Abstract

We present a sample-based, autoregressive (AR) method for the generation and time evolution of atmospheric phase screens that is computationally efficient and uses a single parameter per Fourier mode to vary the power contained in the frozen flow and stochastic components. We address limitations of Fourier-based methods such as screen periodicity and low spatial frequency power content. Comparisons of adaptive optics (AO) simulator performance when fed AR phase screens and translating phase screens reveal significantly elevated residual closed-loop temporal power for small increases in added stochastic content at each time step, thus displaying the importance of properly modeling atmospheric “boiling”. We present preliminary evidence that our model fits to AO telemetry are better reflections of real conditions than the pure frozen flow assumption.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2015 (1)

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

L. Wang and B. Ellerbroek, “Computer simulations and real-time control of ELT AO systems using graphical processing units,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 844723 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

J. M. Jee and J. A. Tyson, “Towards precision LSST weak-lensing measurement-I: impacts of atmospheric turbulence and optical aberration,” Pub. Astr. Soc. Pacific 123, 596–614 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer and J-P. Veran, “Kalman filtering to suppress spurious signals in adaptive optics control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, A223–A224 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

M. Frigo and S. G. Johnson, “The design and implementation of FFTW3,” Proc. IEEE 93, 216–231 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. M. Vorontsov, P..V. Paramonov, and M. Valley, “Generation of infinitely-long phase screens for modeling optical wave propagation through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 5891, 589108 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

M. D. Perrin, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. B. Makidon, B. R. Oppenheimer, and J. Graham, “The structure of high Strehl ratio point-spread functions,” Astrophys. J. 596, 702–712 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. M. Harding, R. A. Johnston, and R. G. Lane, “Fast simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2161–2170 (2003).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

B. M. Welsh, “A Fourier series based atmospheric phase screen generator for simulating anisoplanatic geometries and temporal evolution,” Proc. SPIE 3125, 327–338 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

E. M. Johansson and D. T. Gavel, “Simulation of stellar speckle imaging,” Proc. SPIE 2200, 372–383 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

A. Glindemann, R. G. Lane, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of time-evolving speckle patterns using Kolmogorov statistics,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(12), 2381–2388 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

B. McGlamery, “Computer simulation studies of compensation of turbulence degraded images,” Proc. SPIE 74, 225–233 (1976).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

D. L. Fried, “Statistics of a geometric representation of wavefront distortion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 55, 1427–1435 (1965).
[Crossref]

Abel, R.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, Z.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ammons, S. M.

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

A. R. Rudy, L. A. Poyneer, S. Srinath, S. M. Ammons, and D. Gavel, “A laboratory demonstration of an LQG technique for correcting frozen flow turbulence in adaptive optics systems,” in prep.

Assémat, F.

Bankert, C. C.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Bankert, J.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bauman, B.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Beghi, A.

Cabak, J.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cardwell, A.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Cenedese, A.

Chang, C.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chilcote, J. K.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Clark, T.

Claver, C.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Claver, C. F.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Connolly, A. J.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Dainty, J. C.

A. Glindemann, R. G. Lane, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of time-evolving speckle patterns using Kolmogorov statistics,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(12), 2381–2388 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[Crossref]

De Rosa, R. J.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Dillon, D.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

Ellerbroek, B.

L. Wang and B. Ellerbroek, “Computer simulations and real-time control of ELT AO systems using graphical processing units,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 844723 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fried, D. L.

D. L. Fried and T. Clark, “Extruding Kolmogorov-type phase screen ribbons,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 463–468 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. L. Fried, “Statistics of a geometric representation of wavefront distortion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 55, 1427–1435 (1965).
[Crossref]

Frigo, M.

M. Frigo and S. G. Johnson, “The design and implementation of FFTW3,” Proc. IEEE 93, 216–231 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gates, J.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gavel, D.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

A. R. Rudy, L. A. Poyneer, S. Srinath, S. M. Ammons, and D. Gavel, “A laboratory demonstration of an LQG technique for correcting frozen flow turbulence in adaptive optics systems,” in prep.

