Abstract

We experimentally investigate single-parity check (SPC) coded spatial superchannels based on polarization-multiplexed 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (PM-16QAM) for multicore fiber transmission systems, using a 7-core fiber. We investigate SPC over 1, 2, 4, 5 or 7 cores in a back-to-back configuration and compare the sensitivity to uncoded PM-16QAM, showing that at symbol rates of 20 Gbaud and at a bit-error-rate (BER) of 10−3, the SPC superchannels exhibit sensitivity improvements of 2.7 dB, 2.0 dB, 1.7 dB, 1.3 dB, and 1.1 dB, respectively. We perform both single channel and wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) transmission experiments with 22 GHz channel spacing and 20 Gbaud channel symbol rate for SPC over 1, 3 and 7 cores and compare the results to PM-16QAM with the same spacing and symbol rate. We show that in WDM signals, SPC over hl1 core can achieve more than double the transmission distance compared to PM-16QAM at the cost of 0.91 bit/s/Hz/core in spectral efficiency (SE). When sharing the parity-bit over 7 cores, the loss in SE becomes only 0.13 bit/s/Hz/core while the increase in transmission reach over PM-16QAM is 44 %.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (5)

2013 (2)

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. A. Eriksson, M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of 128-SP-QAM and PM-16QAM in long-haul WDM transmission,” Opt. Express 21, 19269–19279 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (7)

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, J. Li, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of 128-SP-QAM with PM-16-QAM,” Opt. Express 20, 8356–8366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, J.-X. Cai, H. G. Batshon, C. R. Davidson, Y. Sun, M. Mazurczyk, D. G. Foursa, A. Pilipetskii, G. Mohs, and Neal S. Bergano, “16QAM transmission with 5.2 bits/s/Hz spectral efficiency over transoceanic distance,” Opt. Express 20, 11688–11693 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Elschner, F. Frey, C. Meuer, J. K. Fischer, S. Alreesh, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, L. Molle, T. Tanimura, and C. Schubert, “Experimental Semonstration of a Format-flexible Single-carrier Coherent Receiver Using Data-aided Digital Signal Processing,” Opt. Express 20, 28786–28791 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2009 (2)

E. Agrell and M. Karlsson, “Power-Efficient Modulation Formats in Coherent Transmission Systems,” J. Light-wave Technology,  27, 5115–5126 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, and R. Noé, “Hardware-Efficient Coherent Digital Receiver Concept With Feedforward Carrier Recovery for M-QAM Constellations,” J. Lightwave Technology,  27, 989–999 (2009).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

R.G. Gallager, “Low-density parity-check codes,” IRE Transactions on Information Theory,  8, 21–28 (1962).
[Crossref]

Agrell, E.

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, B. J. Puttnam, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “K-over-L multidimensional position modulation,” J. Lightwave Technology,  32, 2254–2262 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, T. A. Eriksson, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, M. Karlsson, and E. Agrell, “Modulation Formats for Multi-Core Fiber Transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 32457–32469 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, J. Li, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of 128-SP-QAM with PM-16-QAM,” Opt. Express 20, 8356–8366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Agrell and M. Karlsson, “Power-Efficient Modulation Formats in Coherent Transmission Systems,” J. Light-wave Technology,  27, 5115–5126 (2009).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, T.A. Eriksson, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and E. Agrell, “Single Parity Check Multi-Core Modulation for Power Efficient Spatial Super-channels,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2014), paper Mo.3.3.5.

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Frequency and polarization switched QPSK,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2013), paper Th.2.D.4.

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, E. Agrell, P. A. Andekson, and M. Karlsson, “Biorthogonal modulation in 8 dimensions experimentally implemented as 2PPM-PS-QPSK,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W1A.5.

Alreesh, S.

Altenhain, L.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Amaya, N.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Andekson, P. A.

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, E. Agrell, P. A. Andekson, and M. Karlsson, “Biorthogonal modulation in 8 dimensions experimentally implemented as 2PPM-PS-QPSK,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W1A.5.

Andrekson, P. A.

Arik, S. Ö.

Arikawa, M.

E. Le Taillandierde Gabory, M. Arikawa, Y. Hashimoto, T. Ito, and K. Fukuchi, “A shared carrier reception and processing scheme for compensating frequency offset and phase noise of space-division multiplexed signals over multicore fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2013), paper OM2C.2.

