Abstract

The polarization-division multiplexing (PDM) technology is a practical method to double the transmission capacity, and the corresponding phase regeneration (PR) for PDM signals is meaningful and necessary to extend the transmission distance and increase the transparency for the phase-encoded PDM system. Those reported PDM PR schemes either utilized polarization-diversity technique or required special PDM format. In order to overcome these issues, the PR for the PDM phase-modulated signals is proposed and theoretically demonstrated in this paper, based on the vector dual-pump nondegenerate phase sensitive amplification (PSA). The theoretical model is established and the detailed characteristics are investigated to optimize the PR performance. Results show an obvious phase squeezing for the degraded 80 Gbit/s PDM differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) signals, and the error vector magnitude (EVM) of the regenerated signals on dual polarization states can be improved from 22.58% and 21.39% to 4.57% and 4.63%, respectively. Furthermore, the applicability of the proposed scheme for PDM quaternary-phase shift keying (QPSK) signals is investigated. The proposed scheme can be useful and promising in current PDM based coherent fiber-optic communication.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]

2014 (3)

2012 (3)

2011 (5)

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration,” Opt. Express 19(26), B938–B945 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kikuchi, “Analyses of wavelength- and polarization-division multiplexed transmission characteristics of optical quadrature-amplitude-modulation signals,” Opt. Express 19(19), 17985–17995 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Lundström, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-to-phase and phase-to-amplitude transfer characteristics of a nondegenerate-idler phase-sensitive amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 36(22), 4356–4358 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, “All-optical regeneration based on phase-sensitive nondegenerate four-wave mixing in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1826–1828 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, C. Herbert, A. Duke, and J. O’Gorman, “-40° C< T < C mode-hop-free operation of uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW discrete-mode laser diode with emission at 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 45(1), 43 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

Agrawal, G. P.

Andrekson, P. A.

Becker, J.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bogris, A.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, “All-optical regeneration based on phase-sensitive nondegenerate four-wave mixing in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1826–1828 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chiarello, F.

Corcoran, B.

Croussore, K.

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[Crossref]

Da Ros, F.

Dalgaard, K.

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Devgan, P. S.

Dreschmann, M.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Duke, A.

R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, C. Herbert, A. Duke, and J. O’Gorman, “-40° C< T < C mode-hop-free operation of uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW discrete-mode laser diode with emission at 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 45(1), 43 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ellis, A. D.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration,” Opt. Express 19(26), B938–B945 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ettabib, M. A.

Feng, X.

Fragkos, A.

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, “All-optical regeneration based on phase-sensitive nondegenerate four-wave mixing in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1826–1828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Frascella, P.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration,” Opt. Express 19(26), B938–B945 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freude, W.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Gajda, A.

Galili, M.

Grigoryan, V.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration,” Opt. Express 19(26), B938–B945 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gunning, F. C. G.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

Herbert, C.

R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, C. Herbert, A. Duke, and J. O’Gorman, “-40° C< T < C mode-hop-free operation of uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW discrete-mode laser diode with emission at 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 45(1), 43 (2009).
[Crossref]

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hillerkuss, D.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huebner, M.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ibrahim, S. K.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jones, L.

Josten, A.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kakande, J.

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Karlsson, M.

Kelly, B.

R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, C. Herbert, A. Duke, and J. O’Gorman, “-40° C< T < C mode-hop-free operation of uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW discrete-mode laser diode with emission at 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 45(1), 43 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, K.

Koenig, S.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kumar, P.

Lasri, J.

Leuchs, G.

Leuthold, J.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, Q.

Loh, W. H.

Lorences-Riesgo, A.

Lundström, C.

McKinstrie, C.

Meyer, J.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nebendahl, B.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

O’Carroll, J.

R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, C. Herbert, A. Duke, and J. O’Gorman, “-40° C< T < C mode-hop-free operation of uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW discrete-mode laser diode with emission at 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 45(1), 43 (2009).
[Crossref]

O’Gorman, J.

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration,” Opt. Express 19(26), B938–B945 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, C. Herbert, A. Duke, and J. O’Gorman, “-40° C< T < C mode-hop-free operation of uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW discrete-mode laser diode with emission at 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 45(1), 43 (2009).
[Crossref]

Onishchukov, G.

