Abstract

We propose a novel approach for strong alignment of gas-phase molecules for experiments at arbitrary repetition rates. A high-intracavity-power continuous-wave laser will provide the necessary ac electric field of 1010–1011 W/cm2. We demonstrate thin-disk lasers based on Yb:YAG and Yb:Lu2O3 in a linear high-finesse resonator providing intracavity power levels in excess of 100 kW at pump power levels on the order of 50 W. The multi-longitudinal-mode operation of this laser avoids spatial-hole burning even in a linear standing-wave resonator. The system will be scaled up as in-vacuum system to allow for the generation of fields of 1011 W/cm2. This system will be directly applicable for experiments at modern X-ray light sources, such as synchrotrons or free-electron lasers, which operate at various very high repetition rates. This would allow to record molecular movies through temporally resolved diffractive imaging of fixed-in-space molecules, as well as the spectroscopic investigation of combined X-ray–NIR strong-field effects of atomic and molecular systems.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. We distinguish between alignment and orientation according to the usual convention, i. e., alignment refers to fixing one or more molecular axes in space, while orientation refers to the breaking of the “up-down” symmetry along one or more axes.
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2015 (5)

Y.-P. Chang, D. Horke, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Spatially-controlled complex molecules and their applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 34, 557–590 (2015).

S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, R. González-Férez, and J. Küpper, “Two-state wave packet for strong field-free molecular orientation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 103003 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, J. Brons, N. Lilienfein, E. Fedulova, V. Pervak, D. Bauer, D. Sutter, Z. Wei, A. Apolonski, O. Pronin, and F. Krausz, “260-megahertz, megawatt-level thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1627–1630 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (7)

H. Carstens, N. Lilienfein, S. Holzberger, C. Jocher, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, J. Weitenberg, D. C. Yost, A. Alghamdi, Z. Alahmed, A. Azzeer, A. Apolonski, E. Fill, F. Krausz, and I. Pupeza, “Megawatt-scale average-power ultrashort pulses in an enhancement cavity,” Opt. Lett. 39, 2595 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Kränkel, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides for diode-pumped high-power lasers in the 1-, 2-, and 3-µm spectral range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 250–262 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, J. J. Omiste, H. Stapelfeldt, R. González-Férez, and J. Küpper, “Strongly driven quantum pendulum of the carbonyl sulfide molecule,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 051401 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53, 051507 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (6)

A. Barty, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Molecular imaging using x-ray free-electron lasers,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 64, 415–435 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, K. Długołęcki, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned and oriented molecular samples at a kHz repetition rate,” Mol. Phys. 111, 1738 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, S.-S. Schad, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Killi, “Recent developments in high power thin disk lasers at TRUMPF Laser,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 88980p (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Mourou, B. Brocklesby, T. Tajima, and J. Limpert, “The future is fibre accelerators,” Nat. Photonics 7, 258–261 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Eckerskorn, L. Li, R. A. Kirian, J. Küpper, D. P. DePonte, W. Krolikowski, W. M. Lee, H. N. Chapman, and A. V. Rode, “Hollow Bessel-like beam as an optical guide for a stream of microscopic particles,” Opt. Exp. 21, 30492–30499 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, C. Kränkel, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in passively mode-locked high-power thin disk laser oscillators,” Opt. Exp. 20, 7054–7065 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W of output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Exp. 20, 23535–23541 (2012).
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N. R. Hutzler, H. I. Lu, and J. M. Doyle, “The buffer gas beam: An intense, cold, and slow source for atoms and molecules,” Chem. Rev. 112, 4803–4827 (2012).
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J. H. Nielsen, H. Stapelfeldt, J. Küpper, B. Friedrich, J. J. Omiste, and R. González-Férez, “Making the best of mixed-field orientation of polar molecules: A recipe for achieving adiabatic dynamics in an electrostatic field combined with laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 193001 (2012).
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2011 (1)

F. Filsinger, G. Meijer, H. Stapelfeldt, H. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “State- and conformer-selected beams of aligned and oriented molecules for ultrafast diffraction studies,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 2076–2087 (2011).
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2010 (3)