Gavel, D. T.

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

E. M. Johansson and D. T. Gavel, “Simulation of stellar speckle imaging,” Proc. SPIE 2200, 372–383 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gendron, E.

Gibson, R.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Gilmore, D. K.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Glindemann, A.

A. Glindemann, R. G. Lane, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of time-evolving speckle patterns using Kolmogorov statistics,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(12), 2381–2388 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[Crossref]

Goodsell, S. J.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Grace, E.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Graham, J.

M. D. Perrin, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. B. Makidon, B. R. Oppenheimer, and J. Graham, “The structure of high Strehl ratio point-spread functions,” Astrophys. J. 596, 702–712 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hannel, M.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Harding, C. M.

Hartung, M.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Hibon, P.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Hodge, M.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ivezic, Z.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Jee, J.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Jee, J. M.

J. M. Jee and J. A. Tyson, “Towards precision LSST weak-lensing measurement-I: impacts of atmospheric turbulence and optical aberration,” Pub. Astr. Soc. Pacific 123, 596–614 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jernigan, J. G.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Johansson, E. M.

E. M. Johansson and D. T. Gavel, “Simulation of stellar speckle imaging,” Proc. SPIE 2200, 372–383 (1994).
[Crossref]

Johnson, S. G.

M. Frigo and S. G. Johnson, “The design and implementation of FFTW3,” Proc. IEEE 93, 216–231 (2005).
[Crossref]

Johnston, R. A.

Jones, R. L.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Juric, M.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Kahn, S. M.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Krabbendam, V. L.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Krughoff, S.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Kupke, R.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

Lanclos, K.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lane, R. G.

C. M. Harding, R. A. Johnston, and R. G. Lane, “Fast simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2161–2170 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Glindemann, R. G. Lane, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of time-evolving speckle patterns using Kolmogorov statistics,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(12), 2381–2388 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lorenz, S.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Lupu, A.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Macintosh, B. A.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer, B. A. Macintosh, and J.-P. Véran, “Fourier transform wavefront control with adaptive prediction of the atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2645–2660 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer and B. A. Macintosh, “Optimal Fourier control performance and speckle behavior in high-contrast imaging with adaptive optics,” Opt. Express 14, 7499–7514 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Makidon, R. B.

M. D. Perrin, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. B. Makidon, B. R. Oppenheimer, and J. Graham, “The structure of high Strehl ratio point-spread functions,” Astrophys. J. 596, 702–712 (2003).
[Crossref]

Masiero, A.

McGlamery, B.

B. McGlamery, “Computer simulation studies of compensation of turbulence degraded images,” Proc. SPIE 74, 225–233 (1976).
[Crossref]

Mcgurk, R.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meert, A.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nagarajan, S.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Norton, A.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Oppenheimer, B. R.

M. D. Perrin, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. B. Makidon, B. R. Oppenheimer, and J. Graham, “The structure of high Strehl ratio point-spread functions,” Astrophys. J. 596, 702–712 (2003).
[Crossref]

Palmer, D. W.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Paramonov, P..V.

A. M. Vorontsov, P..V. Paramonov, and M. Valley, “Generation of infinitely-long phase screens for modeling optical wave propagation through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 5891, 589108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Peck, M.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peng, E.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Percival, D. B.

D. B. Percival and A. T. Walden, Spectral Analysis for Physical Applications (Cambridge University, 1998).

Perrin, M. D.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

M. D. Perrin, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. B. Makidon, B. R. Oppenheimer, and J. Graham, “The structure of high Strehl ratio point-spread functions,” Astrophys. J. 596, 702–712 (2003).
[Crossref]

Peterson, J.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Peterson, J. R.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pfister, T.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Phillips, A.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pizagno, J.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Poyneer, L. A.

