “Interleaved Multiplexing Optical Fast OFDM Without the Interference Between Subchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  25(4), 378–381 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  15. E. Giacoumidis, S.K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J.M. Tang, I. Tomkos, and A.D. Ellis, “Experimental demonstration of cost-effective intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical Fast-OFDM over 40 km SMF transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2012 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, JW2A.65 (2012).
  16. C. Lei, H. Chen, Minghua Chen, and S. Xie, “16 × 10Gb/s symmetric WDM-FOFDM-PON realization with colorless ONUs,” Opt. Exp.,  19(16), 15275–15280 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Method for Precise Symbol Synchronization in Double-Side Band Optical Fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper JWA23, (2011).
  18. E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 52–54 (2012).
  19. W. L. Chin, “Maximization of Effective Signal Power in DCT Window for Symbol Time Synchronization in Optical Fast OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol.,  31(5), 740–748 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Zhao and A. Ellis, “Transmission of 4-ASK optical fast OFDM with chromatic dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 34–36 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Symbol Synchronization Exploiting the Symmetric Property in Optical Fast OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  23(9), 594–596 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Zhao and H. Shams, “Fast dispersion estimation in coherent optical 16QAM fast OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  21(2), 2500–2505 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2013 (4)

S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Ouyang, J. Jin, G. Jin, Z. Wang, and Y. Park, “Interleaved Multiplexing Optical Fast OFDM Without the Interference Between Subchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  25(4), 378–381 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. L. Chin, “Maximization of Effective Signal Power in DCT Window for Symbol Time Synchronization in Optical Fast OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol.,  31(5), 740–748 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao and H. Shams, “Fast dispersion estimation in coherent optical 16QAM fast OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  21(2), 2500–2505 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

J. Zhao and A. Ellis, “Transmission of 4-ASK optical fast OFDM with chromatic dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 34–36 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jian Zhao and Andrew Ellis, “Advantage of Optical Fast OFDM Over OFDM in Residual Frequency Offset Compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(24), 2284–2287 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 52–54 (2012).

Chih-Yun Wang, Chia-Chien Wei, Chun-Ting Lin, and Sien Chi, “Direct-detection polarization division multiplexed orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing transmission systems without polarization tracking,” Opt. Lett.,  37(24), 5070–5072 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

C. Lei, H. Chen, Minghua Chen, and S. Xie, “16 × 10Gb/s symmetric WDM-FOFDM-PON realization with colorless ONUs,” Opt. Exp.,  19(16), 15275–15280 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liang B. Du and Arthur J. Lowery, “Pilot-based cross-phase modulation compensation for coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing long-haul optical communications systems,” Opt. Lett.,  36(9), 1647–1649 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Symbol Synchronization Exploiting the Symmetric Property in Optical Fast OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  23(9), 594–596 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

C. Lei, H. Chen, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “A high spectral efficiency optical OFDM scheme based on interleaved multiplexing,” Opt. Exp.,  18(25), 26149–26154 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lenin Mehedy, Masuduzzaman Bakaul, and Ampalavanapillai Nirmalathas, “Frequency interleaving towards spectrally efficient directly detected optical OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” Opt. Exp.,  18(22), 23161–23172 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightw.Technol.,  27(3), 189–204 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  15(16), 9936–9947 (2007).
[Crossref]

Alireza, S.

S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
[Crossref]

Armstrong, J.

J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightw.Technol.,  27(3), 189–204 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bakaul, Masuduzzaman

Lenin Mehedy, Masuduzzaman Bakaul, and Ampalavanapillai Nirmalathas, “Frequency interleaving towards spectrally efficient directly detected optical OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” Opt. Exp.,  18(22), 23161–23172 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

C. Lei, H. Chen, Minghua Chen, and S. Xie, “16 × 10Gb/s symmetric WDM-FOFDM-PON realization with colorless ONUs,” Opt. Exp.,  19(16), 15275–15280 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Lei, H. Chen, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “A high spectral efficiency optical OFDM scheme based on interleaved multiplexing,” Opt. Exp.,  18(25), 26149–26154 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

C. Lei, H. Chen, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “A high spectral efficiency optical OFDM scheme based on interleaved multiplexing,” Opt. Exp.,  18(25), 26149–26154 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, Minghua

C. Lei, H. Chen, Minghua Chen, and S. Xie, “16 × 10Gb/s symmetric WDM-FOFDM-PON realization with colorless ONUs,” Opt. Exp.,  19(16), 15275–15280 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, R.

