Abstract

The concept of spectral phase diversity is proposed and applied to the temporal characterization of optical pulses. The experimental trace is composed of the measured power of a plurality of ancillary optical pulses derived from the pulse under test by adding known amounts of chromatic dispersion. The spectral phase of the pulse under test is retrieved by minimizing the error between the experimental trace and a trace calculated using the known optical spectrum and diagnostic parameters. An assembly composed of splitters and dispersive delay fibers has been used to generate 64 ancillary pulses whose instantaneous power can be detected in a single shot with a high-bandwidth photodiode and oscilloscope. The diagnostic is experimentally shown to accurately characterize pulses from a chirped-pulse–amplification system when its stretcher is detuned from the position for optimal recompression. Pulse-shape reconstruction for pulses shorter than the photodetection impulse response has been demonstrated. Various investigations of the performance with respect to the number of ancillary pulses and the range of chromatic dispersion generated in the diagnostic are presented.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

C. Dorrer, A. Consentino, D. Irwin, J. Qiao, and J. D. Zuegel, “OPCPA front end and contrast optimization for the OMEGA EP kilojoule, picosecond laser,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 17, 094007 (2015).

2014 (1)

2013 (2)

J. Qiao, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. Boni, J. Bromage, and E. Hill, “Measuring 8-250 ps short pulses using a high-speed streak camera on kilojoule, petawatt-class laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073104 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Dorrer, “Analysis of pulse replicators for high-bandwidth, high-dynamic-range, single-shot optical characterization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(9), 1374–1382 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

I. A. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 308–437 (2009).

2008 (4)

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Optical time lens based on four-wave mixing on a silicon chip,” Opt. Lett. 33(10), 1047–1049 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Dorrer, J. Bromage, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-dynamic-range single-shot cross-correlator based on an optical pulse replicator,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13534–13544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-W. Bahk, J. Bromage, I. A. Begishev, C. Mileham, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, and J. D. Zuegel, “On-shot focal-spot characterization technique using phase retrieval,” Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4589–4597 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(18), 1344–1346 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

2005 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, “Photodiode DC and microwave nonlinearity at high currents due to carrier recombination nonlinearities,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(7), 1015–1017 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

B. H. Kolner, “Space–time duality and the theory of temporal imaging,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(8), 1951–1963 (1994).
[Crossref]

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

R. A. Gonsalves, “Phase retrieval and diversity in adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 21(5), 215829 (1982).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

P. Tournois, J.-L. Vernet, and G. Bienvenu, “Sur l’analogie optique de certains montages électroniques: Formation d’images temporelles de signaux électriques,” C. R. Acad. Sci, Ser. B 267, 375–378 (1968).

Andres, M. V.

Bahk, S.-W.

Baker, K. L.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Banyai, W. C.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
[Crossref]

Barty, C.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Begishev, I. A.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Bahk, J. Bromage, I. A. Begishev, C. Mileham, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, and J. D. Zuegel, “On-shot focal-spot characterization technique using phase retrieval,” Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4589–4597 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bennett, C. V.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, “Upconversion time microscope demonstrating 103× magnification of femtosecond waveforms,” Opt. Lett. 24(11), 783–785 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bienvenu, G.

P. Tournois, J.-L. Vernet, and G. Bienvenu, “Sur l’analogie optique de certains montages électroniques: Formation d’images temporelles de signaux électriques,” C. R. Acad. Sci, Ser. B 267, 375–378 (1968).

Blanchot, N.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Bloom, D. M.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
[Crossref]

Boni, R.

J. Qiao, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. Boni, J. Bromage, and E. Hill, “Measuring 8-250 ps short pulses using a high-speed streak camera on kilojoule, petawatt-class laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073104 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borneis, S.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Britten, J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Bromage, J.