Awaji, Y.

B. J. Puttnam, T. A. Eriksson, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, M. Karlsson, and E. Agrell, “Modulation Formats for Multi-Core Fiber Transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 32457–32469 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, T.A. Eriksson, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and E. Agrell, “Single Parity Check Multi-Core Modulation for Power Efficient Spatial Super-channels,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2014), paper Mo.3.3.5.

Bai, N.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Batshon, H. G.

Becker, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Ben-Ezra, S.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Benyuan, Z.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bergano, Neal S.

Bertran-Pardo, O.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bickham, S.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Bigo, S.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bolle, C.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB10.

Bononi, A.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
[Crossref]

Borowiec, A.

Bosco, G.

R. Cigliutti, A. Nespola, D. Zeolla, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, and P. Poggiolini, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 16×112 Gb/s spectrally-engineered DAC-generated Nyquist-WDM PM-16QAM channels with 1.05x(Symbol-Rate) frequency spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2012), paper OTh3A.3.

Cai, J.-X.

Carena, A.

R. Cigliutti, A. Nespola, D. Zeolla, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, and P. Poggiolini, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 16×112 Gb/s spectrally-engineered DAC-generated Nyquist-WDM PM-16QAM channels with 1.05x(Symbol-Rate) frequency spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2012), paper OTh3A.3.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chang, D.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper OTuN2.

Channegowda, M.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Charlet, G.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
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Charlton, D.

Chen, H.

R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. Koonen, “6×28GBaud 128-SP-QAM transmission over 41.7 km few-mode fiber with a 6×6 MIMO FDE,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W4J.4.

Cheng, X.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Cigliutti, R.

R. Cigliutti, A. Nespola, D. Zeolla, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, and P. Poggiolini, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 16×112 Gb/s spectrally-engineered DAC-generated Nyquist-WDM PM-16QAM channels with 1.05x(Symbol-Rate) frequency spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2012), paper OTh3A.3.

Collier, A.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Curri, V.

R. Cigliutti, A. Nespola, D. Zeolla, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, and P. Poggiolini, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 16×112 Gb/s spectrally-engineered DAC-generated Nyquist-WDM PM-16QAM channels with 1.05x(Symbol-Rate) frequency spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2012), paper OTh3A.3.

Davidson, C. R.

de Waardt, H.

R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. Koonen, “6×28GBaud 128-SP-QAM transmission over 41.7 km few-mode fiber with a 6×6 MIMO FDE,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W4J.4.

DelgadoMendinueta, J.-M.

B. J. Puttnam, T. A. Eriksson, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, M. Karlsson, and E. Agrell, “Modulation Formats for Multi-Core Fiber Transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 32457–32469 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, T.A. Eriksson, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and E. Agrell, “Single Parity Check Multi-Core Modulation for Power Efficient Spatial Super-channels,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2014), paper Mo.3.3.5.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Dogariu, A.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Dreschmann, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Dutisseuil, E.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ellermeyer, T.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Elschner, R.

Eriksson, T. A.

B. J. Puttnam, T. A. Eriksson, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, M. Karlsson, and E. Agrell, “Modulation Formats for Multi-Core Fiber Transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 32457–32469 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, B. J. Puttnam, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “K-over-L multidimensional position modulation,” J. Lightwave Technology,  32, 2254–2262 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. A. Eriksson, M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of 128-SP-QAM and PM-16QAM in long-haul WDM transmission,” Opt. Express 21, 19269–19279 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, E. Agrell, P. A. Andekson, and M. Karlsson, “Biorthogonal modulation in 8 dimensions experimentally implemented as 2PPM-PS-QPSK,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W1A.5.

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Frequency and polarization switched QPSK,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2013), paper Th.2.D.4.

Eriksson, T.A.

B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, T.A. Eriksson, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and E. Agrell, “Single Parity Check Multi-Core Modulation for Power Efficient Spatial Super-channels,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2014), paper Mo.3.3.5.

Essiambre, R.

R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “MIMO-based crosstalk suppression in spatially multiplexed 3 × 56-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals for strongly coupled three-core fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters,  23, 1469–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB10.

