Abstract

We propose the Vectorial E-field Characterization Through all-Optical and self-Referenced (VECTOR) method to characterize vectorial optical arbitrary waveform with up to 100% duty cycle, which is free of ambiguity, iteration, radio-frequency or external optical reference, restriction on repetition rate, and requirement of external interferometric stabilization. The feasibility of VECTOR is experimentally verified by different waveforms created by a phase-modulated CW comb source and a built-in polarization line-by-line pulse shaper.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Self-referenced characterization of optical frequency combs and arbitrary waveforms using a simple, linear, zero-delay implementation of spectral shearing interferometry

V. R. Supradeepa, Christopher M. Long, Daniel E. Leaird, and Andrew M. Weiner
Opt. Express 18(17) 18171-18179 (2010)

Self-referenced frequency comb measurement by using a polarization line-by-line pulse shaper

Chi-Cheng Chen, Chen-Bin Huang, and Shang-Da Yang
Opt. Lett. 39(7) 1901-1904 (2014)

Optical arbitrary waveform characterization via dual-quadrature spectral shearing interferometry

Houxun Miao, Daniel E. Leaird, Carsten Langrock, Martin M. Fejer, and Andrew M. Weiner
Opt. Express 17(5) 3381-3389 (2009)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C.-C. Chen, I.-C. Hsieh, S.-D. Yang, and C.-B. Huang, “Polarization line-by-line pulse shaping for the implementation of vectorial temporal Talbot effect,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27062–27070 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 760–766 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  3. H.-P. Chuang and C.-B. Huang, “Generation and delivery of 1-ps optical pulses with ultrahigh repetition-rates over 25-km single mode fiber by a spectral line-by-line pulse shaper,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24003–24011 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. G. Sansone, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Towards atomic unit pulse duration by polarization-controlled few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(13), 134005 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, “Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses: frequency-resolved optical gating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10(5), 1101–1111 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 792–794 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S.-D. Yang, C.-S. Hsu, S.-L. Lin, Y.-S. Lin, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrasensitive direct-field retrieval of femtosecond pulses by modified interferometric field autocorrelation,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3065–3067 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. C.-S. Hsu, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, C.-B. Huang, and S.-D. Yang, “Forty-photon-per-pulse spectral phase retrieval by shaper-assisted modified interferometric field autocorrelation,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2611–2613 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. V. R. Supradeepa, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform characterization via dual-quadrature spectral interferometry,” Opt. Express 17(1), 25–33 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform characterization via dual-quadrature spectral shearing interferometry,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3381–3389 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. C.-C. Chen, Y.-S. Chen, C.-B. Huang, M. C. Chen, and S. D. Yang, “Non-iterative data inversion of phase retrieval by omega oscillating filtering for optical arbitrary waveform measurement,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2011–2013 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. C. Dorrer and I. Kang, “Linear self-referencing techniques for short-optical-pulse characterization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(6), A1–A12 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  14. F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  15. C.-C. Chen, C.-B. Huang, and S.-D. Yang, “Self-referenced frequency comb measurement by using a polarization line-by-line pulse shaper,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1901–1904 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. W. J. Walecki, D. N. Fittinghoff, A. L. Smirl, and R. Trebino, “Characterization of the polarization state of weak ultrashort coherent signals by dual-channel spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 22(2), 81–83 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 74(S1), s133–s144 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  18. P. Schlup, O. Masihzadeh, L. Xu, R. Trebino, and R. A. Bartels, “Tomographic retrieval of the polarization state of an ultrafast laser pulse,” Opt. Lett. 33(3), 267–269 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. L. Xu, P. Schlup, O. Masihzadeh, R. A. Bartels, and R. Trebino, “Analysis of the measurement of polarization-shaped ultrashort laser pulses by tomographic ultrafast retrieval of transverse light E fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(12), 2363–2369 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. Coello, V. V. Lozovoy, T. C. Gunaratne, B. Xu, I. Borukhovich, C.- Tseng, T. Weinacht, and M. Dantus, “Interference without an interferometer: a different approach to measuring, compressing, and shaping ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(6), A140–A150 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  21. P. Schlup and R. A. Bartels, “Impact of Measurement Noise in Tomographic Ultrafast Retrieval of Transverse Light E-Fields (TURTLE) Ultrashort Polarization Characterization,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 163–171 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  22. S. X. Wang, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “A Complete Spectral Polarimeter Design for Lightwave Communication Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 3982–3991 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  23. M. Ninck, A. Galler, T. Feurer, and T. Brixner, “Programmable common-path vector field synthesizer for femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3379–3381 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. A. Galler and T. Feurer, “Pulse shaper assisted short laser pulse characterization,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 427–430 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  25. A. M. Weiner, “Effect of Group Velocity Mismatch on the Measurement of Ultrashort Optical Pulses via Second Harmonic Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19(8), 1276–1283 (1983).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

