Abstract

We demonstrate the self-aligned growth of CdTe photodetectors using graphene as a pre-defined seed layer. Defects were generated in the graphene prior to growth to act as CdTe nucleation sites. Self-aligned CdTe structures were grown selectively on the pre-defined graphene region. The electrical and optoelectrical properties of the photodetectors were systematically analyzed. Our CdTe devices displayed Ohmic behavior with a low sheet resistance of 1.24 × 108 Ω/sq. Excellent photodetecting performances were achieved, including a high on-off ratio (~2.8), fast response time (10.4 s), and highly reproducible photoresponses. The fabrication method proposed here for these self-aligned device structures proves valuable for the development of next-generation graphene-semiconductor hybrid devices.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  5. C. Mattevi, H. Kim, and M. Chhowalla, “A review of chemical vapor deposition of graphene on copper,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(10), 3324–3334 (2011).
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  6. X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. P. A. Denis and F. Iribarne, “Comparative study of defect reactivity in graphene,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(37), 19048–19055 (2013).
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  9. Y.-H. Zhang, Y.-B. Chen, K.-G. Zhou, C.-H. Liu, J. Zeng, H.-L. Zhang, and Y. Peng, “Improving gas sensing properties of graphene by introducing dopants and defects: a first-principles study,” Nanotechnology 20(18), 185504 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. F. Banhart, J. Kotakoski, and A. V. Krasheninnikov, “Structural defects in graphene,” ACS Nano 5(1), 26–41 (2011).
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    [Crossref]
  12. W.-O. Seo, Y. Jung, J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Chemical bath deposition of cadmium sulfide on graphene-coated flexible glass substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(13), 133902 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. W. C. Shin, J. H. Bong, S.-Y. Choi, and B. J. Cho, “Functionalized graphene as an ultrathin seed layer for the atomic layer deposition of conformal high-k dielectrics on graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 11515–11519 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. H. Wang, J. T. Robinson, G. Diankov, and H. Dai, “Nanocrystal growth on graphene with various degrees of oxidation,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(10), 3270–3271 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. X. Wang, S. M. Tabakman, and H. Dai, “Atomic layer deposition of metal oxides on pristine and functionalized graphene,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(26), 8152–8153 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. X. Mathew, J. P. Enriquez, A. Romeo, and A. N. Tiwari, “CdTe/CdS solar cells on flexible substrates,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 831–838 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  21. L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  23. C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  24. G. Yang, B.-J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Single CdTe microwire photodetectors grown by close-spaced sublimation method,” Opt. Express 22(16), 18843–18848 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  26. Y. Ye, L. Dai, T. Sun, L. P. You, R. Zhu, J. Y. Gao, R. M. Peng, D. P. Yu, and G. G. Qin, “High-quality CdTe nanowires: Synthesis, characterization, and application in photoresponse devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(4), 044301 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  27. Y. Jung, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Growth of CdTe thin films on graphene by close-spaced sublimation method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(23), 231910 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  28. G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  29. X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. P. D. Paulson and V. Dutta, “Study of in situ CdCl2 treatment on CSS deposited CdTe films and CdS/CdTe solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 370(1-2), 299–306 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  31. N. A. Shah, A. Ali, Z. Ali, A. Maqsood, and A. K. S. Aqili, “Properties of Te-rich cadmium telluride thin films fabricated by closed space sublimation technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 284(3-4), 477–485 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

S. Oh, G. Yang, and J. Kim, “AuCl3 chemical doping on defective graphene layer,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 33(2), 021502 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

G. Yang, B.-J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Single CdTe microwire photodetectors grown by close-spaced sublimation method,” Opt. Express 22(16), 18843–18848 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.-O. Seo, Y. Jung, J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Chemical bath deposition of cadmium sulfide on graphene-coated flexible glass substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(13), 133902 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (6)

P. A. Denis and F. Iribarne, “Comparative study of defect reactivity in graphene,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(37), 19048–19055 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. C. Shin, J. H. Bong, S.-Y. Choi, and B. J. Cho, “Functionalized graphene as an ultrathin seed layer for the atomic layer deposition of conformal high-k dielectrics on graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 11515–11519 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Growth of CdTe thin films on graphene by close-spaced sublimation method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(23), 231910 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