H. Aksakal and E. Arıkan, “A feasibility study of tac ir-fel project,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 620, 155–158 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Beil, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, F. Tellkamp, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:LuAG for kW thin disk lasers,” Opt. Exp. 18, 20712–20722 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Weichelt, D. Blazquez-Sanchez, A. Austerschulte, A. Voss, T. Graf, and A. Killi, “Improving the brightness of a multi-kw thin disk laser with a single disk by an aspherical phase-front correction,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 77210M (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

I. Nevo, L. Holmegaard, J. H. Nielsen, J. L. Hansen, H. Stapelfeldt, F. Filsinger, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Laser-induced 3D alignment and orientation of quantum state-selected molecules,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 9912–9918 (2009).
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L. Holmegaard, J. H. Nielsen, I. Nevo, H. Stapelfeldt, F. Filsinger, J. Küpper, and G. Meijer, “Laser-induced alignment and orientation of quantum-state-selected large molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023001 (2009).
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2008 (2)

W. H. Benner, M. J. Bogan, U. Rohner, S. Boutet, B. Woods, and M. Frank, “Non-destructive characterization and alignment of aerodynamically focused particle beams using single particle charge detection,” J. Aerosol. Sci. 39, 917–928 (2008).
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R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth by the heat exchanger method, spectroscopic characterization and laser operation of high-purity Yb:Lu2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934–1938 (2008).
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2007 (1)

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Broadly tunable high-power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser with 80 % slope efficiency,” Opt. Exp. 15, 7075–7082 (2007).
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2006 (1)

H. Franz, O. Leupold, R. Röhlsberger, S. V. Roth, O. H. Seeck, J. Spengler, J. Strempfer, M. Tischer, J. Viefhaus, E. Weckert, and T. Wroblewski, “Technical Report: PETRA III: DESY’s new high brilliance third generation synchrotron radiation source,” Synchrotron Radiat. News 19, 25–29 (2006).
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2005 (1)

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567–577 (2005).
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2004 (1)

S. Mustafiz, N. Bjorndalen, and M. R. Islam, “Lasing into the future: Potentials of laser drilling in the petroleum industry,” Petrol. Sci. Technol. 22, 1187–1198 (2004).
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2003 (1)

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, “Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543–557 (2003).
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2000 (3)

R. Neutze, R. Wouts, D. van der Spoel, E. Weckert, and J. Hajdu, “Potential for biomolecular imaging with femtosecond x-ray pulses,” Nature 406, 752–757 (2000).
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J. J. Larsen, K. Hald, N. Bjerre, H. Stapelfeldt, and T. Seideman, “Three dimensional alignment of molecules using elliptically polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2470–2473 (2000).
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R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, “Optical dipole traps for neutral atoms,” Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42, 95–170 (2000).
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1997 (1)

A. T. J. B. Eppink and D. H. Parker, “Velocity map imaging of ions and electrons using electrostatic lenses: Application in photoelectron and photofragment ion imaging of molecular oxygen,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3477–3484 (1997).
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1995 (2)

B. Friedrich and D. Herschbach, “Alignment and trapping of molecules in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 4623–4626 (1995).
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H. J. Loesch, “Orientation and alignment in reactive beam collisions – recent progress,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 46, 555–594 (1995).
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1994 (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
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1988 (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic-properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
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1987 (1)

1970 (1)

A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156–159 (1970).
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Abramov, A.

E. Shcherbakov, V. Fomin, A. Abramov, A. Ferin, D. Mochalov, and V. P. Gapontsev, “Industrial grade 100 kW power cw fiber laser,” in Proceedings of “Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress,” (Optical Society of America, 2013), p. ATh4A.2.

Adolph, M.

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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Adriano, L.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
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Aksakal, H.

H. Aksakal and E. Arıkan, “A feasibility study of tac ir-fel project,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 620, 155–158 (2010).
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Alahmed, Z.

Alghamdi, A.

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M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Anielski, D.

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
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Apolonski, A.

Aquila, A.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arikan, E.

H. Aksakal and E. Arıkan, “A feasibility study of tac ir-fel project,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 620, 155–158 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156–159 (1970).
[Crossref]

Austerschulte, A.

