Abstract

Compressive light field display based on multi-layer LCDs is becoming a popular solution for 3D display. Decomposing light field into layer images is the most challenging task. Iterative algorithm is an effective solver for this high-dimensional decomposition problem. Existing algorithms, however, iterate from random initial values. As such, significant computation time is required due to the deviation between random initial estimate and target values. Real-time 3D display at video rate is difficult based on existing algorithms. In this paper, we present a new algorithm to provide better initial values and accelerate decomposition of light field video. We utilize internal coherence of single light field frame to transfer the ignorance-to-target to a much lower resolution level. In addition, we explored external coherence for further accelerating light field video and achieved 5.91 times speed improvement. We built a prototype and developed parallel algorithm based on CUDA.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  3. A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Geng, “A volumetric 3D display based on a DLP projection engine,” Displays 34(1), 39–48 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. Van Berkel, “Image preparation for 3D-LCD,” Proc. SPIE 3639, 84–91 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  6. C. Van Berkel and J. A. Clarke, “Characterisation and optimisation of 3D-LCD module design,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 179–186 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. Z. X. Zhang, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and H. Dong, “An interactive multiview 3D display system,” Proc. SPIE 8618, 86180P (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
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  11. G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Tensor displays: compressive light field synthesis using multilayer displays with directional backlighting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 31(4), 80 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Hirsch, G. Wetzstein, and R. Raskar, “A compressive light field projection system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 33(4), 58 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. P. Bell, “Advanced metrics-based design methodology for multilayer 3D displays,” Proc. SPIE 5443, 239–248 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. P. Bell, R. Craig, R. Paxton, G. Wong, and D. Galbraith, “Beyond flat panels: multi-layered displays with real depth,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 39(1), 352–355 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  16. G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 95 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  17. X. Cao, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Load-balancing multi-LCD light field display,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93910F (2015).
    [Crossref]
  18. G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).
  19. Y. Kim, J. Kim, J. M. Kang, J. H. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Point light source integral imaging with improved resolution and viewing angle by the use of electrically movable pinhole array,” Opt. Express 15(26), 18253–18267 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. T. G. Kolda and B. W. Bader, “Tensor decompositions and applications,” SIAM Rev. 51(3), 455–500 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  21. V. Blondel, N. D. Ho, and P. Vandooren, “Weighted nonnegative matrix factorization and face feature extraction,” Image Vis. Comput. 20071–17 (2008).
  22. G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Real-time image generation for compressive light field displays,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 415, 012045 (2013).
    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

X. Cao, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Load-balancing multi-LCD light field display,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93910F (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M. Hirsch, G. Wetzstein, and R. Raskar, “A compressive light field projection system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 33(4), 58 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

Z. X. Zhang, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and H. Dong, “An interactive multiview 3D display system,” Proc. SPIE 8618, 86180P (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Geng, “A volumetric 3D display based on a DLP projection engine,” Displays 34(1), 39–48 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Real-time image generation for compressive light field displays,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 415, 012045 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Tensor displays: compressive light field synthesis using multilayer displays with directional backlighting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 31(4), 80 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 95 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. G. Kolda and B. W. Bader, “Tensor decompositions and applications,” SIAM Rev. 51(3), 455–500 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

V. Blondel, N. D. Ho, and P. Vandooren, “Weighted nonnegative matrix factorization and face feature extraction,” Image Vis. Comput. 20071–17 (2008).

G. P. Bell, R. Craig, R. Paxton, G. Wong, and D. Galbraith, “Beyond flat panels: multi-layered displays with real depth,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 39(1), 352–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

2004 (1)

G. P. Bell, “Advanced metrics-based design methodology for multilayer 3D displays,” Proc. SPIE 5443, 239–248 (2004).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

C. Van Berkel, “Image preparation for 3D-LCD,” Proc. SPIE 3639, 84–91 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

C. Van Berkel and J. A. Clarke, “Characterisation and optimisation of 3D-LCD module design,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 179–186 (1997).
[Crossref]

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Bader, B. W.

T. G. Kolda and B. W. Bader, “Tensor decompositions and applications,” SIAM Rev. 51(3), 455–500 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bell, G. P.

G. P. Bell, R. Craig, R. Paxton, G. Wong, and D. Galbraith, “Beyond flat panels: multi-layered displays with real depth,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 39(1), 352–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. P. Bell, “Advanced metrics-based design methodology for multilayer 3D displays,” Proc. SPIE 5443, 239–248 (2004).
[Crossref]

Blondel, V.

