Abstract

Phosphate glass-clad optical fibers comprising amorphous Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core were fabricated by a reactive molten core approach. The Se0.8Te0.2 crystals were precipitated in core region by a postdrawing annealing process, which were confirmed by X-ray diffraction, micro-Raman spectra, electron probe X-ray micro-analyzer, and transmission electron microscope measurement results. A two-cm-long crystalline Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fiber, electrically contacted to external circuitry through the fiber end facets, exhibits a two-orders-of-magnitude change in conductivity between dark and illuminated states. The great discrepancy in light and dark conductivity suggests that such crystalline Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fibers have promising applications in optical switch and photoconductivity of optical fiber array.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, C. McMillen, L. Burka, J. Reppert, R. Podila, A. M. Rao, and R. R. Rice, “Binary III-V semiconductor core optical fiber,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4972–4979 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18675–18683 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, D. Mulwee, J. Kolis, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 862–867 (2010).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  32. F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  33. D. S. Deng, N. D. Orf, S. Danto, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  34. J. L. Hartke, “Drift mobilities of electrons and holes and space-charge-limited currents in amorphous selenium films,” Phys. Rev. 125(4), 1177–1192 (1962).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

J. Ballato and P. Dragic, “Rethinking optical fiber: new demands, old glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(9), 2675–2692 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Morris and J. Ballato, “Molten-core fabrication of novel optical fibers,” Bull. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(4), 24–29 (2013).

C. Hou, X. Jia, L. Wei, A. M. Stolyarov, O. Shapira, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Direct atomic-level observation and chemical analysis of ZnSe synthesized by in situ high-throughput reactive fiber drawing,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 975–979 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

G. M. Tao, A. M. Stolyarov, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Multimaterial fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, R. Rice, L. Zhu, and O. Stafsudd, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad amorphous and crystalline oxide optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(2), 153–160 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, J. Ballato, S. W. Martin, and R. Rice, “Gladding glass development for semiconductor core optical fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(2), 144–153 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

R. Davis, R. Rice, A. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, and J. Ballato, “Toward a photoconducting semiconductor RF optical fiber antenna array,” Appl. Opt. 49(27), 5163–5168 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, C. McMillen, L. Burka, J. Reppert, R. Podila, A. M. Rao, and R. R. Rice, “Binary III-V semiconductor core optical fiber,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4972–4979 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, D. Mulwee, J. Kolis, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 862–867 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. S. Deng, N. D. Orf, S. Danto, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Yazgan-Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, N. K. Hon, B. Jalali, and R. Rice, “Glass-clad single-crystal germanium optical fiber,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8029–8035 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, “Efficient fibre amplifiers based on a highly Er3+/Yb3+ codoped phosphate glass fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(4), 047806 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

B. Zhou and J. J. Zhu, “A general route for the rapid synthesis of one-dimensional nanostructured single-crystal Te, Se and Se-Te alloys directly from Te or/and Se powders,” Nanotechnology 17(6), 1763–1769 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

M. Bayindir, F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, J. Viens, S. D. Hart, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor optoelectronic fibres,” Nature 431(7010), 826–829 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glass: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330(1–3), 1–12 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

B. Mayers and Y. Xia, “One-dimensional nanostructures of trigonal tellurium with various morphologies can be synthesized using a solution-phase approach,” J. Mater. Chem. 12(6), 1875–1881 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of monodisperse nanorods of Se/Te Alloys through a homogeneous nucleation and solution growth process,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1380–1384 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Mendoza-Galván, E. García-García, Y. V. Vorobiev, and J. González-Hernández, “Structural, optical and electrical characterization of amorphous SexTe1-x thin film alloys,” Microelectron. Eng. 51–52, 677–687 (2000).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

H. El-Zahed, A. El-Korashy, and M. Dongol, “Optical parameter studies of as-deposited and annealed Se1-xTex films,” Thin Solid Films 259(2), 203–211 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

K. V. Reddy and A. K. Bhatnagar, “Electrical and optical studies on amorphous Se-Te alloys,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 25(12), 1810–1816 (1992).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

M. F. Kotkata and M. K. El-Mously, “A survey of amorphous Se-Te semiconductors and their characteristic aspects of crystallization,” Acta Phys. Hung. 54(3), 303–312 (1983).

