Abstract

A simple but robust ultra-broadband femtosecond optical gating method utilizing transient beam deflection effect is demonstrated with direct CCD imaging of the distorted single-color probe and the measurement of the chirp structure of a white light continuum generated from a CaF2 plate. The non-collinear configured beam deflection gating technique not only preserves all the advantages of the previous optical Kerr lens based gating methods, such as having no phase matching conditions, little dependence on probe intensity or special nonlinear media, and no requirements on the pump-probe polarization relationship, but it also extends the measurable probe bandwidth. Meanwhile, it is also proved that the current gating technique is easy-aligned, free from the influence of the pump-probe pulse-front mismatch and the probe beam profile, which is much convenient for the characterization of ultra-broadband light pulses in the applications of ultrafast spectroscopy.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (3)

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

Y.-E. Wu, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, W. Li, L. Huang, F. Gao, W. Li, Q. Wu, and J. Xu, “Polarization independent broadband femtosecond optical gating using transient Kerr lens effect,” Opt. Express 22(6), 6691–6698 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. R. Ferdinandus, H. Hu, M. Reichert, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Beam deflection measurement of time and polarization resolved ultrafast nonlinear refraction,” Opt. Lett. 38(18), 3518–3521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Coherent fiber supercontinuum for biophotonics,” Laser Photon Rev 7(5), 628–645 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, and A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in monolayer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sajadi, M. Quick, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

M. A. M. Versteegh and J. I. Dijkhuis, “Ultrafast all-optical shutter based on two-photon absorption,” Opt. Lett. 36(15), 2776–2778 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

A. L. Dobryakov, S. A. Kovalenko, A. Weigel, J. L. Pérez-Lustres, J. Lange, A. Müller, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond pump/supercontinuum-probe spectroscopy: Optimized setup and signal analysis for single-shot spectral referencing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(11), 113106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. P. Power, A. M. March, F. Catoire, E. Sistrunk, K. Krushelnick, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “XFROG phase measurement of threshold harmonics in a Keldysh-scaled system,” Nat. Photonics 4(6), 352–356 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

D. Lee, P. Gabolde, and R. Trebino, “Toward single-shot measurement of a broadband ultrafast continuum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(6), A34–A40 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y. J. Kim, I. Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453(7196), 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

R. A. Ganeev, “High-order harmonic generation in a laser plasma: a review of recent achievements,” J. Phys. B 40(22), R213–R253 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Polli, L. Lüer, and G. Cerullo, “High-time-resolution pump-probe system with broadband detection for the study of time-domain vibrational dynamics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103108 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

W. M. Kwok, C. Ma, and D. L. Phillips, “Femtosecond time- and wavelength-resolved fluorescence and absorption spectroscopic study of the excited states of adenosine and an adenine Oligomer,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(36), 11894–11905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Arzhantsev and M. Maroncelli, “Design and characterization of a femtosecond fluorescence spectrometer based on optical Kerr gating,” Appl. Spectrosc. 59(2), 206–220 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption using a white-light continuum Z-scan,” Opt. Express 13(10), 3594–3599 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

2000 (2)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, “Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes,” Phys. Rev. B 62(15), 10083–10087 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1993 (2)

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

J. Shah, “Ultrafast luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 276–288 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ago, H.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, and A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in monolayer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Agostini, P.

E. P. Power, A. M. March, F. Catoire, E. Sistrunk, K. Krushelnick, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “XFROG phase measurement of threshold harmonics in a Keldysh-scaled system,” Nat. Photonics 4(6), 352–356 (2010).
[Crossref]

Akozbek, N.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Arzhantsev, S.

Balu, M.

Barker, A. J.

K. Chen, J. K. Gallaher, A. J. Barker, and J. M. Hodgkiss, “Transient grating photoluminescence spectroscopy: an ultrafast method of gating broadband spectra,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(10), 1732–1737 (2014).
[Crossref]

Becker, A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Boppart, S. A.

H. H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Coherent fiber supercontinuum for biophotonics,” Laser Photon Rev 7(5), 628–645 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[Crossref]

Brodeur, A.

Catoire, F.

E. P. Power, A. M. March, F. Catoire, E. Sistrunk, K. Krushelnick, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “XFROG phase measurement of threshold harmonics in a Keldysh-scaled system,” Nat. Photonics 4(6), 352–356 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cerullo, G.

D. Polli, L. Lüer, and G. Cerullo, “High-time-resolution pump-probe system with broadband detection for the study of time-domain vibrational dynamics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103108 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, F.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

K. Chen, J. K. Gallaher, A. J. Barker, and J. M. Hodgkiss, “Transient grating photoluminescence spectroscopy: an ultrafast method of gating broadband spectra,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(10), 1732–1737 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(4), 637–650 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cirloganu, C.