C. Mattevi, H. Kim, and M. Chhowalla, “A review of chemical vapor deposition of graphene on copper,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(10), 3324–3334 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Banhart, J. Kotakoski, and A. V. Krasheninnikov, “Structural defects in graphene,” ACS Nano 5(1), 26–41 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Wang, J. T. Robinson, G. Diankov, and H. Dai, “Nanocrystal growth on graphene with various degrees of oxidation,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(10), 3270–3271 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ye, L. Dai, T. Sun, L. P. You, R. Zhu, J. Y. Gao, R. M. Peng, D. P. Yu, and G. G. Qin, “High-quality CdTe nanowires: Synthesis, characterization, and application in photoresponse devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(4), 044301 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

Y.-H. Zhang, Y.-B. Chen, K.-G. Zhou, C.-H. Liu, J. Zeng, H.-L. Zhang, and Y. Peng, “Improving gas sensing properties of graphene by introducing dopants and defects: a first-principles study,” Nanotechnology 20(18), 185504 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, S. M. Tabakman, and H. Dai, “Atomic layer deposition of metal oxides on pristine and functionalized graphene,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(26), 8152–8153 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

N. A. Shah, A. Ali, Z. Ali, A. Maqsood, and A. K. S. Aqili, “Properties of Te-rich cadmium telluride thin films fabricated by closed space sublimation technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 284(3-4), 477–485 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

X. Mathew, J. P. Enriquez, A. Romeo, and A. N. Tiwari, “CdTe/CdS solar cells on flexible substrates,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 831–838 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

P. D. Paulson and V. Dutta, “Study of in situ CdCl2 treatment on CSS deposited CdTe films and CdS/CdTe solar cells,” Thin Solid Films 370(1-2), 299–306 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

K. Durose, P. R. Edwards, and D. P. Halliday, “Materials aspects of CdTe/CdS solar cells,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 733–742 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

Y. Eisen and A. Shor, “CdTe and CdZnTe materials for room-temperature X-ray and gamma ray detectors,” J. Cryst. Growth 184(1-2), 1302–1312 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ahn, C.

K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ali, A.

N. A. Shah, A. Ali, Z. Ali, A. Maqsood, and A. K. S. Aqili, “Properties of Te-rich cadmium telluride thin films fabricated by closed space sublimation technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 284(3-4), 477–485 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ali, Z.

N. A. Shah, A. Ali, Z. Ali, A. Maqsood, and A. K. S. Aqili, “Properties of Te-rich cadmium telluride thin films fabricated by closed space sublimation technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 284(3-4), 477–485 (2005).
[Crossref]

An, S. J.

A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aqili, A. K. S.

N. A. Shah, A. Ali, Z. Ali, A. Maqsood, and A. K. S. Aqili, “Properties of Te-rich cadmium telluride thin films fabricated by closed space sublimation technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 284(3-4), 477–485 (2005).
[Crossref]

Balandin, A. A.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Banhart, F.

F. Banhart, J. Kotakoski, and A. V. Krasheninnikov, “Structural defects in graphene,” ACS Nano 5(1), 26–41 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, W.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Z.

K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barnes, T. M.

H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beach, J. D.

H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bello, I.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bent, S. F.

K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blösch, P.

L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bong, J. H.

W. C. Shin, J. H. Bong, S.-Y. Choi, and B. J. Cho, “Functionalized graphene as an ultrathin seed layer for the atomic layer deposition of conformal high-k dielectrics on graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 11515–11519 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borysiak, M.

X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Buecheler, S.

L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burst, J. M.

H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calizo, I.

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheah, E.

L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, D.

X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.-J.

C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-B.

Y.-H. Zhang, Y.-B. Chen, K.-G. Zhou, C.-H. Liu, J. Zeng, H.-L. Zhang, and Y. Peng, “Improving gas sensing properties of graphene by introducing dopants and defects: a first-principles study,” Nanotechnology 20(18), 185504 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chhowalla, M.

C. Mattevi, H. Kim, and M. Chhowalla, “A review of chemical vapor deposition of graphene on copper,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(10), 3324–3334 (2011).
[Crossref]

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K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
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K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
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L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
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F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
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H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
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K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
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H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
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L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
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Hagendorfer, H.

L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
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K. Durose, P. R. Edwards, and D. P. Halliday, “Materials aspects of CdTe/CdS solar cells,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 733–742 (1999).
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Han, B.

X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
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Hayashi, T.