C.-S. Hsu, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, C.-B. Huang, and S.-D. Yang, “Forty-photon-per-pulse spectral phase retrieval by shaper-assisted modified interferometric field autocorrelation,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2611–2613 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 760–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

H.-P. Chuang and C.-B. Huang, “Generation and delivery of 1-ps optical pulses with ultrahigh repetition-rates over 25-km single mode fiber by a spectral line-by-line pulse shaper,” Opt. Express 18(23), 24003–24011 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

2008 (4)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 74(S1), s133–s144 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

1983 (1)

A. M. Weiner, “Effect of Group Velocity Mismatch on the Measurement of Ultrashort Optical Pulses via Second Harmonic Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19(8), 1276–1283 (1983).
[Crossref]

Aeschlimann, M.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bartels, R. A.

Bauer, M.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bayer, D.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borukhovich, I.

Brixner, T.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ninck, A. Galler, T. Feurer, and T. Brixner, “Programmable common-path vector field synthesizer for femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3379–3381 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 74(S1), s133–s144 (2002).
[Crossref]

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Towards atomic unit pulse duration by polarization-controlled few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(13), 134005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.-C.

Chen, L.

F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, M. C.

Chen, Y.-S.

Chiang, H.-C.

Chuang, H.-P.

Coello, Y.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 760–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cunovic, S.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dantus, M.

Dimler, F.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorrer, C.

Fejer, M. M.

Ferdous, F.

F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, F.

G. Sansone, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Towards atomic unit pulse duration by polarization-controlled few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(13), 134005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Feurer, T.

A. Galler and T. Feurer, “Pulse shaper assisted short laser pulse characterization,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 427–430 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Ninck, A. Galler, T. Feurer, and T. Brixner, “Programmable common-path vector field synthesizer for femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3379–3381 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, A.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Galler, A.

A. Galler and T. Feurer, “Pulse shaper assisted short laser pulse characterization,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 427–430 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Ninck, A. Galler, T. Feurer, and T. Brixner, “Programmable common-path vector field synthesizer for femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3379–3381 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gerber, G.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 74(S1), s133–s144 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gunaratne, T. C.

Hsieh, I.-C.

Hsu, C.-S.

Huang, C.-B.

Iaconis, C.

Kane, D. J.

Kang, I.

Krampert, G.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 74(S1), s133–s144 (2002).
[Crossref]

Langrock, C.

Leaird, D. E.

Lin, S.-L.

Lin, Y.-S.

Lozovoy, V. V.

Masihzadeh, O.

Miao, H. X.

F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform characterization via dual-quadrature spectral shearing interferometry,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3381–3389 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niklaus, P.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 74(S1), s133–s144 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ninck, M.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Towards atomic unit pulse duration by polarization-controlled few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(13), 134005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pfeiffer, W.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rohmer, M.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Towards atomic unit pulse duration by polarization-controlled few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(13), 134005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schlup, P.

Schneider, C.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smirl, A. L.

Srinivasan, K.

F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
[Crossref]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Towards atomic unit pulse duration by polarization-controlled few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(13), 134005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Steeb, F.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strüber, C.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Supradeepa, V. R.

Trebino, R.

Tseng, C.-

Varghese, L. T.

F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
[Crossref]

Voronine, D. V.

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Towards atomic unit pulse duration by polarization-controlled few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(13), 134005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Walecki, W. J.

Walmsley, I. A.

Wang, J.

F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. X.

Weinacht, T.

Weiner, A. M.

F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 760–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. R. Supradeepa, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform characterization via dual-quadrature spectral interferometry,” Opt. Express 17(1), 25–33 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform characterization via dual-quadrature spectral shearing interferometry,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3381–3389 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. X. Wang, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “A Complete Spectral Polarimeter Design for Lightwave Communication Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(11), 3982–3991 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. M. Weiner, “Effect of Group Velocity Mismatch on the Measurement of Ultrashort Optical Pulses via Second Harmonic Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19(8), 1276–1283 (1983).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, L.

Yang, S. D.