1972 (1)

R. Geick, E. F. Steigmeier, and H. Auderset, “Raman effect in selenium-tellurium mixed crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 54(2), 623–630 (1972).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

G. Lucovsky, A. Mooradian, W. Taylor, G. B. Wright, and R. C. Keezer, “Identification of the fundamental vibrational modes of trigonal, a-monoclinic and amorphous selenium,” Solid State Commun. 5(2), 113–117 (1967).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

J. L. Hartke, “Drift mobilities of electrons and holes and space-charge-limited currents in amorphous selenium films,” Phys. Rev. 125(4), 1177–1192 (1962).
[Crossref]

Abouraddy, A. F.

G. M. Tao, A. M. Stolyarov, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Multimaterial fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Deng, N. D. Orf, S. Danto, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bayindir, F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, J. Viens, S. D. Hart, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor optoelectronic fibres,” Nature 431(7010), 826–829 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnold, J.

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

Auderset, H.

R. Geick, E. F. Steigmeier, and H. Auderset, “Raman effect in selenium-tellurium mixed crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 54(2), 623–630 (1972).
[Crossref]

Ballato, A.

Ballato, J.

S. Morris and J. Ballato, “Molten-core fabrication of novel optical fibers,” Bull. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(4), 24–29 (2013).

J. Ballato and P. Dragic, “Rethinking optical fiber: new demands, old glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(9), 2675–2692 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, J. Ballato, S. W. Martin, and R. Rice, “Gladding glass development for semiconductor core optical fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(2), 144–153 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, R. Rice, L. Zhu, and O. Stafsudd, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad amorphous and crystalline oxide optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(2), 153–160 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, C. McMillen, J. Fan, L. Zhu, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “Reactive molten core fabrication of silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(6), 1141–1149 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Davis, R. Rice, A. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, and J. Ballato, “Toward a photoconducting semiconductor RF optical fiber antenna array,” Appl. Opt. 49(27), 5163–5168 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, C. McMillen, L. Burka, J. Reppert, R. Podila, A. M. Rao, and R. R. Rice, “Binary III-V semiconductor core optical fiber,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4972–4979 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, D. Mulwee, J. Kolis, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 862–867 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Yazgan-Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, N. K. Hon, B. Jalali, and R. Rice, “Glass-clad single-crystal germanium optical fiber,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8029–8035 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18675–18683 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bayindir, M.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bayindir, F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, J. Viens, S. D. Hart, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor optoelectronic fibres,” Nature 431(7010), 826–829 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benoit, G.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bhatnagar, A. K.

K. V. Reddy and A. K. Bhatnagar, “Electrical and optical studies on amorphous Se-Te alloys,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 25(12), 1810–1816 (1992).
[Crossref]

Burka, L.

Chen, D. D.

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. D.

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Danto, S.

D. S. Deng, N. D. Orf, S. Danto, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Davis, R.

Daw, M.

Deng, D. S.

D. S. Deng, N. D. Orf, S. Danto, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dongol, M.

H. El-Zahed, A. El-Korashy, and M. Dongol, “Optical parameter studies of as-deposited and annealed Se1-xTex films,” Thin Solid Films 259(2), 203–211 (1995).
[Crossref]

Dragic, P.

J. Ballato and P. Dragic, “Rethinking optical fiber: new demands, old glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(9), 2675–2692 (2013).
[Crossref]

El-Korashy, A.