S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Y. Yeh and S. Chen, “Efficient channel estimation based on discrete cosine transform,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Acoust. Speech Signal Process, 676C679 (2003).

Chi, Sien

Chih-Yun Wang, Chia-Chien Wei, Chun-Ting Lin, and Sien Chi, “Direct-detection polarization division multiplexed orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing transmission systems without polarization tracking,” Opt. Lett.,  37(24), 5070–5072 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin, W. L.

W. L. Chin, “Maximization of Effective Signal Power in DCT Window for Symbol Time Synchronization in Optical Fast OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol.,  31(5), 740–748 (2013).
[Crossref]

Du, Liang B.

Liang B. Du and Arthur J. Lowery, “Pilot-based cross-phase modulation compensation for coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing long-haul optical communications systems,” Opt. Lett.,  36(9), 1647–1649 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ellis, A.

J. Zhao and A. Ellis, “Transmission of 4-ASK optical fast OFDM with chromatic dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 34–36 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 52–54 (2012).

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Symbol Synchronization Exploiting the Symmetric Property in Optical Fast OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  23(9), 594–596 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper PD3.4.
[Crossref]

J. Zhao and A. D. Ellis, “Discrete-Fourier transform based implementation for optical fast OFDM,” Optical Communication (ECOC), 36th European Conference and Exhibition on, Tu.4.A.3, 19–23 Sept.2010.

Ellis, A.D.

J. Zhao and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Optical Fast OFDM with Reduced Channel Spacing Equal to Half of the Symbol Rate Per Carrier,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMR1.

E. Giacoumidis, S.K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J.M. Tang, I. Tomkos, and A.D. Ellis, “Experimental demonstration of cost-effective intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical Fast-OFDM over 40 km SMF transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2012 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, JW2A.65 (2012).

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Method for Precise Symbol Synchronization in Double-Side Band Optical Fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper JWA23, (2011).

Ellis, Andrew

Jian Zhao and Andrew Ellis, “Advantage of Optical Fast OFDM Over OFDM in Residual Frequency Offset Compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(24), 2284–2287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Giacoumidis, E.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 52–54 (2012).

E. Giacoumidis, S.K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J.M. Tang, I. Tomkos, and A.D. Ellis, “Experimental demonstration of cost-effective intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical Fast-OFDM over 40 km SMF transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2012 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, JW2A.65 (2012).

E. Giacoumidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Tang, “Performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF-based links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWU3, (2011).

Gunning, P.

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Symbol Synchronization Exploiting the Symmetric Property in Optical Fast OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  23(9), 594–596 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Method for Precise Symbol Synchronization in Double-Side Band Optical Fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper JWA23, (2011).

Ibrahim, S. K.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 52–54 (2012).

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper PD3.4.
[Crossref]

Ibrahim, S.K.

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Symbol Synchronization Exploiting the Symmetric Property in Optical Fast OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  23(9), 594–596 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Method for Precise Symbol Synchronization in Double-Side Band Optical Fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper JWA23, (2011).

E. Giacoumidis, S.K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J.M. Tang, I. Tomkos, and A.D. Ellis, “Experimental demonstration of cost-effective intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical Fast-OFDM over 40 km SMF transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2012 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, JW2A.65 (2012).

Jin, G.

X. Ouyang, J. Jin, G. Jin, Z. Wang, and Y. Park, “Interleaved Multiplexing Optical Fast OFDM Without the Interference Between Subchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  25(4), 378–381 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jin, J.

X. Ouyang, J. Jin, G. Jin, Z. Wang, and Y. Park, “Interleaved Multiplexing Optical Fast OFDM Without the Interference Between Subchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  25(4), 378–381 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lawrence, Nezamalhosseini

S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lei, C.

