Abstract

For high-sensitivity absorption spectroscopy, single-mode light sources capable of emitting high optical output power in the 3 to 5 µm wavelength range are vital. Here, we report on interband cascade lasers that emit 20 mW of optical power in a single spectral mode at room temperature and up to 40 mW at 0 °C using second-order laterally coupled Bragg gratings for distributed feedback. The lasers employ a double-ridge design with a narrow 3-µm-wide top ridge to confine the optical mode and a 9-µm-wide ridge for current confinement. The lasers were developed for an integrated cavity output spectroscopy instrument for stratospheric detection of hydrogen chloride at a wavelength of 3.3746 µm and emit at the target wavelength with more than 34 mW of single-mode power.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. C. R. Webster and P. R. Mahaffy, “Determining the local abundance of Martian methane and its 13C/12C and D/H isotopic ratios for comparison with related gas and soil analysis on the 2011 Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2–3), 271–283 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Sane, A. Satija, R. P. Lucht, and J. P. Gore, “Simultaneous CO concentration and temperature measurements using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy near 2.3 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 7–18 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  7. R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3235–3240 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  11. I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. W. Y. Choi, J. C. Chen, and C. G. Fonstad, “Evaluation of coupling coefficients for laterally-coupled distributed feedback lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 35(9A), 4654–4659 (1996).

2014 (4)

A. Sane, A. Satija, R. P. Lucht, and J. P. Gore, “Simultaneous CO concentration and temperature measurements using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy near 2.3 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 7–18 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

C. R. Webster and P. R. Mahaffy, “Determining the local abundance of Martian methane and its 13C/12C and D/H isotopic ratios for comparison with related gas and soil analysis on the 2011 Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2–3), 271–283 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

I. Linnerud, P. Kaspersen, and T. Jaeger, “Gas monitoring in the process industry using diode laser spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67(3), 297–305 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

W. Y. Choi, J. C. Chen, and C. G. Fonstad, “Evaluation of coupling coefficients for laterally-coupled distributed feedback lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 35(9A), 4654–4659 (1996).

Abell, J.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3235–3240 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Amann, M. C.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bagheri, M.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Belenky, G.

R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bewley, W. W.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3235–3240 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bohm, G.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Borgentun, C.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Briggs, R. M.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cacciani, P.

P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Canedy, C. L.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3235–3240 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cermak, P.

P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, J. C.

W. Y. Choi, J. C. Chen, and C. G. Fonstad, “Evaluation of coupling coefficients for laterally-coupled distributed feedback lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 35(9A), 4654–4659 (1996).

Choi, W. Y.

W. Y. Choi, J. C. Chen, and C. G. Fonstad, “Evaluation of coupling coefficients for laterally-coupled distributed feedback lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 35(9A), 4654–4659 (1996).

Cosleou, J.

P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

El Romh, J.

P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fonstad, C. G.

W. Y. Choi, J. C. Chen, and C. G. Fonstad, “Evaluation of coupling coefficients for laterally-coupled distributed feedback lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 35(9A), 4654–4659 (1996).

Forouhar, S.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Frez, C.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gore, J. P.

A. Sane, A. Satija, R. P. Lucht, and J. P. Gore, “Simultaneous CO concentration and temperature measurements using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy near 2.3 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 7–18 (2014).
[Crossref]

Halbritter, H.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hosoda, T.

R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hovorka, J.

P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jaeger, T.

I. Linnerud, P. Kaspersen, and T. Jaeger, “Gas monitoring in the process industry using diode laser spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67(3), 297–305 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jatta, S.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kaspersen, P.

I. Linnerud, P. Kaspersen, and T. Jaeger, “Gas monitoring in the process industry using diode laser spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67(3), 297–305 (1998).
[Crossref]

Khelkhal, M.

P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, C. S.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3235–3240 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3235–3240 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kipshidze, G.

R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kögel, B.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lackner, M.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liang, R.

R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lindle, J. R.

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Linnerud, I.

I. Linnerud, P. Kaspersen, and T. Jaeger, “Gas monitoring in the process industry using diode laser spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67(3), 297–305 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lu, M.

R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lucht, R. P.

A. Sane, A. Satija, R. P. Lucht, and J. P. Gore, “Simultaneous CO concentration and temperature measurements using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy near 2.3 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 7–18 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mahaffy, P. R.

C. R. Webster and P. R. Mahaffy, “Determining the local abundance of Martian methane and its 13C/12C and D/H isotopic ratios for comparison with related gas and soil analysis on the 2011 Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2–3), 271–283 (2011).
[Crossref]

Maute, M.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meissner, P.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Merritt, C.

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

Merritt, C. D.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3235–3240 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meyer, J. R.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3235–3240 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sane, A.

