Abstract

With carrier-envelope phase (CEP) stabilized mid-infrared (MIR) laser pulse, the CEP-controlled supercontinuum generation can be distinctly observed in a very small distance range when the focus of the laser pulse closes to the exit surface of the fused silica (FS). This CEP effect will be gradually weakened and finally disappears if the laser focus moves out of this range. With numerical simulation, we find that although the CEP effect starts from the tunneling ionization of the electron, it can be observed only when the supercontinuum mainly comes from the self-phase modulation (SPM) and self-steepening of the laser pulse and too much electrons will make it ambiguous.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. T. Baumert and G. Gerber, “Molecules in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Scr. T T72, 53–68 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Pépin, D. Houde, H. Remita, T. Goulet, and J. P. Jay-Gerin, “Evidence for resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of liquid water using 2-ev laser light: variation of hydrated electron absorbance with femtosecond pulse intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3389–3392 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in Si02 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Milosevic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(9), 1837–1840 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  7. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne mixing of laser fields for temporal gating of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163901 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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  10. X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, and W. Becker, “High-order above-threshold ionization with few-cycle pulse: a meter of the absolute phase,” Opt. Express 11(12), 1418–1429 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  23. A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  24. S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. C. Li, D. Wang, L. Song, J. Liu, P. Liu, C. Xu, Y. Leng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase stabilized intense 1.5 cycle pulses at 1.75 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6783–6789 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. E. O. Smetanina, V. O. Kompanets, S. V. Chekalin, A. E. Dormidonov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Anti-Stokes wing of femtosecond laser filament supercontinuum in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 38(1), 16–18 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  28. K. D. Moll and A. L. Gaeta, “Role of dispersion in multiple-collapse dynamics,” Opt. Lett. 29(9), 995–997 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. J. A. Dharmadhikari, R. A. Deshpande, A. Nath, K. Dota, D. Mathur, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, “Effect of group velocity dispersion on supercontinuum generation and filamentation in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 471–479 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  31. L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  32. P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

2014 (1)

J. A. Dharmadhikari, R. A. Deshpande, A. Nath, K. Dota, D. Mathur, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, “Effect of group velocity dispersion on supercontinuum generation and filamentation in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 471–479 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Gong, J. Jiang, C. Li, L. Song, Z. Zeng, Y. Zheng, J. Miao, X. Ge, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Observation of CEP effect via filamentation in transparent solids,” Opt. Express 21(20), 24120–24128 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. O. Smetanina, V. O. Kompanets, S. V. Chekalin, A. E. Dormidonov, and V. P. Kandidov, “Anti-Stokes wing of femtosecond laser filament supercontinuum in fused silica,” Opt. Lett. 38(1), 16–18 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

V. A. Andreeva, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, and S. L. Chin, “Single-cycle pulse generation in the course of four-wave mixing in the filament,” Proc. SPIE 8512, 85120Z (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. J. Verhoef, E. E. Serebryannikov, J. Lumeau, L. Glebov, A. M. Zheltikov, and A. Baltuška, “Optical detection of attosecond ionization induced by a few-cycle laser field in a transparent dielectric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 147401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Li, D. Wang, L. Song, J. Liu, P. Liu, C. Xu, Y. Leng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase stabilized intense 1.5 cycle pulses at 1.75 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6783–6789 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

D. E. Laban, W. C. Wallace, R. D. Glover, R. T. Sang, and D. Kielpinski, “Self-focusing in air with phase-stabilized few-cycle light pulses,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1653–1655 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Gertsvolf, M. Spanner, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Demonstration of attosecond ionization dynamics inside transparent solids,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(13), 131002 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne mixing of laser fields for temporal gating of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(14), R203–R262 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, E. Simova, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Memory in nonlinear ionization of transparent solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(25), 253001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

K. D. Moll and A. L. Gaeta, “Role of dispersion in multiple-collapse dynamics,” Opt. Lett. 29(9), 995–997 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Milosevic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(9), 1837–1840 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

T. Baumert and G. Gerber, “Molecules in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Scr. T T72, 53–68 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in Si02 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

1992 (1)

C. Pépin, D. Houde, H. Remita, T. Goulet, and J. P. Jay-Gerin, “Evidence for resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of liquid water using 2-ev laser light: variation of hydrated electron absorbance with femtosecond pulse intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3389–3392 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, “Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63(20), 2212–2215 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1965 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Abel, M. J.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne mixing of laser fields for temporal gating of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agostini, P.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andreeva, V. A.

