Abstract

This paper presents a quick monitor method to measure micro height variations directly. Here we apply optical moiré technology with a program designed by ourselves to Traditional Chinese Medical Pulse diagnosis. We analyze the moiré pattern which records the information of pulse, and then examine the conditions of pulse, the conditions of pulse including the location of pulse (by image processing the moiré pattern), the rhythm of pulse (via the frequency), the shape of pulse (via moiré pattern) and the strength of pulse (via amplitude intensity). Therefore, we can quantify the conditions of pulse by the system.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. J. H. Wu, R. S. Chang, and J. A. Jiang, “A novel pulse measurement system by using laser triangulation and a CMOS image sensor,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 7(12), 3366–3385 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. S. Chang, J. H. Chiu, F. P. Chen, J. C. Chen, and J. L. Yang, “A Parkinson’s Disease Measurement System Using Laser Lines and a CMOS Image Sensor,” Sensors (Basel) 11(12), 1461–1475 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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  20. D. Post, B. Han, and P. Ifju, High Sensitivity Moiré: Experimental Analysis for Mechanics and Materials (Springer, 2008).

2011 (2)

R. S. Chang, J. H. Chiu, F. P. Chen, J. C. Chen, and J. L. Yang, “A Parkinson’s Disease Measurement System Using Laser Lines and a CMOS Image Sensor,” Sensors (Basel) 11(12), 1461–1475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Du, H. Zhao, B. Li, J. Zhao, and S. Cao, “Phase-shifting shadow moiré based on iterative self-tuning algorithm,” Appl. Opt. 50(36), 6708–6712 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

J. H. Wu, R. S. Chang, and J. A. Jiang, “A novel pulse measurement system by using laser triangulation and a CMOS image sensor,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 7(12), 3366–3385 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

J. I. Davies and A. D. Struthers, “Pulse wave analysis and pulse wave velocity: a critical review of their strengths and weaknesses,” J. Hypertens. 21(3), 463–472 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Normile, “Asian medicine. the new face of traditional Chinese medicine,” Science 299(5604), 188–190 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

Z. G. Wang and J. Ren, “Current status and future direction of Chinese herbal medicine,” Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 23(8), 347–348 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Gong and N. J. Sucher, “Stroke therapy in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM): prospects for drug discovery and development,” Phytomedicine 9(5), 478–484 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. King, D. Cobbin, S. Walsh, and D. Ryan, “The reliable measurement of radial pulse characteristics,” Acupunct. Med. 20(4), 150–159 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

B. Han, D. Post, and P. Ifju, “Moiré interferometry for engineering mechanics: current practices and future developments,” J. Strain Anal. Eng. Des. 36(1), 101–117 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllylä, and M. Rioux, “Laser ranging: a critical review of usual techniques for distance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 40(1), 10–19 (2001).
[Crossref]

G. Manneberg, S. Hertegård, and J. Liljencrantz, “Measurement of humanvocal fold vibrations with laser triangulation,” Opt. Eng. 40(9), 2041–2044 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

D. Post, B. Han, and P. G. Ifju, “Moiré methods for engineering and science - moiré interferometry and shadow moiré,” Top. Appl. Phys. 77, 151–196 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

G. Wei, Y. Q. Lu, and J. Z. Oyang, “Chaos and fractal theories for speech signal processing,” Tien Tzu Hsueh Pao 24, 34–39 (1996).

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

J. E. A. Liao and A. S. Voloshin, “Enhancement of the shadow-moiré method through digital image processing,” Exp. Mech. 33(1), 59–63 (1993).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

A. S. Voloshin, C. P. Burger, and R. E. Rowlands, “Composites analysis, by fractional moiré fringe system,” J. Comp. Mat. 19(6), 513–524 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

1979 (1)

Amann, M. C.

M. C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllylä, and M. Rioux, “Laser ranging: a critical review of usual techniques for distance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 40(1), 10–19 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bosch, T.

M. C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllylä, and M. Rioux, “Laser ranging: a critical review of usual techniques for distance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 40(1), 10–19 (2001).
[Crossref]

Burger, C. P.