Feuer, M. D.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
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Fini, J. M.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
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B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19, 16665–16671 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fischer, J. K.

Fishteyn, M.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
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B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19, 16665–16671 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Forghieri, F.

R. Cigliutti, A. Nespola, D. Zeolla, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, and P. Poggiolini, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 16×112 Gb/s spectrally-engineered DAC-generated Nyquist-WDM PM-16QAM channels with 1.05x(Symbol-Rate) frequency spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2012), paper OTh3A.3.

Foursa, D. G.

Freude, W.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Frey, F.

Fukuchi, K.

E. Le Taillandierde Gabory, M. Arikawa, Y. Hashimoto, T. Ito, and K. Fukuchi, “A shared carrier reception and processing scheme for compensating frequency offset and phase noise of space-division multiplexed signals over multicore fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2013), paper OM2C.2.

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R.G. Gallager, “Low-density parity-check codes,” IRE Transactions on Information Theory,  8, 21–28 (1962).
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Gaudette, J.

Geng, Y.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Gnauck, A. H.

R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “MIMO-based crosstalk suppression in spatially multiplexed 3 × 56-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals for strongly coupled three-core fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters,  23, 1469–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB10.

Harai, H.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Hashimoto, Y.

E. Le Taillandierde Gabory, M. Arikawa, Y. Hashimoto, T. Ito, and K. Fukuchi, “A shared carrier reception and processing scheme for compensating frequency offset and phase noise of space-division multiplexed signals over multicore fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2013), paper OM2C.2.

Hayashi, T.

R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “MIMO-based crosstalk suppression in spatially multiplexed 3 × 56-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals for strongly coupled three-core fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters,  23, 1469–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hillerkuss, D.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Hoffmann, S.

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, and R. Noé, “Hardware-Efficient Coherent Digital Receiver Concept With Feedforward Carrier Recovery for M-QAM Constellations,” J. Lightwave Technology,  27, 989–999 (2009).
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Huang, M.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Huang, Y.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Huebner, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Hugues-Salas, E.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Imamura, K.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
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K. Imamura, K. Mukasa, Y. Mimura, and T. Yagi, “Multi-core holey fibers for the long-distance (> 100 km) ultra large capacity transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2009), paper OTuC3.

Inaba, H.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ip, E.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Isaac, R.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ito, T.

E. Le Taillandierde Gabory, M. Arikawa, Y. Hashimoto, T. Ito, and K. Fukuchi, “A shared carrier reception and processing scheme for compensating frequency offset and phase noise of space-division multiplexed signals over multicore fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2013), paper OM2C.2.

Jain, S.

Ji, P.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Johannisson, P.

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, B. J. Puttnam, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “K-over-L multidimensional position modulation,” J. Lightwave Technology,  32, 2254–2262 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. A. Eriksson, M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of 128-SP-QAM and PM-16QAM in long-haul WDM transmission,” Opt. Express 21, 19269–19279 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, J. Li, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of 128-SP-QAM with PM-16-QAM,” Opt. Express 20, 8356–8366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, H. Wymeersch, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of polarization-switched QPSK and polarization-multiplexed QPSK at 30 Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 19, 7839–7846 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Frequency and polarization switched QPSK,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2013), paper Th.2.D.4.

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, E. Agrell, P. A. Andekson, and M. Karlsson, “Biorthogonal modulation in 8 dimensions experimentally implemented as 2PPM-PS-QPSK,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W1A.5.

Jordan, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Kanno, A.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, B. J. Puttnam, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “K-over-L multidimensional position modulation,” J. Lightwave Technology,  32, 2254–2262 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. J. Puttnam, T. A. Eriksson, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, M. Karlsson, and E. Agrell, “Modulation Formats for Multi-Core Fiber Transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 32457–32469 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. A. Eriksson, M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of 128-SP-QAM and PM-16QAM in long-haul WDM transmission,” Opt. Express 21, 19269–19279 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, J. Li, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of 128-SP-QAM with PM-16-QAM,” Opt. Express 20, 8356–8366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sjödin, P. Johannisson, H. Wymeersch, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Comparison of polarization-switched QPSK and polarization-multiplexed QPSK at 30 Gbit/s,” Opt. Express 19, 7839–7846 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Agrell and M. Karlsson, “Power-Efficient Modulation Formats in Coherent Transmission Systems,” J. Light-wave Technology,  27, 5115–5126 (2009).
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T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, E. Agrell, P. A. Andekson, and M. Karlsson, “Biorthogonal modulation in 8 dimensions experimentally implemented as 2PPM-PS-QPSK,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W1A.5.