V. A. Andreeva, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, and S. L. Chin, “Single-cycle pulse generation in the course of four-wave mixing in the filament,” Proc. SPIE 8512, 85120Z (2012).
[Crossref]

Antoine, P.

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Milosevic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(9), 1837–1840 (1998).
[Crossref]

Antonetti, A.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Audebert, P.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

Augé, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Augst, S.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, “Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63(20), 2212–2215 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. J. Verhoef, E. E. Serebryannikov, J. Lumeau, L. Glebov, A. M. Zheltikov, and A. Baltuška, “Optical detection of attosecond ionization induced by a few-cycle laser field in a transparent dielectric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 147401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baudelet, M.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bauer, D.

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(14), R203–R262 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baumert, T.

T. Baumert and G. Gerber, “Molecules in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Scr. T T72, 53–68 (1997).
[Crossref]

Becker, W.

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(14), R203–R262 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, and W. Becker, “High-order above-threshold ionization with few-cycle pulse: a meter of the absolute phase,” Opt. Express 11(12), 1418–1429 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergé, L.

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhardwaj, V. R.

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, E. Simova, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Memory in nonlinear ionization of transparent solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(25), 253001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Breger, P.

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X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
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Chen, J.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
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W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
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V. A. Andreeva, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, and S. L. Chin, “Single-cycle pulse generation in the course of four-wave mixing in the filament,” Proc. SPIE 8512, 85120Z (2012).
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S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, “Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63(20), 2212–2215 (1989).
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X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
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M. Gertsvolf, M. Spanner, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Demonstration of attosecond ionization dynamics inside transparent solids,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(13), 131002 (2010).
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P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
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M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
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A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
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L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
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S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
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Daguzan, Ph.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

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A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Milosevic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(9), 1837–1840 (1998).
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Deng, Y.

Deshpande, R. A.

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Dharmadhikari, A. K.

J. A. Dharmadhikari, R. A. Deshpande, A. Nath, K. Dota, D. Mathur, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, “Effect of group velocity dispersion on supercontinuum generation and filamentation in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 471–479 (2014).
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Dharmadhikari, J. A.

J. A. Dharmadhikari, R. A. Deshpande, A. Nath, K. Dota, D. Mathur, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, “Effect of group velocity dispersion on supercontinuum generation and filamentation in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 471–479 (2014).
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DiChiara, A. D.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
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DiMauro, L. F.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
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Dormidonov, A. E.

Dörner, R.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
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Dota, K.

J. A. Dharmadhikari, R. A. Deshpande, A. Nath, K. Dota, D. Mathur, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, “Effect of group velocity dispersion on supercontinuum generation and filamentation in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 471–479 (2014).
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Du, D.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in Si02 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
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Durand, M.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
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M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
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Durécu, A.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
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S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, “Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63(20), 2212–2215 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, X.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forget, N.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Franco, M.

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
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Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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Gallmann, L.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne mixing of laser fields for temporal gating of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163901 (2006).
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Gauthier, J. C.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

Ge, X.

Geindre, J. P.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

Gerber, G.

T. Baumert and G. Gerber, “Molecules in intense femtosecond laser fields,” Phys. Scr. T T72, 53–68 (1997).
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M. Gertsvolf, M. Spanner, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Demonstration of attosecond ionization dynamics inside transparent solids,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(13), 131002 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, E. Simova, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Memory in nonlinear ionization of transparent solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(25), 253001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghimire, S.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gilbertson, S.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
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A. V. Mitrofanov, A. J. Verhoef, E. E. Serebryannikov, J. Lumeau, L. Glebov, A. M. Zheltikov, and A. Baltuška, “Optical detection of attosecond ionization induced by a few-cycle laser field in a transparent dielectric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 147401 (2011).
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Glover, R. D.

Gong, C.

Goulet, T.