B. Weichelt, D. Blazquez-Sanchez, A. Austerschulte, A. Voss, T. Graf, and A. Killi, “Improving the brightness of a multi-kw thin disk laser with a single disk by an aspherical phase-front correction,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 77210M (2010).
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Avaldi, L.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Awel, S.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Azzeer, A.

Baer, C. R. E.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W of output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Exp. 20, 23535–23541 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, C. Kränkel, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in passively mode-locked high-power thin disk laser oscillators,” Opt. Exp. 20, 7054–7065 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, Südmeyer, K. Beil, Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast and high power thin disk lasers,” in Proceedings of the “2nd EOS Topical Meeting on Lasers (ETML’11),” (2011).

Bajt, S.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Barthelmess, M.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barty, A.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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A. Barty, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Molecular imaging using x-ray free-electron lasers,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 64, 415–435 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bauer, D.

Bean, R.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beil, K.

K. Beil, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, F. Tellkamp, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:LuAG for kW thin disk lasers,” Opt. Exp. 18, 20712–20722 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, Südmeyer, K. Beil, Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast and high power thin disk lasers,” in Proceedings of the “2nd EOS Topical Meeting on Lasers (ETML’11),” (2011).

Benner, W. H.

W. H. Benner, M. J. Bogan, U. Rohner, S. Boutet, B. Woods, and M. Frank, “Non-destructive characterization and alignment of aerodynamically focused particle beams using single particle charge detection,” J. Aerosol. Sci. 39, 917–928 (2008).
[Crossref]

Beyerlein, K. R.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bjerre, N.

J. J. Larsen, K. Hald, N. Bjerre, H. Stapelfeldt, and T. Seideman, “Three dimensional alignment of molecules using elliptically polarized laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2470–2473 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bjorndalen, N.

S. Mustafiz, N. Bjorndalen, and M. R. Islam, “Lasing into the future: Potentials of laser drilling in the petroleum industry,” Petrol. Sci. Technol. 22, 1187–1198 (2004).
[Crossref]

Blazquez-Sanchez, D.

B. Weichelt, D. Blazquez-Sanchez, A. Austerschulte, A. Voss, T. Graf, and A. Killi, “Improving the brightness of a multi-kw thin disk laser with a single disk by an aspherical phase-front correction,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 77210M (2010).
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Bodnar, N.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53, 051507 (2014).
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Bogan, M. J.

W. H. Benner, M. J. Bogan, U. Rohner, S. Boutet, B. Woods, and M. Frank, “Non-destructive characterization and alignment of aerodynamically focused particle beams using single particle charge detection,” J. Aerosol. Sci. 39, 917–928 (2008).
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Boll, R.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
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Bolognesi, P.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
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T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
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W. H. Benner, M. J. Bogan, U. Rohner, S. Boutet, B. Woods, and M. Frank, “Non-destructive characterization and alignment of aerodynamically focused particle beams using single particle charge detection,” J. Aerosol. Sci. 39, 917–928 (2008).
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S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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Bozek, J. D.

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
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Brauch, U.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
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Brinkmann, R.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Brocklesby, B.

G. Mourou, B. Brocklesby, T. Tajima, and J. Limpert, “The future is fibre accelerators,” Nat. Photonics 7, 258–261 (2013).
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Brons, J.

Bucksbaum, P.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
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Caird, J. A.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic-properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
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Caleman, C.

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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Callegari, C.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Carstens, H.

Chang, Y.-P.

Y.-P. Chang, D. Horke, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Spatially-controlled complex molecules and their applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 34, 557–590 (2015).

Chapman, H.

F. Filsinger, G. Meijer, H. Stapelfeldt, H. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “State- and conformer-selected beams of aligned and oriented molecules for ultrafast diffraction studies,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 2076–2087 (2011).
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Chapman, H. N.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Barty, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Molecular imaging using x-ray free-electron lasers,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 64, 415–435 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Eckerskorn, L. Li, R. A. Kirian, J. Küpper, D. P. DePonte, W. Krolikowski, W. M. Lee, H. N. Chapman, and A. V. Rode, “Hollow Bessel-like beam as an optical guide for a stream of microscopic particles,” Opt. Exp. 21, 30492–30499 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chase, L. L.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic-properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[Crossref]

Chavas, L. M. G.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chergui, M.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Christensen, L.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
[Crossref]

Coffee, R.