H. El-Zahed, A. El-Korashy, and M. Dongol, “Optical parameter studies of as-deposited and annealed Se1-xTex films,” Thin Solid Films 259(2), 203–211 (1995).
[Crossref]

Elliott, S. R.

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glass: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330(1–3), 1–12 (2003).
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Ellison, M.

El-Mously, M. K.

M. F. Kotkata and M. K. El-Mously, “A survey of amorphous Se-Te semiconductors and their characteristic aspects of crystallization,” Acta Phys. Hung. 54(3), 303–312 (1983).

El-Zahed, H.

H. El-Zahed, A. El-Korashy, and M. Dongol, “Optical parameter studies of as-deposited and annealed Se1-xTex films,” Thin Solid Films 259(2), 203–211 (1995).
[Crossref]

Fan, J.

Feng, Z. M.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, “Efficient fibre amplifiers based on a highly Er3+/Yb3+ codoped phosphate glass fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(4), 047806 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fink, Y.

C. Hou, X. Jia, L. Wei, A. M. Stolyarov, O. Shapira, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Direct atomic-level observation and chemical analysis of ZnSe synthesized by in situ high-throughput reactive fiber drawing,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 975–979 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Deng, N. D. Orf, S. Danto, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bayindir, F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, J. Viens, S. D. Hart, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor optoelectronic fibres,” Nature 431(7010), 826–829 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Foy, P.

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, J. Ballato, S. W. Martin, and R. Rice, “Gladding glass development for semiconductor core optical fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(2), 144–153 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, R. Rice, L. Zhu, and O. Stafsudd, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad amorphous and crystalline oxide optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(2), 153–160 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, C. McMillen, J. Fan, L. Zhu, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “Reactive molten core fabrication of silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(6), 1141–1149 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Davis, R. Rice, A. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, and J. Ballato, “Toward a photoconducting semiconductor RF optical fiber antenna array,” Appl. Opt. 49(27), 5163–5168 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, C. McMillen, L. Burka, J. Reppert, R. Podila, A. M. Rao, and R. R. Rice, “Binary III-V semiconductor core optical fiber,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4972–4979 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, D. Mulwee, J. Kolis, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 862–867 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Yazgan-Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, N. K. Hon, B. Jalali, and R. Rice, “Glass-clad single-crystal germanium optical fiber,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8029–8035 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18675–18683 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

García-García, E.

A. Mendoza-Galván, E. García-García, Y. V. Vorobiev, and J. González-Hernández, “Structural, optical and electrical characterization of amorphous SexTe1-x thin film alloys,” Microelectron. Eng. 51–52, 677–687 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gates, B.

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of monodisperse nanorods of Se/Te Alloys through a homogeneous nucleation and solution growth process,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1380–1384 (2001).
[Crossref]

Geick, R.

R. Geick, E. F. Steigmeier, and H. Auderset, “Raman effect in selenium-tellurium mixed crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 54(2), 623–630 (1972).
[Crossref]

González-Hernández, J.

A. Mendoza-Galván, E. García-García, Y. V. Vorobiev, and J. González-Hernández, “Structural, optical and electrical characterization of amorphous SexTe1-x thin film alloys,” Microelectron. Eng. 51–52, 677–687 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hart, S. D.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Bayindir, F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, J. Viens, S. D. Hart, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor optoelectronic fibres,” Nature 431(7010), 826–829 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartke, J. L.

J. L. Hartke, “Drift mobilities of electrons and holes and space-charge-limited currents in amorphous selenium films,” Phys. Rev. 125(4), 1177–1192 (1962).
[Crossref]

Hawkins, T.