C. Pépin, D. Houde, H. Remita, T. Goulet, and J. P. Jay-Gerin, “Evidence for resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of liquid water using 2-ev laser light: variation of hydrated electron absorbance with femtosecond pulse intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3389–3392 (1992).
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Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
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Grabielle, S.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
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Guizard, S.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, L.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamoniaux, G.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

He, X. T.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hnatovsky, C.

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, E. Simova, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Memory in nonlinear ionization of transparent solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(25), 253001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Houard, A.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

Houde, D.

C. Pépin, D. Houde, H. Remita, T. Goulet, and J. P. Jay-Gerin, “Evidence for resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of liquid water using 2-ev laser light: variation of hydrated electron absorbance with femtosecond pulse intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3389–3392 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jagutzki, O.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jarnac, A.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jay-Gerin, J. P.

C. Pépin, D. Houde, H. Remita, T. Goulet, and J. P. Jay-Gerin, “Evidence for resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of liquid water using 2-ev laser light: variation of hydrated electron absorbance with femtosecond pulse intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3389–3392 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, J.

Jukna, V.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kammer, S.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kandidov, V. P.

Kang, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
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Keldysh, L. V.

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Khan, S. D.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kielpinski, D.

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kompanets, V. O.

Korn, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in Si02 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kosareva, O. G.

V. A. Andreeva, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, and S. L. Chin, “Single-cycle pulse generation in the course of four-wave mixing in the filament,” Proc. SPIE 8512, 85120Z (2012).
[Crossref]

Krastev, K.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Laban, D. E.

Lamouroux, B.

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leng, Y.

Leone, S. R.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne mixing of laser fields for temporal gating of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

Li, R.

Lim, K.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

C. Li, D. Wang, L. Song, J. Liu, P. Liu, C. Xu, Y. Leng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of carrier-envelope phase stabilized intense 1.5 cycle pulses at 1.75 μm,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6783–6789 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, P.

Liu, X.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in Si02 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lumeau, J.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. J. Verhoef, E. E. Serebryannikov, J. Lumeau, L. Glebov, A. M. Zheltikov, and A. Baltuška, “Optical detection of attosecond ionization induced by a few-cycle laser field in a transparent dielectric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 147401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, P.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

Mashiko, H.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mathur, D.

J. A. Dharmadhikari, R. A. Deshpande, A. Nath, K. Dota, D. Mathur, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, “Effect of group velocity dispersion on supercontinuum generation and filamentation in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 471–479 (2014).
[Crossref]

McKee, E.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

Meckel, M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, “Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63(20), 2212–2215 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miao, J.

Milosevic, D. B.

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Milosevic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(9), 1837–1840 (1998).
[Crossref]

Miloševic, D. B.

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(14), R203–R262 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, and W. Becker, “High-order above-threshold ionization with few-cycle pulse: a meter of the absolute phase,” Opt. Express 11(12), 1418–1429 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitrofanov, A. V.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. J. Verhoef, E. E. Serebryannikov, J. Lumeau, L. Glebov, A. M. Zheltikov, and A. Baltuška, “Optical detection of attosecond ionization induced by a few-cycle laser field in a transparent dielectric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 147401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moll, K. D.

Mourou, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in Si02 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Muller, H. G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

M. Durand, A. Jarnac, A. Houard, Y. Liu, S. Grabielle, N. Forget, A. Durécu, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Self-Guided Propagation of Ultrashort Laser Pulses in the Anomalous Dispersion Region of Transparent Solids: A New Regime of Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110(11), 115003 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagel, P. M.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne mixing of laser fields for temporal gating of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nath, A.

J. A. Dharmadhikari, R. A. Deshpande, A. Nath, K. Dota, D. Mathur, and A. K. Dharmadhikari, “Effect of group velocity dispersion on supercontinuum generation and filamentation in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 471–479 (2014).
[Crossref]

Neumark, D. M.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne mixing of laser fields for temporal gating of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Panov, N. A.

V. A. Andreeva, N. A. Panov, O. G. Kosareva, and S. L. Chin, “Single-cycle pulse generation in the course of four-wave mixing in the filament,” Proc. SPIE 8512, 85120Z (2012).
[Crossref]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, D. Bauer, and W. Becker, “Above-threshold ionization by few-cycle pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 39(14), R203–R262 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. B. Milošević, G. G. Paulus, and W. Becker, “High-order above-threshold ionization with few-cycle pulse: a meter of the absolute phase,” Opt. Express 11(12), 1418–1429 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pépin, C.