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
[Crossref]

Coppola, N.

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coreno, M.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Costello, J. T.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Danailov, M. B.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

De, S.

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
[Crossref]

De Ninno, G.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Decking, W.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Decleva, P.

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
[Crossref]

Delmas, T.

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Demidovich, A.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

DePonte, D. P.

N. Eckerskorn, L. Li, R. A. Kirian, J. Küpper, D. P. DePonte, W. Krolikowski, W. M. Lee, H. N. Chapman, and A. V. Rode, “Hollow Bessel-like beam as an optical guide for a stream of microscopic particles,” Opt. Exp. 21, 30492–30499 (2013).
[Crossref]

Devetta, M.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Di Fraia, M.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dlugolecki, K.

S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, K. Długołęcki, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned and oriented molecular samples at a kHz repetition rate,” Mol. Phys. 111, 1738 (2013).
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Dobson, B.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Domaracky, M.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Doyle, J. M.

N. R. Hutzler, H. I. Lu, and J. M. Doyle, “The buffer gas beam: An intense, cold, and slow source for atoms and molecules,” Chem. Rev. 112, 4803–4827 (2012).
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Düsterer, S.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Eckerskorn, N.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. Eckerskorn, L. Li, R. A. Kirian, J. Küpper, D. P. DePonte, W. Krolikowski, W. M. Lee, H. N. Chapman, and A. V. Rode, “Hollow Bessel-like beam as an optical guide for a stream of microscopic particles,” Opt. Exp. 21, 30492–30499 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Emaury, F.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W of output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Exp. 20, 23535–23541 (2012).
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S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
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[Crossref]

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Ferin, A.

E. Shcherbakov, V. Fomin, A. Abramov, A. Ferin, D. Mochalov, and V. P. Gapontsev, “Industrial grade 100 kW power cw fiber laser,” in Proceedings of “Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress,” (Optical Society of America, 2013), p. ATh4A.2.

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Filsinger, F.

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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F. Filsinger, G. Meijer, H. Stapelfeldt, H. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “State- and conformer-selected beams of aligned and oriented molecules for ultrafast diffraction studies,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 2076–2087 (2011).
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L. Holmegaard, J. H. Nielsen, I. Nevo, H. Stapelfeldt, F. Filsinger, J. Küpper, and G. Meijer, “Laser-induced alignment and orientation of quantum-state-selected large molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023001 (2009).
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I. Nevo, L. Holmegaard, J. H. Nielsen, J. L. Hansen, H. Stapelfeldt, F. Filsinger, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Laser-induced 3D alignment and orientation of quantum state-selected molecules,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 9912–9918 (2009).
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Finetti, P.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Fleckenstein, H.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fomin, V.

E. Shcherbakov, V. Fomin, A. Abramov, A. Ferin, D. Mochalov, and V. P. Gapontsev, “Industrial grade 100 kW power cw fiber laser,” in Proceedings of “Advanced Solid-State Lasers Congress,” (Optical Society of America, 2013), p. ATh4A.2.

Foucar, L.

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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Kabachnik, N. M.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Kazansky, A. K.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Keller, U.

C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, C. Kränkel, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Frontiers in passively mode-locked high-power thin disk laser oscillators,” Opt. Exp. 20, 7054–7065 (2012).
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C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “275 W of output power from a femtosecond thin disk oscillator operated in a vacuum environment,” Opt. Exp. 20, 23535–23541 (2012).
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C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, Südmeyer, K. Beil, Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Ultrafast and high power thin disk lasers,” in Proceedings of the “2nd EOS Topical Meeting on Lasers (ETML’11),” (2011).

Kienitz, J. S.

