Abstract

Passive mode locking of a diode pumped Nd:La0.11Y0.89VO4 mixed crystal laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) was experimentally investigated for the first time to our knowledge. Stable CW mode-locking has been achieved on both a-cut and c-cut mixed crystals. In case of the a-cut crystal, when a 2% output coupler (OC) was used, the shortest pulse obtained was 4.5 ps and the highest output power was 0.94 W, while when a 6% OC was used, the shortest pulse obtained was 6.8 ps and the highest output power was 5.16 W. In the latter case the optical conversion efficiency is 38% and the slope efficiency is 40.3%, respectively; with the c-cut crystal the shortest pulse achieved was 5.5 ps. Moreover, simultaneous mode locking at two close wavelengths of 1064.3 nm and 1066.2 nm was observed on the c-cut crystal. The mode locked pulse beating generated temporal interference fringe of 0.5 THz repetition rate.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).
  5. J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2803–2805 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3–4), 425–428 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Passive mode-locking performance with a mixed Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 5, 3624–3629 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).

2004 (1)

2003 (3)

B. Y. Zhang, G. Li, M. Chen, Z. G. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Passive mode locking of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 28(19), 1829–1831 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

Y. F. Chen and Y. P. Lan, “Comparison between c-cut and a-cut Nd:YVO4 lasers passively Q-switched with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 74(4–5), 415–418 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2104–2105 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Burns, M. Hetterich, A. Ferguson, E. Bente, M. D. Dawson, J. I. Davies, and S. W. Bland, “High-average-power (>20-W) Nd:YVO4 laser mode locked by strain-compensated satruable Bragg reflectors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(6), 919–926 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bente, E.

Bland, S. W.

Burns, D.

Chen, M.

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen and Y. P. Lan, “Comparison between c-cut and a-cut Nd:YVO4 lasers passively Q-switched with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 74(4–5), 415–418 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cong, Z. H.

Davies, J. I.

Dawson, M. D.

De Tan, W.

Ding, A.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[Crossref]

Du, J.

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2803–2805 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferguson, A.

Han, S.

Hang, Y.

He, J. L.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2803–2805 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hetterich, M.

Jiang, M. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Passive mode-locking performance with a mixed Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 5, 3624–3629 (2008).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3–4), 425–428 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2104–2105 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kozawa, Y.

Krainer, L.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2104–2105 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen and Y. P. Lan, “Comparison between c-cut and a-cut Nd:YVO4 lasers passively Q-switched with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 74(4–5), 415–418 (2002).
[Crossref]

Li, D. Z.

Li, G.

Li, T.

Liu, J. H.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2803–2805 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, D. W.

Luo, H.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Passive mode-locking performance with a mixed Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 5, 3624–3629 (2008).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3–4), 425–428 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ma, X. Y.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).

Meng, X. L.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[Crossref]

Moser, M.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2104–2105 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ozygus, B.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pan, Z. B.

Paschotta, R.

L. Krainer, R. Paschotta, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Passively mode-locked picosecond lasers with up to 59 GHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(14), 2104–2105 (2000).
[Crossref]

Qian, L. J.

Sato, S.

Shao, Z. S.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sun, S. Q.

Tang, D. Y.

Z. H. Cong, D. Y. Tang, W. De Tan, J. Zhang, C. W. Xu, D. W. Luo, X. D. Xu, D. Z. Li, J. Xu, X. Y. Zhang, and Q. P. Wang, “Dual-wavelength passively mode-locked Nd:LuYSiO5 laser with SESAM,” Opt. Express 19(5), 3984–3989 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3–4), 425–428 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Passive mode-locking performance with a mixed Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 5, 3624–3629 (2008).

Tao, X. T.

Wang, H. T.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2803–2805 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Q. P.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Y. C.

Wang, Y. G.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).

J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2803–2805 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. P.

H. H. Xu, H. H. Yu, Z. P. Wang, S. Han, Y. C. Wang, Z. B. Pan, Y. Y. Zhang, S. Q. Sun, J. Y. Wang, and H. J. Zhang, “Thermal and laser characteristic of Nd doped La0.11Y0.89VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16524–16531 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3–4), 425–428 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Passive mode-locking performance with a mixed Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 5, 3624–3629 (2008).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weber, H.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xie, G. Q.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, H. Luo, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, M. H. Jiang, and L. J. Qian, “Dual-wavelength synchronously mode-locked Nd:CNGG laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(16), 1872–1874 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Passive mode-locking performance with a mixed Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 5, 3624–3629 (2008).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3–4), 425–428 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, C. W.

Xu, H. H.

Xu, J.

Xu, X. D.

Yang, K. J.

Yonezawa, K.

Yu, H. H.

Yu, Y. G.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, D. Y. Tang, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Passive mode-locking performance with a mixed Nd:Lu0.5Gd0.5VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 5, 3624–3629 (2008).

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3–4), 425–428 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. S. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, B. Y.

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, L. H.

Zhang, X. Y.

Zhang, Y. Y.

Zhang, Z. G.

Zhao, B.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, S. Z.

Zhuo, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, G. Q. Xie, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. B 91(3–4), 425–428 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. F. Chen and Y. P. Lan, “Comparison between c-cut and a-cut Nd:YVO4 lasers passively Q-switched with a Cr4+:YAG saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B 74(4–5), 415–418 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Polarized fluorescence spectrum of Nd:La0.11Y0.89VO4 at room temperature.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Experimental setup of the mode-locked Nd:La0.11Y0.89VO4 laser.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a): Variation of the average output power versus the incident pump power with OC = 2%. (b): Measured autocorrelation trace of the mode-locked pulses. Insert: Optical spectrum of the mode-locked pulses.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a): Variation of the average output power versus the incident pump power with OC = 6%. (b): Measured autocorrelation trace of the mode-locked pulses. Insert:optical spectrum of the mode-locked pulses.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Mode-locked pulse train recorded in 10 ns per division time scale. Inset: Mode-locked pulse train recorded in 10 us per division time scale.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a): Variation of the average output power versus the incident pump power. (b): Measured autocorrelation trace of the mode-locked pulses. Upper left insert: the fine structure of autocorrelation trace. Upper right Insert: Optical spectrum of the mode-locked pulses.

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