J. Qiao, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. Boni, J. Bromage, and E. Hill, “Measuring 8-250 ps short pulses using a high-speed streak camera on kilojoule, petawatt-class laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073104 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Dorrer, J. Bromage, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-dynamic-range single-shot cross-correlator based on an optical pulse replicator,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13534–13544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-W. Bahk, J. Bromage, I. A. Begishev, C. Mileham, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, and J. D. Zuegel, “On-shot focal-spot characterization technique using phase retrieval,” Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4589–4597 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carrascosa, A.

Celeste, J. R.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cerjan, C.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chambaret, J. P.

Chériaux, G.

Consentino, A.

C. Dorrer, A. Consentino, D. Irwin, J. Qiao, and J. D. Zuegel, “OPCPA front end and contrast optimization for the OMEGA EP kilojoule, picosecond laser,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 17, 094007 (2015).

Cruz, J. L.

Cuadrado-Laborde, C.

Danson, C.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Dawson, J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Díez, A.

Dimauro, L. F.

Donaldson, W. R.

J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(18), 1344–1346 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dorrer, C.

C. Dorrer, A. Consentino, D. Irwin, J. Qiao, and J. D. Zuegel, “OPCPA front end and contrast optimization for the OMEGA EP kilojoule, picosecond laser,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 17, 094007 (2015).

C. Dorrer, “Analysis of pulse replicators for high-bandwidth, high-dynamic-range, single-shot optical characterization,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(9), 1374–1382 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. A. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 308–437 (2009).

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Dorrer, J. Bromage, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-dynamic-range single-shot cross-correlator based on an optical pulse replicator,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13534–13544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Dorrer, “Characterization of nonlinear phase shifts by use of the temporal transport-of-intensity equation,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3237–3239 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Edwards, J. L.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Esman, R. D.

K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, “Photodiode DC and microwave nonlinearity at high currents due to carrier recombination nonlinearities,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(7), 1015–1017 (1998).
[Crossref]

Folnsbee, L.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Geraghty, D. F.

Godil, A. A.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
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Gonsalves, R. A.

R. A. Gonsalves, “Phase retrieval and diversity in adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 21(5), 215829 (1982).
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Guardalben, M. J.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Haynes, S.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heebner, J. E.

Hernandez, V. J.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hill, E.

J. Qiao, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. Boni, J. Bromage, and E. Hill, “Measuring 8-250 ps short pulses using a high-speed streak camera on kilojoule, petawatt-class laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073104 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsing, W. W.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Irwin, D.

C. Dorrer, A. Consentino, D. Irwin, J. Qiao, and J. D. Zuegel, “OPCPA front end and contrast optimization for the OMEGA EP kilojoule, picosecond laser,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 17, 094007 (2015).

Jaanimagi, P. A.

J. Qiao, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. Boni, J. Bromage, and E. Hill, “Measuring 8-250 ps short pulses using a high-speed streak camera on kilojoule, petawatt-class laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073104 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jacobs, S. D.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jovanovic, I.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Jungquist, R.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Kauffman, M. T.

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
[Crossref]

Kelly, J. H.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Kessler, T. J.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Kidder, R. W.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kolner, B. H.

C. V. Bennett and B. H. Kolner, “Upconversion time microscope demonstrating 103× magnification of femtosecond waveforms,” Opt. Lett. 24(11), 783–785 (1999).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. H. Kolner, “Space–time duality and the theory of temporal imaging,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(8), 1951–1963 (1994).
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Kruschwitz, B.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Kruschwitz, B. E.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

LaCaille, G. A.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

LeBlanc, C.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

LeGarrec, B.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Lipson, M.

London, R. A.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loucks, S. J.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lowry, M. E.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marciante, J. R.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(18), 1344–1346 (2007).
[Crossref]

Maywar, D. N.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

McCrory, R. L.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mileham, C.

Miyanaga, N.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Moran, B.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Morse, S. F. B.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Moses, E.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Okishev, A. V.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Oliver, J. B.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pérez-Millán, P.

Pien, G.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Puth, J.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Qiao, J.