Yang, S.-D.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Galler and T. Feurer, “Pulse shaper assisted short laser pulse characterization,” Appl. Phys. B 90(3-4), 427–430 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 74(S1), s133–s144 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, “Effect of Group Velocity Mismatch on the Measurement of Ultrashort Optical Pulses via Second Harmonic Generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19(8), 1276–1283 (1983).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

P. Schlup and R. A. Bartels, “Impact of Measurement Noise in Tomographic Ultrafast Retrieval of Transverse Light E-Fields (TURTLE) Ultrashort Polarization Characterization,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 163–171 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

G. Sansone, F. Ferrari, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Towards atomic unit pulse duration by polarization-controlled few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(13), 134005 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4(11), 760–766 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Ferdous, H. X. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 770–776 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (8)

C.-C. Chen, Y.-S. Chen, C.-B. Huang, M. C. Chen, and S. D. Yang, “Non-iterative data inversion of phase retrieval by omega oscillating filtering for optical arbitrary waveform measurement,” Opt. Lett. 38(12), 2011–2013 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-C. Chen, C.-B. Huang, and S.-D. Yang, “Self-referenced frequency comb measurement by using a polarization line-by-line pulse shaper,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1901–1904 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-S. Hsu, H.-C. Chiang, H.-P. Chuang, C.-B. Huang, and S.-D. Yang, “Forty-photon-per-pulse spectral phase retrieval by shaper-assisted modified interferometric field autocorrelation,” Opt. Lett. 36(14), 2611–2613 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-D. Yang, C.-S. Hsu, S.-L. Lin, Y.-S. Lin, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Ultrasensitive direct-field retrieval of femtosecond pulses by modified interferometric field autocorrelation,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3065–3067 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ninck, A. Galler, T. Feurer, and T. Brixner, “Programmable common-path vector field synthesizer for femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett. 32(23), 3379–3381 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Schlup, O. Masihzadeh, L. Xu, R. Trebino, and R. A. Bartels, “Tomographic retrieval of the polarization state of an ultrafast laser pulse,” Opt. Lett. 33(3), 267–269 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Walecki, D. N. Fittinghoff, A. L. Smirl, and R. Trebino, “Characterization of the polarization state of weak ultrashort coherent signals by dual-channel spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 22(2), 81–83 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 23(10), 792–794 (1998).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

M. Aeschlimann, M. Bauer, D. Bayer, T. Brixner, S. Cunovic, F. Dimler, A. Fischer, W. Pfeiffer, M. Rohmer, C. Schneider, F. Steeb, C. Strüber, and D. V. Voronine, “Spatiotemporal control of nanooptical excitations,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(12), 5329–5333 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup. PM, polarization maintaining; WP, Wollaston prism; SLM, spatial light modulator; QWP, quarter-wave plate; PBS, polarization beam splitter.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The raw V-OAW measured by VECTOR. (a) Spectral intensity (shaded) and phase (circles) of Ax(ω). (b) Poincarè sphere representation of SOP. The number in parenthesis denotes the corresponding comb line number. The shadowed points are shown in open circles. (c) Spectral intensity (shaded) and phase (circles) of r|Ay(ω)| × exp[y,tot(ω)]. (d) The quasi-3D representation of the VECTOR-reconstructed e (t). The solid lines in (a,c) represent ϕx(ω) and ϕy,tot(ω) obtained by a 4-step method.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The raw V-OAW measured by the four-step method. (a-b) Spectral intensities (shaded) and phases (circles) of (a) Ax(ω) and (b) rAy(ω), respectively. The insets show the intensity-autocorrelation traces of x- and y-polarized TL pulses obtained by experiment (solid) and simulation (dashed), respectively. (c) Intensity cross-correlation trace between x- and y-polarized TL pulses for τxy measurement. (d) Interference signal I45(ω0) versus the extra phase Φ applied to the y-polarization used for θ measurement.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Measurement of a V-OAW with ϕx(ω) = 0, ϕy(ω) = 0, τxy = 1 ps and θ = 0.25π. (a) The measured (left) and optimized (right) MIIPS traces of 45°-polarized field. The definition of δ-parameter is shown in the main text. (b) Error surface between the measured and calculated MIIPS traces at different combinations of (τxy,θ). Two minima points are denoted by cross and diamond. (c) Spectral intensity r2|Ay(ω)|2 (shaded) and phase ϕy,tot(ω) obtained by VECTOR (circles) and minimization of MIIPS error (solid), respectively. (d) The quasi-3D representation of the VECTOR-reconstructed e (t).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measurement of an intensity-rate doubled V-OAW. (a-b) Spectral intensity (shaded) and phase (circles) of (a) Ax(ω) and (b) r|Ay(ω)| × exp[y,tot(ω)], respectively. The ϕx(ω) and ϕy,tot(ω) applied by the pulse shaper are depicted (solid) for comparison. (c) The quasi-3D representation of the VECTOR-reconstructed e (t).

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

| A x ( ω ) | = I x = ( S 0 + S 1 ) / 2 , r | A y ( ω ) | = I y = ( S 0 S 1 ) / 2 , Δ ϕ ( ω ) = tan 1 ( 2 I RHC I x I y 2 I 45 I x I y ) = tan 1 ( S 3 S 2 ) ,

Metrics