C. Pépin, D. Houde, H. Remita, T. Goulet, and J. P. Jay-Gerin, “Evidence for resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of liquid water using 2-ev laser light: variation of hydrated electron absorbance with femtosecond pulse intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3389–3392 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Petite, G.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

Pfeifer, T.

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, P. M. Nagel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Heterodyne mixing of laser fields for temporal gating of high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163901 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Piraux, B.

A. de Bohan, P. Antoine, D. B. Milosevic, and B. Piraux, “Phase-dependent harmonic emission with ultrashort laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(9), 1837–1840 (1998).
[Crossref]

Prade, B.

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quan, W.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rajeev, P. P.

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, E. Simova, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Memory in nonlinear ionization of transparent solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(25), 253001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rayner, D. M.

M. Gertsvolf, M. Spanner, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Demonstration of attosecond ionization dynamics inside transparent solids,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(13), 131002 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Rayner, “Field dependent avalanche ionization rates in dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, E. Simova, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Memory in nonlinear ionization of transparent solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(25), 253001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reis, D. A.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Remita, H.

C. Pépin, D. Houde, H. Remita, T. Goulet, and J. P. Jay-Gerin, “Evidence for resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of liquid water using 2-ev laser light: variation of hydrated electron absorbance with femtosecond pulse intensity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69(23), 3389–3392 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Richardson, M.

M. Durand, K. Lim, V. Jukna, E. McKee, M. Baudelet, A. Houard, M. Richardson, A. Mysyrowicz, and A. Couairon, “Blueshifted continuum peaks from filamentation in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Phys. Rev. A 87(4), 043820 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sang, R. T.

Santos, A. D.

P. Audebert, Ph. Daguzan, A. D. Santos, J. C. Gauthier, J. P. Geindre, S. Guizard, G. Hamoniaux, K. Krastev, P. Martin, G. Petite, and A. Antonetti, “Space-time observation of an electron gas in SiO2,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73(14), 1990–1993 (1994).

Schöffler, M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Serebryannikov, E. E.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. J. Verhoef, E. E. Serebryannikov, J. Lumeau, L. Glebov, A. M. Zheltikov, and A. Baltuška, “Optical detection of attosecond ionization induced by a few-cycle laser field in a transparent dielectric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 147401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simova, E.

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, E. Simova, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Memory in nonlinear ionization of transparent solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(25), 253001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sistrunk, E.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smetanina, E. O.

Smolarski, M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, L.

Spanner, M.

M. Gertsvolf, M. Spanner, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Demonstration of attosecond ionization dynamics inside transparent solids,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(13), 131002 (2010).
[Crossref]

Squier, J.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in Si02 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(23), 3071–3073 (1994).
[Crossref]

Staudte, A.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strickland, D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, “Tunneling ionization of noble gases in a high-intensity laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 63(20), 2212–2215 (1989).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sudrie, L.

A. Couairon, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Filamentation and damage in fused silica induced by tightly focused femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 71(12), 125435 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Szafruga, U. B.

S. Ghimire, A. D. DiChiara, E. Sistrunk, U. B. Szafruga, P. Agostini, L. F. DiMauro, and D. A. Reis, “Redshift in the optical absorption of ZnO single crystals in the presence of an intense midinfrared laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(16), 167407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, R. S.

P. P. Rajeev, M. Gertsvolf, E. Simova, C. Hnatovsky, R. S. Taylor, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, and P. B. Corkum, “Memory in nonlinear ionization of transparent solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(25), 253001 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Augé, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292(5522), 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tzortzakis, S.

L. Sudrie, A. Couairon, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond laser-induced damage and filamentary propagation in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 186601 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, L. Sudrie, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, and L. Bergé, “Self-guided propagation of ultrashort IR laser pulses in fused silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(21), 213902 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verhoef, A. J.

A. V. Mitrofanov, A. J. Verhoef, E. E. Serebryannikov, J. Lumeau, L. Glebov, A. M. Zheltikov, and A. Baltuška, “Optical detection of attosecond ionization induced by a few-cycle laser field in a transparent dielectric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(14), 147401 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wallace, W. C.