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, J. Ballato, S. W. Martin, and R. Rice, “Gladding glass development for semiconductor core optical fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(2), 144–153 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, R. Rice, L. Zhu, and O. Stafsudd, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad amorphous and crystalline oxide optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(2), 153–160 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, C. McMillen, J. Fan, L. Zhu, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “Reactive molten core fabrication of silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(6), 1141–1149 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Davis, R. Rice, A. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, and J. Ballato, “Toward a photoconducting semiconductor RF optical fiber antenna array,” Appl. Opt. 49(27), 5163–5168 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, C. McMillen, L. Burka, J. Reppert, R. Podila, A. M. Rao, and R. R. Rice, “Binary III-V semiconductor core optical fiber,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4972–4979 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, D. Mulwee, J. Kolis, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 862–867 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Yazgan-Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, N. K. Hon, B. Jalali, and R. Rice, “Glass-clad single-crystal germanium optical fiber,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8029–8035 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18675–18683 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Healy, N.

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hon, N. K.

Hou, C.

C. Hou, X. Jia, L. Wei, A. M. Stolyarov, O. Shapira, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Direct atomic-level observation and chemical analysis of ZnSe synthesized by in situ high-throughput reactive fiber drawing,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 975–979 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

Jia, X.

C. Hou, X. Jia, L. Wei, A. M. Stolyarov, O. Shapira, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Direct atomic-level observation and chemical analysis of ZnSe synthesized by in situ high-throughput reactive fiber drawing,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 975–979 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Z. H.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, “Efficient fibre amplifiers based on a highly Er3+/Yb3+ codoped phosphate glass fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(4), 047806 (2009).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

C. Hou, X. Jia, L. Wei, A. M. Stolyarov, O. Shapira, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Direct atomic-level observation and chemical analysis of ZnSe synthesized by in situ high-throughput reactive fiber drawing,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 975–979 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. S. Deng, N. D. Orf, S. Danto, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Bayindir, F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, J. Viens, S. D. Hart, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor optoelectronic fibres,” Nature 431(7010), 826–829 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keezer, R. C.

G. Lucovsky, A. Mooradian, W. Taylor, G. B. Wright, and R. C. Keezer, “Identification of the fundamental vibrational modes of trigonal, a-monoclinic and amorphous selenium,” Solid State Commun. 5(2), 113–117 (1967).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, F.

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. S.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kokuoz, B.

Kolis, J.

C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, D. Mulwee, J. Kolis, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 862–867 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kotkata, M. F.

M. F. Kotkata and M. K. El-Mously, “A survey of amorphous Se-Te semiconductors and their characteristic aspects of crystallization,” Acta Phys. Hung. 54(3), 303–312 (1983).

Kuriki, K.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, E.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, T. I.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lucovsky, G.

G. Lucovsky, A. Mooradian, W. Taylor, G. B. Wright, and R. C. Keezer, “Identification of the fundamental vibrational modes of trigonal, a-monoclinic and amorphous selenium,” Solid State Commun. 5(2), 113–117 (1967).
[Crossref]

Martin, S. W.

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, J. Ballato, S. W. Martin, and R. Rice, “Gladding glass development for semiconductor core optical fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(2), 144–153 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mayers, B.

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Mayers and Y. Xia, “One-dimensional nanostructures of trigonal tellurium with various morphologies can be synthesized using a solution-phase approach,” J. Mater. Chem. 12(6), 1875–1881 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of monodisperse nanorods of Se/Te Alloys through a homogeneous nucleation and solution growth process,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1380–1384 (2001).
[Crossref]

McMillen, C.

Mendoza-Galván, A.

A. Mendoza-Galván, E. García-García, Y. V. Vorobiev, and J. González-Hernández, “Structural, optical and electrical characterization of amorphous SexTe1-x thin film alloys,” Microelectron. Eng. 51–52, 677–687 (2000).
[Crossref]

Menke, E. J.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moon, G.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mooradian, A.

G. Lucovsky, A. Mooradian, W. Taylor, G. B. Wright, and R. C. Keezer, “Identification of the fundamental vibrational modes of trigonal, a-monoclinic and amorphous selenium,” Solid State Commun. 5(2), 113–117 (1967).
[Crossref]

Morris, S.