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[Crossref]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Couairon, A.

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dijkhuis, J. I.

DiMauro, L. F.

E. P. Power, A. M. March, F. Catoire, E. Sistrunk, K. Krushelnick, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “XFROG phase measurement of threshold harmonics in a Keldysh-scaled system,” Nat. Photonics 4(6), 352–356 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dobryakov, A. L.

A. L. Dobryakov, S. A. Kovalenko, A. Weigel, J. L. Pérez-Lustres, J. Lange, A. Müller, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond pump/supercontinuum-probe spectroscopy: Optimized setup and signal analysis for single-shot spectral referencing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(11), 113106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubietis, A.

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ernsting, N. P.

M. Sajadi, M. Quick, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. L. Dobryakov, S. A. Kovalenko, A. Weigel, J. L. Pérez-Lustres, J. Lange, A. Müller, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond pump/supercontinuum-probe spectroscopy: Optimized setup and signal analysis for single-shot spectral referencing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(11), 113106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Faccio, D.

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferdinandus, M. R.

Fishman, D. A.

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gabolde, P.

Gallaher, J. K.

K. Chen, J. K. Gallaher, A. J. Barker, and J. M. Hodgkiss, “Transient grating photoluminescence spectroscopy: an ultrafast method of gating broadband spectra,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(10), 1732–1737 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, “High-order harmonic generation in a laser plasma: a review of recent achievements,” J. Phys. B 40(22), R213–R253 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gao, F.

Garejev, N.

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gibson, G. N.

Gražuleviciute, I.

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, X.

Guo, C.

Hagan, D. J.

M. R. Ferdinandus, H. Hu, M. Reichert, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Beam deflection measurement of time and polarization resolved ultrafast nonlinear refraction,” Opt. Lett. 38(18), 3518–3521 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption using a white-light continuum Z-scan,” Opt. Express 13(10), 3594–3599 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hales, J.

Hodgkiss, J. M.

K. Chen, J. K. Gallaher, A. J. Barker, and J. M. Hodgkiss, “Transient grating photoluminescence spectroscopy: an ultrafast method of gating broadband spectra,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(10), 1732–1737 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hosseini, S. A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hou, X.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

Huang, L.

Ito, Y.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, and A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in monolayer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, J.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y. J. Kim, I. Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453(7196), 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kandidov, V. P.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kane, D. J.

Kawano, H.

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y. J. Kim, I. Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453(7196), 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S. W.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y. J. Kim, I. Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453(7196), 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y. J. Kim, I. Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453(7196), 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. J.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y. J. Kim, I. Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453(7196), 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimmel, M.

Kishida, H.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, and A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in monolayer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kosareva, O. G.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kovalenko, S. A.

A. L. Dobryakov, S. A. Kovalenko, A. Weigel, J. L. Pérez-Lustres, J. Lange, A. Müller, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond pump/supercontinuum-probe spectroscopy: Optimized setup and signal analysis for single-shot spectral referencing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(11), 113106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koyama, T.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, and A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in monolayer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[Crossref]

Krushelnick, K.

E. P. Power, A. M. March, F. Catoire, E. Sistrunk, K. Krushelnick, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “XFROG phase measurement of threshold harmonics in a Keldysh-scaled system,” Nat. Photonics 4(6), 352–356 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kurita, S.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, “Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes,” Phys. Rev. B 62(15), 10083–10087 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kwok, W. M.

W. M. Kwok, C. Ma, and D. L. Phillips, “Femtosecond time- and wavelength-resolved fluorescence and absorption spectroscopic study of the excited states of adenosine and an adenine Oligomer,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(36), 11894–11905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lange, J.

A. L. Dobryakov, S. A. Kovalenko, A. Weigel, J. L. Pérez-Lustres, J. Lange, A. Müller, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond pump/supercontinuum-probe spectroscopy: Optimized setup and signal analysis for single-shot spectral referencing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(11), 113106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D.

Li, M.

Li, W.

Lin, A. X.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lotti, A.

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lüer, L.

D. Polli, L. Lüer, and G. Cerullo, “High-time-resolution pump-probe system with broadband detection for the study of time-domain vibrational dynamics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103108 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, Q.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ma, C.

W. M. Kwok, C. Ma, and D. L. Phillips, “Femtosecond time- and wavelength-resolved fluorescence and absorption spectroscopic study of the excited states of adenosine and an adenine Oligomer,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(36), 11894–11905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Majus, D.

