Abstract

We investigate the potential use of Nd:LuVO4 in high average power, high repetition rate ultrafast lasers. Maximum mode-locked average power of 28 W is obtained at the repetition rate of 58 MHz. The shortest pulse duration is achieved at 4 ps without dispersion compensation. With a cavity dumping technique, the pulse energy is scaling up to 40.7 μJ at 300 kHz and 14.3 μJ at 1.5 MHz.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. W. Sibbett, A. A. Lagatsky, and C. T. A. Brown, “The development and application of femtosecond laser systems,” Opt. Express 20(7), 6989–7001 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 315–320 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Guo, J. Li, P. Gao, L. Su, J. Xu, and X. Liang, “Laser performance and thermal lens of diode-pumped Nd, Y-codoped:SrF2 single crystals,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(12), 121403 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. Y. Cho, T. L. Huang, S. M. Wen, Y. J. Huang, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Nd:YLF laser at cryogenic temperature with orthogonally polarized simultaneous emission at 1047 nm and 1053 nm,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25318–25323 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. T. Omatsu, K. Nawata, M. Okida, and K. Furuki, “MW ps pulse generation at sub-MHz repetition rates from a phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 bounce amplifier,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9123–9128 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. Y. J. Huang and Y. F. Chen, “High-power diode-end-pumped laser with multi-segmented Nd-doped yttrium vanadate,” Opt. Express 21(13), 16063–16068 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, R. Knappe, and A. Nebel, “High-efficiency 60 W TEM00 Nd:YVO4 oscillator pumped at 888 nm,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3297–3299 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, and A. Nebel, “111 W, 110 MHz repetition-rate, passively mode-locked TEM00Nd:YVO4 master oscillator power amplifier pumped at 888 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32(10), 1259–1261 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. B. Zhang, G. Li, M. Chen, Z. Zhang, and Y. Wang, “Passive mode locking of a diode-end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 28(19), 1829–1831 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. X. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. Yan, M. Luo, J. Yu, and D. Chen, “Power scaling of directly dual-end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser using grown-together composite crystal,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7407–7414 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “CW and Q-switched laser output of LD-end-pumped 1.06mum c-cut Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3206–3211 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. H. Lin, H. R. Chen, H. H. Hsu, M. D. Wei, K. H. Lin, and W. F. Hsieh, “Stable Q-switched mode-locked Nd3+:LuVO4 laser by Cr4+:YAG crystal,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16538–16545 (2008).
    [PubMed]
  14. F. Liu, J. He, B. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Dong, K. Yang, H. Xia, and H. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34 microm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11759–11763 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. Y. P. Huang, C. Y. Cho, Y. J. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Orthogonally polarized dual-wavelength Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1086 nm and 1089 nm,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5644–5651 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. H. Yu, J. Liu, H. Zhang, A. A. Kaminskii, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Advances in vanadate laser crystals at a lasing wavelength of 1 micrometer,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 847–864 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  17. J. Liu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and H. Weber, “Continuous-wave and pulsed laser performance of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 168–170 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, and C. Ma, “Continuous-wave laser performance of composite Nd:LuVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(4), 269–273 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  19. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, D. Tang, G. Xie, and H. Luo, “Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer,” Opt. Lett. 33(3), 225–227 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. G. Xie, D. Tang, H. Luo, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and L. Qia, “High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(9), 647–650 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  21. X. Fu, J. Li, and X. Liang, “Compact high-power mode-locked Nd:YVO4 picosecond laser using multiple-pass cavity,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(8), 081401 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. Sennaroglu and J. Fujimoto, “Design criteria for Herriott-type multi-pass cavities for ultrashort pulse lasers,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1106–1113 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. A. Killi, J. Dörring, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, J. Frei, and D. Kopf, “High speed electro-optical cavity dumping of mode-locked laser oscillators,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1916–1922 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. U. Wegner, J. Meier, and M. J. Lederer, “Compact picosecond mode-locked and cavity-dumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23098–23103 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. G. Palmer, M. Schultze, M. Emons, A. L. Lindemann, M. Pospiech, D. Steingrube, M. Lederer, and U. Morgner, “12 MW peak power from a two-crystal Yb:KYW chirped-pulse oscillator with cavity-dumping,” Opt. Express 18(18), 19095–19100 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. A. Killi and U. Morgner, “Solitary pulse shaping dynamics in cavity-dumped laser oscillators,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3397–3407 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. M. Siegel, G. Palmer, A. Steinmann, M. Pospiech, and U. Morgner, “Theoretical and experimental limits of cavity-dumping in passively mode-locked thin-disk oscillators,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16860–16869 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. P. Gao, J. Guo, J. Li, H. Lin, and X. Liang, “34.7 μJ, <10 ps, Megahertz-level laser output based on a cavity-dumped mode-locked Nd:GdVO₄ oscillator,” Opt. Express 23(14), 17995–18001 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (3)

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

M. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, and C. Ma, “Continuous-wave laser performance of composite Nd:LuVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(4), 269–273 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

2007 (4)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 315–320 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Killi, J. Dörring, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, J. Frei, and D. Kopf, “High speed electro-optical cavity dumping of mode-locked laser oscillators,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1916–1922 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (3)

Brown, C. T. A.