S. Morris and J. Ballato, “Molten-core fabrication of novel optical fibers,” Bull. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(4), 24–29 (2013).

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, J. Ballato, S. W. Martin, and R. Rice, “Gladding glass development for semiconductor core optical fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(2), 144–153 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, C. McMillen, J. Fan, L. Zhu, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “Reactive molten core fabrication of silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(6), 1141–1149 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mulwee, D.

C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, D. Mulwee, J. Kolis, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 862–867 (2010).
[Crossref]

Myoung, J. M.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Orf, N.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

Orf, N. D.

D. S. Deng, N. D. Orf, S. Danto, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Peacock, A. C.

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peng, K. L.

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

Penner, R. M.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podila, R.

Powers, D. R.

Qian, Q.

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rao, A. M.

Reddy, K. V.

K. V. Reddy and A. K. Bhatnagar, “Electrical and optical studies on amorphous Se-Te alloys,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 25(12), 1810–1816 (1992).
[Crossref]

Reppert, J.

Rice, R.

Rice, R. R.

Shapira, O.

C. Hou, X. Jia, L. Wei, A. M. Stolyarov, O. Shapira, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Direct atomic-level observation and chemical analysis of ZnSe synthesized by in situ high-throughput reactive fiber drawing,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 975–979 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sharma, S. R.

Shori, R.

Sohn, S.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sorin, F.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Bayindir, F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, J. Viens, S. D. Hart, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor optoelectronic fibres,” Nature 431(7010), 826–829 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sparks, J. R.

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stafsudd, O.

Steigmeier, E. F.

R. Geick, E. F. Steigmeier, and H. Auderset, “Raman effect in selenium-tellurium mixed crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 54(2), 623–630 (1972).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R.

Stolyarov, A. M.

C. Hou, X. Jia, L. Wei, A. M. Stolyarov, O. Shapira, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Direct atomic-level observation and chemical analysis of ZnSe synthesized by in situ high-throughput reactive fiber drawing,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 975–979 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. M. Tao, A. M. Stolyarov, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Multimaterial fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, M.

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tang, G. W.

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tao, G. M.

G. M. Tao, A. M. Stolyarov, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Multimaterial fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, W.

G. Lucovsky, A. Mooradian, W. Taylor, G. B. Wright, and R. C. Keezer, “Identification of the fundamental vibrational modes of trigonal, a-monoclinic and amorphous selenium,” Solid State Commun. 5(2), 113–117 (1967).
[Crossref]

Temelkuran, B.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, M. A.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Viens, J.

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Bayindir, F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, J. Viens, S. D. Hart, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor optoelectronic fibres,” Nature 431(7010), 826–829 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vorobiev, Y. V.

A. Mendoza-Galván, E. García-García, Y. V. Vorobiev, and J. González-Hernández, “Structural, optical and electrical characterization of amorphous SexTe1-x thin film alloys,” Microelectron. Eng. 51–52, 677–687 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. L.

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, L.

C. Hou, X. Jia, L. Wei, A. M. Stolyarov, O. Shapira, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Direct atomic-level observation and chemical analysis of ZnSe synthesized by in situ high-throughput reactive fiber drawing,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 975–979 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wen, X.

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wright, G. B.

G. Lucovsky, A. Mooradian, W. Taylor, G. B. Wright, and R. C. Keezer, “Identification of the fundamental vibrational modes of trigonal, a-monoclinic and amorphous selenium,” Solid State Commun. 5(2), 113–117 (1967).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y.

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Mayers and Y. Xia, “One-dimensional nanostructures of trigonal tellurium with various morphologies can be synthesized using a solution-phase approach,” J. Mater. Chem. 12(6), 1875–1881 (2002).
[Crossref]

B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of monodisperse nanorods of Se/Te Alloys through a homogeneous nucleation and solution growth process,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1380–1384 (2001).
[Crossref]

Xiang, C.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S. H.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, “Efficient fibre amplifiers based on a highly Er3+/Yb3+ codoped phosphate glass fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(4), 047806 (2009).
[Crossref]

Xu, W. C.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, “Efficient fibre amplifiers based on a highly Er3+/Yb3+ codoped phosphate glass fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(4), 047806 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yan, H.