C. Lei, H. Chen, Minghua Chen, and S. Xie, “16 × 10Gb/s symmetric WDM-FOFDM-PON realization with colorless ONUs,” Opt. Exp.,  19(16), 15275–15280 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Lei, H. Chen, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “A high spectral efficiency optical OFDM scheme based on interleaved multiplexing,” Opt. Exp.,  18(25), 26149–26154 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, Chun-Ting

Chih-Yun Wang, Chia-Chien Wei, Chun-Ting Lin, and Sien Chi, “Direct-detection polarization division multiplexed orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing transmission systems without polarization tracking,” Opt. Lett.,  37(24), 5070–5072 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lowery, Arthur J.

Liang B. Du and Arthur J. Lowery, “Pilot-based cross-phase modulation compensation for coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing long-haul optical communications systems,” Opt. Lett.,  36(9), 1647–1649 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  15(16), 9936–9947 (2007).
[Crossref]

Malekiha, Mahdi

S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
[Crossref]

Marvasti, Farokh

S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mehedy, Lenin

Lenin Mehedy, Masuduzzaman Bakaul, and Ampalavanapillai Nirmalathas, “Frequency interleaving towards spectrally efficient directly detected optical OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” Opt. Exp.,  18(22), 23161–23172 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nirmalathas, Ampalavanapillai

Lenin Mehedy, Masuduzzaman Bakaul, and Ampalavanapillai Nirmalathas, “Frequency interleaving towards spectrally efficient directly detected optical OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” Opt. Exp.,  18(22), 23161–23172 (2010).
[Crossref]

O’Dowd, J. A.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper PD3.4.
[Crossref]

Ouyang, X.

X. Ouyang, J. Jin, G. Jin, Z. Wang, and Y. Park, “Interleaved Multiplexing Optical Fast OFDM Without the Interference Between Subchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  25(4), 378–381 (2013).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.

X. Ouyang, J. Jin, G. Jin, Z. Wang, and Y. Park, “Interleaved Multiplexing Optical Fast OFDM Without the Interference Between Subchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  25(4), 378–381 (2013).
[Crossref]

Plant, David V.

S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rafique, D.

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Symbol Synchronization Exploiting the Symmetric Property in Optical Fast OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  23(9), 594–596 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper PD3.4.
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Method for Precise Symbol Synchronization in Double-Side Band Optical Fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper JWA23, (2011).

Shams, H.

J. Zhao and H. Shams, “Fast dispersion estimation in coherent optical 16QAM fast OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  21(2), 2500–2505 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  15(16), 9936–9947 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tang, J.

E. Giacoumidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Tang, “Performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF-based links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWU3, (2011).

Tang, J. M.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 52–54 (2012).

Tang, J.M.

E. Giacoumidis, S.K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J.M. Tang, I. Tomkos, and A.D. Ellis, “Experimental demonstration of cost-effective intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical Fast-OFDM over 40 km SMF transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2012 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, JW2A.65 (2012).

Tang, Y.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  15(16), 9936–9947 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tomkos, I.

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 52–54 (2012).

E. Giacoumidis, S.K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J.M. Tang, I. Tomkos, and A.D. Ellis, “Experimental demonstration of cost-effective intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical Fast-OFDM over 40 km SMF transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2012 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, JW2A.65 (2012).

E. Giacoumidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Tang, “Performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF-based links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWU3, (2011).

Wang, Chih-Yun

Chih-Yun Wang, Chia-Chien Wei, Chun-Ting Lin, and Sien Chi, “Direct-detection polarization division multiplexed orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing transmission systems without polarization tracking,” Opt. Lett.,  37(24), 5070–5072 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

X. Ouyang, J. Jin, G. Jin, Z. Wang, and Y. Park, “Interleaved Multiplexing Optical Fast OFDM Without the Interference Between Subchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  25(4), 378–381 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wei, Chia-Chien

Chih-Yun Wang, Chia-Chien Wei, Chun-Ting Lin, and Sien Chi, “Direct-detection polarization division multiplexed orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing transmission systems without polarization tracking,” Opt. Lett.,  37(24), 5070–5072 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, S.

C. Lei, H. Chen, Minghua Chen, and S. Xie, “16 × 10Gb/s symmetric WDM-FOFDM-PON realization with colorless ONUs,” Opt. Exp.,  19(16), 15275–15280 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Lei, H. Chen, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “A high spectral efficiency optical OFDM scheme based on interleaved multiplexing,” Opt. Exp.,  18(25), 26149–26154 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yeh, Y.