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, M. Sjödin, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “Frequency and polarization switched QPSK,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2013), paper Th.2.D.4.

Kawanishi, T.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
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Klaus, W.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
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N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Kleinow, P.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Kobayashi, T.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
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Koike-Akino, T.

D. S. Millar, T. Koike-Akino, S. Ö. Arık, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, T. Yoshida, and T. Sugihara, “High-dimensional modulation for coherent optical communications systems,” Opt. Express 22, 8798–8812 (2014).
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T. Koike-Akino, D. S. Millar, K. Kojima, and K. Parsons, “Eight-dimensional modulation for coherent optical communications,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2013), paper Tu.3.C.3.

D. S. Millar, T. Koike-Akino, K. Kojima, and K. Parsons, “A 24-Dimensional Modulation Format Achieving 6 dB Asymptotic Power Efficiency,” in Signal Processing in Photonic Communications (SPPCom) (2013), paper SPM3D.6.

Kojima, K.

D. S. Millar, T. Koike-Akino, S. Ö. Arık, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, T. Yoshida, and T. Sugihara, “High-dimensional modulation for coherent optical communications systems,” Opt. Express 22, 8798–8812 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Millar, T. Koike-Akino, K. Kojima, and K. Parsons, “A 24-Dimensional Modulation Format Achieving 6 dB Asymptotic Power Efficiency,” in Signal Processing in Photonic Communications (SPPCom) (2013), paper SPM3D.6.

T. Koike-Akino, D. S. Millar, K. Kojima, and K. Parsons, “Eight-dimensional modulation for coherent optical communications,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2013), paper Tu.3.C.3.

Koonen, A.

R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. Koonen, “6×28GBaud 128-SP-QAM transmission over 41.7 km few-mode fiber with a 6×6 MIMO FDE,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W4J.4.

Koos, C.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Lau, A. P. T.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Le Taillandierde Gabory, E.

E. Le Taillandierde Gabory, M. Arikawa, Y. Hashimoto, T. Ito, and K. Fukuchi, “A shared carrier reception and processing scheme for compensating frequency offset and phase noise of space-division multiplexed signals over multicore fibers,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2013), paper OM2C.2.

Leuthold, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Li, G.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Li, J.

Li, M.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Li, Y.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper OTuN2.

Linares, J.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Lindenmann, N.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Lingle, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB10.

Liu, X.

Lu, C.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Luís, R. S.

B. J. Puttnam, T. A. Eriksson, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, M. Karlsson, and E. Agrell, “Modulation Formats for Multi-Core Fiber Transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 32457–32469 (2014).
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B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, T.A. Eriksson, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and E. Agrell, “Single Parity Check Multi-Core Modulation for Power Efficient Spatial Super-channels,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2014), paper Mo.3.3.5.

Mardoyan, H.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
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Mateo, E.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

May-Smith, T. C.

Mazurczyk, M.

McCurdy, A.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB10.

Mehta, P.

Melikyan, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Meuer, C.

Meyer, J.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Meyer, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Millar, D. S.

D. S. Millar, T. Koike-Akino, S. Ö. Arık, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, T. Yoshida, and T. Sugihara, “High-dimensional modulation for coherent optical communications systems,” Opt. Express 22, 8798–8812 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Millar, T. Koike-Akino, K. Kojima, and K. Parsons, “A 24-Dimensional Modulation Format Achieving 6 dB Asymptotic Power Efficiency,” in Signal Processing in Photonic Communications (SPPCom) (2013), paper SPM3D.6.

T. Koike-Akino, D. S. Millar, K. Kojima, and K. Parsons, “Eight-dimensional modulation for coherent optical communications,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2013), paper Tu.3.C.3.

Mimura, Y.

K. Imamura, K. Mukasa, Y. Mimura, and T. Yagi, “Multi-core holey fibers for the long-distance (> 100 km) ultra large capacity transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2009), paper OTuC3.