A. Sane, A. Satija, R. P. Lucht, and J. P. Gore, “Simultaneous CO concentration and temperature measurements using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy near 2.3 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 7–18 (2014).
[Crossref]

Satija, A.

A. Sane, A. Satija, R. P. Lucht, and J. P. Gore, “Simultaneous CO concentration and temperature measurements using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy near 2.3 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 7–18 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schwarzott, M.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shterengas, L.

R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stein, A.

R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
[Crossref]

Veis, P.

P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Vurgaftman, I.

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Continuous-wave interband cascade lasers operating above room temperature at λ = 4.7-5.6 μm,” Opt. Express 20(3), 3235–3240 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “High-power room-temperature continuous-wave mid-infrared interband cascade lasers,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20894–20901 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Webster, C. R.

C. R. Webster and P. R. Mahaffy, “Determining the local abundance of Martian methane and its 13C/12C and D/H isotopic ratios for comparison with related gas and soil analysis on the 2011 Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2–3), 271–283 (2011).
[Crossref]

Winter, F.

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Sane, A. Satija, R. P. Lucht, and J. P. Gore, “Simultaneous CO concentration and temperature measurements using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy near 2.3 µm,” Appl. Phys. B 117(1), 7–18 (2014).
[Crossref]

I. Linnerud, P. Kaspersen, and T. Jaeger, “Gas monitoring in the process industry using diode laser spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. B 67(3), 297–305 (1998).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, J. Abell, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, C. L. Canedy, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Mid-infrared distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers with continuous-wave single-mode emission to 80°C,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(6), 061104 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, J. R. Lindle, C. L. Canedy, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Corrugated-sidewall interband cascade lasers with single-mode midwave-infrared emission at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231103 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Forouhar, C. Borgentun, C. Frez, R. M. Briggs, M. Bagheri, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, W. W. Bewley, C. D. Merritt, J. Abell, I. Vurgaftman, and J. R. Meyer, “Reliable mid-infrared laterally-coupled distributed-feedback interband cascade lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(5), 051110 (2014).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. Liang, T. Hosoda, L. Shterengas, A. Stein, M. Lu, G. Kipshidze, and G. Belenky, “Distributed feedback 3.27 µm diode lasers with continuous-wave output power above 15 mW at room temperature,” Electron. Lett. 50(19), 1378–1380 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. Vurgaftman, W. W. Bewley, C. L. Canedy, C. S. Kim, M. Kim, C. Merritt, J. Abell, and J. R. Meyer, “Interband cascade lasers with low threshold powers and high output powers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 19(4), 1200210 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

B. Kögel, H. Halbritter, S. Jatta, M. Maute, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, M. Lackner, M. Schwarzott, F. Winter, and P. Meissner, “Simultaneous spectroscopy of NH3 and CO using a < 50 nm continuously tunable MEMS-VCSEL,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(11), 1483–1489 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

P. Cermak, J. Hovorka, P. Veis, P. Cacciani, J. Cosleou, J. El Romh, and M. Khelkhal, “Spectroscopy of 14NH3 and 15NH3 in the 2.3 µm spectral range with a new VECSEL laser source,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 137, 13–22 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

W. Y. Choi, J. C. Chen, and C. G. Fonstad, “Evaluation of coupling coefficients for laterally-coupled distributed feedback lasers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 35(9A), 4654–4659 (1996).

Opt. Express (2)

Planet. Space Sci. (1)

C. R. Webster and P. R. Mahaffy, “Determining the local abundance of Martian methane and its 13C/12C and D/H isotopic ratios for comparison with related gas and soil analysis on the 2011 Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission,” Planet. Space Sci. 59(2–3), 271–283 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

HITRAN database, http://hitran.iao.ru/ , accessed Dec 2014.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Light-current characteristics of several double-ridge DFB ICLs measured at 10 °C with different facet coating configurations: both facets uncoated (U/U); front facet AR-coated, back facet passivated (AR/P); and front facet AR-coated, back facet HR-coated (AR/HR). Inset: scanning electron micrograph of a double-ridge ICL. The top RWG is about 3 µm wide and serves to contain the optical mode, and the bottom 9-µm-wide ridge is used for lateral current confinement.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Performance of an AR/HR-coated DFB ICL measured in 5 °C increments, with maximum observed optical output power of 20 mW at 20°C and 40 mW at 0°C. The device exhibited single-mode emission over the entire range of temperature and current shown.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Emission spectra collected from a double-ridge DFB ICL with SMSR of at least 25 dB. Inset: current and temperature tuning characteristics of the same device. The current and temperature tuning rates were 50 cm−1/A (57 nm/A) and 0.35 cm−1/°C (0.39 nm/°C), respectively. The dotted lines represent the targeted absorption feature of hydrogen chloride at 2963.3 cm−1.

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