Abstract

The effects of γ-irradiation on potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals containing arsenic impurities are investigated with different optical diagnostics, including UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy, photo-thermal common-path interferometer and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The optical absorption spectra indicate that a new broad absorption band near 260 nm appears after γ-irradiation. It is found that the intensity of absorption band increases with the increasing irradiation dose and arsenic impurity concentration. The simulation of radiation defects show that this absorption is assigned to the formation of AsO44- centers due to arsenic ions substituting for phosphorus ions. Laser-induced damage threshold test is conducted by using 355 nm nanosecond laser pulses. The correlations between arsenic impurity concentration and laser induced damage threshold are presented. The results indicate that the damage performance of the material decreases with the increasing arsenic impurity concentration. Possible mechanisms of the irradiation-induced defects formation under γ-irradiation of KDP crystals are discussed.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  3. E. I. Moses, J. H. Campbell, C. J. Stolz, and C. R. Wuest, “The national ignition facility: the world’s largest optics and laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5001, 1–15 (2003).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  21. A. N. Leuchenko, “Methods of optical absorption reduction in irradiated KDP single crystals containing arsenic ions,” Functional Materials 16(2), 145–149 (2009).
  22. N. Y. Garses, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Optical absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance of Fe ions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2), 435–439 (2001).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  24. D. Vanderbilt, “Soft self-consistent pseudopotentials in a generalized eigenvalue formalism,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 41(11), 7892–7895 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. J. P. Perdew, K. Burke, and M. Ernzerhof, “Generalized gradient approximation made simple,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(18), 3865–3868 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. Q. Zhang, F. Chen, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Ab initio study of the electronic and structural properties of the ferroelectric transition in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 65(2), 024108 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  27. H. J. Monkhorst and J. D. Pack, “Special points for Brillouin-zone integrations,” Phys. Rev. B 13(12), 5188–5192 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  28. M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. During, M. Commandre, C. Fossati, B. Bertussi, J. Y. Natoli, J. L. Rullier, H. Bercegol, and P. Bouchut, “Integrated photothermal microscope and laser damage test facility for in-situ investigation of nanodefect induced damage,” Opt. Express 11(20), 2497–2501 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. B. Woods, M. Yan, J. D. Yoreo, M. Kozlowski, H. Radousky, and Z. Wu, “Photothermal Mapping of Defects in the Study of Bulk Damage in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 3244, 242–248 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  31. A. K. Burnham, L. Hackel, P. Wegner, T. Parham, L. Hrubesh, B. Penetrante, P. Whitman, S. Demos, J. Menapace, M. Runkel, M. Fluss, M. Key, and T. Biesiada, “Improving 35l nm damage performance of large-aperture fused silica and DKDP optics,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 173–185 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. I. N. Ogorodnikov, V. Y. Yakovlev, B. V. Shul’gin, and M. K. Satybaldieva, “Transient Optical Absorption of Hole Polarons in ADP (NH4H2PO4) and KDP (KH2PO4) Crystals,” Phys. Solid State 44(5), 880–887 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  34. T. Suhasini, J. S. Kumar, T. Sasikala, K. Jang, H. S. Lee, M. Jayasimhadri, J. H. Jeong, S. S. Yi, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Absorption and fluorescence properties of Sm3+ ions in fluoride containing phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1167–1172 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  35. J. Fournier, J. Neauport, P. Grua, E. Fargin, V. Jubera, D. Talaga, and S. Jouannigot, “Green luminescence in silica glass: A possible indicator of subsurface Fracture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 4103 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  36. T. Murata, M. Sato, H. Yoshida, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of ultraviolet fluorescence intensity of Ce3+ in silicate, borate, and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(4), 312–316 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  37. D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, and P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  38. T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, G. Bhagavannarayana, P. K. Kulriya, D. Kanjilal, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “Effects of 50 MeV Si ion irradiation on nonlinear optical benzimidazole single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(12), 1376–1381 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  39. T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “On the observation of physical, chemical, optical and thermal changes induced by 50 MeV silicon ion in benzimidazole single crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(4), 852–863 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  40. V. Krishnakumar, D. K. Avasthi, F. Singh, P. K. Kulriya, and R. Nagalakshmi, “Study of the damage produced in K[CS(NH2)2]4Br-A non-linear optical single crystal by swift heavy ion irradiation,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B. 256(2), 675–682 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  41. T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, B. Kumar, and R. Gopalakrishnan, “Effect of ion irradiation on the M-Nitroaniline single crystals,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. B. 268(1), 36–41 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  42. R. W. Hopper and D. R. Uhlmann, “Mechanism of inclusion damage in laser glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(10), 4023–4037 (1970).
    [Crossref]