C. Dorrer, A. Consentino, D. Irwin, J. Qiao, and J. D. Zuegel, “OPCPA front end and contrast optimization for the OMEGA EP kilojoule, picosecond laser,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 17, 094007 (2015).

J. Qiao, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. Boni, J. Bromage, and E. Hill, “Measuring 8-250 ps short pulses using a high-speed streak camera on kilojoule, petawatt-class laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073104 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rambo, P. K.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Rigatti, A. L.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Roides, R. G.

J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(18), 1344–1346 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rousseau, P.

Salem, R.

Salin, F.

Sarantos, C. H.

Schmid, A. W.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Shoup, M. J.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Steele, P. T.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stewart, R. E.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stoeckl, C.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Bahk, J. Bromage, I. A. Begishev, C. Mileham, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, and J. D. Zuegel, “On-shot focal-spot characterization technique using phase retrieval,” Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4589–4597 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Storm, M.

Thorp, K. A.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tournois, P.

P. Tournois, J.-L. Vernet, and G. Bienvenu, “Sur l’analogie optique de certains montages électroniques: Formation d’images temporelles de signaux électriques,” C. R. Acad. Sci, Ser. B 267, 375–378 (1968).

Turner, A. C.

Vernet, J.-L.

P. Tournois, J.-L. Vernet, and G. Bienvenu, “Sur l’analogie optique de certains montages électroniques: Formation d’images temporelles de signaux électriques,” C. R. Acad. Sci, Ser. B 267, 375–378 (1968).

Vernon, S. P.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

von Wittenau, A. S.

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Walker, B.

Walmsley, I. A.

I. A. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 308–437 (2009).

Waxer, L. J.

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Williams, K. J.

K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, “Photodiode DC and microwave nonlinearity at high currents due to carrier recombination nonlinearities,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(7), 1015–1017 (1998).
[Crossref]

Zuegel, J. D.

C. Dorrer, A. Consentino, D. Irwin, J. Qiao, and J. D. Zuegel, “OPCPA front end and contrast optimization for the OMEGA EP kilojoule, picosecond laser,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 17, 094007 (2015).

S.-W. Bahk, J. Bromage, I. A. Begishev, C. Mileham, C. Stoeckl, M. Storm, and J. D. Zuegel, “On-shot focal-spot characterization technique using phase retrieval,” Appl. Opt. 47(25), 4589–4597 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Dorrer, J. Bromage, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-dynamic-range single-shot cross-correlator based on an optical pulse replicator,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13534–13544 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

I. A. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 1, 308–437 (2009).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. T. Kauffman, W. C. Banyai, A. A. Godil, and D. M. Bloom, “Time-to-frequency converter for measuring picosecond optical pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(3), 270–272 (1994).
[Crossref]

C. R. Acad. Sci, Ser. B (1)

P. Tournois, J.-L. Vernet, and G. Bienvenu, “Sur l’analogie optique de certains montages électroniques: Formation d’images temporelles de signaux électriques,” C. R. Acad. Sci, Ser. B 267, 375–378 (1968).

Fusion Sci. Technol. (1)

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, “Laser challenges for fast ignition,” Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453–482 (2006).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. H. Kolner, “Space–time duality and the theory of temporal imaging,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30(8), 1951–1963 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

J. R. Marciante, W. R. Donaldson, and R. G. Roides, “Averaging of replicated pulses for enhanced-dynamic-range single-shot measurement of nanosecond optical pulses,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 19(18), 1344–1346 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. J. Williams and R. D. Esman, “Photodiode DC and microwave nonlinearity at high currents due to carrier recombination nonlinearities,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10(7), 1015–1017 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

C. Dorrer, A. Consentino, D. Irwin, J. Qiao, and J. D. Zuegel, “OPCPA front end and contrast optimization for the OMEGA EP kilojoule, picosecond laser,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 17, 094007 (2015).