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yang, L. C.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, P.

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z. M.

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, “Efficient fibre amplifiers based on a highly Er3+/Yb3+ codoped phosphate glass fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(4), 047806 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yazgan-Kokuoz, B.

Yin, Y.

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of monodisperse nanorods of Se/Te Alloys through a homogeneous nucleation and solution growth process,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1380–1384 (2001).
[Crossref]

Zakery, A.

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glass: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330(1–3), 1–12 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q. Y.

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, “Efficient fibre amplifiers based on a highly Er3+/Yb3+ codoped phosphate glass fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(4), 047806 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhou, B.

B. Zhou and J. J. Zhu, “A general route for the rapid synthesis of one-dimensional nanostructured single-crystal Te, Se and Se-Te alloys directly from Te or/and Se powders,” Nanotechnology 17(6), 1763–1769 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, G. X.

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. J.

B. Zhou and J. J. Zhu, “A general route for the rapid synthesis of one-dimensional nanostructured single-crystal Te, Se and Se-Te alloys directly from Te or/and Se powders,” Nanotechnology 17(6), 1763–1769 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L.

Acta Phys. Hung. (1)

M. F. Kotkata and M. K. El-Mously, “A survey of amorphous Se-Te semiconductors and their characteristic aspects of crystallization,” Acta Phys. Hung. 54(3), 303–312 (1983).

Adv. Mater. (4)

B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, and Y. Xia, “Large-scale synthesis of monodisperse nanorods of Se/Te Alloys through a homogeneous nucleation and solution growth process,” Adv. Mater. 13(18), 1380–1384 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, N. Orf, O. Shapira, J. Viens, J. Arnold, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial photodetecting fibers: a geometric and structural study,” Adv. Mater. 19(22), 3872–3877 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, and H. Yan, “One-dimensional nanostructres: synthesis, characterization, and applications,” Adv. Mater. 15(5), 353–389 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. I. Lee, S. Lee, E. Lee, S. Sohn, Y. Lee, S. Lee, G. Moon, D. Kim, Y. S. Kim, J. M. Myoung, and Z. L. Wang, “High-power density piezoelectric energy harvesting using radially strained ultrathin trigonal tellurium nanowire assembly,” Adv. Mater. 25(21), 2920–2925 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

AIP Adv. (1)

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, K. L. Peng, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, M. Sun, X. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. S. Deng, N. D. Orf, S. Danto, A. F. Abouraddy, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bull. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

S. Morris and J. Ballato, “Molten-core fabrication of novel optical fibers,” Bull. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92(4), 24–29 (2013).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, and W. C. Xu, “Efficient fibre amplifiers based on a highly Er3+/Yb3+ codoped phosphate glass fibre,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 26(4), 047806 (2009).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. (2)

G. M. Tao, A. M. Stolyarov, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Multimaterial fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, J. Ballato, S. W. Martin, and R. Rice, “Gladding glass development for semiconductor core optical fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(2), 144–153 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

G. W. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. X. Zhou, X. D. Chen, M. Sun, D. D. Chen, and Z. M. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633, 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

J. Ballato and P. Dragic, “Rethinking optical fiber: new demands, old glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(9), 2675–2692 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

B. Mayers and Y. Xia, “One-dimensional nanostructures of trigonal tellurium with various morphologies can be synthesized using a solution-phase approach,” J. Mater. Chem. 12(6), 1875–1881 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. Zakery and S. R. Elliott, “Optical properties and applications of chalcogenide glass: a review,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 330(1–3), 1–12 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