2012 (1)

J. Fournier, J. Neauport, P. Grua, E. Fargin, V. Jubera, D. Talaga, and S. Jouannigot, “Green luminescence in silica glass: A possible indicator of subsurface Fracture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 4103 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. N. Leuchenko, I. M. Pritula, V. B. Tyutyunnik, A. P. Gaurik, and O. T. Nikolou, “Gamma-ray-induced decrease of L-defect concentration in KDP single crystals,” Functional Materials 18(2), 216–223 (2011).

2010 (3)

H. X. Deng, X. T. Zu, X. Xiang, and K. Sun, “Quantum theory for cold avalanche ionization in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(11), 113603 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. E. Miller, J. D. Bude, T. I. Suratwala, N. Shen, T. A. Laurence, W. A. Steele, J. Menapace, M. D. Feit, and L. L. Wong, “Fracture-induced subbandgap absorption as a precursor to optical damage on fused silica surfaces,” Opt. Lett. 35(16), 2702–2704 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, B. Kumar, and R. Gopalakrishnan, “Effect of ion irradiation on the M-Nitroaniline single crystals,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. B. 268(1), 36–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

T. Suhasini, J. S. Kumar, T. Sasikala, K. Jang, H. S. Lee, M. Jayasimhadri, J. H. Jeong, S. S. Yi, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Absorption and fluorescence properties of Sm3+ ions in fluoride containing phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1167–1172 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. N. Leuchenko, “Methods of optical absorption reduction in irradiated KDP single crystals containing arsenic ions,” Functional Materials 16(2), 145–149 (2009).

2008 (2)

R. A. Negres, C. K. Saw, P. Demange, and S. G. Demos, “Laser damage performance of KD2-xHxPO4 crystals following X-ray irradiation,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16326–16333 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “On the observation of physical, chemical, optical and thermal changes induced by 50 MeV silicon ion in benzimidazole single crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(4), 852–863 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

V. Krishnakumar, D. K. Avasthi, F. Singh, P. K. Kulriya, and R. Nagalakshmi, “Study of the damage produced in K[CS(NH2)2]4Br-A non-linear optical single crystal by swift heavy ion irradiation,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B. 256(2), 675–682 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, G. Bhagavannarayana, P. K. Kulriya, D. Kanjilal, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “Effects of 50 MeV Si ion irradiation on nonlinear optical benzimidazole single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(12), 1376–1381 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

T. Murata, M. Sato, H. Yoshida, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of ultraviolet fluorescence intensity of Ce3+ in silicate, borate, and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(4), 312–316 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchik, “Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling, and laser conditioning,” Proc. SPIE 5273, 74–82 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. H. Munro, S. N. Dixit, A. B. Langdon, and J. R. Murray, “Polarization smoothing in a convergent beam,” Appl. Opt. 43(36), 6639–6647 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (5)

E. I. Moses, J. H. Campbell, C. J. Stolz, and C. R. Wuest, “The national ignition facility: the world’s largest optics and laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5001, 1–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength Dependence of Laser-Induced Damage: Determining the Damage Initiation Mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. During, M. Commandre, C. Fossati, B. Bertussi, J. Y. Natoli, J. L. Rullier, H. Bercegol, and P. Bouchut, “Integrated photothermal microscope and laser damage test facility for in-situ investigation of nanodefect induced damage,” Opt. Express 11(20), 2497–2501 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

I. N. Ogorodnikov, V. Y. Yakovlev, B. V. Shul’gin, and M. K. Satybaldieva, “Transient Optical Absorption of Hole Polarons in ADP (NH4H2PO4) and KDP (KH2PO4) Crystals,” Phys. Solid State 44(5), 880–887 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. K. Burnham, L. Hackel, P. Wegner, T. Parham, L. Hrubesh, B. Penetrante, P. Whitman, S. Demos, J. Menapace, M. Runkel, M. Fluss, M. Key, and T. Biesiada, “Improving 35l nm damage performance of large-aperture fused silica and DKDP optics,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 173–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (3)