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, L. J. Waxer, S. F. B. Morse, I. A. Begishev, J. Bromage, C. Dorrer, J. L. Edwards, L. Folnsbee, M. J. Guardalben, S. D. Jacobs, R. Jungquist, T. J. Kessler, R. W. Kidder, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, J. R. Marciante, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, A. V. Okishev, J. B. Oliver, G. Pien, J. Qiao, J. Puth, A. L. Rigatti, A. W. Schmid, M. J. Shoup, C. Stoeckl, K. A. Thorp, and J. D. Zuegel, “OMEGA EP high-energy petawatt laser: progress and prospects,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 112(3), 032007 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

R. A. Gonsalves, “Phase retrieval and diversity in adaptive optics,” Opt. Eng. 21(5), 215829 (1982).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

J. Qiao, P. A. Jaanimagi, R. Boni, J. Bromage, and E. Hill, “Measuring 8-250 ps short pulses using a high-speed streak camera on kilojoule, petawatt-class laser systems,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84(7), 073104 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. P. Vernon, M. E. Lowry, K. L. Baker, C. V. Bennett, J. R. Celeste, C. Cerjan, S. Haynes, V. J. Hernandez, W. W. Hsing, G. A. LaCaille, R. A. London, B. Moran, A. S. von Wittenau, P. T. Steele, and R. E. Stewart, “X-ray bang-time and fusion reaction history at picosecond resolution using RadOptic detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83(10), 10D307 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

I. Jovanovic, B. C. Haefner, M. Shverdin, M. Taranowski, and C. P. J. Barty, “High-dynamic-range, 200-ps window, single-shot cross-correlator for ultrahigh intensity laser characterization,” in Proceedings of CLEO/QELS (2007), paper JThD137.

C. V. Bennett, V. J. Hernandez, B. D. Moran, M. E. Lowry, S. P. Vernon, P. T. Steele, D. Chang, and M. M. Fejer, “Time lens based single-shot ultrafast waveform recording: From high repetition rate to high dynamic range,” in Ultrafast Optics 2011 (2011), paper Th20.