Y. Yeh and S. Chen, “Efficient channel estimation based on discrete cosine transform,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Acoust. Speech Signal Process, 676C679 (2003).

Yi, X.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  15(16), 9936–9947 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

J. Zhao and H. Shams, “Fast dispersion estimation in coherent optical 16QAM fast OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  21(2), 2500–2505 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao and A. Ellis, “Transmission of 4-ASK optical fast OFDM with chromatic dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 34–36 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 52–54 (2012).

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Symbol Synchronization Exploiting the Symmetric Property in Optical Fast OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  23(9), 594–596 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Method for Precise Symbol Synchronization in Double-Side Band Optical Fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper JWA23, (2011).

E. Giacoumidis, S.K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J.M. Tang, I. Tomkos, and A.D. Ellis, “Experimental demonstration of cost-effective intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical Fast-OFDM over 40 km SMF transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2012 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, JW2A.65 (2012).

J. Zhao and A. D. Ellis, “Discrete-Fourier transform based implementation for optical fast OFDM,” Optical Communication (ECOC), 36th European Conference and Exhibition on, Tu.4.A.3, 19–23 Sept.2010.

J. Zhao and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Optical Fast OFDM with Reduced Channel Spacing Equal to Half of the Symbol Rate Per Carrier,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMR1.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper PD3.4.
[Crossref]

Zhao, Jian

Jian Zhao and Andrew Ellis, “Advantage of Optical Fast OFDM Over OFDM in Residual Frequency Offset Compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(24), 2284–2287 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhuge, Qunbi

S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett (2)

J. Zhao and A. Ellis, “Transmission of 4-ASK optical fast OFDM with chromatic dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 34–36 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A. D. Ellis, “Symbol Synchronization Exploiting the Symmetric Property in Optical Fast OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  23(9), 594–596 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

E. Giacoumidis, S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J. M. Tang, A. D. Ellis, and I. Tomkos, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical fast-OFDM over MMF-links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(1), 52–54 (2012).

Jian Zhao and Andrew Ellis, “Advantage of Optical Fast OFDM Over OFDM in Residual Frequency Offset Compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  24(24), 2284–2287 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Ouyang, J. Jin, G. Jin, Z. Wang, and Y. Park, “Interleaved Multiplexing Optical Fast OFDM Without the Interference Between Subchannels,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  25(4), 378–381 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightw. Technol (1)

W. L. Chin, “Maximization of Effective Signal Power in DCT Window for Symbol Time Synchronization in Optical Fast OFDM,” J. Lightw. Technol.,  31(5), 740–748 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightw.Technol (1)

J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” J. Lightw.Technol.,  27(3), 189–204 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Exp. (6)

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Y. Tang, “Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  15(16), 9936–9947 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lenin Mehedy, Masuduzzaman Bakaul, and Ampalavanapillai Nirmalathas, “Frequency interleaving towards spectrally efficient directly detected optical OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” Opt. Exp.,  18(22), 23161–23172 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Alireza, Nezamalhosseini Lawrence, R. Chen, Qunbi Zhuge, Mahdi Malekiha, Farokh Marvasti, and David V. Plant, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of direct detection optical OFDM transmission using beat interference cancellation receiver,” Opt. Exp.,  21(13), 15237–15246 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Lei, H. Chen, Minghua Chen, and S. Xie, “16 × 10Gb/s symmetric WDM-FOFDM-PON realization with colorless ONUs,” Opt. Exp.,  19(16), 15275–15280 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Lei, H. Chen, M. Chen, and S. Xie, “A high spectral efficiency optical OFDM scheme based on interleaved multiplexing,” Opt. Exp.,  18(25), 26149–26154 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Zhao and H. Shams, “Fast dispersion estimation in coherent optical 16QAM fast OFDM systems,” Opt. Exp.,  21(2), 2500–2505 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett (2)

Liang B. Du and Arthur J. Lowery, “Pilot-based cross-phase modulation compensation for coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing long-haul optical communications systems,” Opt. Lett.,  36(9), 1647–1649 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chih-Yun Wang, Chia-Chien Wei, Chun-Ting Lin, and Sien Chi, “Direct-detection polarization division multiplexed orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing transmission systems without polarization tracking,” Opt. Lett.,  37(24), 5070–5072 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (7)

J. Zhao and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Optical Fast OFDM with Reduced Channel Spacing Equal to Half of the Symbol Rate Per Carrier,” in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMR1.