N. Y. Garses, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Optical absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance of Fe ions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2), 435–439 (2001).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, F. Chen, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Ab initio study of the electronic and structural properties of the ferroelectric transition in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 65(2), 024108 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Garces, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, H. B. Radousky, and N. P. Zaitseva, “Identification of electron and hole traps in KH2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(1), 47–52 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

K. T. Stevens, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. DeYoreo, G. C. Catella, and J. R. Luken, “Identification of the intrinsic self-trapped hole center in KD2PO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(11), 1503–1505 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, and P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman Scattering Investigation of KDP Subsequent to High Fluence Laser Irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

B. Woods, M. Yan, J. D. Yoreo, M. Kozlowski, H. Radousky, and Z. Wu, “Photothermal Mapping of Defects in the Study of Bulk Damage in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 3244, 242–248 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

J. P. Perdew, K. Burke, and M. Ernzerhof, “Generalized gradient approximation made simple,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(18), 3865–3868 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. D. Marshall, J. A. Speth, L. D. DeLoach, and S. A. Payne, “Penetrating radiation impact on NIF final optic components,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 1–21 (1996).

1994 (1)

F. Rainer, F. P. DeMarco, M. C. Staggs, M. R. Kozlowski, L. J. Atherton, and L. M. Sheehan, “A historical perspective on fifteen years of laser damage thresholds at LLNL,” Proc. SPIE 2114, 1–14 (1994).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

D. Vanderbilt, “Soft self-consistent pseudopotentials in a generalized eigenvalue formalism,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 41(11), 7892–7895 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

A. A. Alybakov, A. A. Abdrazakov, O. M. Arbotoev, and K. Kudabaev, “Paramagnetic Centers in X-irradiated KH2PO4 Crystals Doped with Chromium,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 23(10–11), 1401–1406 (1988).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

J. A. McMillan and J. M. Clemens, “Paramagnetic and optical studies of radiation-damage centers in K(H1-xDx)2PO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 68(8), 3627–3631 (1978).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

A. Schmid, P. Kelly, and P. Bräunlich, “Optical-breakdown in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. B 16(10), 4569–4582 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

H. J. Monkhorst and J. D. Pack, “Special points for Brillouin-zone integrations,” Phys. Rev. B 13(12), 5188–5192 (1976).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

R. W. Hopper and D. R. Uhlmann, “Mechanism of inclusion damage in laser glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(10), 4023–4037 (1970).
[Crossref]

Abdrazakov, A. A.

A. A. Alybakov, A. A. Abdrazakov, O. M. Arbotoev, and K. Kudabaev, “Paramagnetic Centers in X-irradiated KH2PO4 Crystals Doped with Chromium,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 23(10–11), 1401–1406 (1988).
[Crossref]

Alybakov, A. A.

A. A. Alybakov, A. A. Abdrazakov, O. M. Arbotoev, and K. Kudabaev, “Paramagnetic Centers in X-irradiated KH2PO4 Crystals Doped with Chromium,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 23(10–11), 1401–1406 (1988).
[Crossref]

Arbotoev, O. M.

A. A. Alybakov, A. A. Abdrazakov, O. M. Arbotoev, and K. Kudabaev, “Paramagnetic Centers in X-irradiated KH2PO4 Crystals Doped with Chromium,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 23(10–11), 1401–1406 (1988).
[Crossref]

Atherton, L. J.

F. Rainer, F. P. DeMarco, M. C. Staggs, M. R. Kozlowski, L. J. Atherton, and L. M. Sheehan, “A historical perspective on fifteen years of laser damage thresholds at LLNL,” Proc. SPIE 2114, 1–14 (1994).
[Crossref]

Avasthi, D. K.

V. Krishnakumar, D. K. Avasthi, F. Singh, P. K. Kulriya, and R. Nagalakshmi, “Study of the damage produced in K[CS(NH2)2]4Br-A non-linear optical single crystal by swift heavy ion irradiation,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B. 256(2), 675–682 (2007).
[Crossref]

Backus, S.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Bennett, B. L.