S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, R. González-Férez, and J. Küpper, “Two-state wave packet for strong field-free molecular orientation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 103003 (2015).
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S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, J. J. Omiste, H. Stapelfeldt, R. González-Férez, and J. Küpper, “Strongly driven quantum pendulum of the carbonyl sulfide molecule,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 051401 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, K. Długołęcki, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned and oriented molecular samples at a kHz repetition rate,” Mol. Phys. 111, 1738 (2013).
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Kierspel, T.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
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Killi, A.

T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, S.-S. Schad, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Killi, “Recent developments in high power thin disk lasers at TRUMPF Laser,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 88980p (2013).
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B. Weichelt, D. Blazquez-Sanchez, A. Austerschulte, A. Voss, T. Graf, and A. Killi, “Improving the brightness of a multi-kw thin disk laser with a single disk by an aspherical phase-front correction,” Proc. SPIE 7721, 77210M (2010).
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Kimmel, N.

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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Kirian, R. A.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
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N. Eckerskorn, L. Li, R. A. Kirian, J. Küpper, D. P. DePonte, W. Krolikowski, W. M. Lee, H. N. Chapman, and A. V. Rode, “Hollow Bessel-like beam as an optical guide for a stream of microscopic particles,” Opt. Exp. 21, 30492–30499 (2013).
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Knoska, J.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
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T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
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C. Kränkel, “Rare-earth-doped sesquioxides for diode-pumped high-power lasers in the 1-, 2-, and 3-µm spectral range,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21, 250–262 (2014).
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K. Beil, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, F. Tellkamp, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:LuAG for kW thin disk lasers,” Opt. Exp. 18, 20712–20722 (2010).
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Krasniqi, F.

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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Krausz, F.

Krolikowski, W.

N. Eckerskorn, L. Li, R. A. Kirian, J. Küpper, D. P. DePonte, W. Krolikowski, W. M. Lee, H. N. Chapman, and A. V. Rode, “Hollow Bessel-like beam as an optical guide for a stream of microscopic particles,” Opt. Exp. 21, 30492–30499 (2013).
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T. Gottwald, V. Kuhn, S.-S. Schad, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Killi, “Recent developments in high power thin disk lasers at TRUMPF Laser,” Proc. SPIE 8898, 88980p (2013).
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S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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Y.-P. Chang, D. Horke, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Spatially-controlled complex molecules and their applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 34, 557–590 (2015).

S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, R. González-Férez, and J. Küpper, “Two-state wave packet for strong field-free molecular orientation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 103003 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
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S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, J. J. Omiste, H. Stapelfeldt, R. González-Férez, and J. Küpper, “Strongly driven quantum pendulum of the carbonyl sulfide molecule,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 051401 (2014).
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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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A. Barty, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Molecular imaging using x-ray free-electron lasers,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 64, 415–435 (2013).
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S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, K. Długołęcki, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned and oriented molecular samples at a kHz repetition rate,” Mol. Phys. 111, 1738 (2013).
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R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Eckerskorn, L. Li, R. A. Kirian, J. Küpper, D. P. DePonte, W. Krolikowski, W. M. Lee, H. N. Chapman, and A. V. Rode, “Hollow Bessel-like beam as an optical guide for a stream of microscopic particles,” Opt. Exp. 21, 30492–30499 (2013).
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J. H. Nielsen, H. Stapelfeldt, J. Küpper, B. Friedrich, J. J. Omiste, and R. González-Férez, “Making the best of mixed-field orientation of polar molecules: A recipe for achieving adiabatic dynamics in an electrostatic field combined with laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 193001 (2012).
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F. Filsinger, G. Meijer, H. Stapelfeldt, H. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “State- and conformer-selected beams of aligned and oriented molecules for ultrafast diffraction studies,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 2076–2087 (2011).
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L. Holmegaard, J. H. Nielsen, I. Nevo, H. Stapelfeldt, F. Filsinger, J. Küpper, and G. Meijer, “Laser-induced alignment and orientation of quantum-state-selected large molecules,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 023001 (2009).
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T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
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R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth by the heat exchanger method, spectroscopic characterization and laser operation of high-purity Yb:Lu2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934–1938 (2008).
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R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Broadly tunable high-power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser with 80 % slope efficiency,” Opt. Exp. 15, 7075–7082 (2007).
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Peters, R.