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

March, A. M.

E. P. Power, A. M. March, F. Catoire, E. Sistrunk, K. Krushelnick, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “XFROG phase measurement of threshold harmonics in a Keldysh-scaled system,” Nat. Photonics 4(6), 352–356 (2010).
[Crossref]

Maroncelli, M.

Midorikawa, K.

Milam, D.

Monroe, M.

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[Crossref]

Müller, A.

A. L. Dobryakov, S. A. Kovalenko, A. Weigel, J. L. Pérez-Lustres, J. Lange, A. Müller, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond pump/supercontinuum-probe spectroscopy: Optimized setup and signal analysis for single-shot spectral referencing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(11), 113106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagura, C.

Nakajima, K.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, “Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes,” Phys. Rev. B 62(15), 10083–10087 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, A.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, and A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in monolayer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nibarger, J. P.

O’Shea, P.

Obara, M.

Padilha, L. A.

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[Crossref]

Park, I. Y.

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y. J. Kim, I. Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453(7196), 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pérez-Lustres, J. L.

A. L. Dobryakov, S. A. Kovalenko, A. Weigel, J. L. Pérez-Lustres, J. Lange, A. Müller, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond pump/supercontinuum-probe spectroscopy: Optimized setup and signal analysis for single-shot spectral referencing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(11), 113106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phillips, D. L.

W. M. Kwok, C. Ma, and D. L. Phillips, “Femtosecond time- and wavelength-resolved fluorescence and absorption spectroscopic study of the excited states of adenosine and an adenine Oligomer,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(36), 11894–11905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polli, D.

D. Polli, L. Lüer, and G. Cerullo, “High-time-resolution pump-probe system with broadband detection for the study of time-domain vibrational dynamics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103108 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Power, E. P.

E. P. Power, A. M. March, F. Catoire, E. Sistrunk, K. Krushelnick, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “XFROG phase measurement of threshold harmonics in a Keldysh-scaled system,” Nat. Photonics 4(6), 352–356 (2010).
[Crossref]

Quick, M.

M. Sajadi, M. Quick, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[Crossref]

Reichert, M.

Righini, R.

R. Righini, “Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect in liquids and solids,” Science 262(5138), 1386–1390 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Saito, S.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, “Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes,” Phys. Rev. B 62(15), 10083–10087 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sajadi, M.

M. Sajadi, M. Quick, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[Crossref]

Schroeder, H.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shah, J.

J. Shah, “Ultrafast luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 276–288 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Shreenath, A. P.

Si, J. H.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sistrunk, E.

E. P. Power, A. M. March, F. Catoire, E. Sistrunk, K. Krushelnick, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “XFROG phase measurement of threshold harmonics in a Keldysh-scaled system,” Nat. Photonics 4(6), 352–356 (2010).
[Crossref]

Suda, A.

Suemoto, T.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, “Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes,” Phys. Rev. B 62(15), 10083–10087 (2000).
[Crossref]

Takeda, J.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, “Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes,” Phys. Rev. B 62(15), 10083–10087 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tamošauskas, G.

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Theberge, F.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tomimoto, S.

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, “Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes,” Phys. Rev. B 62(15), 10083–10087 (2000).
[Crossref]

Trebino, R.

Tsuji, M.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, and A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in monolayer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tu, H. H.

H. H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Coherent fiber supercontinuum for biophotonics,” Laser Photon Rev 7(5), 628–645 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. R. Ferdinandus, H. Hu, M. Reichert, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Beam deflection measurement of time and polarization resolved ultrafast nonlinear refraction,” Opt. Lett. 38(18), 3518–3521 (2013).
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D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
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M. Balu, J. Hales, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption using a white-light continuum Z-scan,” Opt. Express 13(10), 3594–3599 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Versteegh, M. A. M.

Wang, Z.

Webster, S.

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Weigel, A.

A. L. Dobryakov, S. A. Kovalenko, A. Weigel, J. L. Pérez-Lustres, J. Lange, A. Müller, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond pump/supercontinuum-probe spectroscopy: Optimized setup and signal analysis for single-shot spectral referencing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(11), 113106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

Wu, Q.

Wu, Y.-E.

Xu, J.

Xu, L.

Yan, L. H.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, and A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in monolayer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeek, E.

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Zhou, Z. G.