V. Blondel, N. D. Ho, and P. Vandooren, “Weighted nonnegative matrix factorization and face feature extraction,” Image Vis. Comput. 20071–17 (2008).

Bolas, M.

A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, I. Mcdowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Busch, J.

A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cao, X.

X. Cao, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Load-balancing multi-LCD light field display,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93910F (2015).
[Crossref]

Choi, H.

Clarke, J. A.

C. Van Berkel and J. A. Clarke, “Characterisation and optimisation of 3D-LCD module design,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 179–186 (1997).
[Crossref]

Craig, R.

G. P. Bell, R. Craig, R. Paxton, G. Wong, and D. Galbraith, “Beyond flat panels: multi-layered displays with real depth,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 39(1), 352–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Debevec, P.

A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, I. Mcdowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dong, H.

Z. X. Zhang, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and H. Dong, “An interactive multiview 3D display system,” Proc. SPIE 8618, 86180P (2013).
[Crossref]

Fyffe, G.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

Galbraith, D.

G. P. Bell, R. Craig, R. Paxton, G. Wong, and D. Galbraith, “Beyond flat panels: multi-layered displays with real depth,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 39(1), 352–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Geng, J.

J. Geng, “A volumetric 3D display based on a DLP projection engine,” Displays 34(1), 39–48 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geng, Z.

X. Cao, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Load-balancing multi-LCD light field display,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93910F (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. X. Zhang, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and H. Dong, “An interactive multiview 3D display system,” Proc. SPIE 8618, 86180P (2013).
[Crossref]

Hanrahan, P.

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” Proc. SIGGRAPH (1996), pp. 31–42.

Heidrich, W.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 95 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hirsch, M.

M. Hirsch, G. Wetzstein, and R. Raskar, “A compressive light field projection system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 33(4), 58 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Real-time image generation for compressive light field displays,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 415, 012045 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Tensor displays: compressive light field synthesis using multilayer displays with directional backlighting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 31(4), 80 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ho, N. D.

V. Blondel, N. D. Ho, and P. Vandooren, “Weighted nonnegative matrix factorization and face feature extraction,” Image Vis. Comput. 20071–17 (2008).

Jones, A.

A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, I. Mcdowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jung, J. H.

Kang, J. M.

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Kim, J. Kim, J. M. Kang, J. H. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, “Point light source integral imaging with improved resolution and viewing angle by the use of electrically movable pinhole array,” Opt. Express 15(26), 18253–18267 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kolda, T. G.

T. G. Kolda and B. W. Bader, “Tensor decompositions and applications,” SIAM Rev. 51(3), 455–500 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lang, M.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lanman, D.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Real-time image generation for compressive light field displays,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 415, 012045 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Tensor displays: compressive light field synthesis using multilayer displays with directional backlighting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 31(4), 80 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 95 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, B.

Levoy, M.

M. Levoy and P. Hanrahan, “Light field rendering,” Proc. SIGGRAPH (1996), pp. 31–42.

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Liu, J.

A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
[Crossref]

McDowall, I.

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, I. Mcdowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nagano, K.

A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
[Crossref]

Paxton, R.

G. P. Bell, R. Craig, R. Paxton, G. Wong, and D. Galbraith, “Beyond flat panels: multi-layered displays with real depth,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 39(1), 352–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Raskar, R.

M. Hirsch, G. Wetzstein, and R. Raskar, “A compressive light field projection system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 33(4), 58 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Real-time image generation for compressive light field displays,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 415, 012045 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Tensor displays: compressive light field synthesis using multilayer displays with directional backlighting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 31(4), 80 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 95 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

Van Berkel, C.

C. Van Berkel, “Image preparation for 3D-LCD,” Proc. SPIE 3639, 84–91 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Van Berkel and J. A. Clarke, “Characterisation and optimisation of 3D-LCD module design,” Proc. SPIE 3012, 179–186 (1997).
[Crossref]

Vandooren, P.

V. Blondel, N. D. Ho, and P. Vandooren, “Weighted nonnegative matrix factorization and face feature extraction,” Image Vis. Comput. 20071–17 (2008).

Wetzstein, G.

M. Hirsch, G. Wetzstein, and R. Raskar, “A compressive light field projection system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 33(4), 58 (2014).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Real-time image generation for compressive light field displays,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 415, 012045 (2013).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Tensor displays: compressive light field synthesis using multilayer displays with directional backlighting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 31(4), 80 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 95 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wong, G.