K. Beil, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, F. Tellkamp, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:LuAG for kW thin disk lasers,” Opt. Exp. 18, 20712–20722 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Crystal growth by the heat exchanger method, spectroscopic characterization and laser operation of high-purity Yb:Lu2O3,” J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934–1938 (2008).
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R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Broadly tunable high-power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser with 80 % slope efficiency,” Opt. Exp. 15, 7075–7082 (2007).
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Petrovic, V.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
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Pflüger, J.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Plekan, O.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Prince, K. C.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Pronin, O.

Pupeza, I.

Rafipoor, A. J.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Raimondi, L.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Ramponi, A. J.

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staver, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic-properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quant. Elec. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
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Redlin, H.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Reich, C.

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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Richardson, M.

A. Vaupel, N. Bodnar, B. Webb, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, “Concepts, performance review, and prospects of table-top, few-cycle optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Eng. 53, 051507 (2014).
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Richter, R.

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
[Crossref]

Riley, D.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Robinson, I.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Robinson, J.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rode, A. V.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
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N. Eckerskorn, L. Li, R. A. Kirian, J. Küpper, D. P. DePonte, W. Krolikowski, W. M. Lee, H. N. Chapman, and A. V. Rode, “Hollow Bessel-like beam as an optical guide for a stream of microscopic particles,” Opt. Exp. 21, 30492–30499 (2013).
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Röhlsberger, R.

H. Franz, O. Leupold, R. Röhlsberger, S. V. Roth, O. H. Seeck, J. Spengler, J. Strempfer, M. Tischer, J. Viefhaus, E. Weckert, and T. Wroblewski, “Technical Report: PETRA III: DESY’s new high brilliance third generation synchrotron radiation source,” Synchrotron Radiat. News 19, 25–29 (2006).
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Rohner, U.

W. H. Benner, M. J. Bogan, U. Rohner, S. Boutet, B. Woods, and M. Frank, “Non-destructive characterization and alignment of aerodynamically focused particle beams using single particle charge detection,” J. Aerosol. Sci. 39, 917–928 (2008).
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Rolles, D.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rossbach, J.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Roth, N.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Roth, S. V.

H. Franz, O. Leupold, R. Röhlsberger, S. V. Roth, O. H. Seeck, J. Spengler, J. Strempfer, M. Tischer, J. Viefhaus, E. Weckert, and T. Wroblewski, “Technical Report: PETRA III: DESY’s new high brilliance third generation synchrotron radiation source,” Synchrotron Radiat. News 19, 25–29 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rouzee, A.

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rouzée, A.

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rudek, B.

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rudenko, A.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzee, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, R. Coffee, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, R. Hartmann, N. Kimmel, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, B. Rudek, D. Starodub, J. Thøgersen, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, H. N. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “Toward atomic resolution diffractive imaging of isolated molecules with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Faraday Disc. 171, 393 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
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Santra, R.

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J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
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H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, “Colloquium: Aligning molecules with strong laser pulses,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543–557 (2003).
[Crossref]

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T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
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Wiese, J.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Witte, K.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wolf, A.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Wolters, U.

U. Wolters, “Inversion Dependent Losses in Yb: YAG and Their Effects on Thin-Disk Laser Operation,” Ph.D. thesis, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany (2014).

Woods, B.

W. H. Benner, M. J. Bogan, U. Rohner, S. Boutet, B. Woods, and M. Frank, “Non-destructive characterization and alignment of aerodynamically focused particle beams using single particle charge detection,” J. Aerosol. Sci. 39, 917–928 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wouts, R.

R. Neutze, R. Wouts, D. van der Spoel, E. Weckert, and J. Hajdu, “Potential for biomolecular imaging with femtosecond x-ray pulses,” Nature 406, 752–757 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wroblewski, T.

H. Franz, O. Leupold, R. Röhlsberger, S. V. Roth, O. H. Seeck, J. Spengler, J. Strempfer, M. Tischer, J. Viefhaus, E. Weckert, and T. Wroblewski, “Technical Report: PETRA III: DESY’s new high brilliance third generation synchrotron radiation source,” Synchrotron Radiat. News 19, 25–29 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wulff, M.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Wunderer, C.