A. S. Voloshin, C. P. Burger, and R. E. Rowlands, “Composites analysis, by fractional moiré fringe system,” J. Comp. Mat. 19(6), 513–524 (1985).
[Crossref]

Cao, S.

Chang, R. S.

R. S. Chang, J. H. Chiu, F. P. Chen, J. C. Chen, and J. L. Yang, “A Parkinson’s Disease Measurement System Using Laser Lines and a CMOS Image Sensor,” Sensors (Basel) 11(12), 1461–1475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Wu, R. S. Chang, and J. A. Jiang, “A novel pulse measurement system by using laser triangulation and a CMOS image sensor,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 7(12), 3366–3385 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, F. P.

R. S. Chang, J. H. Chiu, F. P. Chen, J. C. Chen, and J. L. Yang, “A Parkinson’s Disease Measurement System Using Laser Lines and a CMOS Image Sensor,” Sensors (Basel) 11(12), 1461–1475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J. C.

R. S. Chang, J. H. Chiu, F. P. Chen, J. C. Chen, and J. L. Yang, “A Parkinson’s Disease Measurement System Using Laser Lines and a CMOS Image Sensor,” Sensors (Basel) 11(12), 1461–1475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chiu, J. H.

R. S. Chang, J. H. Chiu, F. P. Chen, J. C. Chen, and J. L. Yang, “A Parkinson’s Disease Measurement System Using Laser Lines and a CMOS Image Sensor,” Sensors (Basel) 11(12), 1461–1475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cobbin, D.

E. King, D. Cobbin, S. Walsh, and D. Ryan, “The reliable measurement of radial pulse characteristics,” Acupunct. Med. 20(4), 150–159 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Davies, J. I.

J. I. Davies and A. D. Struthers, “Pulse wave analysis and pulse wave velocity: a critical review of their strengths and weaknesses,” J. Hypertens. 21(3), 463–472 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dorsch, R. G.

Du, H.

Gong, X.

X. Gong and N. J. Sucher, “Stroke therapy in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM): prospects for drug discovery and development,” Phytomedicine 9(5), 478–484 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Halioua, M.

Han, B.

B. Han, D. Post, and P. Ifju, “Moiré interferometry for engineering mechanics: current practices and future developments,” J. Strain Anal. Eng. Des. 36(1), 101–117 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. Post, B. Han, and P. G. Ifju, “Moiré methods for engineering and science - moiré interferometry and shadow moiré,” Top. Appl. Phys. 77, 151–196 (2000).
[Crossref]

Häusler, G.

Herrmann, J. M.

Hertegård, S.

G. Manneberg, S. Hertegård, and J. Liljencrantz, “Measurement of humanvocal fold vibrations with laser triangulation,” Opt. Eng. 40(9), 2041–2044 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ifju, P.

B. Han, D. Post, and P. Ifju, “Moiré interferometry for engineering mechanics: current practices and future developments,” J. Strain Anal. Eng. Des. 36(1), 101–117 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ifju, P. G.

D. Post, B. Han, and P. G. Ifju, “Moiré methods for engineering and science - moiré interferometry and shadow moiré,” Top. Appl. Phys. 77, 151–196 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J. A.

J. H. Wu, R. S. Chang, and J. A. Jiang, “A novel pulse measurement system by using laser triangulation and a CMOS image sensor,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 7(12), 3366–3385 (2007).
[Crossref]

King, E.

E. King, D. Cobbin, S. Walsh, and D. Ryan, “The reliable measurement of radial pulse characteristics,” Acupunct. Med. 20(4), 150–159 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lescure, M.

M. C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllylä, and M. Rioux, “Laser ranging: a critical review of usual techniques for distance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 40(1), 10–19 (2001).
[Crossref]

Li, B.

Liao, J. E. A.

J. E. A. Liao and A. S. Voloshin, “Enhancement of the shadow-moiré method through digital image processing,” Exp. Mech. 33(1), 59–63 (1993).
[Crossref]

Liljencrantz, J.