D. W. Cooke, R. E. Muenchausen, and B. L. Bennett, “Measurement of point defect energetics in potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP),” FINAL REPORT1–25 (1997).

Bercegol, H.

Bertussi, B.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. During, M. Commandre, C. Fossati, B. Bertussi, J. Y. Natoli, J. L. Rullier, H. Bercegol, and P. Bouchut, “Integrated photothermal microscope and laser damage test facility for in-situ investigation of nanodefect induced damage,” Opt. Express 11(20), 2497–2501 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhagavannarayana, G.

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, G. Bhagavannarayana, P. K. Kulriya, D. Kanjilal, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “Effects of 50 MeV Si ion irradiation on nonlinear optical benzimidazole single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(12), 1376–1381 (2007).
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Biesiada, T.

A. K. Burnham, L. Hackel, P. Wegner, T. Parham, L. Hrubesh, B. Penetrante, P. Whitman, S. Demos, J. Menapace, M. Runkel, M. Fluss, M. Key, and T. Biesiada, “Improving 35l nm damage performance of large-aperture fused silica and DKDP optics,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 173–185 (2002).
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Birolleau, J. C.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
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Bouchut, P.

Bräunlich, P.

A. Schmid, P. Kelly, and P. Bräunlich, “Optical-breakdown in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. B 16(10), 4569–4582 (1977).
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A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
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A. K. Burnham, L. Hackel, P. Wegner, T. Parham, L. Hrubesh, B. Penetrante, P. Whitman, S. Demos, J. Menapace, M. Runkel, M. Fluss, M. Key, and T. Biesiada, “Improving 35l nm damage performance of large-aperture fused silica and DKDP optics,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 173–185 (2002).
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Campbell, J. H.

E. I. Moses, J. H. Campbell, C. J. Stolz, and C. R. Wuest, “The national ignition facility: the world’s largest optics and laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5001, 1–15 (2003).
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Carr, C. W.

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5313–5328 (2006).
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C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength Dependence of Laser-Induced Damage: Determining the Damage Initiation Mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
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K. T. Stevens, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. DeYoreo, G. C. Catella, and J. R. Luken, “Identification of the intrinsic self-trapped hole center in KD2PO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(11), 1503–1505 (1999).
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Chen, F.

Q. Zhang, F. Chen, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Ab initio study of the electronic and structural properties of the ferroelectric transition in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 65(2), 024108 (2001).
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Chirila, M. M.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
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D. W. Cooke, R. E. Muenchausen, and B. L. Bennett, “Measurement of point defect energetics in potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP),” FINAL REPORT1–25 (1997).

Damiani, D.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
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DeLoach, L. D.

C. D. Marshall, J. A. Speth, L. D. DeLoach, and S. A. Payne, “Penetrating radiation impact on NIF final optic components,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 1–21 (1996).

Demange, P.

DeMarco, F. P.

F. Rainer, F. P. DeMarco, M. C. Staggs, M. R. Kozlowski, L. J. Atherton, and L. M. Sheehan, “A historical perspective on fifteen years of laser damage thresholds at LLNL,” Proc. SPIE 2114, 1–14 (1994).
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Demos, S.

A. K. Burnham, L. Hackel, P. Wegner, T. Parham, L. Hrubesh, B. Penetrante, P. Whitman, S. Demos, J. Menapace, M. Runkel, M. Fluss, M. Key, and T. Biesiada, “Improving 35l nm damage performance of large-aperture fused silica and DKDP optics,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 173–185 (2002).
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Demos, S. G.

R. A. Negres, C. K. Saw, P. Demange, and S. G. Demos, “Laser damage performance of KD2-xHxPO4 crystals following X-ray irradiation,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16326–16333 (2008).
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P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Laser-induced defect reactions governing damage initiation in DKDP crystals,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5313–5328 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength Dependence of Laser-Induced Damage: Determining the Damage Initiation Mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Garces, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, H. B. Radousky, and N. P. Zaitseva, “Identification of electron and hole traps in KH2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(1), 47–52 (2001).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhang, F. Chen, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Ab initio study of the electronic and structural properties of the ferroelectric transition in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 65(2), 024108 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman Scattering Investigation of KDP Subsequent to High Fluence Laser Irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
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Deng, H. X.