A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
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Hone, J.

A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
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C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
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C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
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P. A. Denis and F. Iribarne, “Comparative study of defect reactivity in graphene,” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(37), 19048–19055 (2013).
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Jäger, T.

L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
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C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
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Johnson, R. W.

K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
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W.-O. Seo, Y. Jung, J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Chemical bath deposition of cadmium sulfide on graphene-coated flexible glass substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(13), 133902 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Growth of CdTe thin films on graphene by close-spaced sublimation method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(23), 231910 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, B.-J.

Kim, D.

G. Yang, B.-J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Single CdTe microwire photodetectors grown by close-spaced sublimation method,” Opt. Express 22(16), 18843–18848 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.-O. Seo, Y. Jung, J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Chemical bath deposition of cadmium sulfide on graphene-coated flexible glass substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(13), 133902 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Growth of CdTe thin films on graphene by close-spaced sublimation method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(23), 231910 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

C. Mattevi, H. Kim, and M. Chhowalla, “A review of chemical vapor deposition of graphene on copper,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(10), 3324–3334 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

S. Oh, G. Yang, and J. Kim, “AuCl3 chemical doping on defective graphene layer,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 33(2), 021502 (2015).
[Crossref]

W.-O. Seo, Y. Jung, J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Chemical bath deposition of cadmium sulfide on graphene-coated flexible glass substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(13), 133902 (2014).
[Crossref]

W.-O. Seo, Y. Jung, J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Chemical bath deposition of cadmium sulfide on graphene-coated flexible glass substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(13), 133902 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Yang, B.-J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Single CdTe microwire photodetectors grown by close-spaced sublimation method,” Opt. Express 22(16), 18843–18848 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Yang, Y. Jung, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Catalytic growth of CdTe nanowires by closed space sublimation method,” Thin Solid Films 546, 375–378 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Growth of CdTe thin films on graphene by close-spaced sublimation method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(23), 231910 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.

K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, M.-G.

K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
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A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
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F. Banhart, J. Kotakoski, and A. V. Krasheninnikov, “Structural defects in graphene,” ACS Nano 5(1), 26–41 (2011).
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L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
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F. Banhart, J. Kotakoski, and A. V. Krasheninnikov, “Structural defects in graphene,” ACS Nano 5(1), 26–41 (2011).
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X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
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Kysar, J. W.

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

C. Lee, X. Wei, J. W. Kysar, and J. Hone, “Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene,” Science 321(5887), 385–388 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.-S.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, G.-H.

A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, H.-B.-R.

K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.-T.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
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Li, J.

H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
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X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
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Y.-H. Zhang, Y.-B. Chen, K.-G. Zhou, C.-H. Liu, J. Zeng, H.-L. Zhang, and Y. Peng, “Improving gas sensing properties of graphene by introducing dopants and defects: a first-principles study,” Nanotechnology 20(18), 185504 (2009).
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K. Kim, H.-B.-R. Lee, R. W. Johnson, J. T. Tanskanen, N. Liu, M.-G. Kim, C. Pang, C. Ahn, S. F. Bent, and Z. Bao, “Selective metal deposition at graphene line defects by atomic layer deposition,” Nat. Commun. 5, 4781 (2014).
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X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
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X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
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Luo, L.

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
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C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
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Mahabaduge, H. P.

H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
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A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mathew, X.

X. Mathew, J. P. Enriquez, A. Romeo, and A. N. Tiwari, “CdTe/CdS solar cells on flexible substrates,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 831–838 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mattevi, C.

C. Mattevi, H. Kim, and M. Chhowalla, “A review of chemical vapor deposition of graphene on copper,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(10), 3324–3334 (2011).
[Crossref]

Metzger, W. K.