Parmigiani, F.

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

Petropoulos, P.

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Petrovich, M. N.

Peucheret, C.

Phelan, R.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration,” Opt. Express 19(26), B938–B945 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, C. Herbert, A. Duke, and J. O’Gorman, “-40° C< T < C mode-hop-free operation of uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW discrete-mode laser diode with emission at 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 45(1), 43 (2009).
[Crossref]

Poletti, F.

Ponzo, G. M.

Radic, S.

Richardson, D. J.

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Schmauss, B.

Schmogrow, R.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shi, J.

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Slavik, R.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Slavík, R.

Stiller, B.

Sygletos, S.

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration,” Opt. Express 19(26), B938–B945 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Syvridis, D.

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, “All-optical regeneration based on phase-sensitive nondegenerate four-wave mixing in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1826–1828 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tang, R.

Tillack, B.

Tong, Z.

Vasilyev, M.

Vukovic, D.

Weerasuriya, R.

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

Winter, M.

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zimmermann, L.

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. Phelan, B. Kelly, J. O’Carroll, C. Herbert, A. Duke, and J. O’Gorman, “-40° C< T < C mode-hop-free operation of uncooled AlGaInAs-MQW discrete-mode laser diode with emission at 1.3um,” Electron. Lett. 45(1), 43 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase regeneration of NRZ-DPSK signals based on symmetric-pump phase-sensitive amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(11), 864–866 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, and D. Syvridis, “All-optical regeneration based on phase-sensitive nondegenerate four-wave mixing in optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(24), 1826–1828 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Frascella, S. Sygletos, F. C. G. Gunning, R. Weerasuriya, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “DPSK signal regeneration with a dual-pump nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23(8), 516–518 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Schmogrow, B. Nebendahl, M. Winter, A. Josten, D. Hillerkuss, S. Koenig, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “error vector magnitude as a performance measure for advanced modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(1), 61–63 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Multilevel quantization of optical phase in a novel coherent parametric mixer architecture,” Nat. Photonics 5(12), 748–752 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (9)

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, and A. D. Ellis, “A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration,” Opt. Express 19(26), B938–B945 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lundström, B. Corcoran, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase and amplitude characteristics of a phase-sensitive amplifier operating in gain saturation,” Opt. Express 20(19), 21400–21412 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Ettabib, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, L. Jones, J. Kakande, R. Slavík, F. Poletti, G. M. Ponzo, J. Shi, M. N. Petrovich, W. H. Loh, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a highly nonlinear lead-silicate W-type fiber,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27419–27424 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Stiller, G. Onishchukov, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, “Phase regeneration of a star-8QAM signal in a phase-sensitive amplifier with conjugated pumps,” Opt. Express 22(1), 1028–1035 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, K. Dalgaard, L. Zimmermann, B. Tillack, M. Galili, K. Petermann, and C. Peucheret, “Phase regeneration of DPSK signals in a silicon waveguide with reverse-biased p-i-n junction,” Opt. Express 22(5), 5029–5036 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Lorences-Riesgo, F. Chiarello, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Experimental analysis of degenerate vector phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Express 22(18), 21889–21902 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. McKinstrie and S. Radic, “Phase-sensitive amplification in a fiber,” Opt. Express 12(20), 4973–4979 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10483–10493 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kikuchi, “Analyses of wavelength- and polarization-division multiplexed transmission characteristics of optical quadrature-amplitude-modulation signals,” Opt. Express 19(19), 17985–17995 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (12)

P. A. Andrekson, C. Lundström, and Z. Tong, “Phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifiers and their applications,” in Proc. ECOC. Paper. We.6. E.1 (2010).