Miyazawa, T.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Moeller, M.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Mohs, G.

Molle, L.

Monberg, E. M.

Montero, C.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Moreno, V.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Mukasa, K.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Imamura, K. Mukasa, Y. Mimura, and T. Yagi, “Multi-core holey fibers for the long-distance (> 100 km) ultra large capacity transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2009), paper OTuC3.

Nebendahl, B.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Nejabati, R.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Nelson, L. E.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
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Nespola, A.

R. Cigliutti, A. Nespola, D. Zeolla, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, and P. Poggiolini, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 16×112 Gb/s spectrally-engineered DAC-generated Nyquist-WDM PM-16QAM channels with 1.05x(Symbol-Rate) frequency spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2012), paper OTh3A.3.

Noé, R.

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, and R. Noé, “Hardware-Efficient Coherent Digital Receiver Concept With Feedforward Carrier Recovery for M-QAM Constellations,” J. Lightwave Technology,  27, 989–999 (2009).
[Crossref]

O’Sullivan, M.

Oehler, A.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Okonkwo, C.

R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. Koonen, “6×28GBaud 128-SP-QAM transmission over 41.7 km few-mode fiber with a 6×6 MIMO FDE,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W4J.4.

Ou, Y.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

OveisGharan, S.

Parmigiani, F.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Parsons, K.

D. S. Millar, T. Koike-Akino, S. Ö. Arık, K. Kojima, K. Parsons, T. Yoshida, and T. Sugihara, “High-dimensional modulation for coherent optical communications systems,” Opt. Express 22, 8798–8812 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Koike-Akino, D. S. Millar, K. Kojima, and K. Parsons, “Eight-dimensional modulation for coherent optical communications,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2013), paper Tu.3.C.3.

D. S. Millar, T. Koike-Akino, K. Kojima, and K. Parsons, “A 24-Dimensional Modulation Format Achieving 6 dB Asymptotic Power Efficiency,” in Signal Processing in Photonic Communications (SPPCom) (2013), paper SPM3D.6.

Peckham, D. W.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB10.

Peng, G.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Petropoulos, P.

S. Jain, V. J. F. Rancaño, T. C. May-Smith, P. Petropoulos, J. K. Sahu, and D. J. Richardson, “Multi-element fiber technology for space-division multiplexing applications,” Opt. Express 22, 3787–3796 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Pfau, T.

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, and R. Noé, “Hardware-Efficient Coherent Digital Receiver Concept With Feedforward Carrier Recovery for M-QAM Constellations,” J. Lightwave Technology,  27, 989–999 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pilipetskii, A.

Poggiolini, P.

R. Cigliutti, A. Nespola, D. Zeolla, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, and P. Poggiolini, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 16×112 Gb/s spectrally-engineered DAC-generated Nyquist-WDM PM-16QAM channels with 1.05x(Symbol-Rate) frequency spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2012), paper OTh3A.3.

Prieto, X.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Puttnam, B. J.

B. J. Puttnam, T. A. Eriksson, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, M. Karlsson, and E. Agrell, “Modulation Formats for Multi-Core Fiber Transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 32457–32469 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. A. Eriksson, P. Johannisson, B. J. Puttnam, E. Agrell, P. A. Andrekson, and M. Karlsson, “K-over-L multidimensional position modulation,” J. Lightwave Technology,  32, 2254–2262 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, T.A. Eriksson, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and E. Agrell, “Single Parity Check Multi-Core Modulation for Power Efficient Spatial Super-channels,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2014), paper Mo.3.3.5.

Qian, D.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Rancaño, V. J. F.

Randel, S.

R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “MIMO-based crosstalk suppression in spatially multiplexed 3 × 56-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals for strongly coupled three-core fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters,  23, 1469–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB10.

Rashidi, M.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Reimer, M.

Renaudier, J.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
[Crossref]

Resan, B.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Richardson, D. J.

Roberts, K.

Rofoee, B. R.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Ryf, R.

R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “MIMO-based crosstalk suppression in spatially multiplexed 3 × 56-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals for strongly coupled three-core fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters,  23, 1469–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB10.

Sahu, J. K.

Sakaguchi, J.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Salsi, M.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, T.