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer and J-P. Veran, “Kalman filtering to suppress spurious signals in adaptive optics control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, A223–A224 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer, M. A. van Dam, and J-P. Veran, “Experimental verification of the frozen flow atmospheric turbulence assumption with use of astronomical adaptive optics telemetry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 833–846 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer, B. A. Macintosh, and J.-P. Véran, “Fourier transform wavefront control with adaptive prediction of the atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2645–2660 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer and B. A. Macintosh, “Optimal Fourier control performance and speckle behavior in high-contrast imaging with adaptive optics,” Opt. Express 14, 7499–7514 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. R. Rudy, L. A. Poyneer, S. Srinath, S. M. Ammons, and D. Gavel, “A laboratory demonstration of an LQG technique for correcting frozen flow turbulence in adaptive optics systems,” in prep.

Rantakyr, F. T.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Rasmussen, A.

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Rasmussen, A. P.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ratliff, C.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rockosi, C.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

Roddier, F.

F. Roddier, Adaptive Optics in Astronomy (Cambridge University, 1999).
[Crossref]

Rudy, A. R.

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

A. R. Rudy, L. A. Poyneer, S. Srinath, S. M. Ammons, and D. Gavel, “A laboratory demonstration of an LQG technique for correcting frozen flow turbulence in adaptive optics systems,” in prep.

Sadakuni, N.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Savransky, D.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Saylor, M.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schneider, M. D.

M. D. Schneider, Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Livermore, CA, USA (personal communication, 2015).

Sedmak, G.

Sivaramakrishnan, A.

M. D. Perrin, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. B. Makidon, B. R. Oppenheimer, and J. Graham, “The structure of high Strehl ratio point-spread functions,” Astrophys. J. 596, 702–712 (2003).
[Crossref]

Srinath, S.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

A. R. Rudy, L. A. Poyneer, S. Srinath, S. M. Ammons, and D. Gavel, “A laboratory demonstration of an LQG technique for correcting frozen flow turbulence in adaptive optics systems,” in prep.

Thomas, S.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

Todd, N.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
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A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
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Tokovinin, A.

A. Tokovinin and T. Travouillon, “Model of optical turbulence profile at Cerro Pachoón,” MNRAS 365, 1235–1242 (2006).
[Crossref]

Travouillon, T.

A. Tokovinin and T. Travouillon, “Model of optical turbulence profile at Cerro Pachoón,” MNRAS 365, 1235–1242 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tyson, J. A.

J. M. Jee and J. A. Tyson, “Towards precision LSST weak-lensing measurement-I: impacts of atmospheric turbulence and optical aberration,” Pub. Astr. Soc. Pacific 123, 596–614 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Valley, M.

A. M. Vorontsov, P..V. Paramonov, and M. Valley, “Generation of infinitely-long phase screens for modeling optical wave propagation through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 5891, 589108 (2005).
[Crossref]

van Dam, M. A.

Veran, J-P.

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
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L. A. Poyneer and J-P. Veran, “Kalman filtering to suppress spurious signals in adaptive optics control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 27, A223–A224 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. A. Poyneer, M. A. van Dam, and J-P. Veran, “Experimental verification of the frozen flow atmospheric turbulence assumption with use of astronomical adaptive optics telemetry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26, 833–846 (2009).
[Crossref]

Véran, J.-P.

Vorontsov, A. M.

A. M. Vorontsov, P..V. Paramonov, and M. Valley, “Generation of infinitely-long phase screens for modeling optical wave propagation through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 5891, 589108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Walden, A. T.

D. B. Percival and A. T. Walden, Spectral Analysis for Physical Applications (Cambridge University, 1998).

Wang, L.

L. Wang and B. Ellerbroek, “Computer simulations and real-time control of ELT AO systems using graphical processing units,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 844723 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ward, J.

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

Welsh, B. M.

B. M. Welsh, “A Fourier series based atmospheric phase screen generator for simulating anisoplanatic geometries and temporal evolution,” Proc. SPIE 3125, 327–338 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wilson, R. W.

Winans, A.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

Young, M.