J. Küpper, S. Stern, L. Holmegaard, F. Filsinger, A. Rouzée, A. Rudenko, P. Johnsson, A. V. Martin, M. Adolph, A. Aquila, S. Bajt, A. Barty, C. Bostedt, J. Bozek, C. Caleman, R. Coffee, N. Coppola, T. Delmas, S. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, T. Gorkhover, L. Gumprecht, A. Hartmann, R. Hartmann, G. Hauser, P. Holl, A. Hömke, N. Kimmel, F. Krasniqi, K.-U. Kühnel, J. Maurer, M. Messerschmidt, R. Moshammer, C. Reich, B. Rudek, R. Santra, I. Schlichting, C. Schmidt, S. Schorb, J. Schulz, H. Soltau, J. C. H. Spence, D. Starodub, L. Strüder, J. Thøgersen, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. Weidenspointner, T. A. White, C. Wunderer, G. Meijer, J. Ullrich, H. Stapelfeldt, D. Rolles, and H. N. Chapman, “X-ray diffraction from isolated and strongly aligned gas-phase molecules with a free-electron laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 083002 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xavier, P. L.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yefanov, O.

R. A. Kirian, S. Awel, N. Eckerskorn, H. Fleckenstein, M. Wiedorn, L. Adriano, S. Bajt, M. Barthelmess, R. Bean, K. R. Beyerlein, L. M. G. Chavas, M. Domaracky, M. Heymann, D. A. Horke, J. Knoska, M. Metz, A. Morgan, D. Oberthuer, N. Roth, T. Sato, P. L. Xavier, O. Yefanov, A. V. Rode, J. Küpper, and H. N. Chapman, “Simple convergent-nozzle aerosol injector for single-particle diffractive imaging with x-ray free-electron lasers,” Struct. Dyn. 2, 041717 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yoon, C. H.

T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yost, D. C.

Yurkov, M.

M. Altarelli, R. Brinkmann, M. Chergui, W. Decking, B. Dobson, S. Düsterer, G. Grübel, W. Graeff, H. Graafsma, J. Hajdu, J. Marangos, J. Pflüger, H. Redlin, D. Riley, I. Robinson, J. Rossbach, A. Schwarz, K. Tiedtke, T. Tschentscher, I. Vartaniants, H. Wabnitz, H. Weise, R. Wichmann, K. Witte, A. Wolf, M. Wulff, and M. Yurkov, “The technical design report of the European XFEL,” Tech. Rep., DESY, Hamburg, Germany (2007).

Zhang, J.

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Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, “Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 365–372 (1994).
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IEEE J. Quant. Elec. (1)

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Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

Y.-P. Chang, D. Horke, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Spatially-controlled complex molecules and their applications,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 34, 557–590 (2015).

J. Aerosol. Sci. (1)

W. H. Benner, M. J. Bogan, U. Rohner, S. Boutet, B. Woods, and M. Frank, “Non-destructive characterization and alignment of aerodynamically focused particle beams using single particle charge detection,” J. Aerosol. Sci. 39, 917–928 (2008).
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T. Kierspel, J. Wiese, T. Mullins, J. Robinson, A. Aquila, A. Barty, R. Bean, R. Boll, S. Boutet, P. Bucksbaum, H. N. Chapman, L. Christensen, A. Fry, M. Hunter, J. E. Koglin, M. Liang, V. Mariani, A. Morgan, A. Natan, V. Petrovic, D. Rolles, A. Rudenko, K. Schnorr, H. Stapelfeldt, S. Stern, J. Thøgersen, C. H. Yoon, F. Wang, S. Trippel, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned molecules at free-electron lasers,” J. Phys. B 48, 204002 (2015).
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Mol. Phys. (1)

S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, K. Długołęcki, and J. Küpper, “Strongly aligned and oriented molecular samples at a kHz repetition rate,” Mol. Phys. 111, 1738 (2013).
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Nat. Comm. (1)

