Abstract

We report polarization independent Bragg grating wavelength filter using polarization rotation. A non-vertical waveguide sidewall and antisymmetric grating structure can be used to generate the polarization rotation of the fundamental modes. The diffraction efficiencies and peaks becomes the same for two orthogonal input polarizations. The concept was verified by simulation and experiment.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (4)

K. Nakatsuhara, A. Kato, and Y. Hayama, “Latching operation in a tunable wavelength filter using Si sampled grating waveguide with ferroelectric liquid crystal cladding,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9597–9603 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Polarisation-independent wavelength filter using Si wire waveguide Bragg grating and multimode interference couplers,” Electron. Lett. 50(5), 388–389 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Si wire waveguide polarisation-independent wavelength filter using polarisation rotation Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1477–1479 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Guan, Y. Ma, R. Shi, A. Novack, J. Tao, Q. Fang, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “Ultracompact silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator for polarization-diversified circuits,” Opt. Lett. 39(16), 4703–4706 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

L. Liu, Y. Ding, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Efficient and compact TE-TM polarization converter built on silicon-on-insulator platform with a simple fabrication process,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1059–1061 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, W. Shi, R. Vafaei, A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Uniform and sampled Bragg gratings in SOI strip waveguides with sidewall corrugations,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(5), 290–292 (2011).

2010 (2)

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon-on-Insulator Spectral Filters Fabricated With CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, K. Kotani, Y. Maeno, D. Shimura, H. Yaegashi, and Y. Ogawa, “Design of Polarization-Independent Si-Wire-Waveguide Wavelength Demultiplexer for Optical Network Unit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(4), 04DG19 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2006 (2)

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Si Photonic Wire Waveguide Devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1371–1379 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Dai and S. He, “Optimization of ultracompact polarization-insensitive multimode interference couplers based on Si nanowire waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2017–2019 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Integrated mode-evolution-based polarization splitter,” Opt. Lett. 30(9), 967–969 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Arakawa, Y.

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Si Photonic Wire Waveguide Devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1371–1379 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baehr-Jones, T.

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon-on-Insulator Spectral Filters Fabricated With CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bogaerts, W.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon-on-Insulator Spectral Filters Fabricated With CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J. E.

Brouckaert, J.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon-on-Insulator Spectral Filters Fabricated With CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chrostowski, L.

Chu, T.

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Si Photonic Wire Waveguide Devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1371–1379 (2006).
[Crossref]

Da Ros, F.

Dai, D.

D. Dai, Y. Tang, and J. E. Bowers, “Mode conversion in tapered submicron silicon ridge optical waveguides,” Opt. Express 20(12), 13425–13439 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Dai and S. He, “Optimization of ultracompact polarization-insensitive multimode interference couplers based on Si nanowire waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2017–2019 (2006).
[Crossref]

De Vos, K.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon-on-Insulator Spectral Filters Fabricated With CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y.

Dumon, P.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon-on-Insulator Spectral Filters Fabricated With CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fainman, Y.

Fang, Q.

Fard, S. T.

Flueckiger, J.

Fukuda, H.

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S. I. Itabashi, “Polarization rotator based on silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2628–2635 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

Greenberg, M.

Grist, S.

Guan, H.

Hastings, J. T.

Haus, H. A.

Hayama, Y.

He, S.

D. Dai and S. He, “Optimization of ultracompact polarization-insensitive multimode interference couplers based on Si nanowire waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(19), 2017–2019 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hochberg, M.

Huang, B.

Hvam, J. M.

Ikeda, K.

Ippen, E. P.

Ishida, S.

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Si Photonic Wire Waveguide Devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1371–1379 (2006).
[Crossref]

Itabashi, S.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

Itabashi, S. I.

Jaeger, A. F.

X. Wang, W. Shi, R. Vafaei, A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Uniform and sampled Bragg gratings in SOI strip waveguides with sidewall corrugations,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(5), 290–292 (2011).

Jaeger, N. A. F.

Kato, A.

Kotani, K.

H. Okayama, K. Kotani, Y. Maeno, D. Shimura, H. Yaegashi, and Y. Ogawa, “Design of Polarization-Independent Si-Wire-Waveguide Wavelength Demultiplexer for Optical Network Unit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(4), 04DG19 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lim, A. E.-J.

Lin, C.

Liu, L.

Lo, G.-Q.

Ma, Y.

Maeno, Y.

H. Okayama, K. Kotani, Y. Maeno, D. Shimura, H. Yaegashi, and Y. Ogawa, “Design of Polarization-Independent Si-Wire-Waveguide Wavelength Demultiplexer for Optical Network Unit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(4), 04DG19 (2010).
[Crossref]

Miyamura, S.

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Polarisation-independent wavelength filter using Si wire waveguide Bragg grating and multimode interference couplers,” Electron. Lett. 50(5), 388–389 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Si wire waveguide polarisation-independent wavelength filter using polarisation rotation Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1477–1479 (2014).
[Crossref]

Morita, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

Murphy, T. E.

Nakatsuhara, K.

Novack, A.

Ogawa, Y.