K. V. Reddy and A. K. Bhatnagar, “Electrical and optical studies on amorphous Se-Te alloys,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 25(12), 1810–1816 (1992).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

A. Mendoza-Galván, E. García-García, Y. V. Vorobiev, and J. González-Hernández, “Structural, optical and electrical characterization of amorphous SexTe1-x thin film alloys,” Microelectron. Eng. 51–52, 677–687 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

C. Hou, X. Jia, L. Wei, A. M. Stolyarov, O. Shapira, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Direct atomic-level observation and chemical analysis of ZnSe synthesized by in situ high-throughput reactive fiber drawing,” Nano Lett. 13(3), 975–979 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

B. Zhou and J. J. Zhu, “A general route for the rapid synthesis of one-dimensional nanostructured single-crystal Te, Se and Se-Te alloys directly from Te or/and Se powders,” Nanotechnology 17(6), 1763–1769 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (2)

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

M. Bayindir, F. Sorin, A. F. Abouraddy, J. Viens, S. D. Hart, J. D. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor optoelectronic fibres,” Nature 431(7010), 826–829 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

C. McMillen, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, D. Mulwee, J. Kolis, R. Stolen, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 862–867 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. L. Hartke, “Drift mobilities of electrons and holes and space-charge-limited currents in amorphous selenium films,” Phys. Rev. 125(4), 1177–1192 (1962).
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R. Geick, E. F. Steigmeier, and H. Auderset, “Raman effect in selenium-tellurium mixed crystals,” Phys. Stat. Solidi B 54(2), 623–630 (1972).
[Crossref]

Solid State Commun. (1)

G. Lucovsky, A. Mooradian, W. Taylor, G. B. Wright, and R. C. Keezer, “Identification of the fundamental vibrational modes of trigonal, a-monoclinic and amorphous selenium,” Solid State Commun. 5(2), 113–117 (1967).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

H. El-Zahed, A. El-Korashy, and M. Dongol, “Optical parameter studies of as-deposited and annealed Se1-xTex films,” Thin Solid Films 259(2), 203–211 (1995).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

L. I. Berger, Semiconductor Materials (CRC Press, 1997).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) SEM image of the as-drawn Se0.8Te0.2 core fiber. (b)-(e) The EDX mappings of the marked area in (a). Yellow, red, green, and light blue denote element phosphorus (P), oxygen (O), selenium (Se), and tellurium (Te), respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) XRD spectra for the core of as-drawn fiber and the core of annealed fiber. (b) DSC curves of amorphous Se0.8Te0.2 core. The inset of Fig. 2(a) shows the hexagonal lattice occupied by trigonal-phase alloy of Se0.8Te0.2.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Micro-Raman spectra of the a-Se0.8Te0.2 core of as-drawn fiber and the c-Se0.8Te0.2 core of annealed fiber.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Elemental profiles (relative elemental composition as a function of position across the fiber) for the annealed fiber.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) and (c) TEM images of the c-Se0.8Te0.2 core of annealed fiber. (b) and (d) SAED patterns of the c-Se0.8Te0.2 in (a) and (c), respectively. The inset of Fig. 5(a) shows the HR-TEM image of the c-Se0.8Te0.2.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The experimental date of absorbance spectra for a-Se0.8Te0.2 core and c-Se0.8Te0.2 core. (b) Plots of (αhν)1/2 versus the energy of absorbed light.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a)-(c) SEM images illustrating grain size of Se0.8Te0.2 crystals in core as a function of the fibers after being annealed at different temperatures. (d) Shows the interface between the clad and the core of the fibers after being annealed at 150 °C for 1 h. (e) Sketch and photograph of electrical contact to an external circuit by connecting the fiber end facets. (f) Current-voltage characteristics of Se0.8Te0.2 core fibers in the dark and under illumination.

Equations (2)

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F ( R ) = α S = ( 1 - R ) 2 2 R
( α h ν ) 1/2 h ν - E g

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