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

T. Koyama, Y. Ito, K. Yoshida, M. Tsuji, H. Ago, H. Kishida, and A. Nakamura, “Near-infrared photoluminescence in the femtosecond time region in monolayer graphene on SiO₂,” ACS Nano 7(3), 2335–2343 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Sajadi, M. Quick, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond broadband fluorescence spectroscopy by down- and up-conversion in beta-barium borate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(17), 173514 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Can. J. Phys. (1)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Shah, “Ultrafast luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(2), 276–288 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

W. M. Kwok, C. Ma, and D. L. Phillips, “Femtosecond time- and wavelength-resolved fluorescence and absorption spectroscopic study of the excited states of adenosine and an adenine Oligomer,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(36), 11894–11905 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, Z. G. Zhou, A. X. Lin, J. Cheng, L. H. Yan, J. H. Si, F. Chen, and X. Hou, “Chirp structure measurement of a supercontinuum pulse based on transient lens effect in tellurite glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(11), 113106 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. B (1)

R. A. Ganeev, “High-order harmonic generation in a laser plasma: a review of recent achievements,” J. Phys. B 40(22), R213–R253 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

K. Chen, J. K. Gallaher, A. J. Barker, and J. M. Hodgkiss, “Transient grating photoluminescence spectroscopy: an ultrafast method of gating broadband spectra,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5(10), 1732–1737 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Photon Rev (1)

H. H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, “Coherent fiber supercontinuum for biophotonics,” Laser Photon Rev 7(5), 628–645 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

D. A. Fishman, C. Cirloganu, S. Webster, L. A. Padilha, M. Monroe, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive mid-infrared detection in wide-bandgap semiconductors using extreme non-degenerate two-photon absorption,” Nat. Photonics 5(9), 561–565 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. P. Power, A. M. March, F. Catoire, E. Sistrunk, K. Krushelnick, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “XFROG phase measurement of threshold harmonics in a Keldysh-scaled system,” Nat. Photonics 4(6), 352–356 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kim, J. Jin, Y. J. Kim, I. Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature 453(7196), 757–760 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, “Time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy by the optical Kerr-gate method applicable to ultrafast relaxation processes,” Phys. Rev. B 62(15), 10083–10087 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Majus, G. Tamošauskas, I. Gražulevičiūtė, N. Garejev, A. Lotti, A. Couairon, D. Faccio, and A. Dubietis, “Nature of spatiotemporal light bullets in bulk Kerr media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112(19), 193901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

D. Polli, L. Lüer, and G. Cerullo, “High-time-resolution pump-probe system with broadband detection for the study of time-domain vibrational dynamics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(10), 103108 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L. Dobryakov, S. A. Kovalenko, A. Weigel, J. L. Pérez-Lustres, J. Lange, A. Müller, and N. P. Ernsting, “Femtosecond pump/supercontinuum-probe spectroscopy: Optimized setup and signal analysis for single-shot spectral referencing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 81(11), 113106 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

R. Righini, “Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect in liquids and solids,” Science 262(5138), 1386–1390 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic Press, 2008) Chap. 4.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Sketch of the experimental setup (top view). BS: beam splitter; NDF1-NDF3: neutral density filters; M1-M6: mirrors; L1-L5: focal lenses; HW: half wave plate; HM: hot mirror; BPF: band pass (laser line) filter; CCD: laser beam profiler.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Direct imaging of the transient beam deflection of the single color probe. (a) Initial profile of the probe; (b) distorted beam profile of the probe due to beam deflection for an average pump power at 0.8 mW; (c) illustration of the deflection mechanism using side view picture of the pump (red) and probe (yellow); (d) intensity profile of the probe in (c) with (blue dashed line) and without (black solid line) deflection effect.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The pump power dependence of the beam deflection of the single color probe measured with (a) S - up and down asymmetry and (b) S’ - relative change of the intensity within a specific area marked by a square frame, of the CCD images. An average pump power of 1 mW corresponds to about 78 GW/cm2 in peak intensity. Red dashed lines: linear fitting of the dependence of S or S’ on pump power. Note that the beam sizes in all the images are the same; the enlarged images are just for better illustration.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Typical WLC spectra with (dashed red line) and without (solid black line) the influence from the transient beam deflection effect; (b) a differential transmission spectrum due to transient beam deflection; (c) temporal resolution of the deflection gating.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Illustration of the pulse-front mismatch effect due to the non-collinear pump-probe geometry from top view.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Time-frequency 2D spectrum of the WLC generated from CaF2 plate measured by the transient beam deflection gating, where a pump power of about 0.65 mW is used. The fitting curve of the chirp structure is plotted with scattered squares. Insert: zoom-in spectrum of the selected area for better illustration of the dip signal.

Equations (1)

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S=( C down C up ) ( C down + C up ),

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