H. X. Deng, X. T. Zu, X. Xiang, and K. Sun, “Quantum theory for cold avalanche ionization in solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(11), 113603 (2010).
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DeYoreo, J. J.

N. Y. Garses, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Optical absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance of Fe ions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2), 435–439 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. T. Stevens, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. DeYoreo, G. C. Catella, and J. R. Luken, “Identification of the intrinsic self-trapped hole center in KD2PO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(11), 1503–1505 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman Scattering Investigation of KDP Subsequent to High Fluence Laser Irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dixit, S. N.

Dujardin, C.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

During, A.

Durygin, A.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, and P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
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Ernzerhof, M.

J. P. Perdew, K. Burke, and M. Ernzerhof, “Generalized gradient approximation made simple,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(18), 3865–3868 (1996).
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Fargin, E.

J. Fournier, J. Neauport, P. Grua, E. Fargin, V. Jubera, D. Talaga, and S. Jouannigot, “Green luminescence in silica glass: A possible indicator of subsurface Fracture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 4103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Feit, M. D.

Floyd, R. L.

Fluss, M.

A. K. Burnham, L. Hackel, P. Wegner, T. Parham, L. Hrubesh, B. Penetrante, P. Whitman, S. Demos, J. Menapace, M. Runkel, M. Fluss, M. Key, and T. Biesiada, “Improving 35l nm damage performance of large-aperture fused silica and DKDP optics,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 173–185 (2002).
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Fossati, C.

Fournier, J.

J. Fournier, J. Neauport, P. Grua, E. Fargin, V. Jubera, D. Talaga, and S. Jouannigot, “Green luminescence in silica glass: A possible indicator of subsurface Fracture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 4103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Garces, N. Y.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Garces, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, H. B. Radousky, and N. P. Zaitseva, “Identification of electron and hole traps in KH2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(1), 47–52 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. T. Stevens, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. DeYoreo, G. C. Catella, and J. R. Luken, “Identification of the intrinsic self-trapped hole center in KD2PO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(11), 1503–1505 (1999).
[Crossref]

Garses, N. Y.

N. Y. Garses, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Optical absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance of Fe ions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2), 435–439 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gaurik, A. P.

A. N. Leuchenko, I. M. Pritula, V. B. Tyutyunnik, A. P. Gaurik, and O. T. Nikolou, “Gamma-ray-induced decrease of L-defect concentration in KDP single crystals,” Functional Materials 18(2), 216–223 (2011).

Gopalakrishnan, R.

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, B. Kumar, and R. Gopalakrishnan, “Effect of ion irradiation on the M-Nitroaniline single crystals,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. B. 268(1), 36–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “On the observation of physical, chemical, optical and thermal changes induced by 50 MeV silicon ion in benzimidazole single crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(4), 852–863 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, G. Bhagavannarayana, P. K. Kulriya, D. Kanjilal, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “Effects of 50 MeV Si ion irradiation on nonlinear optical benzimidazole single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(12), 1376–1381 (2007).
[Crossref]

Grua, P.

J. Fournier, J. Neauport, P. Grua, E. Fargin, V. Jubera, D. Talaga, and S. Jouannigot, “Green luminescence in silica glass: A possible indicator of subsurface Fracture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 4103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hackel, L.

A. K. Burnham, L. Hackel, P. Wegner, T. Parham, L. Hrubesh, B. Penetrante, P. Whitman, S. Demos, J. Menapace, M. Runkel, M. Fluss, M. Key, and T. Biesiada, “Improving 35l nm damage performance of large-aperture fused silica and DKDP optics,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 173–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Halliburton, L. E.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Garces, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, H. B. Radousky, and N. P. Zaitseva, “Identification of electron and hole traps in KH2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 89(1), 47–52 (2001).
[Crossref]

N. Y. Garses, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Optical absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance of Fe ions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2), 435–439 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. T. Stevens, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. DeYoreo, G. C. Catella, and J. R. Luken, “Identification of the intrinsic self-trapped hole center in KD2PO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(11), 1503–1505 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. D. Setzler, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Hydrogen atoms in KH2PO4 crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 57(5), 2643–2646 (1998).
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Hawley-Fedder, R. A.

Hopper, R. W.