G. P. Bell, R. Craig, R. Paxton, G. Wong, and D. Galbraith, “Beyond flat panels: multi-layered displays with real depth,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 39(1), 352–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yamada, H.

A. Jones, I. Mcdowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. M.

A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

X. Cao, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Load-balancing multi-LCD light field display,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93910F (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. X. Zhang, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and H. Dong, “An interactive multiview 3D display system,” Proc. SPIE 8618, 86180P (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

X. Cao, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Load-balancing multi-LCD light field display,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93910F (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z. X.

Z. X. Zhang, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and H. Dong, “An interactive multiview 3D display system,” Proc. SPIE 8618, 86180P (2013).
[Crossref]

ACM Trans. Graph. (6)

A. Jones, I. Mcdowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Rendering for an interactive 360° light field display,” ACM Trans. Graph. 26(3), 40 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Jones, M. Lang, G. Fyffe, X. M. Yu, J. Busch, I. McDowall, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Achieving eye contact in a one-to-many 3D video teleconferencing system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 28(3), 64 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Tensor displays: compressive light field synthesis using multilayer displays with directional backlighting,” ACM Trans. Graph. 31(4), 80 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Hirsch, G. Wetzstein, and R. Raskar, “A compressive light field projection system,” ACM Trans. Graph. 33(4), 58 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, Y. Kim, and R. Raskar, “Content-adaptive parallax barriers: optimizing dual-layer 3D displays using low-rank light field factorization,” ACM Trans. Graph. 29(6), 163 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, “Layered 3D: tomographic image synthesis for attenuation-based light field and high dynamic range displays,” ACM Trans. Graph. 30(4), 95 (2011).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

J. Geng, “Three-dimensional display technologies,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 5(4), 456–535 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Displays (1)

J. Geng, “A volumetric 3D display based on a DLP projection engine,” Displays 34(1), 39–48 (2013).
[Crossref]

Image Vis. Comput. (1)

V. Blondel, N. D. Ho, and P. Vandooren, “Weighted nonnegative matrix factorization and face feature extraction,” Image Vis. Comput. 20071–17 (2008).

J. Electron. Imaging (1)

A. Jones, K. Nagano, J. Liu, J. Busch, X. M. Yu, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, “Interpolating vertical parallax for an autostereoscopic three-dimensional projector array,” J. Electron. Imaging 23(1), 011005 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, M. Hirsch, and R. Raskar, “Real-time image generation for compressive light field displays,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 415, 012045 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (5)

X. Cao, Z. Geng, M. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Load-balancing multi-LCD light field display,” Proc. SPIE 9391, 93910F (2015).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

SIAM Rev. (1)

T. G. Kolda and B. W. Bader, “Tensor decompositions and applications,” SIAM Rev. 51(3), 455–500 (2009).
[Crossref]

SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (1)

G. P. Bell, R. Craig, R. Paxton, G. Wong, and D. Galbraith, “Beyond flat panels: multi-layered displays with real depth,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers 39(1), 352–355 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of compressive light field display based on multiple LCDs
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Parallax of reconstructed light field by multiple layer images
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Layer images figured out by light field decomposition
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Illustration of light rays attenuation in sub-dimension of light field
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Light field resolution pyramid for utilizing internal coherence
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Light field decomposition with random initial estimate at 1th pyramid level (7x7x48x64)
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Light field decomposition with optimal initialization at 2th pyramid level (7x7x96x128)
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Light field decomposition with optimal initialization at 4th pyramid level (7x7x384x512)
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Decomposition of light field video utilizing both internal and external coherence
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Accelerating decomposition of light field video without quality deterioration.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Iteration with random estimate and initialization by internal coherence at keyframe (57th frame of “bat”)
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Iteration with random estimate and initialization by external coherence at non-keyframe (58th frame of “bat”)
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Prototype of three layers compressive light field video display
Fig. 14
Fig. 14 Photograph of prototype

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Accelerating single light field frame by utilizing internal coherence.

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Table 2 The algorithm flow chart for light field decomposition in parallel.

Equations (3)

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{ l 1 ={ a 2 , b 1 , c 1 } l 2 ={ a 1 , b 1 , c 2 } l 3 ={ a 2 , b 2 , c 3 }
Cs×I×( v x × v y × r x × r y )
a =a* j=1 V l j * b j * c j j=1 V l ^ j * b j * c j ,s.t.0 a 1

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