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astrophys. J. (1)

M. D. Perrin, A. Sivaramakrishnan, R. B. Makidon, B. R. Oppenheimer, and J. Graham, “The structure of high Strehl ratio point-spread functions,” Astrophys. J. 596, 702–712 (2003).
[Crossref]

Astrophys. J. Suppl. (1)

J. R. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, S. M. Kahn, A. P. Rasmussen, E. Peng, Z. Ahmad, J. Bankert, C. Chang, C. Claver, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, M. Hannel, M. Hodge, S. Lorenz, A. Lupu, A. Meert, S. Nagarajan, N. Todd, A. Winans, and M. Young, “Simulation of astronomical images from optical survey telescopes using a comprehensive photon Monte Carlo approach,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 218, 14 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. Glindemann, R. G. Lane, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of time-evolving speckle patterns using Kolmogorov statistics,” J. Mod. Opt. 40(12), 2381–2388 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (5)

MNRAS (1)

A. Tokovinin and T. Travouillon, “Model of optical turbulence profile at Cerro Pachoón,” MNRAS 365, 1235–1242 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. IEEE (1)

M. Frigo and S. G. Johnson, “The design and implementation of FFTW3,” Proc. IEEE 93, 216–231 (2005).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (9)

L. A. Poyneer, R. J. De Rosa, B. A. Macintosh, D. W. Palmer, M. D. Perrin, N. Sadakuni, D. Savransky, B. Bauman, A. Cardwell, J. K. Chilcote, D. Dillon, D. Gavel, S. J. Goodsell, M. Hartung, P. Hibon, F. T. Rantakyr, S. Thomas, and J-P. Veran, “On-sky performance during verification and commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager’s adaptive optics system,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91480K (2014).
[Crossref]

A. J. Connolly, J. Peterson, J. G. Jernigan, R. Abel, C. C. Bankert, C. F. Claver, R. Gibson, D. K. Gilmore, E. Grace, R. L. Jones, Z. Ivezic, J. Jee, M. Juric, S. M. Kahn, V. L. Krabbendam, S. Krughoff, S. Lorenz, J. Pizagno, A. Rasmussen, N. Todd, J. A. Tyson, and M. Young, “Simulating the LSST system,” Proc. SPIE 7738, 77381O (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Wang and B. Ellerbroek, “Computer simulations and real-time control of ELT AO systems using graphical processing units,” Proc. SPIE 8447, 844723 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. R. Rudy, S. Srinath, L. A. Poyneer, S. M. Ammons, D. T. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, and C. Rockosi, “Progress towards wind predictive control on ShaneAO: Test bench results,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 91481Z (2014).
[Crossref]

B. McGlamery, “Computer simulation studies of compensation of turbulence degraded images,” Proc. SPIE 74, 225–233 (1976).
[Crossref]

B. M. Welsh, “A Fourier series based atmospheric phase screen generator for simulating anisoplanatic geometries and temporal evolution,” Proc. SPIE 3125, 327–338 (1997).
[Crossref]

D. Gavel, R. Kupke, D. Dillon, A. Norton, C. Ratliff, J. Cabak, A. Phillips, C. Rockosi, R. Mcgurk, S. Srinath, M. Peck, K. Lanclos, J. Gates, M. Saylor, J. Ward, and T. Pfister, “ShaneAO: wide science spectrum adaptive optics system for the Lick Observatory,” Proc. SPIE 9148, 914805 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. M. Vorontsov, P..V. Paramonov, and M. Valley, “Generation of infinitely-long phase screens for modeling optical wave propagation through turbulence,” Proc. SPIE 5891, 589108 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. M. Johansson and D. T. Gavel, “Simulation of stellar speckle imaging,” Proc. SPIE 2200, 372–383 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pub. Astr. Soc. Pacific (1)

J. M. Jee and J. A. Tyson, “Towards precision LSST weak-lensing measurement-I: impacts of atmospheric turbulence and optical aberration,” Pub. Astr. Soc. Pacific 123, 596–614 (2011).
[Crossref]

Waves Random Media (1)

R. G. Lane, A. Glindemann, and J. C. Dainty, “Simulation of a Kolmogorov phase screen,” Waves Random Media 2, 209–224 (1992).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

F. Roddier, Adaptive Optics in Astronomy (Cambridge University, 1999).
[Crossref]

M. D. Schneider, Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Livermore, CA, USA (personal communication, 2015).

M. A. Richards, “The discrete-time Fourier transform and discrete Fourier transform of windowed stationary white noise,” http://users.ece.gatech.edu/mrichard/DFT%20of%20Noise.pdf .