T. S. Clement, P. D. Hale, K. C. Coakley, and C. M. Wang, “Time-domain measurement of the frequency response of high-speed photoreceivers to 50 GHz,” in Technical Digest:Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements,2000, P. A. Williams and G. W. Day eds., (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2000), pp. 121−124.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Principle of spatial phase diversity for wavefront measurements and (b) spectral phase diversity for optical pulse characterization. In (a), the spatially resolved fluence Gk(x,y) is measured at various longitudinal locations Δzk close to the focus to reconstruct the near-field phase φ(x,y). In (b), various amounts of spectral phase ψk are introduced on the pulse under test, yielding the instantaneous power Pk(t), and the spectral phase φ(ω) is reconstructed from the powers P k (t) measured after photodetection with response R(t).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Setup for spectral phase diversity, based on a fiber assembly and photodetection. The 2 × 2 splitters combined with dispersive delay fibers generate 2S–1 pulses that are photodetected at one output of the assembly, where S is the number of splitters.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) An example of measured impulse response with the DSC10 photodetector and Lecroy 45-GHz oscilloscope; (b) measured full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the impulse response versus signal level; (c) measured FWHM of an optical pulse system versus calculated FWHM when the OMEGA EP stretcher is detuned.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Examples of experimental data for a pulse (upper row) close to best compression and (lower row) after stretcher detuning. [(a),(d)] Waveform measured by the oscilloscope; [(b),(e)] composite trace composed of the power versus time data for the 64 output pulses after retiming; [(c),(f)] power versus time for the 64 output pulses oversampled 32 times by zero-padding for display purposes. Each line of the experimental traces is peak normalized to 1 for clarity.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Examples of phase retrieval for the lower-row data of Fig. 4. (a) Error versus input second-order dispersion; (b) error versus input second-order and third-order dispersion; [(c),(d)] calculated 64-pulse composite trace with the determined φ2 at the sampling rate of the oscilloscope and oversampled by a factor 32 with zero padding.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Simulations of the impact of third-order dispersion on the experimental trace using two test pulses, a Fourier-transform–limited pulse A (φ2 = 0, φ3 = 0) and a pulse B with third-order dispersion, leading to a 10% decrease in peak power (φ2 = 0, φ3 = 0.047 ps3). (a) Experimental spectrum (black line) and spectral phase of pulse A and B (blue and red lines, respectively). (b) power of pulse A and B (blue and red lines, respectively). (c) The calculated power of pulse #64 from the fiber assembly for input pulse A and B (blue and red lines, respectively). (d) and (e) The calculated experimental traces for pulses A and B, respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 [(a),(b)] Retrieved φ2 and [(c),(d)] FWHM versus calculated stretcher dispersion. [(a),(c)] Data obtained with the Lecroy 45-GHz oscilloscope. [(b),(d)] Data obtained with the Tektronix 70-GHz oscilloscope. Simulated values are plotted with a red line. The FWHM of the impulse response of each oscilloscope is shown in blue on the respective plots.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Retrieved φ2 versus calculated φ2 for (a) the 45-GHz oscilloscope and (b) the 70-GHz oscilloscope. On each plot, the simulated φ2 is plotted with a continuous red line, a 10% margin is plotted with a dashed red line; the solid circles correspond to the average of the ten single-shot determinations plotted with open circles for each stretcher setting.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) A five-splitter assembly that generates 16 output pulses while approximately preserving the total range of induced dispersions (N = 16, l = 16 m). The corresponding phase-retrieval performance can be assessed by considering pulses {1, 5, …, 61} from the experimental 64-pulse data. (b) Root mean square (rms) and peak-to-valley precision on the retrieved φ2 for the experimental data measured with the Tektronix 70-GHz oscilloscope when a fraction of the experimental trace is used for processing. [(c)–(f)] The retrieved φ2 versus calculated φ2 for 16, 8, 4, and 2 output pulses, respectively. On each plot, the simulated φ2 is plotted with a continuous red line, a 10% margin is plotted with a dashed red line, and the solid circles correspond to the average of the ten single-shot determinations plotted with open circles for each stretcher setting.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) A five-splitter assembly that generates 16 low-dispersion output pulses while preserving the dispersion granularity (N = 16, l = 4 m). The corresponding phase-retrieval performance can be assessed by considering pulses {1, 2, …, 16} from the experimental 64-pulse data. [(b),(c)] Retrieved φ2 versus calculated φ2 when using 32 and 16 low-dispersion pulses, respectively. (d) A five-splitter assembly that generates 16 high-dispersion output pulses while preserving the dispersion granularity (N = 16, l = 4 m). The assembly is the same as in (a) and is followed by 192 m of fiber. The corresponding phase-retrieval performance can be assessed by considering pulses {49, 50, …, 64} from the experimental 64-pulse data. [(e),(f)] Retrieved φ2 versus calculated φ2 when using 32 and 16 high-dispersion pulses, respectively. On each plot, the simulated φ2 is plotted with a solid red line, a 10% margin is plotted with a dashed red line, and the full markers correspond to the average of the ten single-shot determinations plotted with open circles for each stretcher setting.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Comparison of measurements performed with the spectral phase-diversity diagnostic (red line) and (a) a single-shot autocorrelator (green line) and [(b),(c)] a streak camera (blue line). For (a), an OPCPA pulse is characterized at the output of OMEGA EP when the stretcher was set at the best-compression position. For (b) and (c), large-scale Nd:glass amplifiers were fired and the stretcher was set for a 5-ps or 12-ps amplified output pulse, respectively.

Equations (4)

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G k ( x , y )= | FT{ F( x,y ) exp[ iφ( x,y ) ]exp[ i πΔ z k λ f 2 ( x 2 + y 2 ) ] } | 2 ,
P k = P k R
P k ( t )= | S( ω ) exp{ i[ φ( ω )+ ψ k ( ω )+ωt ] }dω | 2 .
ε= k ε k 2 = k dt [ P k,meas ( t ) P k,calc ( t τ k ) ] 2 / 2,

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