G. Manneberg, S. Hertegård, and J. Liljencrantz, “Measurement of humanvocal fold vibrations with laser triangulation,” Opt. Eng. 40(9), 2041–2044 (2001).
[Crossref]

Liu, H. C.

Lu, Y. Q.

G. Wei, Y. Q. Lu, and J. Z. Oyang, “Chaos and fractal theories for speech signal processing,” Tien Tzu Hsueh Pao 24, 34–39 (1996).

Manneberg, G.

G. Manneberg, S. Hertegård, and J. Liljencrantz, “Measurement of humanvocal fold vibrations with laser triangulation,” Opt. Eng. 40(9), 2041–2044 (2001).
[Crossref]

Myllylä, R.

M. C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllylä, and M. Rioux, “Laser ranging: a critical review of usual techniques for distance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 40(1), 10–19 (2001).
[Crossref]

Normile, D.

D. Normile, “Asian medicine. the new face of traditional Chinese medicine,” Science 299(5604), 188–190 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oyang, J. Z.

G. Wei, Y. Q. Lu, and J. Z. Oyang, “Chaos and fractal theories for speech signal processing,” Tien Tzu Hsueh Pao 24, 34–39 (1996).

Perrin, J. C.

Post, D.

B. Han, D. Post, and P. Ifju, “Moiré interferometry for engineering mechanics: current practices and future developments,” J. Strain Anal. Eng. Des. 36(1), 101–117 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. Post, B. Han, and P. G. Ifju, “Moiré methods for engineering and science - moiré interferometry and shadow moiré,” Top. Appl. Phys. 77, 151–196 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

Z. G. Wang and J. Ren, “Current status and future direction of Chinese herbal medicine,” Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 23(8), 347–348 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rioux, M.

M. C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllylä, and M. Rioux, “Laser ranging: a critical review of usual techniques for distance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 40(1), 10–19 (2001).
[Crossref]

Rowlands, R. E.

A. S. Voloshin, C. P. Burger, and R. E. Rowlands, “Composites analysis, by fractional moiré fringe system,” J. Comp. Mat. 19(6), 513–524 (1985).
[Crossref]

Ryan, D.

E. King, D. Cobbin, S. Walsh, and D. Ryan, “The reliable measurement of radial pulse characteristics,” Acupunct. Med. 20(4), 150–159 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, V.

Struthers, A. D.

J. I. Davies and A. D. Struthers, “Pulse wave analysis and pulse wave velocity: a critical review of their strengths and weaknesses,” J. Hypertens. 21(3), 463–472 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sucher, N. J.

X. Gong and N. J. Sucher, “Stroke therapy in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM): prospects for drug discovery and development,” Phytomedicine 9(5), 478–484 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thomas, A.

Voloshin, A. S.

J. E. A. Liao and A. S. Voloshin, “Enhancement of the shadow-moiré method through digital image processing,” Exp. Mech. 33(1), 59–63 (1993).
[Crossref]

A. S. Voloshin, C. P. Burger, and R. E. Rowlands, “Composites analysis, by fractional moiré fringe system,” J. Comp. Mat. 19(6), 513–524 (1985).
[Crossref]

Walsh, S.

E. King, D. Cobbin, S. Walsh, and D. Ryan, “The reliable measurement of radial pulse characteristics,” Acupunct. Med. 20(4), 150–159 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Z. G.

Z. G. Wang and J. Ren, “Current status and future direction of Chinese herbal medicine,” Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 23(8), 347–348 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, G.

G. Wei, Y. Q. Lu, and J. Z. Oyang, “Chaos and fractal theories for speech signal processing,” Tien Tzu Hsueh Pao 24, 34–39 (1996).

Wu, J. H.

J. H. Wu, R. S. Chang, and J. A. Jiang, “A novel pulse measurement system by using laser triangulation and a CMOS image sensor,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 7(12), 3366–3385 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, J. L.

R. S. Chang, J. H. Chiu, F. P. Chen, J. C. Chen, and J. L. Yang, “A Parkinson’s Disease Measurement System Using Laser Lines and a CMOS Image Sensor,” Sensors (Basel) 11(12), 1461–1475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, H.