R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “MIMO-based crosstalk suppression in spatially multiplexed 3 × 56-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals for strongly coupled three-core fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters,  23, 1469–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Cigliutti, A. Nespola, D. Zeolla, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, and P. Poggiolini, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 16×112 Gb/s spectrally-engineered DAC-generated Nyquist-WDM PM-16QAM channels with 1.05x(Symbol-Rate) frequency spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2012), paper OTh3A.3.

Schindler, P. C.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

Schmogrow, R.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Schubert, C.

Serena, P.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shao, Y.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Shi, X.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper OTuN2.

Shiner, A. D.

Shu, Y.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Simeonidou, D.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Sjödin, M.

Stojanovic, N.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper OTuN2.

Sugihara, T.

Sugizaki, R.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

Tam, H.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Tanimura, T.

Taru, T.

R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “MIMO-based crosstalk suppression in spatially multiplexed 3 × 56-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals for strongly coupled three-core fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters,  23, 1469–1471 (2011).
[Crossref]

Taunay, T. F.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19, 16665–16671 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ten, S.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Tian, Y.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Tran, P.

J. Renaudier, P. Serena, A. Bononi, M. Salsi, O. Bertran-Pardo, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, E. Dutisseuil, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Generation and detection of 28 Gbaud polarization switched-QPSK in WDM long-haul transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technology,  30, 1312–1318 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tse, V.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

van Uden, R.

R. van Uden, C. Okonkwo, H. Chen, H. de Waardt, and A. Koonen, “6×28GBaud 128-SP-QAM transmission over 41.7 km few-mode fiber with a 6×6 MIMO FDE,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2014), paper W4J.4.

Wada, N.

B. J. Puttnam, T. A. Eriksson, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, M. Karlsson, and E. Agrell, “Modulation Formats for Multi-Core Fiber Transmission,” Opt. Express 22, 32457–32469 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

B. J. Puttnam, J.-M. DelgadoMendinueta, R. S. Luís, T.A. Eriksson, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, and E. Agrell, “Single Parity Check Multi-Core Modulation for Power Efficient Spatial Super-channels,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2014), paper Mo.3.3.5.

Wang, T.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, “1.05Pb/s transmission with 109b/s/Hz spectral efficiency using hybrid single- and few-mode cores,” in Frontiers in Optics (2012), paper FW6C.3.

Watanabe, M.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “305 Tb/s space division multiplexed transmission using homogeneous 19-core fiber,” J. Lightwave Technology,  31, 554–562 (2013).
[Crossref]

Weingarten, K.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Winzer, P.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. McCurdy, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing over 10 km of three-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper PDPB10.

Winzer, P. J.

R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “MIMO-based crosstalk suppression in spatially multiplexed 3 × 56-Gb/s PDM-QPSK signals for strongly coupled three-core fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters,  23, 1469–1471 (2011).
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P. J. Winzer, “Spatial multiplexing: the next frontier in network capacity scaling,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2013), paper We.1.D.1.

Wolf, S.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Woodward, S. L.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wymeersch, H.

Xiao, Z.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper OTuN2.

Xie, C.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper OTuN2.

Xiong, Q.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper OTuN2.

Xu, X.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper OTuN2.

Yagi, T.

K. Imamura, K. Mukasa, Y. Mimura, and T. Yagi, “Multi-core holey fibers for the long-distance (> 100 km) ultra large capacity transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2009), paper OTuC3.

Yamamoto, Y.

R. Cigliutti, A. Nespola, D. Zeolla, G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, F. Forghieri, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, and P. Poggiolini, “Ultra-long-haul transmission of 16×112 Gb/s spectrally-engineered DAC-generated Nyquist-WDM PM-16QAM channels with 1.05x(Symbol-Rate) frequency spacing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2012), paper OTh3A.3.

Yaman, F.

E. Ip, N. Bai, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, S. Bickham, H. Tam, C. Lu, M. Li, S. Ten, A. P. T. Lau, V. Tse, G. Peng, C. Montero, X. Prieto, and G. Li, “88×3×112-Gb/s WDM transmission over 50-km of three-Mode fiber with inline multimode fiber amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC) (2011), paper Th.13.C.2.

Yan, M. F.