Wang, D.

Wang, H.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weber, Th.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weckenbrock, M.

M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner, “Fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(21), 213002 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, M.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

X. Feng, S. Gilbertson, H. Mashiko, H. Wang, S. D. Khan, M. Chini, Y. Wu, K. Zhao, and Z. Chang, “Generation of isolated attosecond pulses with 20 to 28 femtosecond lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(18), 183901 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xiong, H.

W. Quan, Z. Lin, M. Wu, H. Kang, H. Liu, X. Liu, J. Chen, J. Liu, X. T. He, S. G. Chen, H. Xiong, L. Guo, H. Xu, Y. Fu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Z. Xu, “Classical aspects in above-threshold ionization with a midinfrared strong laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(9), 093001 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, C.

Xu, H.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The schematic of the sample geometry in the experiment. The laser pulses are focused by an off-axis parabolic mirror (PM) into the fused silica (FS). (b) The measured spectra as a function of moving distance of the fused silica. The exit surface of the fused silica is placed near the focus in the beginning, corresponding to zexp = 0. (c) Measured spectra at moving distance of 525μm (solid blue curve) and 1625μm (solid red curve).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Generated supercontinuum varies with the CEP when the fused silica moves forward of 375μm (a), 425μm (b), and 500μm (c), respectively. (d) Normalized intensity varies with the CEP for three wavelengths (523nm, 548nm and 576nm) in Fig. 2(b). The red solid curve is the sine function fit to the experimental data (blue stars). The black solid curve marks the shift of intensity peak.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The simulation schematic of the beam focus in the vacuum, the incident surface of sample and the spatial-temporal distribution of the pulse in the focus. (b) Simulated on-axis temporal field strength as a function of the propagation distance when zsim and CEP are −650μm and zero, respectively. A, B and C label propagation distance of 500μm, 600μm and 705μm, respectively. (c) Simulated supercontinuum corresponds to Fig. 3(b), but only the spectrum from 400 nm to 1000 nm is shown here. The spatial distribution of field strength of the pulse at A(d), B(e) and C(f) position. The insets show on-axis full electric field.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The modulation depth α of 500 nm radiation with propagating distance for four different zsim. D and E label propagation distance of 566μm and 700μm, respectively. (b) Intensity of 500nm as a function of the CEP for three different pulse durations (11.5fs, 12fs, 12.5fs) and the average value at D (left figure) and E (right figure) position when zsim equals −625μm. (c) Generated supercontinuum spectrum at the exit surface of the fused silica [dotted black line in the Fig. 4(a)] as a function of CEP when zsim equals −710μm. (d) Normalized intensity varies with the CEPs in the exit surface of the fused silica [dotted black line in the Fig. 4(a)] for three wavelengths (475 nm, 500 nm and 528 nm) when zsim equals −710μm (upper figure) or −625μm (bottom figure). The intensity peak moves to small CEP with the increase of the wavelength as represented by an arrow in the upper figure.

Equations (5)

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I NOR (CEP j )= I(CEP j ) max{I(CEP j )}
z E ˜ ( r , z , ω ) = ( i 2 k ( ω ) 2 + i k ( ω ) ) E ˜ ( r , z , ω ) + i ω n b n 2 n ( ω ) c F ^ [ I ( r , z , t ) E ( r , z , t ) ] . i e 2 2 m ε 0 n ( ω ) ω c F ^ [ n e ( r , z , t ) E ( r , z , t ) ]
n e t = W M P I ( n a t n e ) n e τ r .
E ( r , z s i m , t ) = E 0 w 0 w ( z s i m ) e r 2 w ( z s i m ) 2 e i [ k r 2 2 R ( z s i m ) a r c tan z s i m f + ϕ C E P ] e i ω t e t 2 t p 2 k = n 2 π λ w ( z s i m ) = w 0 1 + ( z s i m f ) 2 . R ( z s i m ) = z s i m + f 2 z s i m f = π w 0 2 λ
α = max{I(CEP j )}-min{I(CEP j )} max{I(CEP j )} + min{I(CEP j )} ,

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