D. B. Percival and A. T. Walden, Spectral Analysis for Physical Applications (Cambridge University, 1998).

A. R. Rudy, L. A. Poyneer, S. Srinath, S. M. Ammons, and D. Gavel, “A laboratory demonstration of an LQG technique for correcting frozen flow turbulence in adaptive optics systems,” in prep.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Flowcharts comparing the traditional frozen flow atmosphere generation process (left) and the autoregressive AR(1) process (right) for a 1-layer atmosphere (the process is repeated for each wind layer). The seeming simplicity of the frozen flow flowchart belies its memory requirements. In the autoregressive method, |α| ≤ 1 and this determines by how much prior atmospheric phase is attenuated. The phase of α carries information about wind velocity and direction in the layer as seen in Eq. 2.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Spatial PSDs for datacubes comprising time series of autoregressive phase screens with |α| = 0.99 (left) and |α| = 0.999 (right). Overplotted on both is the theoretical Kolmogorov power spectrum derived from [12]. Power spectral density of each datacube follows the expected Kolmogorov slope (κ−11/3). The |α| = 0.99 datacube exhibits lower variance about the theoretical slope because of the higher magnitude scaled noise injected into successive frames.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Temporal power spectral density comparison for two sets of autoregressive phase screen time series with |α| = 0.99 and |α| = 0.999 plotted over the full temporal frequency range (left) and zoomed in to lower frequencies (right) to show the lower power peak for the |α| = 0.99 case. Integrated power is the same for both cases.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Radially averaged profile of science PSF image produced by the GPI AO simulator running in closed-loop for three realizations of the atmosphere: pure frozen flow (blue), autoregressive with |α| = 0.999 (black) and |α| = 0.99 (red). Intensity on the y-axis is normalized such that the peak of the ideal, unblocked PSF is 1. Inside the innermost 10-pixel radius, PSF intensity is suppressed by coronagraphy. Outside the corrected area at a radius of 100 pixels, the power in all PSFs converges. At lower orders, the AR atmospheres have greater residual power: > 2× for |α| = 0.999 and ~20× for |α| = 0.99). The scattered light at a spatial location in the PSF corresponds directly to a specific Fourier mode in the spatial PSD.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Temporal power spectral comparison for open loop atmospheres (left) versus closed loop residuals (right) for AR atmospheres (|α| = 0.99 and |α| = 0.999, over a 22-second interval) and pure frozen flow (restricted to 4-second exposures by memory and computation limits). The AR atmospheres have much broader peaks than the frozen flow atmosphere realization in lower order modes beyond 5 Hz in the left plot, hence rejection is worse and residuals exhibit more power in the right hand figure. This manifests itself as a brighter PSF core outside the central obscuration in a science image. Dashed lines represent cumulative power from 0 Hz to ±512 Hz.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Temporal PSD of Fourier mode k = 14,l = 36 for open-loop phase reconstructed from closed-loop residuals as measured by the Gemini Planet Imager (solid black line) with the overlaid model fit (solid red line) for peaks at DC (|α| = 0.995) and 10.2 Hz (|α| = 0.993).

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P 2 π S N p r 0 5 / 6 ( f x 2 + f y 2 ) 11 / 12
θ = 2 π T ( f x v x + f y v y )
ϕ ˜ t = α ϕ ˜ t 1 + 1 | α 2 | P ω ˜ t
M = 2 b ( n + 1 ) N
E T F = | 1 1 + z 2 C ( z ) | 2
P C L = E T F ( P ϕ + P N )

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