R. W. Hopper and D. R. Uhlmann, “Mechanism of inclusion damage in laser glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 41(10), 4023–4037 (1970).
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Hrubesh, L.

A. K. Burnham, L. Hackel, P. Wegner, T. Parham, L. Hrubesh, B. Penetrante, P. Whitman, S. Demos, J. Menapace, M. Runkel, M. Fluss, M. Key, and T. Biesiada, “Improving 35l nm damage performance of large-aperture fused silica and DKDP optics,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 173–185 (2002).
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Jang, K.

T. Suhasini, J. S. Kumar, T. Sasikala, K. Jang, H. S. Lee, M. Jayasimhadri, J. H. Jeong, S. S. Yi, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Absorption and fluorescence properties of Sm3+ ions in fluoride containing phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1167–1172 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jayasimhadri, M.

T. Suhasini, J. S. Kumar, T. Sasikala, K. Jang, H. S. Lee, M. Jayasimhadri, J. H. Jeong, S. S. Yi, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Absorption and fluorescence properties of Sm3+ ions in fluoride containing phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1167–1172 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jeong, J. H.

T. Suhasini, J. S. Kumar, T. Sasikala, K. Jang, H. S. Lee, M. Jayasimhadri, J. H. Jeong, S. S. Yi, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Absorption and fluorescence properties of Sm3+ ions in fluoride containing phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1167–1172 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jouannigot, S.

J. Fournier, J. Neauport, P. Grua, E. Fargin, V. Jubera, D. Talaga, and S. Jouannigot, “Green luminescence in silica glass: A possible indicator of subsurface Fracture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 4103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jubera, V.

J. Fournier, J. Neauport, P. Grua, E. Fargin, V. Jubera, D. Talaga, and S. Jouannigot, “Green luminescence in silica glass: A possible indicator of subsurface Fracture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 4103 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kanagasekaran, T.

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, B. Kumar, and R. Gopalakrishnan, “Effect of ion irradiation on the M-Nitroaniline single crystals,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. B. 268(1), 36–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “On the observation of physical, chemical, optical and thermal changes induced by 50 MeV silicon ion in benzimidazole single crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(4), 852–863 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, G. Bhagavannarayana, P. K. Kulriya, D. Kanjilal, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “Effects of 50 MeV Si ion irradiation on nonlinear optical benzimidazole single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(12), 1376–1381 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kanjilal, D.

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, G. Bhagavannarayana, P. K. Kulriya, D. Kanjilal, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “Effects of 50 MeV Si ion irradiation on nonlinear optical benzimidazole single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(12), 1376–1381 (2007).
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Kapteyn, H.

A. C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-pulse laser damage in transparent materials as a function of pulse duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
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Kelly, P.

A. Schmid, P. Kelly, and P. Bräunlich, “Optical-breakdown in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. B 16(10), 4569–4582 (1977).
[Crossref]

Key, M.

A. K. Burnham, L. Hackel, P. Wegner, T. Parham, L. Hrubesh, B. Penetrante, P. Whitman, S. Demos, J. Menapace, M. Runkel, M. Fluss, M. Key, and T. Biesiada, “Improving 35l nm damage performance of large-aperture fused silica and DKDP optics,” Proc. SPIE 4679, 173–185 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kioussis, N.

Q. Zhang, F. Chen, N. Kioussis, S. G. Demos, and H. B. Radousky, “Ab initio study of the electronic and structural properties of the ferroelectric transition in KH2PO4,” Phys. Rev. B 65(2), 024108 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kopczynski, K.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, and P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
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Kozlowski, M.

B. Woods, M. Yan, J. D. Yoreo, M. Kozlowski, H. Radousky, and Z. Wu, “Photothermal Mapping of Defects in the Study of Bulk Damage in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 3244, 242–248 (1997).
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Kozlowski, M. R.

F. Rainer, F. P. DeMarco, M. C. Staggs, M. R. Kozlowski, L. J. Atherton, and L. M. Sheehan, “A historical perspective on fifteen years of laser damage thresholds at LLNL,” Proc. SPIE 2114, 1–14 (1994).
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Krishnakumar, V.

V. Krishnakumar, D. K. Avasthi, F. Singh, P. K. Kulriya, and R. Nagalakshmi, “Study of the damage produced in K[CS(NH2)2]4Br-A non-linear optical single crystal by swift heavy ion irradiation,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B. 256(2), 675–682 (2007).
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Kudabaev, K.