S. Sygletos, M. J. Power, F. C. G. Gunning, R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, and A. D. Ellis, “Simultaneous dual channel phase regeneration in SOAs,” in Proc. ECOC (2012), Paper Tu.1.A.2.
[Crossref]

K. Inoue and S. Okazaki, “Phase-sensitive amplification in fiber-loop for QPSK signal regeneration,” in Proc. CLEO (2013), Paper JW2A.23.
[Crossref]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, D. Syvridis, M. Sköld, M. Westlund, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “QPSK phase and amplitude regeneration at 56 Gbaud in a novel idler-free non-degenerate phase sensitive amplifier,” in Proc. OFC (2011), Paper OMT4.
[Crossref]

J. Y. Yang, Y. Akasaka, and M. Sekiya, “Optical QPSK regeneration using dual-pump degenerate phase-sensitive amplification,” in Proc. OECC (2012), 907–908.
[Crossref]

T. Richter, R. Elschner, and C. Schubert, “QAM phase-regeneration in a phase-sensitive fiber-amplifier,” in Proc. ECOC (2013), Paper We.3.A.2.
[Crossref]

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “All-optical signal processing for 16-QAM using four-level optical phase quantizers based on phase sensitive amplifiers,” in Proc. ECOC (2013), Paper We.3.A.6.

T. Richter, R. Elschner, and C. Schubert, “Phase-regeneration of 2ASK-BPSK in a one-mode phase-sensitive amplifier,” in Proc. Photonics Society Summer Topical Meeting Series (2013), 157–158.
[Crossref]

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, M. Asobe, Y. Miyamoto, and H. Takenouchi, “First demonstration of high-order QAM signal amplification in PPLN-based phase sensitive amplifier,” in Proc. ECOC(2013), Paper pd1-c-5.
[Crossref]

J. Y. Yang, M. Ziyadi, Y. Akasaka, S. Khaleghi, M. R. Chitgarha, J. Touch, and M. Sekiya, “Investigation of polarization-insensitive phase regeneration using polarization-diversity phase-sensitive amplifier,” in Proc. ECOC(2013), Paper P.3.9.

A. L. Riesgo, C. Lundström, F. Chiarello, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplification and regeneration of dual-polarization BPSK without polarization diversity,” in Proc. ECOC (2014), Paper Tu.1.4.3.

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugizaki, T. Kobayashi, and M. Watanabe, “19-core fiber transmission of 19x100x172-Gb/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305Tb/s,” in Proc. OFC (2012), Paper PDP5C.1.
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Polarization and frequency diagram for vector dual-pump nondegenerate PSA processes for PDM PR. P: pump; S: signal; I: idler. x and y denote two orthogonal polarization states. Red solid line: launched wave; green dash line: generated line.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Operation principle. (a) vector PIA process to generate the idler carrying the same phase information as Sx; (b) vector PIA process to generate the idler carrying the same phase information as Sy; (c) frequency comb and (d) input of vector PSA processes. Red line: the PIA/PSA process Sx participates in; blue line: the PIA/PSA process Sy participates in; black line: pumps. Solid line: input wave; dash line: generated wave. S: signal; I: idler; P: pump. BS: Bragg scattering.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Calculated signal phase sensitive gain (PSG) as a function of the input signal-to-idler ratio σ for different total pump power, Ppumps, i.e. Ppumps = 18, 21, 24, 27 and 30 dBm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Calculated signal phase sensitive gain (PSG) as a function of the linear phase matching factor, Δβ.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Calculated signal phase sensitive gain (PSG) as a function of the signal power, Psignal.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Transfer function of (a) gain and (b) phase.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Simulated constellation of PDM DPSK signals: (a) x-pol signal without PSA; (b) y-pol signal without PSA; (c) regenerated x-pol signal; (d) regenerated y-pol signal.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 EVM of the PDM DPSK signals before and after PR.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Simulated constellation of PDM QPSK signals: (a) x-pol signal without PSA; (b) y-pol signal without PSA; (c) regenerated x-pol signal; (d) regenerated y-pol signal.

Equations (2)

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d E i dz =iγ[ | E i | 2 +2( | E j | 2 + 1 3 | E k | 2 ) ] E i +( 2 3 iγ E a E b E c * e iΔ β a,b,i,c z + iγ E p 2 E q * e iΔ β p,p,i,q z )
EVM= ( 1 I i=1 I | E r,i E t,i | 2 ) 1/2 | E t,m |

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