Chen, D.

Chen, F.

Chen, H. R.

Chen, M.

Chen, Y. F.

Cho, C. Y.

Dong, X.

Dörring, J.

Emons, M.

Frei, J.

Fu, X.

Fujimoto, J.

Furuki, K.

Gao, P.

Guo, J.

He, J.

Hsieh, W. F.

Hsu, H. H.

Huang, K. F.

Huang, T. L.

Huang, Y. J.

Huang, Y. P.

Jiang, M.

Kaminskii, A. A.

H. Yu, J. Liu, H. Zhang, A. A. Kaminskii, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Advances in vanadate laser crystals at a lasing wavelength of 1 micrometer,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 847–864 (2014).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Killi, A.

Kleinbauer, J.

J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 315–320 (2005).
[Crossref]

Knappe, R.

L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, R. Knappe, and A. Nebel, “High-efficiency 60 W TEM00 Nd:YVO4 oscillator pumped at 888 nm,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3297–3299 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 315–320 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kopf, D.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lederer, M.

Lederer, M. J.

Li, G.

Li, J.

Li, X.

Liang, X.

Lin, H.

Lin, J. H.

Lin, K. H.

Lindemann, A. L.

Liu, F.

Liu, J.

H. Yu, J. Liu, H. Zhang, A. A. Kaminskii, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Advances in vanadate laser crystals at a lasing wavelength of 1 micrometer,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 847–864 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and H. Weber, “Continuous-wave and pulsed laser performance of Nd:LuVO4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 29(2), 168–170 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, H.

G. Xie, D. Tang, H. Luo, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and L. Qia, “High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(9), 647–650 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, D. Tang, G. Xie, and H. Luo, “Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer,” Opt. Lett. 33(3), 225–227 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, M.

Ma, C.

M. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, and C. Ma, “Continuous-wave laser performance of composite Nd:LuVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(4), 269–273 (2011).
[Crossref]

McDonagh, L.

Meier, J.

Morgner, U.

Nawata, K.

Nebel, A.

Okida, M.

Omatsu, T.

Palmer, G.

Pospiech, M.

Qia, L.

G. Xie, D. Tang, H. Luo, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and L. Qia, “High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(9), 647–650 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schultze, M.

Sennaroglu, A.

Shao, Z.

Sibbett, W.

Siegel, M.

Steingrube, D.

Steinmann, A.

Su, L.

Tang, D.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, D. Tang, G. Xie, and H. Luo, “Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer,” Opt. Lett. 33(3), 225–227 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Xie, D. Tang, H. Luo, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and L. Qia, “High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(9), 647–650 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, J.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Weber, H.

Wegner, U.

Wei, M. D.

Wen, S. M.

Xia, H.

Xie, G.

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, D. Tang, G. Xie, and H. Luo, “Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer,” Opt. Lett. 33(3), 225–227 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Xie, D. Tang, H. Luo, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and L. Qia, “High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(9), 647–650 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, M.

M. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, and C. Ma, “Continuous-wave laser performance of composite Nd:LuVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(4), 269–273 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

M. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, and C. Ma, “Continuous-wave laser performance of composite Nd:LuVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(4), 269–273 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yan, R.

Yang, K.

Yu, H.

H. Yu, J. Liu, H. Zhang, A. A. Kaminskii, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Advances in vanadate laser crystals at a lasing wavelength of 1 micrometer,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 847–864 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, and C. Ma, “Continuous-wave laser performance of composite Nd:LuVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(4), 269–273 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Xie, D. Tang, H. Luo, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and L. Qia, “High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(9), 647–650 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Yu, M. Jiang, D. Tang, G. Xie, and H. Luo, “Passively mode-locked Nd:LuVO4 laser with a GaAs wafer,” Opt. Lett. 33(3), 225–227 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “CW and Q-switched laser output of LD-end-pumped 1.06mum c-cut Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3206–3211 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

Yu, X.