A. A. Alybakov, A. A. Abdrazakov, O. M. Arbotoev, and K. Kudabaev, “Paramagnetic Centers in X-irradiated KH2PO4 Crystals Doped with Chromium,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 23(10–11), 1401–1406 (1988).
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Kulriya, P. K.

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, G. Bhagavannarayana, P. K. Kulriya, D. Kanjilal, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “Effects of 50 MeV Si ion irradiation on nonlinear optical benzimidazole single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(12), 1376–1381 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. Krishnakumar, D. K. Avasthi, F. Singh, P. K. Kulriya, and R. Nagalakshmi, “Study of the damage produced in K[CS(NH2)2]4Br-A non-linear optical single crystal by swift heavy ion irradiation,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B. 256(2), 675–682 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kumar, B.

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, B. Kumar, and R. Gopalakrishnan, “Effect of ion irradiation on the M-Nitroaniline single crystals,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. B. 268(1), 36–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kumar, J. S.

T. Suhasini, J. S. Kumar, T. Sasikala, K. Jang, H. S. Lee, M. Jayasimhadri, J. H. Jeong, S. S. Yi, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Absorption and fluorescence properties of Sm3+ ions in fluoride containing phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1167–1172 (2009).
[Crossref]

Land, T. A.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KDP crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, R. L. Floyd, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, “Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Appl. Opt. 42(27), 5483–5495 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langdon, A. B.

Laurence, T. A.

Le Borgne, X.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. S.

T. Suhasini, J. S. Kumar, T. Sasikala, K. Jang, H. S. Lee, M. Jayasimhadri, J. H. Jeong, S. S. Yi, and L. Rama Moorthy, “Absorption and fluorescence properties of Sm3+ ions in fluoride containing phosphate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 31(8), 1167–1172 (2009).
[Crossref]

Leuchenko, A. N.

A. N. Leuchenko, I. M. Pritula, V. B. Tyutyunnik, A. P. Gaurik, and O. T. Nikolou, “Gamma-ray-induced decrease of L-defect concentration in KDP single crystals,” Functional Materials 18(2), 216–223 (2011).

A. N. Leuchenko, “Methods of optical absorption reduction in irradiated KDP single crystals containing arsenic ions,” Functional Materials 16(2), 145–149 (2009).

Luken, J. R.

K. T. Stevens, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. DeYoreo, G. C. Catella, and J. R. Luken, “Identification of the intrinsic self-trapped hole center in KD2PO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(11), 1503–1505 (1999).
[Crossref]

Marshall, C. D.

C. D. Marshall, J. A. Speth, L. D. DeLoach, and S. A. Payne, “Penetrating radiation impact on NIF final optic components,” Proc. SPIE 3047, 1–21 (1996).

Matkovskii, A.

D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, and P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
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F. Rainer, F. P. DeMarco, M. C. Staggs, M. R. Kozlowski, L. J. Atherton, and L. M. Sheehan, “A historical perspective on fifteen years of laser damage thresholds at LLNL,” Proc. SPIE 2114, 1–14 (1994).
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J. Fournier, J. Neauport, P. Grua, E. Fargin, V. Jubera, D. Talaga, and S. Jouannigot, “Green luminescence in silica glass: A possible indicator of subsurface Fracture,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(11), 4103 (2012).
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A. N. Leuchenko, I. M. Pritula, V. B. Tyutyunnik, A. P. Gaurik, and O. T. Nikolou, “Gamma-ray-induced decrease of L-defect concentration in KDP single crystals,” Functional Materials 18(2), 216–223 (2011).

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D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, and P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
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T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, G. Bhagavannarayana, P. K. Kulriya, D. Kanjilal, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “Effects of 50 MeV Si ion irradiation on nonlinear optical benzimidazole single crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 42(12), 1376–1381 (2007).
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B. Woods, M. Yan, J. D. Yoreo, M. Kozlowski, H. Radousky, and Z. Wu, “Photothermal Mapping of Defects in the Study of Bulk Damage in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 3244, 242–248 (1997).
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E. I. Moses, J. H. Campbell, C. J. Stolz, and C. R. Wuest, “The national ignition facility: the world’s largest optics and laser system,” Proc. SPIE 5001, 1–15 (2003).
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I. N. Ogorodnikov, V. Y. Yakovlev, B. V. Shul’gin, and M. K. Satybaldieva, “Transient Optical Absorption of Hole Polarons in ADP (NH4H2PO4) and KDP (KH2PO4) Crystals,” Phys. Solid State 44(5), 880–887 (2002).
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Yan, M.