Zhao, J.

Acupunct. Med. (1)

E. King, D. Cobbin, S. Walsh, and D. Ryan, “The reliable measurement of radial pulse characteristics,” Acupunct. Med. 20(4), 150–159 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Exp. Mech. (1)

J. E. A. Liao and A. S. Voloshin, “Enhancement of the shadow-moiré method through digital image processing,” Exp. Mech. 33(1), 59–63 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Comp. Mat. (1)

A. S. Voloshin, C. P. Burger, and R. E. Rowlands, “Composites analysis, by fractional moiré fringe system,” J. Comp. Mat. 19(6), 513–524 (1985).
[Crossref]

J. Hypertens. (1)

J. I. Davies and A. D. Struthers, “Pulse wave analysis and pulse wave velocity: a critical review of their strengths and weaknesses,” J. Hypertens. 21(3), 463–472 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Strain Anal. Eng. Des. (1)

B. Han, D. Post, and P. Ifju, “Moiré interferometry for engineering mechanics: current practices and future developments,” J. Strain Anal. Eng. Des. 36(1), 101–117 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (2)

M. C. Amann, T. Bosch, M. Lescure, R. Myllylä, and M. Rioux, “Laser ranging: a critical review of usual techniques for distance measurement,” Opt. Eng. 40(1), 10–19 (2001).
[Crossref]

G. Manneberg, S. Hertegård, and J. Liljencrantz, “Measurement of humanvocal fold vibrations with laser triangulation,” Opt. Eng. 40(9), 2041–2044 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phytomedicine (1)

X. Gong and N. J. Sucher, “Stroke therapy in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM): prospects for drug discovery and development,” Phytomedicine 9(5), 478–484 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. Normile, “Asian medicine. the new face of traditional Chinese medicine,” Science 299(5604), 188–190 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sensors (Basel Switzerland) (1)

J. H. Wu, R. S. Chang, and J. A. Jiang, “A novel pulse measurement system by using laser triangulation and a CMOS image sensor,” Sensors (Basel Switzerland) 7(12), 3366–3385 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sensors (Basel) (1)

R. S. Chang, J. H. Chiu, F. P. Chen, J. C. Chen, and J. L. Yang, “A Parkinson’s Disease Measurement System Using Laser Lines and a CMOS Image Sensor,” Sensors (Basel) 11(12), 1461–1475 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tien Tzu Hsueh Pao (1)

G. Wei, Y. Q. Lu, and J. Z. Oyang, “Chaos and fractal theories for speech signal processing,” Tien Tzu Hsueh Pao 24, 34–39 (1996).

Top. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. Post, B. Han, and P. G. Ifju, “Moiré methods for engineering and science - moiré interferometry and shadow moiré,” Top. Appl. Phys. 77, 151–196 (2000).
[Crossref]

Trends Pharmacol. Sci. (1)

Z. G. Wang and J. Ren, “Current status and future direction of Chinese herbal medicine,” Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 23(8), 347–348 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

L. F. Wang, Diagnostics of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2002).

D. Post, B. Han, and P. Ifju, High Sensitivity Moiré: Experimental Analysis for Mechanics and Materials (Springer, 2008).

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic showing shadow moiré.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic showing the relationship between fringes and height.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Sketch Map of the Relation between moiré fringes variations and height variations.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The distribution of the moiré pattern light intensity (b) the distribution of the gray intensity on the profile line (c) the distribution of the extreme values of the gray scale coordinating the fringe locations.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 System architecture.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Cun, guan and chi pulse locations.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Moiré pattern image of pulse.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The program flow chart.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Height accuracy detection architecture.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Situation outside the consideration of default origin scanning intelligent algorithm.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Frequency accuracy of detection (detect) architecture.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Frequency accuracy of results.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Pulse detection area.
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 3D resolution of pulse (Left: highly variable; right: vibration of the main frequency).
Fig. 15
Fig. 15 Pulse waveform.
Fig. 16
Fig. 16 Frequency after the fast Fourier transform.

Equations (2)

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Z( x,y )=( P tanα+tanβ )N=KN

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