H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
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H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
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C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
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L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
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K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
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S. Oh, G. Yang, and J. Kim, “AuCl3 chemical doping on defective graphene layer,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 33(2), 021502 (2015).
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H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
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Y.-H. Zhang, Y.-B. Chen, K.-G. Zhou, C.-H. Liu, J. Zeng, H.-L. Zhang, and Y. Peng, “Improving gas sensing properties of graphene by introducing dopants and defects: a first-principles study,” Nanotechnology 20(18), 185504 (2009).
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H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
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H. Wang, J. T. Robinson, G. Diankov, and H. Dai, “Nanocrystal growth on graphene with various degrees of oxidation,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(10), 3270–3271 (2010).
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K. S. Novoselov, V. I. Fal’ko, L. Colombo, P. R. Gellert, M. G. Schwab, and K. Kim, “A roadmap for graphene,” Nature 490(7419), 192–200 (2012).
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W.-O. Seo, Y. Jung, J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Chemical bath deposition of cadmium sulfide on graphene-coated flexible glass substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(13), 133902 (2014).
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N. A. Shah, A. Ali, Z. Ali, A. Maqsood, and A. K. S. Aqili, “Properties of Te-rich cadmium telluride thin films fabricated by closed space sublimation technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 284(3-4), 477–485 (2005).
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A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
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L. Kranz, C. Gretener, J. Perrenoud, R. Schmitt, F. Pianezzi, F. La Mattina, P. Blösch, E. Cheah, A. Chirilă, C. M. Fella, H. Hagendorfer, T. Jäger, S. Nishiwaki, A. R. Uhl, S. Buecheler, and A. N. Tiwari, “Doping of polycrystalline CdTe for high-efficiency solar cells on flexible metal foil,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2306 (2013).
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H. Wang, J. T. Robinson, G. Diankov, and H. Dai, “Nanocrystal growth on graphene with various degrees of oxidation,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(10), 3270–3271 (2010).
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C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
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S. Oh, G. Yang, and J. Kim, “AuCl3 chemical doping on defective graphene layer,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 33(2), 021502 (2015).
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H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
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Y. Ye, L. Dai, T. Sun, L. P. You, R. Zhu, J. Y. Gao, R. M. Peng, D. P. Yu, and G. G. Qin, “High-quality CdTe nanowires: Synthesis, characterization, and application in photoresponse devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(4), 044301 (2010).
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Y.-H. Zhang, Y.-B. Chen, K.-G. Zhou, C.-H. Liu, J. Zeng, H.-L. Zhang, and Y. Peng, “Improving gas sensing properties of graphene by introducing dopants and defects: a first-principles study,” Nanotechnology 20(18), 185504 (2009).
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C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
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Y.-H. Zhang, Y.-B. Chen, K.-G. Zhou, C.-H. Liu, J. Zeng, H.-L. Zhang, and Y. Peng, “Improving gas sensing properties of graphene by introducing dopants and defects: a first-principles study,” Nanotechnology 20(18), 185504 (2009).
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Y.-H. Zhang, Y.-B. Chen, K.-G. Zhou, C.-H. Liu, J. Zeng, H.-L. Zhang, and Y. Peng, “Improving gas sensing properties of graphene by introducing dopants and defects: a first-principles study,” Nanotechnology 20(18), 185504 (2009).
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C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
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Y. Ye, L. Dai, T. Sun, L. P. You, R. Zhu, J. Y. Gao, R. M. Peng, D. P. Yu, and G. G. Qin, “High-quality CdTe nanowires: Synthesis, characterization, and application in photoresponse devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(4), 044301 (2010).
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X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
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ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

W. C. Shin, J. H. Bong, S.-Y. Choi, and B. J. Cho, “Functionalized graphene as an ultrathin seed layer for the atomic layer deposition of conformal high-k dielectrics on graphene,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 11515–11519 (2013).
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ACS Nano (1)

F. Banhart, J. Kotakoski, and A. V. Krasheninnikov, “Structural defects in graphene,” ACS Nano 5(1), 26–41 (2011).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

W.-O. Seo, Y. Jung, J. Kim, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Chemical bath deposition of cadmium sulfide on graphene-coated flexible glass substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(13), 133902 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. P. Mahabaduge, W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T. M. Barnes, “High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 106(13), 133501 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Park, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “CdTe microwire-based ultraviolet photodetectors aligned by non-uniform electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(5), 051906 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Jung, G. Yang, S. Chun, D. Kim, and J. Kim, “Growth of CdTe thin films on graphene by close-spaced sublimation method,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(23), 231910 (2013).
[Crossref]

CrystEngComm (1)

C. Xie, L.-B. Luo, L.-H. Zeng, L. Zhu, J.-J. Chen, B. Nie, J.-G. Hu, Q. Li, C.-Y. Wu, L. Wang, and J.-S. Jie, “p-CdTe nanoribbon/n-silicon nanowires array heterojunctions: photovoltaic devices and zero-power photodetectors,” CrystEngComm 14(21), 7222–7228 (2012).
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J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