N. Y. Garses, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Optical absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance of Fe ions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2), 435–439 (2001).
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K. T. Stevens, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, J. J. DeYoreo, G. C. Catella, and J. R. Luken, “Identification of the intrinsic self-trapped hole center in KD2PO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(11), 1503–1505 (1999).
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S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman Scattering Investigation of KDP Subsequent to High Fluence Laser Irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
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N. Y. Garses, K. T. Stevens, L. E. Halliburton, M. Yan, N. P. Zaitseva, and J. J. DeYoreo, “Optical absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance of Fe ions in KDP crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 225(2), 435–439 (2001).
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D. Sugak, A. Matkovskii, A. Durygin, A. Suchocki, I. Solskii, S. Ubizskii, K. Kopczynski, Z. Mierczyk, and P. Potera, “Influence of color centers on optical and lasing properties of the gadolinium gallium garnet single crystals doped with Nd3+ ions,” J. Lumin. 82(1), 9–15 (1999).
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T. Murata, M. Sato, H. Yoshida, and K. Morinaga, “Compositional dependence of ultraviolet fluorescence intensity of Ce3+ in silicate, borate, and phosphate glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351(4), 312–316 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, P. Srinivasan, N. Vijayan, R. Gopalakrishnan, and P. Ramasamy, “On the observation of physical, chemical, optical and thermal changes induced by 50 MeV silicon ion in benzimidazole single crystals,” Mater. Res. Bull. 43(4), 852–863 (2008).
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T. Kanagasekaran, P. Mythili, B. Kumar, and R. Gopalakrishnan, “Effect of ion irradiation on the M-Nitroaniline single crystals,” Nucl. Instr. And Meth. B. 268(1), 36–41 (2010).
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V. Krishnakumar, D. K. Avasthi, F. Singh, P. K. Kulriya, and R. Nagalakshmi, “Study of the damage produced in K[CS(NH2)2]4Br-A non-linear optical single crystal by swift heavy ion irradiation,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. B. 256(2), 675–682 (2007).
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Phys. Rev. B (4)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Absorption spectra of KDP crystals before and after γ-irradiation with different irradiation doses for same arsenic concentration (3.154 mg/kg) (a) and with different arsenic concentrations for same irradiation dose (105 Gy) (b). The inset of (a) and (b) show the irradiation-induced absorption intensity at 260 nm as a function of the irradiation dose and arsenic concentration, respectively. The black square in (a) and (b) represent the logarithm of irradiation dose and arsenic concentration, respectively. Red dot lines were used to guide the eyes.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Configuration of oxygen interstitial near the AsO4 units in KDP crystal.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Comparison of optical absorption spectra calculated for crystal containing defects and perfect crystal.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Comparative images in bulk KDP samples obtained for a) pristine KDP; b) γ-irradiated KDP crystal with 100 kGy; c) laser-irradiated KDP crystal with 5.25 J/cm2.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) PL emission spectra of KDP crystals before and after irradiation for different arsenic concentrations; (b) represents the PL spectra of one of the samples. Real lines are experimental data, and the dotted line and dash dot line represent the Gaussian components of the signals. The PL spectra are excited at 5.77 eV after γ-irradiation at a dose of 100 kGy for samples.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 R on 1 damage probability vs fluence. The solid line represents linear fitting of the data points in each curve. The error bars represent a typical uncertainty of fluence for each test.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Correlations between damage threshold and absorption intensity at 260 nm and arsenic concentration. The red squares represent the absorption intensity at 260 nm. The blues square represent the damage threshold.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Center Position of Gaussian Bands Obtained for PL Spectra before and after Irradiation.

Equations (3)

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[ H 2 P O 4 ] [ H 2 P O 4 ] 0 + e
A s O 4 3 + e A s O 4 4
A s O 4 4 A s O 3 2 + O 2

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