H. Okayama, K. Kotani, Y. Maeno, D. Shimura, H. Yaegashi, and Y. Ogawa, “Design of Polarization-Independent Si-Wire-Waveguide Wavelength Demultiplexer for Optical Network Unit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(4), 04DG19 (2010).
[Crossref]

Okayama, H.

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Polarisation-independent wavelength filter using Si wire waveguide Bragg grating and multimode interference couplers,” Electron. Lett. 50(5), 388–389 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Si wire waveguide polarisation-independent wavelength filter using polarisation rotation Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1477–1479 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, K. Kotani, Y. Maeno, D. Shimura, H. Yaegashi, and Y. Ogawa, “Design of Polarization-Independent Si-Wire-Waveguide Wavelength Demultiplexer for Optical Network Unit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(4), 04DG19 (2010).
[Crossref]

Onawa, Y.

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Si wire waveguide polarisation-independent wavelength filter using polarisation rotation Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1477–1479 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Polarisation-independent wavelength filter using Si wire waveguide Bragg grating and multimode interference couplers,” Electron. Lett. 50(5), 388–389 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ou, H.

Peucheret, C.

Sasaki, H.

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Polarisation-independent wavelength filter using Si wire waveguide Bragg grating and multimode interference couplers,” Electron. Lett. 50(5), 388–389 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Si wire waveguide polarisation-independent wavelength filter using polarisation rotation Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1477–1479 (2014).
[Crossref]

Selvaraja, S. K.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon-on-Insulator Spectral Filters Fabricated With CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shi, R.

Shi, W.

Shimura, D.

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Polarisation-independent wavelength filter using Si wire waveguide Bragg grating and multimode interference couplers,” Electron. Lett. 50(5), 388–389 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Si wire waveguide polarisation-independent wavelength filter using polarisation rotation Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1477–1479 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, K. Kotani, Y. Maeno, D. Shimura, H. Yaegashi, and Y. Ogawa, “Design of Polarization-Independent Si-Wire-Waveguide Wavelength Demultiplexer for Optical Network Unit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(4), 04DG19 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shinojima, H.

Shoji, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

Smith, H. I.

Takahashi, H.

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Polarisation-independent wavelength filter using Si wire waveguide Bragg grating and multimode interference couplers,” Electron. Lett. 50(5), 388–389 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Si wire waveguide polarisation-independent wavelength filter using polarisation rotation Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1477–1479 (2014).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, J.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

Takahashi, M.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

Tamechika, E.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

Tan, D. T. H.

Tang, Y.

Tao, J.

Tsuchizawa, T.

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S. I. Itabashi, “Polarization rotator based on silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2628–2635 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

Vafaei, R.

X. Wang, W. Shi, R. Vafaei, A. F. Jaeger, and L. Chrostowski, “Uniform and sampled Bragg gratings in SOI strip waveguides with sidewall corrugations,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(5), 290–292 (2011).

Van Thourhout, D.

W. Bogaerts, S. K. Selvaraja, P. Dumon, J. Brouckaert, K. De Vos, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Silicon-on-Insulator Spectral Filters Fabricated With CMOS Technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 33–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

Watanabe, T.

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S. I. Itabashi, “Polarization rotator based on silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2628–2635 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, H. Fukuda, T. Watanabe, J. Takahashi, M. Takahashi, T. Shoji, E. Tamechika, S. Itabashi, and H. Morita, “Microphotonic devices based on Silicon micro fabrication technology,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(1), 232–240 (2005).

Watts, M. R.

Xu, J.

Yaegashi, H.

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Si wire waveguide polarisation-independent wavelength filter using polarisation rotation Bragg grating,” Electron. Lett. 50(20), 1477–1479 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, Y. Onawa, D. Shimura, H. Takahashi, S. Miyamura, H. Yaegashi, and H. Sasaki, “Polarisation-independent wavelength filter using Si wire waveguide Bragg grating and multimode interference couplers,” Electron. Lett. 50(5), 388–389 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Okayama, K. Kotani, Y. Maeno, D. Shimura, H. Yaegashi, and Y. Ogawa, “Design of Polarization-Independent Si-Wire-Waveguide Wavelength Demultiplexer for Optical Network Unit,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(4), 04DG19 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yamada, H.

H. Yamada, T. Chu, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, “Si Photonic Wire Waveguide Devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1371–1379 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yamada, K.

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S. I. Itabashi, “Polarization rotator based on silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2628–2635 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Grating diffraction diagrams for polarization (a) independent and (b) rotation Bragg gratings.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Grating waveguide structure.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Waveguide mode field for 70° side wall Si waveguide.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Wavelength response obtained using 3D-FDTD simulation for (a) 85° and (b) 89° side wall. The grating length is 100 μm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 High order mode and main diffraction peak wavelengths.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Grating coupling coefficient as function of (a) corrugation depth and (b) side wall angle for 500 nm wide waveguide.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Device structure used in the experiment.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Typical waveguide cross section and (b) measured wavelength response.

Equations (1)

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K ij =ω ε 0 [Δ ε i (x,y)( E x j E x i* + E y j E y i* + E z j E z i* )]dxdy /4

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