S. K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, D. Rafique, J. A. O’Dowd, and A. D. Ellis, “Demonstration of world-first experimental optical fast OFDM system at 7.174 Gbit/s and 14.348 Gbit/s,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, paper PD3.4.
[Crossref]

J. Zhao and A. D. Ellis, “Discrete-Fourier transform based implementation for optical fast OFDM,” Optical Communication (ECOC), 36th European Conference and Exhibition on, Tu.4.A.3, 19–23 Sept.2010.

E. Giacoumidis, I. Tomkos, and J. Tang, “Performance of optical fast-OFDM in MMF-based links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper OWU3, (2011).

Y. Yeh and S. Chen, “Efficient channel estimation based on discrete cosine transform,” in Proc. Int. Conf. Acoust. Speech Signal Process, 676C679 (2003).

J. Zhao, S.K. Ibrahim, D. Rafique, P. Gunning, and A.D. Ellis, “A Novel Method for Precise Symbol Synchronization in Double-Side Band Optical Fast OFDM,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, paper JWA23, (2011).

E. Giacoumidis, S.K. Ibrahim, J. Zhao, J.M. Tang, I. Tomkos, and A.D. Ellis, “Experimental demonstration of cost-effective intensity-modulation and direct-detection optical Fast-OFDM over 40 km SMF transmission,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2012 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, JW2A.65 (2012).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Illustration of the minimum sub-carrier spacing of (a) the standard OFDM, (b) DSB-FOFDM.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Block diagram of the experiment setup for 10 Gb/s QPSK modulated DSB-FOFDM over 500 km SSMF transmission. ECL, external cavity laser; AWG, arbitrary waveform generator; MZM, mach-zehnder modulator; SSMF, standard single-mode fiber; EDFA, erbium doped fiber amplifier; DPO, digital phosphor oscilloscope.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Constellations of 10 Gb/s QPSK modulated DSB-FOFDM after 500 km G. 652 SSMF transmission at different received optical power, (a) −40 dBm before equalization, (b) −32 dBm before equalization, (c) −40 dBm after equalization, (d) −32 dBm after equalization.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 BERs of 10 Gb/s QPSK modulated DSB-FOFDM and OFDM after B2B and 500 km SSMF transmission versus average received optical power.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 BERs of 10 Gb/s QPSK modulated DSB-FOFDM and 10 Gb/s 4-ASK modulated OFDM after 500 km SSMF transmission versus the average received optical power.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 BERs of 10 Gb/s 16-QAM modulated DSB-FOFDM and OFDM after 500 km SSMF transmission versus the average received optical power.

Equations (5)

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s ( t ) = a ( t ) cos ( ω c t ) + b ( t ) sin ( ω c t ) ,
ξ ( t ) = t 0 t 0 + T s k ( l ) s l * ( t ) d t = 1 2 t 0 t 0 + T ( a k a l * b k b l * ) cos { ( k + l ) ω c t } d t + 1 2 t 0 t 0 + T ( a k a l * + b k b l * ) cos { ( k l ) ω c t } d t + 1 2 t 0 t 0 + T ( b k a l * + a k b l * ) sin { ( k + l ) ω c t } d t + 1 2 t 0 t 0 + T ( b k a l * a k b l * ) sin { ( k l ) ω c t } d t ,
{ ( a k a l * b k b l * ) t 0 t 0 + T cos { ( k + l ) ω c t } d t = 0 , ( a k a l * + b k b l * ) t 0 t 0 + T cos { ( k l ) ω c t } d t = 0 , ( b k a l * + a k b l * ) t 0 t 0 + T sin { ( k + l ) ω c t } d t = 0 , ( b k a l * a k b l * ) t 0 t 0 + T sin { ( k l ) ω c t } d t = 0 .
{ a k a l * b k b l * = 0 a k a l * + b k b l * = 0 or { b k a l * + a k b l * = 0 b k a l * a k b l * = 0 .
η ( t ) = k = 1 N a k cos ( π k t / T ) or η ( t ) = k = 1 N b k sin ( π k t / T ) , 0 t T

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