M. D. Feuer, L. E. Nelson, X. Zhou, S. L. Woodward, R. Isaac, Z. Benyuan, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, J. M. Fini, and M. F. Yan, “Joint digital signal processing receivers for spatial superchannels,” Photonics Technology Letters,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112-Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8-km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express 19, 16665–16671 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, S.

N. Amaya, S. Yan, M. Channegowda, B. R. Rofoee, Y. Shu, M. Rashidi, Y. Ou, E. Hugues-Salas, G. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, J. Sakaguchi, T. Miyazawa, Y. Awaji, H. Harai, and N. Wada, “Software defined networking (SDN) over space division multiplexing (SDM) optical networks: features, benefits and experimental demonstration,”, Opt. Express 4, 715–723 (2012).

Yang, X.

D. Hillerkuss, R. Schmogrow, M. Meyer, S. Wolf, M. Jordan, P. Kleinow, N. Lindenmann, P. C. Schindler, A. Melikyan, X. Yang, S. Ben-Ezra, B. Nebendahl, M. Dreschmann, J. Meyer, F. Parmigiani, P. Petropoulos, B. Resan, A. Oehler, K. Weingarten, L. Altenhain, T. Ellermeyer, M. Moeller, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Single-laser 32.5 Tbit/s Nyquist WDM transmission,” J. Optical Communications and Networking,  24, 1957–1960 (2012).

Yoshida, T.

Yu, F.

D. Chang, F. Yu, Z. Xiao, Y. Li, N. Stojanovic, C. Xie, X. Shi, X. Xu, and Q. Xiong, “FPGA verification of a single QC-LDPC code for 100 Gb/s optical systems without error floor down to BER of 10−15,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2011), paper OTuN2.

Zeolla, D.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1:
Fig. 1: Illustration of the principle of single parity check coded spatial superchannels for multicore fibers.
Fig. 2:
Fig. 2: Spectral Efficiency as a function of the asymptotic power penalty (1) for some known formats as well as for the SPC-16QAM formats (grey diamonds) with the SPC ranging from being applied over 1 (equivalent to 128-SP-QAM) to 100 cores.
Fig. 3:
Fig. 3: (a) Simulations with AWGN as the only impairment for PM-16QAM (red dashed line) and SPC-16QAM where the SPC is performed over 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 12, 19, 32, 64, and 100 cores for a symbol rate of 20 Gbaud (b) Required OSNR for BER = 10−3 (orange squares) and BER = 10−2 (purple squares) as a function of the number of cores over which the SPC is performed. Also shown, SE as a function of the number of cores (black circles).
Fig. 4:
Fig. 4: (a) Transmitter used for both PM-16QAM and all SPC-16QAM formats. (b) Setup for single span transmission with noise loading.
Fig. 5:
Fig. 5: Experimental setup for the multicore fiber recirculating loop utilizing two cores for transmission and the other 5 cores are loaded with dummy channels (gray).
Fig. 6:
Fig. 6: Measured BER as a function of OSNR through a single span 27.5 km MCF for 20 Gbaud PM-16QAM and 20 Gbaud SPC-16QAM over 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7 cores.
Fig. 7:
Fig. 7: Implementation penalty at different pre-FEC BER targets.
Fig. 8:
Fig. 8: Experimental transmission results showing BER as a function of transmission distance for different launch powers for: 20 Gbaud PM-16QAM for (a) single channel and (b) WDM transmission with 22 GHz spacing. SPC-16QAM over 1 core for (c) single channel and (g) WDM. SPC-16QAM over 3 cores for (e) single channel and (f) WDM. SPC-16QAM over 7 cores for (g) single channel and (h) WDM transmission.

Tables (1)

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Table 1: Experimental SE and Achievable Transmission Distance

Equations (6)

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b SPC = b 1 b 2 b n 1 b n i b
n i b = 8 N core 1
γ = d min 2 log 2 M 4 E s ,
SE = log 2 M N / 2 = log 2 M 2 N core ,
γ SPC - 16 QAM = 2 d min 2 ε s d min 2 4 ε s N core = 2 γ 16 QAM ( 1 1 8 N core ) ,
SE SPC - 16 QAM = 4 1 2 N core = SE 16 QAM ( 1 1 8 N core ) .

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