T. Mazza, M. Ilchen, A. J. Rafipoor, C. Callegari, P. Finetti, O. Plekan, K. C. Prince, R. Richter, M. B. Danailov, A. Demidovich, G. De Ninno, C. Grazioli, R. Ivanov, N. Mahne, L. Raimondi, C. Svetina, L. Avaldi, P. Bolognesi, M. Coreno, P. O’Keeffe, M. Di Fraia, M. Devetta, Y. Ovcharenko, Th. Moller, V. Lyamayev, F. Stienkemeier, S. Düsterer, K. Ueda, J. T. Costello, A. K. Kazansky, N. M. Kabachnik, and M. Meyer, “Determining the polarization state of an extreme ultraviolet free-electron laser beam using atomic circular dichroism,” Nat. Comm. 5, 1–6 (2014).
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Nature (1)

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Opt. Exp. (5)

N. Eckerskorn, L. Li, R. A. Kirian, J. Küpper, D. P. DePonte, W. Krolikowski, W. M. Lee, H. N. Chapman, and A. V. Rode, “Hollow Bessel-like beam as an optical guide for a stream of microscopic particles,” Opt. Exp. 21, 30492–30499 (2013).
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K. Beil, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, F. Tellkamp, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Thermal and laser properties of Yb:LuAG for kW thin disk lasers,” Opt. Exp. 18, 20712–20722 (2010).
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R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Broadly tunable high-power Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser with 80 % slope efficiency,” Opt. Exp. 15, 7075–7082 (2007).
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Petrol. Sci. Technol. (1)

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Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2)

I. Nevo, L. Holmegaard, J. H. Nielsen, J. L. Hansen, H. Stapelfeldt, F. Filsinger, G. Meijer, and J. Küpper, “Laser-induced 3D alignment and orientation of quantum state-selected molecules,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 9912–9918 (2009).
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F. Filsinger, G. Meijer, H. Stapelfeldt, H. Chapman, and J. Küpper, “State- and conformer-selected beams of aligned and oriented molecules for ultrafast diffraction studies,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 2076–2087 (2011).
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Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. Trippel, T. Mullins, N. L. M. Müller, J. S. Kienitz, J. J. Omiste, H. Stapelfeldt, R. González-Férez, and J. Küpper, “Strongly driven quantum pendulum of the carbonyl sulfide molecule,” Phys. Rev. A 89, 051401 (2014).
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R. Boll, D. Anielski, C. Bostedt, J. D. Bozek, L. Christensen, R. Coffee, S. De, P. Decleva, S. W. Epp, B. Erk, L. Foucar, F. Krasniqi, J. Küpper, A. Rouzée, B. Rudek, A. Rudenko, S. Schorb, H. Stapelfeldt, M. Stener, S. Stern, S. Techert, S. Trippel, M. J. J. Vrakking, J. Ullrich, and D. Rolles, “Femtosecond photoelectron diffraction on laser-aligned molecules: Towards time-resolved imaging of molecular structure,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 061402 (2013).
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Other (11)

We distinguish between alignment and orientation according to the usual convention, i. e., alignment refers to fixing one or more molecular axes in space, while orientation refers to the breaking of the “up-down” symmetry along one or more axes.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a): Concept for CW alignment of molecules: a high-finesse resonator in linearly polarized TEM00 operation, focused inside of a vacuum chamber leads to the required focal intensities for alignment of molecules. (b): Mode averaging in the resonator yields in smooth intensity distribution and avoids spatial hole burning.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Laser performance of a 0.22 mm thick Yb:YAG disk and a 0.25 mm thick Yb:Lu2O3 disk for different output coupler transmissions. (b) Slope efficiency and surface temperature (Pp = 50 W) for different output coupler transmissions.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Caird analysis of the Yb:YAG and Yb:Lu2O3 disk according to Eq. 3. (b) Calculated intracavity power for internal losses of 2 × 10−4 for fixed pump powers against additional losses.

Equations (5)

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P int = P out T oc .
η sl = η oc η St η abs η ov .
1 η sl = L int η tot 1 T oc + 1 η tot
L int , max = ( η St η sl 1 ) T oc
P int = ( 1 L add + L int ) η st ( P p P thr ) .

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