Yu, Y.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Kleinbauer, R. Knappe, and R. Wallenstein, “A powerful diode-pumped laser source for micro-machining with ps pulses in the infrared, the visible and the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 80(3), 315–320 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

H. Yu, J. Liu, H. Zhang, A. A. Kaminskii, Z. Wang, and J. Wang, “Advances in vanadate laser crystals at a lasing wavelength of 1 micrometer,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 847–864 (2014).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Xu, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, and C. Ma, “Continuous-wave laser performance of composite Nd:LuVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(4), 269–273 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Xie, D. Tang, H. Luo, H. Yu, H. Zhang, and L. Qia, “High-power passive mode locking of a compact diode-pumped Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(9), 647–650 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (16)

W. Sibbett, A. A. Lagatsky, and C. T. A. Brown, “The development and application of femtosecond laser systems,” Opt. Express 20(7), 6989–7001 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Li, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. Yan, M. Luo, J. Yu, and D. Chen, “Power scaling of directly dual-end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 laser using grown-together composite crystal,” Opt. Express 18(7), 7407–7414 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yu, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, and X. Zhang, “CW and Q-switched laser output of LD-end-pumped 1.06mum c-cut Nd:LuVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3206–3211 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Lin, H. R. Chen, H. H. Hsu, M. D. Wei, K. H. Lin, and W. F. Hsieh, “Stable Q-switched mode-locked Nd3+:LuVO4 laser by Cr4+:YAG crystal,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16538–16545 (2008).
[PubMed]

F. Liu, J. He, B. Zhang, J. Xu, X. Dong, K. Yang, H. Xia, and H. Zhang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1.34 microm with a V3+:YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 16(16), 11759–11763 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. P. Huang, C. Y. Cho, Y. J. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Orthogonally polarized dual-wavelength Nd:LuVO4 laser at 1086 nm and 1089 nm,” Opt. Express 20(5), 5644–5651 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Cho, T. L. Huang, S. M. Wen, Y. J. Huang, K. F. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Nd:YLF laser at cryogenic temperature with orthogonally polarized simultaneous emission at 1047 nm and 1053 nm,” Opt. Express 22(21), 25318–25323 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Omatsu, K. Nawata, M. Okida, and K. Furuki, “MW ps pulse generation at sub-MHz repetition rates from a phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 bounce amplifier,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9123–9128 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. J. Huang and Y. F. Chen, “High-power diode-end-pumped laser with multi-segmented Nd-doped yttrium vanadate,” Opt. Express 21(13), 16063–16068 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sennaroglu and J. Fujimoto, “Design criteria for Herriott-type multi-pass cavities for ultrashort pulse lasers,” Opt. Express 11(9), 1106–1113 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Killi, J. Dörring, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, J. Frei, and D. Kopf, “High speed electro-optical cavity dumping of mode-locked laser oscillators,” Opt. Express 13(6), 1916–1922 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Wegner, J. Meier, and M. J. Lederer, “Compact picosecond mode-locked and cavity-dumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 17(25), 23098–23103 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Palmer, M. Schultze, M. Emons, A. L. Lindemann, M. Pospiech, D. Steingrube, M. Lederer, and U. Morgner, “12 MW peak power from a two-crystal Yb:KYW chirped-pulse oscillator with cavity-dumping,” Opt. Express 18(18), 19095–19100 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Killi and U. Morgner, “Solitary pulse shaping dynamics in cavity-dumped laser oscillators,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3397–3407 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Siegel, G. Palmer, A. Steinmann, M. Pospiech, and U. Morgner, “Theoretical and experimental limits of cavity-dumping in passively mode-locked thin-disk oscillators,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16860–16869 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Gao, J. Guo, J. Li, H. Lin, and X. Liang, “34.7 μJ, <10 ps, Megahertz-level laser output based on a cavity-dumped mode-locked Nd:GdVO₄ oscillator,” Opt. Express 23(14), 17995–18001 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic of the laser cavity.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) CW and short-cavity CWML output power versus the absorbed pump power; (b) Pulse train of the mode-locked laser at 12.1 MHz.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Experimentally formed internal pulse trains with cavity-dumping at repetition rates of: (a) 600 kHz and (b) 1.5 MHz; the corresponding numerical simulations of the intra-cavity pulse energy at: (c) 600 kHz and (d) 1.5 MHz.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Cavity-dumped power and pulse duration (sech2-fit) versus dumped repetition rates; (b) the measured autocorrelation trace at 300 kHz, assuming a sech2-shaped pulse.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Key parameter values for simulation

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