H. Wang, J. T. Robinson, G. Diankov, and H. Dai, “Nanocrystal growth on graphene with various degrees of oxidation,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(10), 3270–3271 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, S. M. Tabakman, and H. Dai, “Atomic layer deposition of metal oxides on pristine and functionalized graphene,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(26), 8152–8153 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Ye, L. Dai, T. Sun, L. P. You, R. Zhu, J. Y. Gao, R. M. Peng, D. P. Yu, and G. G. Qin, “High-quality CdTe nanowires: Synthesis, characterization, and application in photoresponse devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(4), 044301 (2010).
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J. Cryst. Growth (3)

N. A. Shah, A. Ali, Z. Ali, A. Maqsood, and A. K. S. Aqili, “Properties of Te-rich cadmium telluride thin films fabricated by closed space sublimation technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 284(3-4), 477–485 (2005).
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K. Durose, P. R. Edwards, and D. P. Halliday, “Materials aspects of CdTe/CdS solar cells,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(3), 733–742 (1999).
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Y. Eisen and A. Shor, “CdTe and CdZnTe materials for room-temperature X-ray and gamma ray detectors,” J. Cryst. Growth 184(1-2), 1302–1312 (1998).
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J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (1)

S. Oh, G. Yang, and J. Kim, “AuCl3 chemical doping on defective graphene layer,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 33(2), 021502 (2015).
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Nano Lett. (2)

X. Li, Y. Zhu, W. Cai, M. Borysiak, B. Han, D. Chen, R. D. Piner, L. Colombo, and R. S. Ruoff, “Transfer of large-area graphene films for high-performance transparent conductive electrodes,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4359–4363 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Balandin, S. Ghosh, W. Bao, I. Calizo, D. Teweldebrhan, F. Miao, and C. N. Lau, “Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene,” Nano Lett. 8(3), 902–907 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanoscale (1)

X. Xie, S.-Y. Kwok, Z. Lu, Y. Liu, Y. Cao, L. Luo, J. A. Zapien, I. Bello, C.-S. Lee, S.-T. Lee, and W. Zhang, “Visible-NIR photodetectors based on CdTe nanoribbons,” Nanoscale 4(9), 2914–2919 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

Y.-H. Zhang, Y.-B. Chen, K.-G. Zhou, C.-H. Liu, J. Zeng, H.-L. Zhang, and Y. Peng, “Improving gas sensing properties of graphene by introducing dopants and defects: a first-principles study,” Nanotechnology 20(18), 185504 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (3)

A. Zandiatashbar, G.-H. Lee, S. J. An, S. Lee, N. Mathew, M. Terrones, T. Hayashi, C. R. Picu, J. Hone, and N. Koratkar, “Effect of defects on the intrinsic strength and stiffness of graphene,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3186 (2014).
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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Science (1)

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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A. McEvoy, T. Markvart, and L. Castañer, Solar Cells: Materials, Manufacture and Operation, in CdTe Thin-Film PV Modules 2nd ed. (Elsevier, 2013).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the fabrication process for patterned CdTe devices: (a) transfer of graphene to a SiO2/Si substrate; (b) formation of graphene patterns by photolithography and oxygen plasma treatment; (c) selective growth of CdTe by CSS method; (d) deposition of Cu/Au electrodes by photolithography.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Optical micrograph of the patterned graphene. (b) Raman spectra of graphene before and after UV/ozone treatment. (c) Optical micrograph of the patterned CdTe grown by CSS method. (d) SEM image of the CdTe surface. (e) Optical micrograph of TLM-patterned CdTe after the deposition of Cu/Au electrodes. (f) Micro-PL spectrum of the CdTe grown on defective graphene.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Optical and (b) scanning electron micrograph of the fabricated CdTe device. Inset: cross-sectional structure of the final CdTe-based photodetectors. (c) I-V characteristics of CdTe devices with different distances between the Cu/Au electrodes. (d) Resistance at + 1 V of the CdTe devices as a function of the distance between the neighboring electrodes.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Schematic of the experimental setup used to measure photoresponses. (b) I-V characteristics under different UV light intensities of a CdTe photodetector with a 10 μm gap. (c) Photocurrent intensity at + 1 V under different UV light intensities. (d) Time-dependent photocurrents at various UV illumination intensities.

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